- 人文コミュニケーション学科論集 (ISSN:1881087X)
- no.9, pp.1-12, 2010-09
As Azuma (2008) found in the case of electoral assistance in Afghanistan, theinternational community failed to establish sustainable government by introducingtoo quickly western value-based democratic elections. This was due mainly to timeconstraints as well as the US Bush administration's intervention. This study examinesempirical cases of electoral assistance in LDCs, with a particularly focus on East Timor.To date many electoral studies have been undertaken that focus on voter behaviour aswell as party politics. However, using statistical data, such as the total vote, voting agepopulation, voters' registration and invalid votes, a comprehensive analysis of electoralassistance, which is a rarity, has been carried out. Electoral support by the UN, as partof its development assistance, is becoming both more topical as well as crucial andin the development studies field. Since the UN's Namibia mission in 1989 electoralassistance has expanded rapidly in terms of its budget and breadth of its mission. Thisstudy examines six cases of electoral assistance in East Timor, as case studies in PostConflict society. However, such efforts may be offset by an environment of pre-maturedemocratization, including a lack of economic development, effective governance andcivil society backed by a long history of democratic development. This study revealsthat electoral assistance only, without other comprehensive development assistance,will bring about a disastrous outcome, as has been the case in East Timor. It is atypical failed state resulting from the lack of ability of East Timorese themselves aswell as the absence of long term assistance from the international community.