著者
孫 安石 Son Ansuk
出版者
神奈川大学日本常民文化研究所 非文字資料研究センター
雑誌
年報非文字資料研究 (ISSN:18839169)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.41-63, 2014-03

This paper will take a close look at the Shanghai News, which was first published in 1890 in Shanghai, in reference to the history of media. The background of the launch and unique features of its layout will be introduced, followed by the paperʼs view on Japan-China relations manifested in its editorial columns. The bilateral relationship will be discussed in terms of the following four aspects : 1. The launch of the newspaper, a typographical printing house and publication registration with the Japanese Consulate General in Shanghai ; 2. The Shanghai News and the issue of Japanese mistresses of Western men ; 3. The paperʼs view on Japanʼs promoting and leading Sino-Japanese trade ; and 4. Theory on Chinese merchants by the Shanghai News. Moreover, the significance of the paperʼs information network in understanding the relationship between Shanghai and Japan at the end of the Qing Period will be examined based on readersʼ comments and introductory articles regarding Chinese cities and towns. Japanese newspapers published in Shanghai survived into the Taisho and Showa periods. Even though they provide valuable insight into the early modern and modern history of the two countries, they have not been fully investigated. The author will further study and discuss the history of such papers in the Meiji, Taisho and Showa periods.共同研究東アジアの租界とメディア空間
著者
山口 建治 Yamaguchi Kenji
出版者
神奈川大学日本常民文化研究所 非文字資料研究センター
雑誌
年報非文字資料研究 (ISSN:18839169)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.217-232, 2014-03

The author has been claiming that worship of the demon of pestilence and related folk rituals developed in the 6th or 7th century among ordinary Chinese people and were introduced to Japan, giving rise to the word 鬼(oni). Based on this theory, the author published a paper titled "Formation of the Demon of Pestilence and its Influence in Japan" in the previous issue. It concluded that the ancient worship of onryo (grudge-bearing spirits) and goryo(evil spirits) in Japan was a variation of the original Chinese version. In this paper, how the concept of the demon of pestilence was formed between the Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Tang Dynasty will be specifically traced back, in light of Daoism and the Buddhist scriptures. Moreover, this paper will examine how the origin of the concept relates to the word goryo written for the first time ever in two works by Japanese Buddhist monk Saichō ― Chōkō Konkōmyōkyō Eshiki 『長講金光明経会式』(A program for a Long Recitation of the Sutra of Golden Light) and Chōkō Ninnō Hannyakyō Eshiki 『長講仁王若経会式』(A program for a Long Recitation of the Benevolent King Sutra).論文
著者
姚 琼 Yao Qiong
出版者
神奈川大学日本常民文化研究所 非文字資料研究センター
雑誌
年報非文字資料研究 (ISSN:18839169)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.477-496, 2014-03

In ancient times when medical technology was not developed, rituals to drive away illness must have been an expression of peopleʼs fear of it. Thousands of years ago, people were totally helpless against illness. Therefore, it was quite common to turn to the power of God not only in Japan but also in China and Korea. Regular worship of God, who was believed to ward off illness, represented peopleʼs wish to keep diseases away. Nowadays, however, with advanced medical technology, when one suffers from infectious diseases including influenza, one goes to a clinic or hospital and draws on the power of scientific medical technology rather than pray to God. Nevertheless, rituals to drive away illness ― the only hope for overcoming illness thousands of years ago ― are still observed throughout Japan, even though technology is available in almost every field. Japanʼs rapid economic growth in the mid 20th century significantly affected its traditional folk culture. Rituals to chase away illness have been preserved as a form of the culture, but the makeup of organizers of the rituals, the elements of driving away diseases and the significance of those rites for people who would pass down the folk custom to the next generation have changed considerably over time. This paper will focus on the Ja mo Ka mo Festival, which has its origin in Susanoo Mythology and has been held in Namamugi, Tsurumi Ward, in Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture, in examining changes in rituals to ward away illness and their significance in modern Japanese society.論文