著者
Hitoshi HATAI Mitsuru IBA Daisuke KOJIMA Chun-Ho PARK Yasuhiko TSUCHIDA Toshifumi OYAMADA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0446, (Released:2012-12-10)
被引用文献数
1 2

A 13-year-old castrated male Labrador retriever dog presented with a mass caudal to the first molar of his left mandible. Although the tumor was excised, a recurrent tumor was detected one month later and resected. Both tumors displayed invasive growth and were composed of neoplastic proliferation arranged in irregular lobules, nests and cords continuous with mucosal epithelium. The most prominent feature of the tumors was the presence of many proliferating spindle cells admixed with palisading basal-like cells, acanthocytes and stellate cells. In immunohistochemical examinations, the spindle cells were found to be positive for vimentin; cytokeratin AE1/AE3, 5/6, 14 and 19; and p63. The other neoplastic cells were positive for all of these markers shown above except vimentin. Based on these findings, the tumors were diagnosed as spindle cell ameloblastic carcinoma.
著者
Kiwamu HANAZONO Shinya FUKUMOTO Kazuko HIRAYAMA Kazuaki TAKASHIMA Yoshihisa YAMANE Masahiro NATSUHORI Tsuyoshi KADOSAWA Tsuyoshi UCHIDE
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.11, pp.1477-1482, 2012 (Released:2012-12-01)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
3 4 1

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), a mesenchymal neoplasm affecting the gastrointestinal tract, shows a variety of clinical behaviors from inactive benign to aggressive malignant in dogs. In this study, the feasibility of using clinically significant ultrasonographic features to predict the metastatic potential of canine GIST was investigated through comparison with actual metastatic incidence and findings of malignancy obtained by postoperative pathological examination. Ultrasonographic features, including large tumor size, irregular margin and heterogeneous internal echogenicity with large hypoechoic areas, related closely with the presence of metastasis as well as a high-risk ranking by the human classification system according to pathological findings. Based on these ultrasonographic features, the potential of metastasis in canine GIST could be preoperatively predicted.
著者
Haengbok CHEON Wooshin CHOI Youngjae LEE Donghoon LEE Juhyung KIM Ji-Houn KANG Kijeong NA Jinhwa CHANG Dongwoo CHANG
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.11, pp.1461-1467, 2012 (Released:2012-12-01)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
5 12 1

The aim of this study was to assess age-related changes and anatomic variation in trabecular bone mineral density (tBMD) using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in normal cats. Seventeen normal cats were included in this study and divided into the following 3 age groups:6 years (n=3). A computed tomographic scan of each vertebra from the 12th thoracic to the 7th lumbar spine and the pelvis was performed with a bone-density phantom (50, 100 and 150 mg/cm3, calcium hydroxyapatite, CIRS phantom®). On the central transverse section, the elliptical region of interest (ROI) was drawn to measure the mean Hounsfield unit (HU) value. Those values were converted to equivalent tBMD (mg/cm3) by use of the bone-density phantom and linear regression analysis (r2 >0.95). The mean tBMD value of the thoracic vertebrae (369.4 ± 31.8 mg/cm3) was significantly higher than that of the lumbar vertebrae (285 ± 58.1 mg/cm3). The maximum tBMD occurred at the T12, T13 and L1 levels in all age groups. There was a statistically significant difference in the mean tBMD value among the 3 age groups at the T12 (PPP=0.013), respectively. The present study suggests that age-related changes and anatomic variation in tBMD values should be considered when assessing tBMD using QCT in cats with bone disorders.
著者
Daisuke HASEGAWA Kazuyuki UCHIDA Takayuki KUWABARA Shunta MIZOGUCHI Naoko YAYOSHI Michio FUJITA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.11, pp.1517-1521, 2012 (Released:2012-12-01)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1 4

A 9 year-old, neutered, male French Bulldog showing cluster seizures was diagnosed with a glioma in the right piriform cortex by MRI. Hypofractionated radiation therapy (RT) was performed using a linear accelerator. Although the lesion had involuted significantly at 2 months after RT, recurrence was observed at 4 months after RT. Chemotherapy was started using CCNU (60 mg/m2 every 6–9 weeks) and was continued for one year. Follow-up MRI revealed involution of the lesion and the intervals of CCNU were increased to every 9–14 weeks. Two years after the first presentation, the dog suffered status epilepticus, followed by deficits of left sided postural reaction with cognitive dysfunction. The dog died on day 910, and histopathological diagnosis confirmed anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
著者
Lee-Shuan LIN Yuko KAYASUGA Nobuyuki SHIMOHATA Hiroyuki KAMATA Shigeki SUZUKI Ryosuke ECHIGO Manabu MOCHIZUKI Ung-Il CHUNG Nobuo SASAKI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.11, pp.1511-1516, 2012 (Released:2012-12-01)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
2 2

Trehalose has several novel anti-inflammatory and cell-protective functions. We hypothesized that lyophilized aspirin/trehalose could decrease the severity of aspirin-induced gastropathy. Thirteen dogs were assigned into aspirin, lyophilized aspirin/trehalose, and control groups, and the gastric lesions were assessed on gastroscopy with the modified Lanza scale. Another 6 dogs were used to measure the plasma aspirin concentration by high-performance liquid chromatography after aspirin or lyophilized aspirin/trehalose administration. The results indicated that lyophilized aspirin/trehalose induced less gastric ulceration than aspirin despite maintaining therapeutic concentrations of plasma aspirin in both the groups. Lyophilized aspirin/trehalose might be a solution to decrease aspirin-induced gastropathy.
著者
Hideharu OCHIAI Ken ONDA Kikumi OGIHARA Yuko NAYA Hiroki SUGIYAMA Takuya MARUO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.11, pp.1505-1510, 2012 (Released:2012-12-01)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1 3

A full-length cDNA sequence of canine Na-dependent neutral amino acid transporter (ASCT2) and its distribution were determined. The sequence was 2,090 bp long and was predicted to encode 544 amino acid polypeptides. The amino acid sequence deduced from canine ASCT2 showed 90% similarity to that of humans and mice. Northern blot analysis revealed ASCT2 expression in the kidney, heart, lung and muscles, and Western blot analysis using anti-human ASCT2 antiserum detected the bands at 60 and 65 kDa in membrane protein of the lung. RT-PCR analysis revealed ASCT2 expression in all the tissues examined.
著者
Michelle B. CHRISTENSEN Rebecca LANGHORN Amelia GODDARD Eva B. ANDREASEN Elena MOLDAL Asta TVARIJONAVICIUTE Jolle KIRPENTEIJN Sabrina JAKOBSEN Frida PERSSON Mads KJELGAARD-HANSEN
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0404, (Released:2012-11-28)
被引用文献数
4 5

Canine serum amyloid A (SAA) is a useful diagnostic marker of systemic inflammation. A latex agglutination turbidimetric immunoassay (LAT) was validated for automated measurements. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical applicability of SAA measured by the LAT. SAA was measured in 7 groups of dogs with and without systemic inflammation (n=247). Overlap performance was investigated. Diagnostic performance was compared to body temperature and leukocyte markers. Clinical decision limits for SAA were estimated. In dogs with neurological, neoplastic, or gastrointestinal disorders (n=143), it was investigated whether a higher proportion of SAA positive dogs could be detected in cases of complications with risk of systemic inflammation. Significantly higher concentrations of SAA were measured in dogs with (range [48.75; 5,032 mg/l]), compared to dogs without systemic inflammation [0; 56.4 mg/l]. SAA was a more sensitive and specific marker of systemic inflammation [area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) 1.00], compared to body temperature (0.6) and segmented neutrophils (best performing leukocyte marker, 0.84). A clinical decision limit of 56.4 mg/l was established giving close to perfect discrimination between dogs with and without systemic inflammation. Higher proportions of SAA-positive dogs were observed in dogs with neurological, neoplastic, and gastrointestinal disorders with complications known to increase risk of systemic inflammation, compared to uncomplicated cases. The automated LAT makes SAA applicable as a relevant diagnostic marker of systemic inflammation in dogs for routine random-assess real-time use in a general clinical setting.
著者
Kazuya MATSUDA Kanako SAKAGUCHI Shintaro KOBAYASHI Makiko TOMINAGA Kazuko HIRAYAMA Tsuyoshi KADOSAWA Hiroyuki TANIYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.2, pp.229-232, 2009 (Released:2009-03-05)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
3 5 3

A 5-year-old female miniature dachshund presenting with persistent vomiting and diarrhea had two concurrent rare pathological conditions: systemic candidiasis and mesenteric mast cell tumor with multiorgan metastases. Neoplastic mast cells formed mass in the mesentery of the cecal-colonic region and were also found in the liver, spleen, kidneys, lungs, adrenal grands, ovaries, bone marrow and other tissues. The cells had intracytoplasmic granules with metachromasia and were immunohistochemically positive for c-kit and histamine. Granulomatous lesions with fungal organisms were present in the heart, lungs, kidneys, pancreas, subserosal and surrounding adipose tissue of the duodenum, thyroid glands and mesenteric mass, and phagocytosed organisms were detected in the liver and bone marrow. Bacteriologically and immunohistochemically, the fungi were consistent with Candida albicans.
著者
Yasushi HARA Takahiro TESHIMA Takahiro TAODA Hirokazu ISHINO Yoshinori NEZU Yasuji HARADA Takuya YOGO Hiroyuki MASUDA Akira TERAMOTO Masahiro TAGAWA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.4, pp.397-404, 2010 (Released:2010-05-03)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
4 7

Postoperative changes in endocrinological status and serum chemistry during the 4 years after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) in 25 dogs with Cushing's disease were investigated in a prospective study. In all 25 dogs, Cushing's disease was diagnosed from resected pituitary tissues as a corticotroph adenoma in the anterior lobe of the pituitary. Prior to TSS, all 25 dogs showed hypercortisolemia. After TSS, the ACTH stimulation test showed continued low serum cortisol concentrations in 21 dogs (84%). In addition, the serum thyroid stimulating hormone concentrations decreased sequentially, while the serum T4 concentrations tended to increase due to the postoperative hormone substitution therapy utilized to avoid secondary hypothyroidism. In regard to serum chemistry, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and total cholesterol are commonly increased in canine Cushing's disease. In this study, ALP, ALT and total cholesterol were increased in 23 cases (92%), 19 cases (76%) and 20 cases (80%), respectively. However, postoperatively, these concentrations gradually decreased. The postoperative serum concentrations of ALP at 1 year, that of ALT at six months to 2 years and that of total cholesterol over the course of the 4 years decreased significantly compared with the concentrations before TSS. These results show that TSS is an effective treatment for canine Cushing's disease and for long-term improvement of hypercortisolemia. Moreover, TSS is effective in improvement of hypercortisolism, such as increased concentrations of serum ALP, ALT and total cholesterol.
著者
Takahiro TESHIMA Yasushi HARA Kae SHIGIHARA Susumu TAKEKOSHI Yoshinori NEZU Yasuji HARADA Takuya YOGO Akira TERAMOTO Robert Y. OSAMURA Masahiro TAGAWA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.1, pp.93-98, 2009 (Released:2009-02-05)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
5 7 1

Pituitary thyrotroph hyperplasia results from prolonged primary hypothyroidism in humans, mice and rats. In dogs with Cushing's disease, many cases have low serum thyroid hormones concentrations due to euthyroid sick syndrome. A 6-year-old castrated male Beagle diagnosed with Cushing's disease had a high serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration that was treated by hypophysectomy. On histological examination, the resected pituitary gland contained both a corticotroph adenoma and thyrotroph hyperplasia. The TSH-positive cell ratio in this case was greater than that of healthy Beagles. In the present case, the pituitary thyrotroph hyperplasia was probably caused by primary hypothyroidism. In conclusion, this Beagle is the first histological confirmation of the coexistence of a corticotroph adenoma and thyrotroph hyperplasia.
著者
Shinya FUKUMOTO Kiwamu HANAZONO Takahiro KOMATSU Hidetomo IWANO Tsuyoshi KADOSAWA Tsuyoshi UCHIDE
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0356, (Released:2012-11-22)
被引用文献数
6 7

L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), an isoform of amino acid transport system L, transports branched or aromatic amino acids essential for fundamental cellular activities such as cellular growth, proliferation and maintenance. This amino acid transporter recently has received attention because of its preferential and up-regulated expression in a variety of human tumors, in contrast to its limited distribution and low-level expression in normal tissues. In this study, to explore the feasibility of using LAT1 expression as a molecular marker in mammary gland tumors (MGT), we performed a comparative study of LAT1 expression at the mRNA and protein levels in normal mammary gland cells and tumor cells. Conventional RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed on MGT tissues from 16 dogs and normal organs from nine healthy dogs. LAT1 expression was detected in ten of the 16 MGT patients. As is the case in human tissues, LAT1 showed limited expressional distribution in normal canine organs. For quantitative expressional comparison, extensive real-time RT-PCR was performed on mRNA samples from 53 MGT patients. The comparison demonstrated that LAT1 mRNA levels from MGT tissues were 20 times higher than those in normal mammary gland tissues. Additionally, histologically invasive MGT showed a higher expression of LAT1 than non-invasive tumors. These findings suggest that LAT1 could be a clinical marker and therapeutic target for invasive malignant MGT.
著者
Folashade OLAIFA Joseph Olusegun AYO Suleiman Folorunsho AMBALI Peter Ibrahim REKWOT
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0038, (Released:2012-11-16)
被引用文献数
2

Experiments were performed to investigate the effect of ascorbic acid in reducing haemato-biochemical changes in pack donkeys during the cold-dry (harmattan) season. Six experimental donkeys administered orally with ascorbic acid (200 mg/kg), and six control donkeys, not administered with ascorbic acid, were subjected to packing. Blood samples were collected from all donkeys for haematological and biochemical analyses. In the control donkeys, packed cell volume (PCV), erythrocyte count and haemoglobin concentration (Hb) decreased significantly (P<0.05) at the end of packing. In the experimental donkeys, there was no significant difference between the pre- and post-packing values of PCV, erythrocyte count and Hb. In the control donkeys, the neutrophil and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio increased significantly (P<0.05) post-packing, but in the experimental donkeys, the pre- and post-packing values were not significantly different. Eosinophil count increased significantly (P<0.05) in experimental and control donkeys post-packing. In conclusion, packing exerted significant adverse effects on the haematological parameters, ameliorated by AA administration. AA may modulate neutrophilia and induce a considerable alteration of erythroid markers in donkeys subjected to packing during the harmattan season.
著者
Hideaki INAGAKI Yuji MORI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0388, (Released:2012-11-16)
被引用文献数
3

It is known that long-term post-weaning individual housing significantly reduces emissions of 22-kHz calls in male rats. In this study, we assessed post-weaning successive changes in 22-kHz calls emitted by male rats under two different types of post-weaning housing conditions (individually and socially). In addition, we evaluated the critical point at which a significant reduction in 22-kHz calls could be observed in male rats housed individually after weaning. Significantly fewer 22-kHz calls were emitted by individually housed rats compared to socially housed rats at 16 weeks of age, indicating that 13 weeks after weaning may be a critical point for the reduction of 22-kHz calls caused by post-weaning individual housing.
著者
Shigiko TAKEI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0405, (Released:2012-11-16)

Veterinary x-ray photography and examinations of synovial fluid, blood and urine were conducted on a Cynomolgus Monkey from China (5 years old) which exhibited macroscopically visible systemic joint swelling after the quarantine period. The presence of inflammatory cells in the synovial fluid obtained by arthrocentesis, high counts of neutrophils, monocytes and large unstained cells and the elevated serum CRP level suggested that the lesions in this animal were due to polyarthritis.
著者
Akihiro OHNISHI Tomohiro OSAKI Yoshiharu MATAHIRA Takeshi TSUKA Tomohiro IMAGAWA Yoshiharu OKAMOTO Saburo MINAMI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0240, (Released:2012-11-15)
被引用文献数
3 6

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations of severity of osteoarthritis (OA) and serum biomarkers including keratan sulfate (KS), hyaluronic acid (HA), and chondroitin sulfate (CS) 846 epitope. We also investigated the effect of glucosamine and fish collagen peptide (FCP) on OA. OA was induced in 12 rabbits (12 weeks of age) by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). After the surgery, the rabbits were orally administered FCP (F group), glucosamine (G group), or FCP and glucosamine (FG group) for 4 weeks. The control group was provided water ad libitum (C group). Blood was collected before surgery (pre-ACLT) and before euthanasia (post-ACLT) for serum marker measurement. Biomarker levels were measured by using commercial kits. We evaluated OA severity both macroscopically and histologically. Macroscopic evaluation showed mildly eroded condylar surfaces in the C group. Histological findings were significantly different from the FG and other groups. There were no significant differences between each group at post-ACLT in serum KS, HA and CS 846. Histological assessment and serum biomarker measurements performed at post- ACLT showed a significant correlation between HA concentration and OA severity. Variations in the CS 846 concentration at pre- and post-ACLT were significantly correlated with OA severity. Administration of glucosamine and FCP had chondroprotective effects in the ACLT model. Serum biomarker concentrations were significantly correlated with cartilage injury. Serum biomarker measurement would be useful for monitoring articular cartilage damage in the clinical setting.
著者
Wirasak FUNGFUANG Nobuhiko NAKAO Tomoaki NAKADA Makoto YOKOSUKA Toru R. SAITO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0276, (Released:2012-11-15)
被引用文献数
3 4

The puberty onset in mammals is tightly coupled to the animal’s nutritional and metabolic state. In present study, we evaluated the effects of high fat diet on leptin, adiponectin levels, leptin mRNA expression and puberty onset in female rats. On day 21, female rats were divided into 2 groups; Normal food (NF) and High fat food (HF). HF group shows significantly earlier (P<0.001) date of vaginal opening and lower body weight (P<0.001) than NF group. The rats with HF had a significantly heavier uterus (P<0.05) than NF, whereas serum leptin and adiponectin levels and leptin mRNA expression were not significant differences between NF and HF. We speculate that the fat-induced nutritional imbalance in young females may lead to neuroendocrine dysfunction during adolescence.
著者
Manabu KOIKE Yasutomo YUTOKU Aki KOIKE
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0333, (Released:2012-11-14)
被引用文献数
4 7

The DNA repair protein Ku70 is a key player in chemoresistance to anticancer agents (e.g., etoposide) or radioresistance. The responses of different organs to radiation vary widely and likely depend on the cell population in the organs. Previously, we established and characterized Ku70-deficient murine lung epithelial (Ku70 −/− MLE) cells and found that these cells are more sensitive than Ku70 +/− MLE cells (control cells) to X-irradiation, as determined by clonogenic survival assay; however, the mechanism underlying this sensitivity remains unclear. In this study, we examined the mechanism by which X-irradiation triggers the death of Ku70 −/− MLE cells. Our results showed that Ku70 −/− MLE cells were more sensitive to radiation-induced apoptosis than control cells, although X-irradiation activated caspase-3 and caspase-7, and cleaved PARP in both cell lines. We also examined the expression level of phosphorylated H2AX (γH2AX), which is a marker of DSB, and observed the phosphorylation of H2AX and the elimination of γH2AX in both cell lines after X-irradiation. The elimination in Ku70 −/− MLE cells was slower than that in control cells, suggesting that DSB repair activity in the Ku70 −/− MLE cells is lower than that in control cells. These findings suggest that Ku70 might play a key role in the inhibition of apoptosis through the DSB repair pathway in lung epithelial cells. Our findings also suggest that these cell lines might be useful for the study of Ku70 functions and the Ku70-dependent DSB repair pathway in lung epithelial cells.
著者
Jin HUR Byung Woo JEON Yeong Ju KIM In Gyeong OH John Hwa LEE
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0378, (Released:2012-11-14)
被引用文献数
1 1

Escherichia coli strains were isolated from the feces of 130 diarrheic calves at different farms locations in Korea. The presence of the virulence genes, such as fanC, f41, f17a, eaeA, clpG, afa-8D, sta, stx1 and stx2, in each E. coli isolate was examined. Among the 314 isolates, 157 carried one or more of the virulence genes tested in this study. The most prevalent virulence gene was clpG (45.9%), although f17A (36.9%) and afa-8D (21.7%) were also frequently observed. The sta, stx1 and eaeA genes were detected in between approximately 13 and 17% of the isolates, and the fanC and fim41a genes were detected to a lesser extent. Collectively, our data indicated that diarrhea in calves in these locations can be ascribed to various virulence factors, and the pathogenesis may be more related to virulence genes such as, clpG, f17A, and afa-8D.
著者
Kouko HAMAMOTO Yasuharu MIZUNO Masaki KATO Norio YAMAGISHI Kazuhisa FURUHAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0220, (Released:2012-11-13)
被引用文献数
3 4

A quantitative assay method by LC/ESI-MS/MS for the simultaneous determination of MCP in cattle plasma was developed and validated. The chromatographic separation was carried out using a multimode column (2 mm × 150 mm, 3 μm) with gradient elution (0.05% formic acid/methanol with 0.05% formic acid). MCP and levosulpiride (internal standard) were analyzed in the precursor/product ion pair of m/z 300.1/226.9 and m/z 342.0/112.0, respectively. Linear calibration curves were obtained in the range of 2.5–500 ng/ml (R2>0.999) with a lower limit of quantification of 0.05 ng/ml. Mean recoveries were 96–103% and a coefficient of variation was less than 6.5%. Plasma MCP concentrations after 0.4 mg/kg intravenous administration to 12 cattle were determined by the LC-MS/MS method.
著者
Adrian Patalinghug YBAÑEZ Thillaiampalam SIVAKUMAR Badgar BATTSETSEG Banzragch BATTUR Khukhuu ALTANGEREL Kotaro MATSUMOTO Naoaki YOKOYAMA Hisashi INOKUMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0361, (Released:2012-11-13)
被引用文献数
4 17

Anaplasma marginale is an etiologic agent of bovine anaplasmosis. This study aimed to molecularly detect and characterize A. marginale that is prevalent in Mongolian cattle populations. A highly specific and sensitive nested PCR (nPCR) method based on the Msp5 gene was developed to detect A. marginale (Msp5 nPCR). The method detected A. marginale from the positive DNA samples obtained from different countries, while no amplicons were observed from DNA samples of several other bovine blood pathogens tested. The detection limit of Msp5 nPCR was determined to be 2 copies/μl. The method was tested against field blood DNA samples prepared from 300 Mongolian cattle in 2010. Results indicated a prevalence rate of 8.7% (26 of 300). On the other hand, partial DNA fragments of an Anaplasma sp. closely related to A. ovis (with 95.0% identity) were detected using a different nPCR method based on groEL gene. The phylogenetic analyses based on the Msp5, groEL and 16S rRNA genes demonstrated that A. marginale isolates in Mongolia were not divergent from the isolates distributed in other countries. The present study successfully established a new nPCR assay that can detect A. marginale, and reported the first molecular detection and characterization of A. marginale and an Anaplasma sp. closely related to A. ovis in Mongolian cattle populations.