著者
Kazuya EDAMURA Jonathan N. KING Wolfgang SEEWALD Nobuhiro SAKAKIBARA Masahiro OKUMURA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.9, pp.1121-1131, 2012 (Released:2012-10-01)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
5 10 10

The efficacy and tolerability of robenacoxib for the treatment of osteoarthritis in dogs were evaluated in a prospective, multicenter, randomized, noninferiority design clinical trial. A total of 32 dogs presenting with osteoarthritis were allocated randomly to receive, orally once daily for 28 days, either 1–2 mg/kg robenacoxib (n=21) or 3.5–5 mg/kg carprofen (n=11). Dogs were assessed by clinicians and owners using numerical rating scale scores at baseline and days 14 and 28. The primary efficacy endpoint was the global functional disability score, which was the sum of clinician scores for standing posture, lameness at walk, lameness at trot, willingness to raise the contralateral limb and pain at palpation. There was a good to excellent level of efficacy in both treatment groups. Differences between days 14 and 28 compared to day 0 were significant for all 11 clinician and owner scores for robenacoxib, and for 6 of 11 scores for carprofen. The efficacy of robenacoxib was numerically superior to carprofen for all 13 endpoints, but differences were not statistically significant. For the global functional disability score, the estimated efficacy of robenacoxib was 1.244 (95% confidence interval 0.555–2.493) relative to carprofen. The tolerability of both treatments was good as assessed from adverse events, clinical signs, and hematology and serum biochemistry variables. In conclusion, once daily administration of robenacoxib tablets had noninferior efficacy and tolerability compared to carprofen for the treatment of the clinical signs of osteoarthritis in dogs.
著者
Hyun-Ah PARK Ju-Won KIM Hee-Myung PARK
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.9, pp.1233-1236, 2012 (Released:2012-10-01)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
1

A 7-year-old intact female Maltese dog was referred with ptyalism and intermittent vomiting but no regurgitation for over 1 month. Survey radiographs including a contrast study revealed a large circular dilated cavity from the carina to the diaphragm. Additionally, multi-detector computed tomography and three-dimensional reconstruction were performed. These images revealed large idiopathic distal esophageal diverticula. This case report represents the first report using multi-detector computed tomography and three-dimensional reconstruction for evaluation of esophageal diverticula in a dog.
著者
Shingo MIYAWAKI Makoto WASHIZU Sadatoshi MAEDA Sanae SHIBATA Kazuhiro WATANABE Kazuaki YAMAZOE
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.9, pp.1191-1193, 2012 (Released:2012-10-01)
参考文献数
12

Portal vein aneurysm (PVA) is a rare abnormal dilatation of the portal vein, which has not been reported in dogs. We describe the findings of ultrasound and computed tomography in a case of PVA in a young male toy poodle, with the final diagnosis established by explorative surgical observation. The dog had an aneurysmal fusiform dilatation in the extrahepatic portal vein with portal hypertension and multiple portsystemic shunts. This is the first report of canine PVA.
著者
Mariko SAWA Akira YABUKI Noriaki MIYOSHI Kou ARAI Osamu YAMATO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.9, pp.1133-1138, 2012 (Released:2012-10-01)
参考文献数
22

The Papanicolaou stain is a gold-standard staining method for tumor diagnosis in human cytology. However, it has not been used routinely in veterinary cytology, because of its complicated multistep procedure and requirement for wet fixation. Currently, a rapid Papanicolaou stain using air-dried smears is utilized in human cytology, but usefulness of this rapid-air-dry Papanicolaou (RAD-Pap) stain in the veterinary field has not been fully evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the RAD-Pap stain by using quantitative analysis. Air-dried impression smears were collected from tumor specimens and stained with RAD-Pap and Giemsa. Twelve parameters representing the criteria of malignancy were quantitated, and characteristics of the RAD-Pap were evaluated statistically. The RAD-Pap stain could be applied to all the smears, and images of nucleoli and chromatin patterns were clear and detailed. In quantitative analysis with the RAD-Pap stain, but not with the Giemsa stain, dispersion of nucleolus size and dispersion of nucleolus/nucleus ratio in malignant tumors were significantly higher than those in benign tumors. These findings demonstrated that the RAD-Pap stain was useful for obtaining detailed nuclear information, and the ability to differentiate benignity and malignancy by nucleolus findings was a principal advantage of this stain. This RAD-Pap stain could be routinely used as a supportive staining method in veterinary diagnostic cytology.
著者
Bandula Kumara WICKRAMASEKARA RAJAPAKSHAGE Masahiro YAMASAKI Shiang-Jyi HWANG Noboru SASAKI Masahiro MURAKAMI Yu TAMURA Sue Yee LIM Kensuke NAKAMURA Hiroshi OHTA Mitsuyoshi TAKIGUCHI
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.9, pp.1139-1148, 2012 (Released:2012-10-01)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
9

The stability of the characteristics of the diminazene aceturate (DA)-resistant B. gibsoni isolate was initially determined invitro. Part of the DA-resistant B. gibsoni isolate was cultured without DA for 4 weeks, and then newly exposed to 200 ng/ml DA. As a result, this isolate could proliferate the same as the DA-resistant isolate, indicating that the characteristic of DA resistance was stable in the DA-resistant isolate. Additionally, the level of parasitemia in the DA-resistant isolate was comparatively lower than in the wild-type, suggesting that the proliferation potential of the DA-resistant isolate would be lower than that of the wild-type. Subsequently, to investigate the involvement of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in DA resistance in B. gibsoni, the nucleotide sequences and deduced amino acid sequences of mitochondrial genes such as COXI, COXIII, and CYTb genes of the DA-resistant isolate, were compared with those of the wild-type. As a result, these three genes were not altered in the DA-resistant B. gibsoni isolate. Moreover, the transcription levels of COXI, COXIII, and CYTb genes were observed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. As a result, the gene transcription of those genes in the DA-resistant isolate was not significantly altered. These results indicated that DA did not affect mtDNA directly in DA-resistant B. gibsoni. Thus, it is suggested that mtDNA should not be deeply involved in DA resistance in B. gibsoni.
著者
Atsushi TSUKAMOTO Koichi OHNO Shingo MAEDA Ko NAKASHIMA Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Masatoshi HORI Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.9, pp.1103-1108, 2012 (Released:2012-10-01)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
7 7

Previous report demonstrated that prokinetic agent mosapride has anti-ulcerogenic action in rat-indomethacin gastric mucosal injury model. Here, we assessed the prophylactic effect of mosapride on gastric mucosal injury and emptying disorder induced by prednisolone in dogs. Crossover study design was employed. Six healthy beagles were administered prednisolone alone (2 mg/kg, twice a day [BID] subcutaneously) and prednisolone with mosapride (1 mg/kg, BID, orally), followed by an interval of at least 6 weeks. In each treatment, gastric mucosal injury was scored endoscopically according to the modified Lanza scale, and gastric emptying was assessed with 13C-octanoic acid breath test. The incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events was also investigated. Coadministration of mosapride with prednisolone significantly (P
著者
Seyedhosein JAROLMASJED Saeed KOLAHIAN
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.11-0339, (Released:2012-09-26)

This article released online on September 26, 2012 as advance publication was withdrawn from consideration for publication in The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science at author's request.
著者
Ai KUTSUMI Miho NAGASAWA Mitsuaki OHTA Nobuyo OHTANI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0008, (Released:2012-09-26)
被引用文献数
6 15 2

In this study, we attempted to clarify whether puppy socialization and command training class, which was limited to puppies approximately 4 months of age, prevented behavior problems in dogs. We evaluated the behaviors of 142 dogs with 4 types of training experience by using a behavior test and the Canine Behavior Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ). Dogs in the puppy class (PC) group (n=44) attended the class for 1 hr each week for 6 weeks, dogs in the puppy party (PP) group (n=39) attended a 1-hr “puppy party,” dogs in the adult class (AC) group (n=27) undertook basic obedience lessons for adolescent/adult dogs for 1 hr each week for 6 weeks, and dogs in the no class (NC) group (n=32) underwent no formal training. The behavior test evaluated each dog‘s response to commands, owner‘s recall, separation, a novel stimulus, and strangers. The C-BARQ evaluated 15 canine behavioral factors. The behavior test results indicated that the PC and AC groups showed significantly higher response to commands than the PP or NC group. Thus, participation in puppy and adult classes improved the obedience behavior of dogs, regardless of age. Positive response to strangers in the PC group was significantly higher than that in the AC and NC groups and tended to be higher than that in the PP group. Therefore, PC may help prevent canine behavioral problems such as disobedience or fear of strangers.
著者
Masashi MUKOHDA Tomoka MORITA Muneyoshi OKADA Yukio HARA Hideyuki YAMAWAKI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0345, (Released:2012-09-26)
被引用文献数
3 7

Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a metabolite of glucose and likely related to pathogenesis of diabetes-related vascular complications including hypertension. In this study, long-term effects of MGO on endothelial function were examined. Rat isolated mesenteric artery was treated for 3 days with MGO using an organ culture method. The contractility, morphology, and protein expression of organ-cultured artery were examined. MGO (42 μM, 3 days) impaired acetylcholine (ACh: 1 nM–300 μM)-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation, while it had no effect on sodium nitroprusside (0.1 nM–10 μM)-induced endothelium-independent relaxation. MGO decreased ACh (3 μM)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production as measured by a fluorescence NO indicator, diaminofluorescein-2. Consistently, MGO inhibited ACh (3 μM)-induced phosphorylation of vasodilator stimulated phosphoprotein (an indicator of cyclic GMP production). MGO induced apoptosis in endothelium as detected by TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling staining. MGO induced accumulation of superoxide in endothelium as detected by dihydroethidium staining. MGO decreased protein expression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Gp91ds-tat (0.1 μM), an inhibitor of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (NOX), prevented the impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation and the decrease in eNOS protein caused by MGO. The present results demonstrated that long-term MGO treatment impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation through NOX-derived increased superoxide-mediated endothelial apoptosis.
著者
Takuma AOKI Keisuke SUGIMOTO Hiroshi SUNAHARA Yoko FUJII
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0322, (Released:2012-09-18)
被引用文献数
8 9

We report two feline cases of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The subjects were both intact domestic shorthair cats, a 4-month-old, 2.5 kg male (case 1) and an 8-month-old, 2.12 kg female (case 2). At the first presentation, left-sided congestive heart failure was diagnosed in case 1 and severe aortic stenosis (AS) in case 2. Following surgical ligation of the ductus arteriosus (DA), furosemide therapy was no longer required in case 1, and the severe AS improved to mild status in case 2 perhaps because of reduced volume overload. In case 2, severe hypoxemia was revealed after surgery; however, this normalized within 96 days after surgery.
著者
Tokiko KUSHIRO-BANKER Robert D. KEEGAN Michelle A. DeCOURCEY Tamara L. GRUBB Stephen A. GREENE Robert ARMSTRONG
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0062, (Released:2012-09-14)

The objective of this study was to evaluate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the cardiovascular effects of the combination of tepoxalin (TPX) and medetomidine (MED) in dogs. Six healthy dogs of either sex (5 males, 1 female), aged 2.5 ± 2.2 years and weighing 14.7 ± 4.4 kg, were studied. Each dog received four randomized treatments with a minimum of 1 week between treatments: no medication as the control group (C); MED (750 μg/m2, intravenously [IV]); TPX (10 mg/kg orally for 3 days); and MT (TPX 10 mg/kg orally for 3 days plus MED 750 μg/m2, IV). Iohexol (300 mg iodine/kg, IV) was injected in all dogs in each treatment as an indicator of GFR. Blood samples for serum iohexol clearance analysis were collected before and 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 60, 120, 240, and 360 min after the iohexol administration. Rectal temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, and direct arterial pressure (AP) were obtained before and 5, 10, 15, 20, 60, 120, 240, and 360 min after the iohexol injection. GFR did not differ between treatments. Heart rate was significantly lower in the MED and MT groups than in C or TPX. Mean AP was significantly higher with MT than TPX, but only at 5 min after the iohexol injection. TPX, MED and the combination of these two drugs do not alter GFR. The combination has minimal effect on cardiovascular variables at these doses in healthy dogs.
著者
Katsumi ISHIOKA Yumi SUZUKI Kana TAJIMA Sumire OHTAKI Masahiro MIYABE Mariko TAKASAKI Akihiro MORI Yutaka MOMOTA Daigo AZAKAMI Toshinori SAKO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0169, (Released:2012-09-14)
被引用文献数
1 3

Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a member of the C-C family chemokines, which mobilizes monocytes from bone marrow to the site of inflammation. To evaluate the clinical utility of canine MCP-1 as a blood test item, we measured serum MCP-1 concentrations in normal and ill dogs. Reference interval of canine MCP-1 was established as 115.6–176.9 pg/ml. Serum MCP-1 concentrations increased in the dogs affected with neoplastic (518.0 ± 84.8 pg/ml), inflammatory (257.0 ± 42.5 pg/ml) or other diseases (360.3 ± 45.2 pg/ml). The results showed high sensitivity of MCP-1 to detect neoplasia and inflammation. Moreover, MCP-1 increased in some cases in which C-reactive protein didn’t increase. MCP-1 might be helpful as a screening blood test marker for detection of neoplasia and inflammation in dogs.
著者
Sawane MITANI Akira YABUKI Kazuyuki TANIGUCHI Osamu YAMATO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0314, (Released:2012-09-14)
被引用文献数
9 16

The association of renin and angiotensin II, which are potent components of the renin-angiotensin system, with the severity of chronic renal disease was investigated immunohistochemically in dogs and cats. Immunoreactivities of renin and angiotensin II were evaluated quantitatively, and their correlations with the degrees of glomerulosclerosis, glomerular hypertrophy, interstitial cell infiltration, and interstitial fibrosis were statistically analyzed. Immunoreactivities for renin were detected in afferent arteries in both dogs and cats. The score of renin-positive signals showed no correlation with plasma creatinine concentration or any of the histopathological parameters, except for the diameter of glomeruli in dogs. Immunoreactivities for angiotensin II were detected in tubules (primarily proximal tubules) and interstitial mononuclear cells in both dogs and cats. The score of tubular angiotensin II correlated with glomerulosclerosis and cell infiltration in cats but not in dogs. The score of interstitial angiotensin II correlated with plasma creatinine concentration, glomerulosclerosis, cell infiltration, and fibrosis in dogs and with glomerulosclerosis and cell infiltration in cats. In conclusion, the results of the study suggest that intrarenal renin-angiotensin system is correlated with the severity of kidney disease, with the underlying mechanism differing between dogs and cats.
著者
Shingo MAEDA Yasuhito FUJINO Chie TAMAMOTO Satoshi SUZUKI Atsushi FUJITA Masashi TAKAHASHI Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0321, (Released:2012-09-14)
被引用文献数
1 1

A 13-year-old, neutered male miniature dachshund was presented with a one-month history of bilateral symmetrical swelling in the pinnae and carpal, cubital, and tarsal joints, and swelling in the tail. The lesions were histopathologically characterized by multiple dilated lymphatic vessels lined by a single attenuated layer of endothelial cells. The subcutis was predominantly involved. A number of spindle-shaped cells lining the irregular vessels were observed. Morphological atypia was not evident in these cells. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that the proliferating endothelial cells were positive for factor VIII-related antigen and CD31. Based on the clinical presentation and histopathological features, the dog was diagnosed with lymphangiomatosis. Treatment with anti-inflammatory prednisolone improved the symptoms.
著者
Akihiro MORI Miyuki KURISHIMA Hitomi ODA Kaori SAEKI Toshiro ARAI Toshinori SAKO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0123, (Released:2012-09-10)
被引用文献数
2 5

Monitoring of blood glucose concentration is important to evaluate the diabetic status of dogs. Continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS) have been applied in veterinary medicine for glucose monitoring in diabetic dogs. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the daily glycemic profiles obtained with CGMS and compare glucose fluctuations between day- and night-time in diabetic dogs. Five diabetic dogs were used in this study and were treated with either NPH insulin or insulin detemir. For data analyses, day-time was defined as 9:00am–9:00pm and night-time as 9:00pm–9:00am. Using glucose profiles, we determined the mean glucose concentrations (1- and 12-hr intervals), and times spent in hyperglycemia >200 mg/dl or hypoglycemia <60 mg/dl. None of the parameters differed significantly between day-time and night-time in dogs treated with NPH insulin or insulin detemir. In conclusion, this study confirmed, using CGMS, that there are no differences in glucose fluctuations between day- and night-time, in diabetic dogs on a similar feeding regimen and insulin administration.
著者
Takako MOCHIZUKI Toshiroh IWASAKI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0212, (Released:2012-09-10)
被引用文献数
2 2

Narrow-band UVB (NB-UVB) is light over a very narrow band of wavelengths (around 311 nm) that is concentrated in the therapeutic range and minimally in the sunburn range. It has therefore become the phototherapy treatment of choice for skin diseases. The minimal erythema dose (MED) on canine skin for standardizing dosage schedules in NB-UVB treatment and histopathological analyses were performed in these dogs. In all 32 dogs tested, the MED ranged from 432 to 864 mJ/cm2. There were no significant differences in MED among breeds, sex and age groups. Histopathology obtained from areas irradiated by MED showed only mild vascular dilatation. These findings might be valuable for the application of NB-UVB phototherapy to canine skin diseases.
著者
Takuma AOKI Yoko FUJII Hiroshi SUNAHARA Hiroshi TAKANO Yoshito WAKA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.11-0486, (Released:2012-09-07)

Mitral valvuloplasty (MVP) is used in dogs with refractory mitral regurgitation (MR); however, it is difficult to tie the artificial chord, i.e., the expanded polytetrafluoroethylene suture, at the planned height of the mitral valve because of the slippery nature of the knot. The loop technique has resolved these difficulties in humans. Premanufactured loops (length, 8.0–15.0 mm with 1.0-mm increments) were used in the new modified loop technique. In the current study, cardiac murmurs disappeared, and the MR markedly improved or completely disappeared approximately 3 months after surgery in 3 dogs. Therefore, this new technique might be effective in dogs.
著者
Natsuko KOBAYASHI Sayaka ARATA Ai HATTORI Yui KOHARA Yasushi KIYOKAWA Yukari TAKEUCHI Yuji MORI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0148, (Released:2012-09-07)
被引用文献数
2 6

Guide dogs help visually impaired persons both physically and psychologically. More than half of all candidate dogs do not qualify, mainly for behavioral reasons. Improved training efficacy is desirable, and earlier prediction of qualification-related traits would be beneficial. In a previous study, we identified ‘Distraction’, assessed during the training period, as an important behavioral trait for judging the qualification of guide dogs at the Japan Guide Dog Association. As a second step, we aimed to develop an index that can predict during the puppy period. In this study, candidate guide dogs, 5-month-old Labrador retrievers, were assessed by puppy raisers using a newly developed questionnaire that consisted of 20 items. The same dogs were assessed later, at 15 months, by trainers to determine ‘Distraction’. In principal components analysis, 9 items, including excitability toward strangers, initiative while out for a walk, and exploration, composed the first principal component (PC1). When we compared PC1 points with ‘Distraction’ points, the two categories were positively correlated (n=110, rs=0.31, P=0.0009). Although the accuracy of the questionnaire should be increased, the results of the present study suggest that it may be possible to assess and predict ‘Distraction’, which is associated with disqualification for guide dogs, early in the puppy-raising period.
著者
Hye-Young JEOUNG Dae-Sub SONG WooSeog JEONG Won-Ha LEE Jae-Young SONG Dong-Jun AN
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0287, (Released:2012-09-05)
被引用文献数
2 6 3

A multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (mRT-PCR) assay was developed for the simultaneous detection of canine distemper virus (CDV), canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), and canine influenza virus (CIV). These viral pathogens are all causative agents of canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD). The sensitivity and specificity of the mRT-PCR were determined by comparing it to a rapid antigen test (RAT) or immuno-chromatography test kit and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the detection of CDV, CRCoV, and CIV antigens present in 100 clinical samples (nasal swabs and whole blood samples) from 50 dogs with respiratory disease symptoms. This study revealed that mRT-PCR had almost exactly the same performance or results were almost 100% in agreement with that of RT-PCR and RAT both in terms of the assay sensitivity and specificity which was more highly evident in detecting CIV, CDV, and CRCoV antigens present in canine nasal swab samples. Therefore, this assay could be a better alternative for the definitive and simultaneous ante-mortem detection of the three viral pathogens that cause CIRD by using nasal swabs.
著者
Kyohei ISHIGAKI Masahiko NOYA Yumiko KAGAWA Kazunori IKE Hiromitsu ORIMA Soichi IMAI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.8, pp.1051-1055, 2012 (Released:2012-09-03)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
2 6

A one-month male Greyhound dog presented with a swinging gait of the hindlimbs, and later developed muscular atrophy of the femoral region and hyperextension of hindlimbs. The dog had positive serum IFAT titers to Neospora caninum, but a negative titer in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). N. caninum-specific DNA was amplified from the CSF using a semi-nested polymerase chain reaction assay. Clusters of protozoa in biopsied muscle fibers were subsequently confirmed as N. caninum tachyzoites by immunohistochemical examination. Early recognition and treatment are necessary for effective recovery of clinical canine neosporosis, but antemortem diagnosis is difficult. We suggest that the detection of parasite deoxyribonucleic acid in the CSF is a useful antemortem diagnostic method in facilitating treatment of this disease.