著者
Mai UWANO Rui KANO Haruhiko MARUYAMA Atsuhiko HASEGAWA Hiroshi KAMATA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112250742-1112250742, (Released:2011-12-28)

The small molecule inhibitor, ABT-737, inhibits Bcl-2 that is overexpressed in many tumor cell lines and, in combination with an anticancer drug, can strongly enhance proapoptotic activity. In the present study, we evaluated the inhibitory activity of ABT-737 on the survival of a canine melanoma cell line (MCM-N1). MCM-N1 cell viability was decreased following 24- and 48-hr culture with ABT-737, depending on ABT-737 concentration, while cell viability was unchanged in controls. ABT-737 synergized with carboplatin to promote cell death. Notably, approximately 50% of MCM-N1 cells survived following culture with 2-4 μg/ml of carboplatin; whereas, less than 20% of MCM-N1 cells survived following culture with ABT-737 (1 μM) plus carboplatin (2–10 μg/ml).
著者
Atsuko MURAI Naohito NISHII Takehito MORITA Masashi YUKI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112250739-1112250739, (Released:2011-12-28)
被引用文献数
4 5

Two intact female dogs were admitted for growing mammary tumors. They had symptoms of acromegaly including weight gain, enlargement of the head, excessive skin folds, and inspiratory stridor. Serum concentrations of GH, insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I), and insulin were elevated in the two cases. From these findings, both dogs were diagnosed with acromegaly. In case 1, the GH, IGF-I, and insulin levels subsided after removal of the focal benign mammary tumors and ovariohysterectomy. In case 2, those levels subsided after removal of only focal mammary carcinoma. In both cases, immunohistochemical investigations for GH were positive in the mammary tumor cells but not in the normal mammary glands. We concluded that GH-producing mammary tumors caused the present acromegaly.
著者
Claudia SALVADORI Maria Domenica PINTORE Emanuele RICCI Martin KONAR Chiara Laura TARTARELLI Nicola GASPARINETTI Carlo CANTILE
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.3, pp.367-370, 2011 (Released:2011-03-30)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
2 2

A 5-year-old female cross-breed dog was presented with a 1-month history of progressive changes in the posture of the head and in the gait. At neurological examination the dog showed a central vestibular syndrome lateralized to the left. MRI showed a space occupying lesion within the fourth ventricle, characterized by iso- to hypointensity in T1 and hyperintensity in T2 with a heterogeneous contrast uptake. Histologically, a neoplasia composed of meningothelial cells forming compact whorls with slight atypia, and stellate cells delimitating microcysts containing eosinophilic fluid was observed. Neoplastic cells were positive for vimentin and negative for GFAP and FVIII. A diagnosis of intraventricular microcystic meningioma was achieved. Intraventricular meningiomas in dogs are rarely encountered and reports of meningiomas within the fourth ventricle have not yet been described. Although choroid plexus tumor is the most frequent neoplasia localized in the fourth ventricle, intraventricular meningioma should be included in the differential diagnoses.
著者
Jung-ha LEE Jong-hoon LEE Hun-young YOON Na-hyun KIM Jung-hyang SUR Soon-wuk JEONG
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112200732-1112200732, (Released:2011-12-26)
被引用文献数
3 7

A six-year-old intact female Maltese dog weighing 3.8 kg presented with a history of mild lameness and swelling on both forelimbs. Radiographic and computed tomographic views revealed an extensive periosteal reaction in all four limbs and a large round mass on the right middle lung lobe. A total lobectomy was performed and pulmonary adenosquamous carcinoma was histologically confirmed. A diagnosis of hypertrophic osteopathy (HO) secondary to a lung tumor was made. Periosteal proliferation decreased significantly after surgery; however, there was evidence of dyspnea, mass recurrence, and periosteal reaction three months post-operatively. This is the first case report of pulmonary adenosquamous carcinoma with HO in a dog in which we describe clinical, imaging, surgical, and histological findings.
著者
Jae Yeon LEE
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112200731-1112200731, (Released:2011-12-26)
被引用文献数
5 6

The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of propofol and thiopental on the plasma oxidant-antioxidant profile in dogs undergoing surgery at doses used to induce anesthesia. The plasma total oxidant status (TOS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) levels increased significantly with time in both groups, whereas the plasma total antioxidant status (TAS) levels decreased with time in both groups. The OSI was significantly higher at the end of surgery than before induction of anesthesia in both groups. The TOS and OSI change ratio of propofol group were significantly lower than that of thiopental group. In conclusion, our findings show that propofol has antioxidant effects in dogs. Further studies need to be conducted to demonstrate the exact mechanism of oxidative stress due to anesthesia and surgery in dogs.
著者
Takumi OKAWA Hiroko HIRAOKA Yuko WADA Kenji BABA Kazuhito ITAMOTO Takuya MIZUNO Masaru OKUDA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112200735-1112200735, (Released:2011-12-27)
被引用文献数
1 1

The second malignancies are frequent complications in the human patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the clinical details and outcome of this phenomenon were unclear in the canine counterparts. Here we report a dog with high-grade lymphoma concurrent with T-cell CLL. A 10-year-old male golden retriever presented with lymphadenopathies. The lymph nodes contained large-sized lymphocytes, raising suspicion of high-grade lymphoma. Meanwhile, small-lymphocytic lymphocytosis in the peripheral blood was consistent with CLL. Interestingly, molecular biological analyses revealed that CLL cells were T-cell type, whereas lymphoma cells were B-cell type. Chemotherapy using the L-VCA short protocol was effective for 155 days, but the dog died on day 194 after diagnosis, despite rescue therapies.
著者
Min-Hee KANG Hee-Myung PARK
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112110721-1112110721, (Released:2011-12-15)
被引用文献数
2 8

A 5-year-old female Chihuahua dog was presented for acute collapse. Laboratory examinations showed markedly elevated levels of hepatobiliary enzymes. Empiric antibiotic therapy for bacterial infection of the liver was ineffective. The clinical signs worsened with the development of hyponatremia with hypo-osmolality and elevated urine sodium levels. The dog was suspected to have acute cholangiohepatitis associated with an immune-mediated disease. Subsequently, it was diagnosed with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) on the basis of the specific disease criteria. Further tests showed normal function of the adrenal and thyroid glands, and MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis did not show any intracranial diseases. Immunosuppressive therapy and water restriction resolved the clinical signs and improved the SIADH in this dog. This case indicates that SIADH can occur concurrently with suspected immune-mediated liver disease in dogs.
著者
Jung-Hyun KIM Hee-Myung PARK
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112110723-1112110723, (Released:2011-12-16)
被引用文献数
1 3

An 8-year old intact female dog was presented with a sudden onset of unilateral hindlimb paralysis of 3 days duration. Based on the history and results of physical, neurological, histopathological examination, and blood work, an arterial thrombosis was suspected as a complication of the hypercoagulability from malignant mammary gland tumor. The thermography provided the evidence of the unilateral femoral thrombus. Initially, thrombolysis with streptokinase administered by intravenous infusion was ineffective. Thereafter, the direct delivery of streptokinase to the site of thrombus was attempted and it was curative. These results suggest that the thermography could describe the site of the arterial thrombus, and local intra-arterial administration of streptokinase may be an effective therapy for the canine arterial thrombosis complicated by malignant mammary gland tumor.
著者
So-Jeung MOON Jong-Hoon LEE Soon-Wuk Jeong Ju-Won KIM Hee-Myung PARK
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112110722-1112110722, (Released:2011-12-16)
被引用文献数
2 2

A 7-year-old, 1.76 kg Maltese dog presented with a 4-year history of a chronic pustular lesion and a wet cough. Erosive lesions were seen at the left thoracic wall. Radiology and computed tomography (CT) revealed a bronchocutaneous fistula connecting from the left cranial bronchus to the skin. On definitive surgery, a long wooden toothpick was observed within this tract, and clinical signs resolved after retrieval of the foreign body. Three-dimensional CT was useful to identify the characteristics of the bronchocutaneous fistula However, the wooden foreign body was not apparent on CT. Here, we report the clinical, clinicopathological and diagnostic imaging findings of a chronic bronchocutaneous fistula caused by a foreign body in a dog.
著者
Yuri HOJO Takuma TSUCHIYA Ayako SHIRAKI Kazuhiko SUZUKI Makoto SHIBUTANI Kunitoshi MITSUMORI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1112030715-1112030715, (Released:2011-12-09)
被引用文献数
1 1

A subcutaneous tumor in the left inguinal region was present in an 11-year-old female bloodhound. Histopathologically, the tumor showed invasive growth and extensive necroses, and it was composed of spindle-shaped, elongated, and stellate neoplastic cells accompanied by occasional giant cells arranged in fascicular, herringbone, or irregular storiform patterns with abundant production of collagen fibers. The cytoplasm of most tumor cells was positive for vimentin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, and calponin, but was negative for desmin, smoothelin, and S-100. Furthermore, most of the tumor cells were negative for Iba1 while some tumor cells were weakly positive. Thus, this tumor was diagnosed as a high-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma according to the diagnostic criteria for human myofibroblastic sarcomas.
著者
Malte SCHWARTZ Karen R. MUÑANA Natasha J. OLBY
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.11, pp.1505-1508, 2011 (Released:2011-12-01)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
15 20

A 9-year old female spayed Rottweiler was diagnosed with cryptogenic epilepsy and started on zonisamide monotherapy (8.3 mg/kg, PO, q 12 hr). Three weeks after the 1st dose of zonisamide the dog presented for vomiting, inappetence and icterus. Serum biochemistry showed marked elevation of liver enzymes, consistent with hepatocellular damage and cholestasis. No underlying cause for liver disease was identified and a drug-induced hepatopathy was suspected. Zonisamide was discontinued and replaced by potassium bromide. Supportive therapy consisted of intravenous fluids, antiemetics, antibiotics and hepatoprotectants. The dog made a complete recovery and serial serum biochemical examinations showed complete normalisation of liver parameters 8 weeks after discontinuation of zonisamide. Based on a human Drug-induced Liver Injury Diagnostic Scale, the likelihood for zonisamide-induced hepatopathy was classified as "possible". Veterinary practitioners and owners should be educated about the potential for an idiosyncratic drug reaction to zonisamide. If signs of hepatotoxicity are recognised early and zonisamide is discontinued, complete recovery is possible.
著者
Bo-Ram LEE Su-Hyung LEE Hyekyung LEE Hyunwook KIM Dae-Yong KIM Jihye CHOI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.11, pp.1473-1476, 2011 (Released:2011-12-01)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
3 4

A 14-year-old, mixed breed dog was presented with acute pain and paresis of the hindlimbs. Ultrasonography revealed an intraluminal mass and an abrupt halt of blood flow signal in the distal abdominal aorta. The mass had homogeneous hyperechoic echotexture compared with blood flow. Although clinical presentation suggested a thromboembolism and pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism was suspected as a predisposing cause based on adrenal function tests and ultrasonography, an aortic chondrosarcoma originating from the distal abdominal aorta was diagnosed with histologic examination. Primary aortic sarcoma is extremely rare, and extraskeletal chondrosarcoma is only reported in 2 cases previously. Aortic neoplasm should be included in differential diagnosis when an intraluminal aortic mass is observed on ultrasonography and acute paresis of hindlimbs is shown.
著者
Hideto SOBUKAWA Mitsuhiro WATANABE Rui KANO Takaaki ITO Masanobu ONOZAKI Atsuhiko HASEGAWA Hiroshi KAMATA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.11, pp.1527-1529, 2011 (Released:2011-12-01)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
2 4

Bovine mastitis due to Prototheca zopfii leads to reduced milk production and is difficult to cure. Therefore, prevention is the best approach and this is best achieved through the use of effective disinfectants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro algaecide efficacy of conventional disinfectants against strains of P. zopfii genotype 1 and 2. The minimal algaecide concentration (MAC) of alkyldiaminoethylglycine hydrochloride, chlorhexidine, dioxide chlorine, povidone iodine and sodium hypochlorous acid against 10 isolates and the type strain (SAG2063T) of P. zopfii genotype 1 as well as 10 isolates and the type strain (SAG2021T) of P. zopfii genotype 2 were examined using the micro dilution method. This in vitro study indicated that alkyldiaminoethylglycine hydrochloride, chlorhexidine, povidone iodine and sodium hypochlorous acid, but not dioxide chlorine, are effective against both genotypes of P. zopfii.
著者
Atsushi TSUKAMOTO Koichi OHNO Mitsuhiro IRIE Aki OHMI Shingo MAEDA Ko NAKASHIMA Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Kazuyuki Uchida Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1111130690-1111130690, (Released:2011-11-22)
被引用文献数
6 7

Endoscopic polypectomy and argon plasma coagulation (APC) were performed in a refractory case of inflammatory colorectal polyps in a 7-year-old male Miniature Dachshund. Colonoscopic examination revealed a large sessile polyp and multiple diffuse small polyps, localized to the descending colon and rectum. The case showed a poor therapeutic response to prednisolone and cyclosporine. Under anesthesia, piecemeal resections were performed by polypectomy. APC was carried out to cauterize the polyp remnants. After treatment, reduction of the lesions and the improvement in clinical signs were observed, without recurrence of lesions for at least 10 months. Endoscopic treatment by polypectomy and APC is suggested to be a therapeutic option for refractory cases of inflammatory colorectal polyps in dogs.
著者
Yu YAMAMOTO Kikuyasu NAKAMURA Manabu YAMADA Masaji MASE
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.2, pp.205-208, 2012 (Released:2012-03-02)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
9 10

An experimental infection study was performed using pigeons reared for racing or meat production in Japan and clade 2.2 and 2.3.2 isolates of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus to evaluate the possible role of pigeons in virus transmission to poultry. In experiment 1, when 20 pigeons were intranasally inoculated with high or low viral doses, no inoculated pigeon exhibited clinical signs for 14 days. Drinking water and almost all swab samples were negative for virus isolation. Virus isolation was positive in 3 oral swab samples from 2 pigeons from day 2 through 4 postinoculation, but viral titers of positive samples were extremely low. Immunohistochemical analysis for virus detection was negative in all tissue samples. Along with seroconversion in a limited number of pigeons postinoculation, these results suggest that pigeons have limited susceptibility to the virus used for experimental infection. In experiment 2, when uninoculated chickens were housed with virus-inoculated pigeons, all pigeons and contact chickens survived for 14 days without exhibiting any clinical signs. According to serological analysis, the chickens did not exhibit seroconversion after close contact with inoculated pigeons. Our data suggest that the risk posed by pigeons with respect to the transmission of the H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus to poultry would be less than that for other susceptible avian species.
著者
Yuya KIMURA Hidenobu KAWABATA Masaji MAEZAWA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1104050483-1104050483, (Released:2011-04-12)
被引用文献数
2

This survey explores the grief associated with the loss of a pet, and was carried out using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaires were handed out to 50 bereaved pet owners attending a public animal cremation service, and we received 18 responses. Participants responded within 0 to 44 (median 4) days of the death of their pet. Although most mental health problems immediately following mourning are presumed to be normal grief reactions, on the basis of several psychiatric scales, 8 of the 16 valid responses indicated depression and/or neurosis. Statistical analyses showed that the following factors were significantly associated with grief reactions: age of owner, other stressful life events, family size, age of dead animal, rearing place, and preliminary veterinary consultation.
著者
Wu Yuluo Hinenoya Atsushi Taguchi Takashi NAGITA Akira SHIMA Kensuke TSUKAMOTO Teizo SUGIMOTO Norihiko ASAKURA Masahiro YAMASAKI Shinji
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.5, pp.589-597, 2010
被引用文献数
18

Shiga toxin-producing <i>Escherichia coli</i> (STEC) isolated from Japan were investigated for the distribution of virulence genes. A total of 232 STEC strains including 171 from cattle and 61 from human were examined for the occurrence of genes responsible for bacterial adhesions to intestine, e.g., <i>eae</i> (intimin, <i>E. coli </i>attaching and effacing), <i>saa</i> (STEC autoagglutinating adhesin), <i>iha</i> (<i>irgA</i> homologue adhesin), <i>efa1</i> (<i>E. coli</i> factor for adherence), <i>lpfA</i><i><sub>O113</sub></i> (long polar fimbriae), and <i>ehaA</i> (EHEC autotransporter) by colony hybridization assay. Similarly, the presence of toxigenic <i>cdt</i> (cytolethal distending toxin), and <i>subAB</i> (subtilase cytotoxin) genes were also checked. Among cattle isolates, 170, 163, 161, 155, 112 and 84 were positive for <i>lpfA</i><i><sub>O113</sub></i> (99%), <i>ehaA</i> (95%), <i>iha</i> (94%), <i>saa</i> (91%), <i>subAB</i> (65%), and <i>cdt-V</i> (49%), respectively, while 2 were positive for <i>eae</i> (1.2%) and <i>efa1</i> (1.2%) each. In case of human isolates, 60, 59, 58 and 58 were positive for <i>ehaA</i> (98%), <i>iha</i> (97%), <i>efa1</i> (95%), and <i>eae</i> (95%), respectively, while 11, 2, 2, and 1 were positive for <i>lpfA</i><i><sub>O113</sub></i> (18%), <i>saa</i> (3.3%), <i>cdt-V</i> (3.3%), and <i>subAB</i> (1.6%), respectively. Therefore, in human STEC isolates <i>efa1</i> and <i>eae</i> whereas in cattle isolates <i>saa</i>, <i>lpfA</i><i><sub>O113</sub></i>, <i>cdt-V</i> and <i>subAB</i> were prevalent. These data indicate differential occurrence of some pathogenic genes in human and cattle originated STEC strains in Japan.<br>
著者
Hidenori KABEYA Kazuhiko OHASHI Misao ONUMA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.7, pp.703-708, 2001 (Released:2001-08-07)
参考文献数
69
被引用文献数
40 47

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a type C retrovirus infecting bovine B cells and causing enzootic bovine leukosis. Since it takes long periods to develop the disease, it is believed that BLV and host immune responses are closely related. In this review, the accumulated data showing close relationship between BLV and host immune responses are summarized in 4 sections. First, we discuss the role of cell-mediated immunity in protecting hosts from BLV infection. Second, several reports showing the relationship between the disease progression and the change of cytokine profiles are summarized. In the third section, we have focused on tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and its two types of receptors, and the possible involvement of TNF α in the BLV-induced leukemogenesis is discussed. The expression of TNF α has been shown to be regulated by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) haplotype. The resistance to BLV infection is supposed to be established by some innate factors, which are closely related to MHC haplotype. Finally, we propose that a breeding strategy based on the MHC haplotype could be a good approach to control BLV infection. This review includes some recent data from us and other groups.