著者
Yusuke Hibino
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.219-223, 2018-11-25 (Released:2018-11-25)
参考文献数
5

A new finless ophichthid eel, Apterichtus soyoae, is described based on a single specimen collected from off Tori-shima island, Zunan Islands of Izu Islands, southern Japan. The new species is similar to A. moseri and A. klazingai in its numbers of supratemporal pores, preopercular pores, and vertebrae. The new species differs from A. moseri in having more supraorbital pores (1+6 vs. 1+4), the number of branchings of the supraorbital canal (1 vs. 0), shape of the snout (distinctly pointed vs. relatively blunt), eye size (50% of snout length vs. 35–45%; 8.8% of head length vs. 6.3–8.0%), and the number of vomerine teeth (1 vs. 2–5). Apterichtus soyoae can also be distinguished from A. klazingai by the number of branchings of the supraorbital canal (1 vs. 2), the number of infraorbital pores (7 vs. 9), and the location of the lower jaw tip (anterior to a vertical through anterior margin of eye vs. posterior to the vertical). The number of supraorbital pores and branchings of the canal are discussed.
著者
Etsuro Sawai Yusuke Yamanoue Laith Jawad Juma Al-Mamry Yoichi Sakai
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.1, pp.99-104, 2017-05-25 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
6

We employed molecular systematic analysis based on mitochondrial D-loop sequences to identify two specimens of ocean sunfish from Omani coastal waters that had previously been identified morphologically as Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758) and M. ramsayi (Giglioli, 1883). Of the three molecular species that are recognized globally, Mola sp. A, Mola sp. B, and Mola sp. C, we confirmed that both specimens from Oman are Mola sp. A. This result suggested a broader distribution of this species than had ever been thought, but it also revealed a discrepancy between morphological and genetic characters in Mola taxonomy. We reexamined the morphology of the two specimens from Oman to clarify the extent to which the key morphological features correspond with molecular genetic identifications, and discovered errors in the original reports on both specimens.
著者
Yusuke Yamana Hayato Tanaka Shu Nakachi
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.1, pp.53-68, 2017-05-25 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
32

Three new sea cucumbers collected in the intertidal and subtidal zone of southern Japan, Taeniogyrus mijim sp. nov., Rowedota chippiru sp. nov., and R. motoshimaensis sp. nov., are described. All three species display a small body size (approximately 10–20 mm), light body colour (primarily a transparent solid colour), and a small number of digits in their tentacles (one pair or two). They are easily distinguished from each other and from other congeners by the number of digits and by ossicle size and shape. Among these species, the state of the tooth series on the inner margin of the wheel ossicles is an important defining feature, i.e., a continuous row in Taeniogyrus but interrupted by concavities in Rowedota. Also, each tooth is sharp in T. mijim, trapezoidal in R. chippiru, and semicircular in R. motoshimaensis. The number of teeth per radiant is 7–16 (means of 10–13 in different specimens) in T. mijim, 7–15 (means 9–12) in R. chippiru, and 8–21 (means 11–19) in R. motoshimaensis. Among these three new species, only R. chippiru has thick rod ossicles in the body wall.
著者
Ken Maeda Toshifumi Saeki
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.253-262, 2018-11-25 (Released:2018-11-25)
参考文献数
37

Amphidromous gobies of Sicyopterus (Gobiidae: Sicydiinae) are distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate streams in the Indo-Pacific region. Two species, Sicyopterus japonicus (Tanaka, 1909) and Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas, 1770), are known from Japan. In the present study, two specimens of an additional species were collected in Okinawa Island, in southern Japan. We compared morphologies of the type series of Sicyopterus longifilis de Beaufort, 1912 and Sicyopterus brevis de Beaufort, 1912 collected in Indonesia, with the specimens from Okinawa Island to revise the taxonomy of these species and to identify the Okinawan specimens. Syntypes of S. longifilis and S. brevis share many characters, including a unique mouth morphology. Although fin morphologies, tooth number, and the shape of the urogenital papilla differ between S. longifilis and S. brevis syntypes, these amount to normal sexual dimorphism of sicydiine gobies. De Beaufort collected his specimens at the same locality on the same date. We conclude that the syntypes of S. longifilis and S. brevis are actually males and females of same species. Therefore, they are subjective synonyms, and we give precedence to the name S. longifilis as the first reviser under Article 24.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1999). The two specimens from Okinawa Island were identified as S. longifilis and this is the first record of this species from Japan.
著者
Fumihito Tashiro Yusuke Hibino Kei Miyamoto
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.213-217, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
10

An old museum specimen of the rare deep-sea species Ophichthus exourus McCosker, 1999 (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae) (685 mm in total length) collected near Saipan and a recently collected example from Okinawa, Japan (634 mm in total length) represent the first Northern Hemisphere records of the species, previously known only from the southwestern Pacific in waters off New Caledonia and Fiji, but now believed to be widely distributed in the western Pacific Ocean. A detailed morphological observation based on the above specimens and a re-examination of the holotype resulted in a revision of some species characteristics, including the number of infraorbital pores. Ophichthus exourus is distinguished from other congeners by the following combination of characters: head 8.3–10.0% of total length; upper jaw 36.1–38.1% of head length; pectoral-fin rounded, length 19.2–24.1% of head length; rear margin of eye above or slightly behind rictus; eye diameter 44.4–61.2% of snout length; horizontal length of posterior nostril dermal flap much greater than diameter of anterior nostril tube; gill opening to dorsal-fin origin greater than twice pectoral-fin length; preopercular pores 2; predorsal and total vertebrae 20–21 and 173–177, respectively; lower-jaw teeth nearly uniserial; body without bands or spots; posteriormost portion (much shorter than head length) of anal-fin membrane indistinct darkish brown. A new standard Japanese name “Gunbai-umihebi” is proposed for the species.
著者
Naoto Jimi Masaatsu Tanaka Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.133-141, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
28

A new species of hesionid polychaetes, Leocratides kimuraorum sp. nov., is described based on material collected from the Shima Peninsula and Sagami Bay (middle Honshu, Japan), as well as museum specimens collected from Sagami Bay, Suruga Bay, and Shirahama. Leocratides kimuraorum sp. nov. is the third species in this genus and can be discriminated from the two congeners, L. filamentosus Ehlers, 1908 and L. ehlersi (Horst, 1921), by i) the length of the antennae, which are as long as palps, ii) the presence of pharyngeal terminal papillae, and iii) the absence of a papillose peristomial membrane. On the other hand, L. filamentosus, originally described from off Western Sumatra, Indonesia, was also collected from Sagami Bay, and represents a new record of this species for Japanese waters. Partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene sequences from the holotype of L. kimuraorum sp. nov. and newly collected specimen of L. filamentosus are provided for reliable species identification in the future.
著者
Keita Koeda Yusuke Hibino
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.207-211, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
14

Two specimens (304.0–441.4 mm total length) of Uropterygius fasciolatus (Regan, 1909) were collected from Yonaguni-jima island, the westernmost island in Japan. This species was previously known from Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Palau, the Tokelau Islands, and the Phoenix Islands. Therefore, the present specimens represent the first record from Japan, as well as the northernmost record of the species up until now. A new standard Japanese name, “Murakumo-kikaiutsubo”, is proposed for the species.
著者
Masato Nitta Kazuya Nagasawa
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.117-125, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
55

Haplocotyle japonica n. gen., n. sp. (Monogenea: Microbothriidae) is described from the skin and gill cavity of Rhinobatos hynnicephalus Richardson, 1846 (Elasmobranchii: Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae) in the Seto Inland Sea off Hiroshima Prefecture and the southern Sea of Japan off Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. The new genus is closely related to Dermophthirioides Cheung and Nigrelli, 1983, Dermophthirius MacCallum, 1926, Dermopristis Kearn, Whittington, and Evans-Gowing, 2010, and Pseudoleptobothrium Young, 1967 in common morphological features (i.e., the anterior extremity of the oötype having a tetrahedral shape, the anterior aperture of a bell-shaped pharynx, and the structure of the male copulatory organ) but differs from the latter four genera by the presence of a single testis and an ovary not looping the intestinal caeca. The phylogenetic analysis based on 28S rDNA sequences suggests that the new species shows affinity with Dermophthirius and Dermopristis. All currently known species of Microbothriidae Price, 1936 are listed, and a key to 12 genera, including Haplocotyle n. gen., of the family is provided.
著者
Naoto Jimi Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.39-42, 2018-05-25 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
7

A new species of flabelligerid polychaete, Lamispina ammophila sp. nov., is described from off the coast of Shimoda, Japan. The species can be discriminated from the other congeners by the following features: i) dorsal region of body being adhered to by sediment particles, ii) lamispines without accessory tooth, present from chaetiger 4 and succeeding chaetigers, and iii) cephalic cage 1.5–2.0 times as long as body width. A partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequence from the paratype is provided as a DNA barcode for the new species.
著者
Shinri Tomioka Ryuta Yoshida Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.127-132, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
11

We describe a new capitellid species, Mastobranchus uru sp. nov., from a tidal flat on Iriomote Island, Okinawa, southern Japan. This species differs from its three congeners in having capillary chaetae only on the notopodia in chaetiger 1 and in the number and arrangement of teeth on hooks. We also provide for this new species a barcode nucleotide sequence from the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene.
著者
Takafumi Nakano Yi-Te Lai
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.143-150, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
1

A quadrannulate leech species, Orobdella meisai sp. nov., from southern Taiwan is described. This new species is characterized by its camouflage coloration, which is unique among the known Orobdella species. Orobdella meisai is the second species of the genus to be described from Taiwan. Phylogenetic analyses using nuclear 18S rRNA, histone H3, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, tRNACys, tRNAMet, 12S rRNA, tRNAVal, 16S rRNA, tRNALeu and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 markers showed that O. meisai and another Taiwanese species, O. ketagalan Nakano and Lai, 2012, formed a supported clade. According to the results of the morphological examination and the phylogenetic position of O. meisai, morphological-phylogenetic relationships of this species and close congeners are briefly discussed.
著者
Masato Nitta Kazuya Nagasawa
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.95-104, 2016-11-25 (Released:2017-02-03)
参考文献数
42

Four alien monogeneans, Unilatus unilatus Mizelle and Kritsky, 1967, U. brittani Mizelle, Kritsky, and Crane, 1968, Trinigyrus peregrinus n. sp., and Heteropriapulus heterotylus (Jogunoori, Kritsky, and Venkatanarasaiah, 2004), were collected from the gills of vermiculated sailfin catfish, Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus (Weber, 1991) (Siluriformes: Loricariidae), in inland waters of Okinawa-jima island, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Unilatus unilatus and U. brittani represent new country records for Japan. Trinigyrus peregrinus n. sp. is characterized by a coiled male copulatory organ that forms a circle and does not articulate with its accessory piece. Heteropriapulus heterotylus was newly collected from two rivers in south-central Okinawa-jima island. These monogeneans are all considered to be native to South America and to have been co-introduced with the host fish into the inland waters of the island by release of ornamental pet fish.
著者
Yushi Hosoda Shinri Tomioka Keiichi Kakui
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.215-218, 2018-11-25 (Released:2018-11-25)
参考文献数
12

We report the first record of the ammotheid pycnogonid species Hemichela nanhaiensis Wang et al., 2015, from Japanese waters. Four specimens of H. nanhaiensis were collected from the East China Sea at depths of 405–635 m, including the first females ever found. We redescribe male and female H. nanhaiensis from these specimens. We found that H. nanhaiensis is sexually dimorphic in the number of tiny lateral outgrowths on the lateral processes; length of the lateral process tubercles and oviger articles 4 and 5; ratio of the terminal claw to article 10 in the oviger; presence or absence of a proximal reversed spine on oviger article 5; thickness of the leg femur; and number of gonopores.
著者
Ian G. Gleadall
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.1, pp.31-42, 2016-05-25 (Released:2017-02-01)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
3 10

The East Asian common octopus has long been synonymized with the Atlantic and Mediterranean species Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797. However, evidence from molecular genetic studies has firmly established that the so-called cosmopolitan common octopus is in fact a group of several biogeographically distinct populations which form a complex of species with closely similar morphology. Here, a diagnosis and brief description are provided which distinguish the East Asian common octopus from O. vulgaris, and as a suitable name for it a former junior synonym of O. vulgaris is identified as a valid species: Octopus sinensis d'Orbigny, 1841. A neotype is designated. Voucher material includes specimens collected in Japan by Philipp Franz von Siebold and deposited in the National Museum of Natural History - Naturalis - in Leiden; and others that were studied by Madoka Sasaki in preparation for the detailed description of this species (as O. vulgaris) in a monograph on Japanese Cephalopoda published in 1929. At present, all species in this complex (particularly O. vulgaris and the East Asian species here identified as O. sinensis) are highly vulnerable to overfishing, so recognizing O. sinensis as a species distinct from O. vulgaris is an important step towards improving sustainable fisheries management policies for each species in this group of commercially valuable octopuses.
著者
Kazuya Nagasawa Shigehiko Urawa
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.167-173, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
48

The lernaeopodid copepod Tracheliastes sachalinensis Markevich, 1936 was found on the fins of three species of the subfamily Leuciscinae Bonaparte, 1846 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae): big-scaled redfin, Tribolodon hakonensis (Günther, 1877); Sakhalin redfin, Tribolodon sachalinensis (Nikolskii, 1899); and lake minnow Rhynchocypris percnurus (Pallas, 1814); collected in three lakes (Lake Tôro, Lake Shirarutoro, and Lake Abashiri) and two rivers (Mena River and Jirô-sawa River), Hokkaido, northern Japan. These findings represent the first records of Tracheliastes sachalinensis from Japan and also from outside of Russia, in which the copepod has hitherto been found. The species is specific to leuciscine fishes in the subarctic region of the Russian Far East and Japan. We also provide a review of parasitic copepods of freshwater fishes from Hokkaido.
著者
Masato Nitta Kazuya Nagasawa
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.1, pp.1-5, 2017-05-25 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
1

Dactylogyrus oryziasi n. sp. (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) is described from the gills of the southern medaka Oryzias latipes (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846) (Beloniformes: Adrianichthyidae) collected from an irrigation canal, Tokushima city, Tokushima Prefecture, Shikoku, Japan. This new species resembles Dactylogyrus rysavyi Ergens, 1970 in having a coiled penis passing through a tube of an accessory piece associated with a sigmoid rod, and shapes of haptoral parts, but these species differ from each other by turns of the penis and a connection point between the rod and tube of the accessory piece. This is the first record of Dactylogyrus from beloniform fish.
著者
Keiichi Kakui Shinri Tomioka
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.61-68, 2018-05-25 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
22

We establish the new anarthrurid genus Tsuranarthrura gen. nov. based on the new species T. shinsei sp. nov. collected from 1890 m depth off the eastern coast of Japan, northwestern Pacific Ocean. Tsuranarthrura gen. nov. is the third paratanaoid genus with members having a fused segment composed of pereonite 6 and the pleon, a character state previously restricted to the genera Coalecerotanais Larsen, 2003 (Family incertae sedis) and Metagathotanais Bird and Holdich, 1988 (Family Agathotanaidae). Among anarthrurid genera, Tsuranarthrura gen. nov. is similar to Anarthrura Sars, 1882, Anarthrurella Bird, 2004, and Crenicarpus Drumm and Bird, 2016 in having the labrum not laterally compressed and the antenna with naked fourth and fifth articles from the distal end. However it differs from the latter three in having pereonite 6 fused with the pleon, the maxillipedal endite with a distal seta, the chelipedal merus with a ventral simple seta, and the merus naked on pereopods 2 and 3. We also present the nucleotide sequence for part of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene in T. shinsei for future use in DNA barcoding or phylogeny.
著者
Naoya Takeda Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.1-11, 2018-05-25 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
1

We have described a new genus and five new species of free-living marine flatworms in Schizorhynchia (Platyhelminthes: Rhabdocoela: Kalyptorhynchia) based on the material collected from sandy intertidal zones around Hokkaido, Northern Japan. These include Freddius tricaudatus gen. et sp. nov. (Cheliplanidae) and Proschizorhynchella caudociliata sp. nov., P. magnoliae sp. nov., P. shibazakii sp. nov., and P. shuttlecock sp. nov. (Schizorhynchidae). Based on this study, the number of confirmed species in the suborder Kalyptorhynchia discovered in Japanese waters has increased from one to six. Freddius tricaudatus gen. et sp. nov. possesses proboscis hooks that are so peculiar among Cheliplanidae that they warrant the establishment of a new genus.
著者
Hiroyuki Ariyama Masanori Taru
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.187-200, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
18

Three species of Grandidierella (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Aoridae) were collected from coastal areas of the Tohoku and Kanto-Tokai Districts, East Japan. The first species is G. sanrikuensis sp. nov. from Miyagi Prefecture, which is characterized by the male gnathopod 1 with carpus bearing 3 teeth (only middle tooth large). The second species is G. rubroantennata sp. nov. from Chiba Prefecture. This new species is identical with G. insulae sensu Ariyama (1996), but is different from the true G. insulae Myers, 1981 in the more flagellar articles of the antennae. The last species is G. osakaensis Ariyama, 1996, from river mouths in Kanagawa and Shizuoka Prefectures and an anchialine pool in Izu Oshima Island, Tokyo Prefecture. This species can inhabit various sandy mud bottoms in a brackish environment. Including G. japonica Stephensen, 1938, four Grandidierella species occur in the districts.
著者
Tomoyuki Miura
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.1, pp.7-27, 2017-05-25 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
17

A new classification is proposed for the Japanese species of the genus Lumbrinerides Orensanz, 1973 (Annelida: Lumbrineridae), based on the observation of as many specimens as possible so as to determine the extent of intra-populational variation of each morphological character. Morphological differences apparent in material from ten local sites were compared statistically among 16 tentative, operational taxonomic units, the morphologically recognizable units then being subjected to a taxonomic consideration with other known species. By their morphology, five species were recognized from Japanese waters, three being new to science. Diagnoses and descriptions of each species are given.