著者
Minoru Nakao Mizuki Sasaki Tsukasa Waki Mitsuhiko Asakawa
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.159-167, 2019-07-25 (Released:2019-07-25)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
1

Members of the genus Glaphyrostomum Braun, 1901 (Trematoda: Brachylaimidae) are parasites of birds. However, an exception occurs in Glaphyrostomum soricis Asakawa, Kamiya and Ohbayashi, 1988, which was described from the long-clawed shrew, Sorex unguiculatus Dobson, 1890, in Hokkaido, Japan. A recent DNA barcode-based trematode survey of land snails clearly showed that Ainohelix editha (A. Adams, 1868), a bradybaenid snail indigenous to Hokkaido, serves as the first and second intermediate hosts for a species of the genus Pseudoleucochloridium Pojmańska, 1959 (Panopistidae). Its adult stage was furthermore confirmed from S. unguiculatus. A comparison of adult morphology between Pseudoleucochloridium sp. and G. soricis revealed that both should be considered the same species. However, Pseudoleucochloridium soricis comb. nov. cannot be applied because P. soricis (Sołtys, 1952) already exists as the type species of the genus. We, therefore, propose Pseudoleucochloridium ainohelicis nom. nov. as a replacement name for G. soricis.
著者
Yusuke Hibino
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.219-223, 2018-11-25 (Released:2018-11-25)
参考文献数
5

A new finless ophichthid eel, Apterichtus soyoae, is described based on a single specimen collected from off Tori-shima island, Zunan Islands of Izu Islands, southern Japan. The new species is similar to A. moseri and A. klazingai in its numbers of supratemporal pores, preopercular pores, and vertebrae. The new species differs from A. moseri in having more supraorbital pores (1+6 vs. 1+4), the number of branchings of the supraorbital canal (1 vs. 0), shape of the snout (distinctly pointed vs. relatively blunt), eye size (50% of snout length vs. 35–45%; 8.8% of head length vs. 6.3–8.0%), and the number of vomerine teeth (1 vs. 2–5). Apterichtus soyoae can also be distinguished from A. klazingai by the number of branchings of the supraorbital canal (1 vs. 2), the number of infraorbital pores (7 vs. 9), and the location of the lower jaw tip (anterior to a vertical through anterior margin of eye vs. posterior to the vertical). The number of supraorbital pores and branchings of the canal are discussed.
著者
Ken Maeda Toshifumi Saeki
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.253-262, 2018-11-25 (Released:2018-11-25)
参考文献数
37

Amphidromous gobies of Sicyopterus (Gobiidae: Sicydiinae) are distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate streams in the Indo-Pacific region. Two species, Sicyopterus japonicus (Tanaka, 1909) and Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas, 1770), are known from Japan. In the present study, two specimens of an additional species were collected in Okinawa Island, in southern Japan. We compared morphologies of the type series of Sicyopterus longifilis de Beaufort, 1912 and Sicyopterus brevis de Beaufort, 1912 collected in Indonesia, with the specimens from Okinawa Island to revise the taxonomy of these species and to identify the Okinawan specimens. Syntypes of S. longifilis and S. brevis share many characters, including a unique mouth morphology. Although fin morphologies, tooth number, and the shape of the urogenital papilla differ between S. longifilis and S. brevis syntypes, these amount to normal sexual dimorphism of sicydiine gobies. De Beaufort collected his specimens at the same locality on the same date. We conclude that the syntypes of S. longifilis and S. brevis are actually males and females of same species. Therefore, they are subjective synonyms, and we give precedence to the name S. longifilis as the first reviser under Article 24.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1999). The two specimens from Okinawa Island were identified as S. longifilis and this is the first record of this species from Japan.
著者
Tomohiro Yoshida Shigeru Harazaki Hiroyuki Motomura
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.189-193, 2019-09-25 (Released:2019-09-25)
参考文献数
10

Two specimens (68.8–72.3 mm standard length) of Ostorhinchus chrysotaenia (Bleeker, 1851), previously recorded from Indonesia, northwestern Australia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, northern Borneo, Philippines, and Taiwan, and recently collected off Yaku Island, Osumi Islands, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, represent the first records of the species from Japan supported by voucher specimens, and the northernmost distributional record of the species. The holotype and an additional non-type specimen of O. chrysotaenia were determined from two Bleeker specimens registered under the same catalog number.
著者
Ko Tomikawa Yuji Abe Takafumi Nakano
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.259-266, 2019-11-25 (Released:2019-11-25)
参考文献数
10

A new species of pseudocrangonyctid amphipod, Pseudocrangonyx uenoi, is described from cave streams in Taga town, central Honshu, Japan. Previous molecular phylogenetic studies reported the taxonomic status of the Taga populations of Pseudocrangonyx as an undescribed species. We present the diagnostic features to discriminate P. uenoi from the other congeners on the basis of morphological study. Pseudocrangonyx uenoi is closely related to P. daejeonensis Lee, Tomikawa, Nakano, and Min, 2018, but clearly distinguished from the latter by the presence of calceoli on female antenna 2, the 5-dentate lacinia mobilis of the left mandible, setation of the peduncular articles of pleopods, the number of articles of rami of the pleopods, a shorter terminal article of uropod 3, and a telson with a deeper cleft.
著者
Fumihito Tashiro Yusuke Hibino Kei Miyamoto
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.213-217, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
1

An old museum specimen of the rare deep-sea species Ophichthus exourus McCosker, 1999 (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae) (685 mm in total length) collected near Saipan and a recently collected example from Okinawa, Japan (634 mm in total length) represent the first Northern Hemisphere records of the species, previously known only from the southwestern Pacific in waters off New Caledonia and Fiji, but now believed to be widely distributed in the western Pacific Ocean. A detailed morphological observation based on the above specimens and a re-examination of the holotype resulted in a revision of some species characteristics, including the number of infraorbital pores. Ophichthus exourus is distinguished from other congeners by the following combination of characters: head 8.3–10.0% of total length; upper jaw 36.1–38.1% of head length; pectoral-fin rounded, length 19.2–24.1% of head length; rear margin of eye above or slightly behind rictus; eye diameter 44.4–61.2% of snout length; horizontal length of posterior nostril dermal flap much greater than diameter of anterior nostril tube; gill opening to dorsal-fin origin greater than twice pectoral-fin length; preopercular pores 2; predorsal and total vertebrae 20–21 and 173–177, respectively; lower-jaw teeth nearly uniserial; body without bands or spots; posteriormost portion (much shorter than head length) of anal-fin membrane indistinct darkish brown. A new standard Japanese name “Gunbai-umihebi” is proposed for the species.
著者
Naoto Jimi Masaatsu Tanaka Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.133-141, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
28

A new species of hesionid polychaetes, Leocratides kimuraorum sp. nov., is described based on material collected from the Shima Peninsula and Sagami Bay (middle Honshu, Japan), as well as museum specimens collected from Sagami Bay, Suruga Bay, and Shirahama. Leocratides kimuraorum sp. nov. is the third species in this genus and can be discriminated from the two congeners, L. filamentosus Ehlers, 1908 and L. ehlersi (Horst, 1921), by i) the length of the antennae, which are as long as palps, ii) the presence of pharyngeal terminal papillae, and iii) the absence of a papillose peristomial membrane. On the other hand, L. filamentosus, originally described from off Western Sumatra, Indonesia, was also collected from Sagami Bay, and represents a new record of this species for Japanese waters. Partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene sequences from the holotype of L. kimuraorum sp. nov. and newly collected specimen of L. filamentosus are provided for reliable species identification in the future.
著者
Shigenori Karasawa Keisuke Kawano Shin-ichi Fukaya Nobuo Tsurusaki
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.89-102, 2020-02-15 (Released:2020-02-15)
参考文献数
69

Three forms of Japanese Eudigraphis (Penicillata, Polyxenidae), which have long been treated as subspecies of Eudigraphis takakuwai (Miyosi, 1947), i.e., E. t. takakuwai (Miyosi, 1947), E. t. nigricans (Miyosi, 1947), and E. t. kinutensis (Haga, 1950), are raised here to three distinct species. Overlap of their distributional ranges over wide areas of Japan was confirmed, and molecular phylogeny using both nuclear (ITS2) and mitochondrial (COI) DNA testified monophyly of each of the three forms. Additionally, the three forms can be easily distinguished from one another by body size, coloration, and habitat, though species identification for the specimens preserved in ethanol is often difficult due to their morphological similarity other than coloration and size. Description of some so-far neglected morphological characters were provided with some SEM photos to supplement knowledge on taxonomy and morphology of the family.
著者
Ko Tomikawa Makio Yanagisawa Takuo Higashiji Nagisa Yano Wim Vader
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.209-216, 2019-10-25 (Released:2019-10-25)
参考文献数
40

A new species of podocerid amphipod, Podocerus jinbe, is named and described. This new species was collected from the gill rakers of the whale shark Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 from off Yomitan Village, Okinawa Island, Japan. This is the first record of an amphipod associated with the whale shark. Podocerus jinbe sp. nov. is morphologically similar to P. zeylanicus (Walker, 1904), but differs from the latter by its larger body size, shorter peduncular article 1 of antenna 1, longer flagellar article 1 of antenna 1, subrectangular propodus of male gnathopod 1, anteriorly concave basis of male gnathopod 2, narrow merus of female gnathopod 2, greater number of robust setae on rami of uropods 1 and 2, and greater number of long robust setae on the telson apical lobe. Additionally, a partial DNA sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) of this species was determined for future studies.
著者
Keita Koeda Yusuke Hibino
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.207-211, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
14

Two specimens (304.0–441.4 mm total length) of Uropterygius fasciolatus (Regan, 1909) were collected from Yonaguni-jima island, the westernmost island in Japan. This species was previously known from Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Palau, the Tokelau Islands, and the Phoenix Islands. Therefore, the present specimens represent the first record from Japan, as well as the northernmost record of the species up until now. A new standard Japanese name, “Murakumo-kikaiutsubo”, is proposed for the species.
著者
Keiichi Kakui Michitaka Shimomura Shoichi Kimura Taeko Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.1, pp.103-108, 2019-05-25 (Released:2019-05-25)
参考文献数
25

In 2017, we collected a pair (male and female) of topotypic individuals of the parasitic isopod Pseudione nephropsi Shiino, 1951 from a single nephropid lobster, Metanephrops japonicus (Tapparone-Canefri, 1873), at 310–298 m depth off the eastern coast of the Kii Peninsula, Japan. Based on these specimens, we provide a supplementary description of the male and female morphology, and present mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) DNA barcode sequences. The sequence length amplified with primer pair LCO-1490/HCO-2198 was 658 nt, and there were four synonymous nucleotide substitutions (0.6% p-distance) between the two sequences.
著者
Masato Nitta Kazuya Nagasawa
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.117-125, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
55
被引用文献数
1

Haplocotyle japonica n. gen., n. sp. (Monogenea: Microbothriidae) is described from the skin and gill cavity of Rhinobatos hynnicephalus Richardson, 1846 (Elasmobranchii: Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae) in the Seto Inland Sea off Hiroshima Prefecture and the southern Sea of Japan off Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. The new genus is closely related to Dermophthirioides Cheung and Nigrelli, 1983, Dermophthirius MacCallum, 1926, Dermopristis Kearn, Whittington, and Evans-Gowing, 2010, and Pseudoleptobothrium Young, 1967 in common morphological features (i.e., the anterior extremity of the oötype having a tetrahedral shape, the anterior aperture of a bell-shaped pharynx, and the structure of the male copulatory organ) but differs from the latter four genera by the presence of a single testis and an ovary not looping the intestinal caeca. The phylogenetic analysis based on 28S rDNA sequences suggests that the new species shows affinity with Dermophthirius and Dermopristis. All currently known species of Microbothriidae Price, 1936 are listed, and a key to 12 genera, including Haplocotyle n. gen., of the family is provided.
著者
Naoto Jimi Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.39-42, 2018-05-25 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
7

A new species of flabelligerid polychaete, Lamispina ammophila sp. nov., is described from off the coast of Shimoda, Japan. The species can be discriminated from the other congeners by the following features: i) dorsal region of body being adhered to by sediment particles, ii) lamispines without accessory tooth, present from chaetiger 4 and succeeding chaetigers, and iii) cephalic cage 1.5–2.0 times as long as body width. A partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequence from the paratype is provided as a DNA barcode for the new species.
著者
Shinri Tomioka Ryuta Yoshida Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.127-132, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
11

We describe a new capitellid species, Mastobranchus uru sp. nov., from a tidal flat on Iriomote Island, Okinawa, southern Japan. This species differs from its three congeners in having capillary chaetae only on the notopodia in chaetiger 1 and in the number and arrangement of teeth on hooks. We also provide for this new species a barcode nucleotide sequence from the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene.
著者
Naoto Jimi Shinri Tomioka Ryo Orita Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.275-279, 2019-11-25 (Released:2019-11-25)
参考文献数
9

Acoetid polychaetes were collected from shallow waters off Kochi Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. The specimens could be assigned to the genus Polyodontes Blainville, 1828, but are different from all the known species of the genus by the following characters: ommatophores with short neck; palps with minute papillae; parapodia without branchiae; the acicular neurochaetae always lacking aristae and having hairs only on a small area of their subdistal end; and antennae with brown dots. They are herein morphologically described as a new species and a partial 658-bp COI sequence as a DNA barcode is provided for future taxonomic studies.
著者
Yushi Hosoda Shinri Tomioka Keiichi Kakui
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.215-218, 2018-11-25 (Released:2018-11-25)
参考文献数
12

We report the first record of the ammotheid pycnogonid species Hemichela nanhaiensis Wang et al., 2015, from Japanese waters. Four specimens of H. nanhaiensis were collected from the East China Sea at depths of 405–635 m, including the first females ever found. We redescribe male and female H. nanhaiensis from these specimens. We found that H. nanhaiensis is sexually dimorphic in the number of tiny lateral outgrowths on the lateral processes; length of the lateral process tubercles and oviger articles 4 and 5; ratio of the terminal claw to article 10 in the oviger; presence or absence of a proximal reversed spine on oviger article 5; thickness of the leg femur; and number of gonopores.
著者
Hayato Tanaka Susumu Ohtsuka
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.217-228, 2019-10-25 (Released:2019-10-25)
参考文献数
35

In the present study, we describe two new marine species, Microloxoconcha toyoshioae n. sp. and M. sublittoralis n. sp., collected from the sandy bottom in the western part of Japan, from the depths of approximately 20 to 30 m and 50 m, respectively. This represents the first record of this genus from such depths, since all 10 previously described species are known from the beach interstitial waters. We suspect the two new species are most probably also inhabiting spaces between sand grains since they have very small body and have been collected with other common interstitial ostracods belonging to Cobanocythere Hartmann, 1959; Parvocythere Hartmann, 1959; Paracobanocythere Gottwald, 1983; Parapolycope Klie, 1936; and Psammocythere Klie, 1936. Owing to their small body and fragile carapace, previous studies might have overlooked the existence of interstitial ostracods from habitats other than beach interstitial. In addition, a key to all species of the genus Microloxoconcha is provided.
著者
Yuki Oya Hiroshi Kajihara
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.1, pp.1-6, 2019-05-25 (Released:2019-01-25)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
2

We describe a new species of polyclad flatworm, Phaenoplana kopepe sp. nov., from Chichijima island in the Ogasawara Islands, Japan. This is the first report of Phaenoplana from Japan. Phaenoplana kopepe sp. nov. is characterized by i) a vagina that curves anteriorly, ii) gonopores well-separated from each other, and iii) a Lang’s duct that is shorter than the vagina. We provide a partial sequence (610 bp) from the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene as a DNA barcode for the species.
著者
Takafumi Nakano Yi-Te Lai
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.143-150, 2017-11-25 (Released:2017-12-05)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
2

A quadrannulate leech species, Orobdella meisai sp. nov., from southern Taiwan is described. This new species is characterized by its camouflage coloration, which is unique among the known Orobdella species. Orobdella meisai is the second species of the genus to be described from Taiwan. Phylogenetic analyses using nuclear 18S rRNA, histone H3, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, tRNACys, tRNAMet, 12S rRNA, tRNAVal, 16S rRNA, tRNALeu and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 markers showed that O. meisai and another Taiwanese species, O. ketagalan Nakano and Lai, 2012, formed a supported clade. According to the results of the morphological examination and the phylogenetic position of O. meisai, morphological-phylogenetic relationships of this species and close congeners are briefly discussed.
著者
Keiichi Kakui Daisuke Uyeno Tohru Naruse
出版者
The Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology
雑誌
Species Diversity (ISSN:13421670)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.1, pp.49-60, 2019-05-25 (Released:2019-05-25)
参考文献数
40

We describe Parakonarus kajii sp. nov. from near Iriomote Island, Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan. This is the first record of Parakonarus from the North Pacific. As members in this genus show great sexual dimorphism, we checked our male and female specimens for conspecificity by using partial sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene. The two individuals differed by two nucleotide substitutions in 661 nt (0.3% K2P distance), indicating they are the same species. This species closely resembles P. kopure reported from New Zealand, but differs in having the ventral process on the chelipedal carpus longer than wide, the inner comb-row on the chelipedal propodus composed of 16 setae, and the dactylus and unguis of pereopods 4–6 fused in the male; and the carpi of pereopods 2 and 3 without a ventrodistal spiniform seta, the propodal palm of the cheliped with two inner simple setae at the insertion of the dactylus, and article 2 of the maxillipedal palp with one mid-outer and one outer distal simple setae in the female. On the inner surface of the chelipeds in male P. kajii, we observed an elongate plate-like structure that could be a reduced ischium.