著者
Britt S.R. Claes Emi Takeo Eiichiro Fukusaki Shuichi Shimma Ron M.A. Heeren
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.A0078, (Released:2019-11-06)
参考文献数
119
被引用文献数
1

Mass spectrometry imaging is an imaging technology that allows the localization and identification of molecules on (biological) sample surfaces. Obtaining the localization of a compound in tissue is of great value in biological research. Yet, the identification of compounds remains a challenge. Mass spectrometry alone, even with high-mass resolution, cannot always distinguish between the subtle structural differences of isomeric compounds. This review discusses recent advances in mass spectrometry imaging of lipids, steroid hormones, amino acids and proteins that allow imaging with isomeric resolution. These improvements in detailed identification can give new insights into the local biological activity of isomers.
著者
Lee Chuin Chen Kentaro Yoshimura Satoshi Ninomiya Sen Takeda Kenzo Hiraoka
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.3, pp.S0070-S0070, 2017-08-25 (Released:2017-08-23)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
2

In this paper, we briefly review the remote mass spectrometric techniques that are viable to perform “endoscopic mass spectrometry,” i.e., in-situ and in-vivo MS analysis inside the cavity of human or animal body. We also report our experience with a moving string sampling probe for the remote sample collection and the transportation of adhered sample to an ion source near the mass spectrometer. With a miniaturization of the probe, the method described here has the potential to be fit directly into a medical endoscope.
著者
Britt S. R. Claes Emi Takeo Eiichiro Fukusaki Shuichi Shimma Ron M. A. Heeren
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.1, pp.A0078, 2019-12-27 (Released:2019-12-28)
参考文献数
119
被引用文献数
1

Mass spectrometry imaging is an imaging technology that allows the localization and identification of molecules on (biological) sample surfaces. Obtaining the localization of a compound in tissue is of great value in biological research. Yet, the identification of compounds remains a challenge. Mass spectrometry alone, even with high-mass resolution, cannot always distinguish between the subtle structural differences of isomeric compounds. This review discusses recent advances in mass spectrometry imaging of lipids, steroid hormones, amino acids and proteins that allow imaging with isomeric resolution. These improvements in detailed identification can give new insights into the local biological activity of isomers.
著者
Robert B. Cody
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.Special_Issue, pp.S0007, 2013-04-15 (Released:2013-05-03)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
4 5

The introduction of DART and DESI sources approximately seven years ago led to the development of a new series of atmospheric pressure ion sources referred to as “ambient ionization” sources. These fall into two major categories: spray techniques like DESI or plasma techniques like DART. The selectivity of “direct ionization,” meaning analysis without chromatography and with little or no sample preparation, depends on the mass spectrometer selectivity. Although high resolution and tandem mass spectrometry are valuable tools, rapid and simple sample preparation methods can improve the utility of ambient ionization methods. The concept of ambient ionization has led to the realization that there are many more ways to form ions than might be expected. An interesting example is the use of a flint-and-steel spark source to generate ions from compounds such as phenolphthalein and Gramicidin S.
著者
Yuko Nakashima Mitsutoshi Setou
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.A0070, 2018-09-11 (Released:2018-09-11)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
7

Oligonucleotide-based therapeutics such as antisense oligonucleotides, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), decoy and aptamer have been extensively developed. To investigate the pharmacokinetics of oligonucleotide therapeutics, it is common to label a radioisotope in a nucleic acid and visualize it. However, if the labeled terminal nucleotide is decomposed by a nuclease in vivo, only the labeled nucleotide is detected, and it is impossible to observe the nucleic acid exhibiting the drug effect. The distribution of biomolecules, such as phospholipids, proteins, and glycolipids, can be obtained and visualized without labeling using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS). MALDI-IMS is also used in pharmacokinetic analysis to visualize a parent drug and its metabolites simultaneously. In this study, we reported a methodology for oligonucleotides analysis by MALDI-IMS. When phosphorothioate antisense oligonucleotide was administered into the eyeball of rats, it reached the retina after 30 min without undergoing decomposition by nucleases.
著者
Anil Kumar Meher Yu-Chie Chen
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.2, pp.S0057-S0057, 2017-03-18 (Released:2017-03-24)
参考文献数
147
被引用文献数
4 10

Generation of analyte ions in gas phase is a primary requirement for mass spectrometric analysis. One of the ionization techniques that can be used to generate gas phase ions is electrospray ionization (ESI). ESI is a soft ionization method that can be used to analyze analytes ranging from small organics to large biomolecules. Numerous ionization techniques derived from ESI have been reported in the past two decades. These ion sources are aimed to achieve simplicity and ease of operation. Many of these ionization methods allow the flexibility for elimination or minimization of sample preparation steps prior to mass spectrometric analysis. Such ion sources have opened up new possibilities for taking scientific challenges, which might be limited by the conventional ESI technique. Thus, the number of ESI variants continues to increase. This review provides an overview of ionization techniques based on the use of electrospray reported in recent years. Also, a brief discussion on the instrumentation, underlying processes, and selected applications is also presented.
著者
Sy-Chyi Cheng Shih-His Chen Jentaie Shiea
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.2, pp.S0065-S0065, 2017-03-18 (Released:2017-03-24)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
5

Flame-induced atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (FAPCI) is a solvent and high voltage-free APCI technique. It uses a flame to produce charged species that reacts with analytes for ionization, and generates intact molecular ions from organic compounds with minimal fragmentation. In this study, desorption FAPCI/MS was developed to rapidly characterize thermally stable organic compounds in liquid, cream, and solid states. Liquid samples were introduced into the ion source through a heated nebulizer, and the analytes formed in the heated nebulizer reacted with charged species in the source. For cream and solid sample analysis, the samples were positioned near the flame of the FAPCI source for thermal desorption and ionization. This approach provided a useful method to directly characterize samples with minimal pretreatment. Standards and real-world samples, such as drug tablets, ointment, and toy were analyzed to demonstrate the capability of desorption FAPCI/MS for rapid organic compound analysis.
著者
Li-Hua Li Hua-Yi Hsieh Cheng-Chih Hsu
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.2, pp.S0060-S0060, 2017-02-22 (Released:2017-02-24)
参考文献数
100
被引用文献数
21

Ambient ionization allows mass spectrometry analysis directly on the sample surface under atmospheric pressure with almost zero sample pretreatment. Since the development of desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) in 2004, many other ambient ionization techniques were developed. Due to their simplicity and low operation cost, rapid and on-site clinical mass spectrometry analysis becomes real. In this review, we will highlight some of the most widely used ambient ionization mass spectrometry approaches and their applications in clinical study.
著者
Kosuke Ogata Chih-Hsiang Chang Yasushi Ishihama
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.A0093, (Released:2020-12-11)
参考文献数
47

The insertion of ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) between LC and MS can improve peptide identification in both proteomics and phosphoproteomics by providing structural information that is complementary to LC and MS, because IMS separates ions on the basis of differences in their shapes and charge states. However, it is necessary to know how phosphate groups affect the peptide collision cross sections (CCS) in order to accurately predict phosphopeptide CCS values and to maximize the usefulness of IMS. In this work, we systematically characterized the CCS values of 4,433 pairs of mono-phosphopeptide and corresponding unphosphorylated peptide ions using trapped ion mobility spectrometry (TIMS). Nearly one-third of the mono-phosphopeptide ions evaluated here showed smaller CCS values than their unphosphorylated counterparts, even though phosphorylation results in a mass increase of 80 Da. Significant changes of CCS upon phosphorylation occurred mainly in structurally extended peptides with large numbers of basic groups, possibly reflecting intramolecular interactions between phosphate and basic groups.
著者
Takafumi Hirata Shuji Yamashita Mirai Ishida Toshihiro Suzuki
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.A0085, 2020-06-10 (Released:2020-06-12)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
1

We measured the Re/Os (185Re/188Os) and 187Os/188Os ratios from nanoparticles (NPs) using a multiple collector-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer equipped with high-time resolution ion counters (HTR-MC-ICP-MS). Using the HTR-MC-ICP-MS system developed in this study, the simultaneous data acquisition of four isotopes was possible with a time resolution of up to 10 μs. This permits the quantitative analysis of four isotopes to be carried out from transient signals (e.g., <0.6 ms) emanating from the NPs. Iridium–Osmium NPs were produced from a naturally occurring Ir–Os alloy (ruthenosmiridium from Hokkaido, Japan; osmiridium from British Columbia, Canada; iridosmine from the Urals region of Russia) through a laser ablation technique, and the resulting nanoparticles were collected by bubbling water through a suspension. The 187Os/188Os ratios for individual NPs varied significantly, mainly due to the counting statistics of the 187Os and 188Os signals. Despite the large variation in the measured ratios, the resulting 187Os/188Os ratios for three Ir–Os bearing minerals, were 0.121±0.013 for Hokkaido, 0.110±0.012 for British Columbia, and 0.122±0.020 for the Urals, and these values were in agreement with the ratios obtained by the conventional laser ablation-MC-ICP-MS technique. The data obtained here provides a clear demonstration that the HTR-MC-ICP-MS technique can become a powerful tool for monitoring elemental and isotope ratios from NPs of multiple components.
著者
Kohta Nakatani Yoshihiro Izumi Kosuke Hata Takeshi Bamba
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.A0080, 2020-03-17 (Released:2020-03-17)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
2

The rapid development of next-generation sequencing techniques has enabled single-cell genomic and transcriptomic analyses, which have revealed the importance of heterogeneity in biological systems. However, analytical methods to accurately identify and quantify comprehensive metabolites from single mammalian cells with a typical diameter of 10–20 μm are still in the process of development. The aim of this study was to develop a single-cell metabolomic analytical system based on highly sensitive nano-liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (nano-LC-MS/MS) with multiple reaction monitoring. A packed nano-LC column (3-μm particle-size pentafluorophenylpropyl Discovery HSF5 of dimensions 100 μm i.d.×180 mm) was prepared using a slurry technique. The optimized nano-LC-MS/MS method showed 3–132-fold (average value, 26-fold) greater sensitivity than semimicro-LC-MS/MS, and the detection limits for several hydrophilic metabolites, including amino acids and nucleic acid related metabolites were in the sub-fmol range. By combining live single-cell sampling and nano-LC-MS/MS, we successfully detected 18 relatively abundant hydrophilic metabolites (16 amino acids and 2 nucleic acid related metabolites) from single HeLa cells (n=22). Based on single-cell metabolic profiles, the 22 HeLa cells were classified into three distinct subclasses, suggesting differences in metabolic function in cultured HeLa cell populations. Our single-cell metabolomic analytical system represents a potentially useful tool for in-depth studies focused on cell metabolism and heterogeneity.
著者
吉野 健一
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
質量分析 = Mass spectroscopy (ISSN:13408097)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.2, pp.69-76, 2008-04-01
参考文献数
7
被引用文献数
1

The Japanese word "mirimasu" originates from the English words "milli" and "mass." It is normally used as an alias for "measured accurate mass" and "accurate mass measurement." It causes confusions that "mirimasu" is also used as an alias for "high resolution mass spectrometry," "high resolution mass spectrum (spectra)," and "mass spectrometer with high mass resolving power." This nomenclature results from the fact that "high resolution" is confused with "high accuracy." In addition to these interpretations, Japanese mass spectrometrists also use "mirimasu" as an alias for "one-thousandth of a unified atomic mass unit," "one-thousandth of a dalton (mDa)," and "one-thousandth of an <i>m/z</i> unit." This incorrect usage is due to a lack of understanding of the unit system of atomic mass and <i>m/z</i> on mass spectra. Therefore, "mirimasu" should not be used in Japanese, because it is ambiguous and involves various problems and misunderstandings.
著者
Dilshadbek Tursunbayevich Usmanov Satoshi Ninomiya Lee Chuin Chen Subhrakanti Saha Mridul Kanti Mandal Yuji Sakai Rio Takaishi Ahsan Habib Kenzo Hiraoka Kentaro Yoshimura Sen Takeda Hiroshi Wada Hiroshi Nonami
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.2, pp.S0059-S0059, 2017-02-24 (Released:2017-02-24)
参考文献数
89
被引用文献数
7

In mass spectrometry, analytes must be released in the gas phase. There are two representative methods for the gasification of the condensed samples, i.e., ablation and desorption. While ablation is based on the explosion induced by the energy accumulated in the condensed matrix, desorption is a single molecular process taking place on the surface. In this paper, desorption methods for mass spectrometry developed in our laboratory: flash heating/rapid cooling, Leidenfrost phenomenon-assisted thermal desorption (LPTD), solid/solid friction, liquid/solid friction, electrospray droplet impact (EDI) ionization/desorption, and probe electrospray ionization (PESI), will be described. All the methods are concerned with the surface and interface phenomena. The concept of how to desorb less-volatility compounds from the surface will be discussed.
著者
Yuki Yamada Satoshi Ninomiya Kenzo Hiraoka Lee Chuin Chen
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.2, pp.S0068-S0068, 2017-04-18 (Released:2017-04-27)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
3

We report on combining a self-aspirated sampling probe and an ESI source using a single metal capillary which is electrically grounded and safe for use by the operator. To generate an electrospray, a negative H.V. is applied to the counter electrode of the ESI emitter to operate in positive ion mode. The sampling/ESI capillary is enclosed within another concentric capillary similar to the arrangement for a standard pneumatically assisted ESI source. The suction of the liquid sample is due to the Venturi effect created by the high-velocity gas flow near the ESI tip. In addition to serving as the mechanism for suction, the high-velocity gas flow also assists in the nebulization of charged droplets, thus producing a stable ion signal. Even though the potential of the ion source counter electrode is more negative than the mass spectrometer in the positive ion mode, the electric field effect is not significant if the ion source and the mass spectrometer are separated by a sufficient distance. Ion transmission is achieved by the viscous flow of the carrier gas. Using the present arrangement, the user can hold the ion source in a bare hand and the ion signal appears almost immediately when the sampling capillary is brought into contact with the liquid sample. The automated analysis of multiple samples can also be achieved by using motorized sample stage and an automated ion source holder.
著者
Kenzo Hiraoka Osamu Ariyada Dilshadbek T. Usmanov Lee C. Chen Satoshi Ninomiya Kentaro Yoshimura Sen Takeda Zhang Yu Mridul K. Mandal Hiroshi Wada Stephanie Rankin-Turner Hiroshi Nonami
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.A0092, 2020-12-04 (Released:2020-12-04)
参考文献数
61

In 2007, probe electrospray ionization/mass spectrometry (PESI/MS) was developed. In this technique, the needle is moved down along a vertical axis and the tip of the needle touched to the sample. After capturing the sample at the needle tip, the needle is then moved up and a high voltage is applied to the needle at the highest position to generate electrospray. Due to the discontinuous sampling followed by the generation of spontaneous electrospray, sequential and exhaustive electrospray takes place depending on the surface activity of the analytes. As modified versions of PESI, dipping PESI (dPESI), sheath-flow PESI (sfPESI) and adjustable sfPESI (ad-sfPESI) have been developed. These methods are complementary to each other and they can be applicable to surface and bulk analysis of various biological samples. In this article, the characteristics of these methods and their applications to real samples will be reviewed.
著者
Hiroki Kannen Shusei Nomura Hisanao Hazama Yasufumi Kaneda Tatsuya Fujino Kunio Awazu
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.A0091, 2020-12-04 (Released:2020-12-04)
参考文献数
20

Combined therapy using photodynamic therapy (PDT) and chemotherapy has been proposed for anticancer-drug-resistant cancer cells. To evaluate the efficacy of such a combined therapy, the uptakes of an anticancer drug and a photosensitizer in cancer cells must be assessed. Mass spectrometry using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization can detect multiple drugs simultaneously. Human prostate cancer cells PC-3 or docetaxel-resistant cancer cells PC-3-DR were incubated in a serum-free medium containing a photosensitizer, protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), and an anticancer drug, docetaxel. A zeolite matrix was created by mixing 6-aza-2-thiothymine and NaY5.6 zeolite, and dissolving in water with 50% acetone. Ions were obtained with a time-of-flight mass spectrometer using a Nd:YAG laser at a wavelength of 355 nm. The cell morphology was preserved by washing the cells with ammonium acetate and drying in a vacuum after drug administration. Protonated PpIX (m/z 563.3) and the sodium adduct ion of docetaxel (m/z 829.9) were obtained from PC-3 cells simultaneously using the zeolite matrix. On the other hand, PpIX was detected but ions originating from docetaxel were not detected from PC-3-DR cells. The result indicated the efficacy of PDT for docetaxel-resistant cancer cells.
著者
Kazumi Saikusa Haruna Hidaka Shunsuke Izumi Satoko Akashi
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.A0090, 2020-10-31 (Released:2020-10-31)
参考文献数
30

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histone N-terminal tails in nucleosome core particle (NCP), such as acetylation, play crucial roles in regulating gene expression. To unveil the regulation mechanism, atomic-level structural analysis of in-vitro modified NCP is effective with verifying the PTMs of histones. So far, identification of PTMs of NCP originating from living cells has mainly been performed using mass spectrometry (MS) techniques, such as bottom-up approach. The bottom-up approach is the most established method for protein characterization, but it does not always provide sufficient information on the acetylated sites of lysine residues in the histone tails if trypsin digestion is carried out. For histone proteins, which have many basic amino acids, trypsin generates too many short fragments that cannot be perfectly analyzed by tandem MS. In this study, we investigated the in vitro acetylation sites in the histone H3 tail using a top-down sequence analysis, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization in-source decay (MALDI-ISD) experiment, in combination with aminopeptidase digestion. Aminopeptidase can cleave peptide bonds one-by-one from the N-terminus of peptides or proteins, generating N-terminally truncated peptides and/or proteins. As a result, it was identified that this method enables sequence characterization of the entire region of the H3 tail. Also, application of this method to H3 in in-vitro acetylated NCP enabled assigning acetylation sites of H3. Thus, this method was found to be effective for obtaining information on in-vitro acetylation of NCP for structural biology study.
著者
Adinda Putri Wisman Yoshihiro Tamada Shuji Hirohata Eiichiro Fukusaki Shuichi Shimma
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.A0089, 2020-08-26 (Released:2020-08-26)
参考文献数
26

The compounds inside rice koji have been thoroughly investigated as an essential material in making many food-related products, including sake. However, these studies focused only on quantitative aspects, leaving features that can still be uncovered if seen from a new perspective. Visualization of the metabolites inside rice koji may as well be the new angle needed to retrieve more information regarding rice koji making. Here we utilized mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) to visualize the distribution of sugars, sugar alcohols, and amino acids inside rice koji. Imaging results revealed that several sugars alcohols and amino acids were shown to have characteristic distribution near the edges or surface of rice koji. Furthermore, the distribution appears to be correlated with the different structure of rice koji. This study is the first report of using MSI to visualize sugars, sugar alcohols, and amino acids in rice koji.
著者
Shuichi Shimma Yoshiki Makino Kazuto Kojima Takafumi Hirata
出版者
The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
雑誌
Mass Spectrometry (ISSN:2187137X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.A0086, 2020-07-13 (Released:2020-07-13)
参考文献数
19

Platinum, a transition metal that is widely used in anti-cancer agents, also results in the development of nephropathy due to severe adverse reactions caused by platinum-induced nephrotoxicity. Reports on imaging with metals other than platinum remain are limited, even in preclinical studies. Furthermore, most of these are case reports, and the relationship between the distribution of the metal and clinical observations in human samples is not well understood. Here we report on visualizing lanthanum (139La), a component of Fosrenol, which is usually used for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia. Gastric inflammation, also known as hemorrhagic gastritis, is the main adverse event caused by Fosrenol. To conduct this study, 139La was visualized in gastric biopsy samples obtained from a patient using quantitative laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). We also compared the distribution of 139La in tissue and histochemical results. The areas where 139La accumulated corresponded to the macrophage-positive areas observed in immunohistochemistry studies using an anti-CD68 antibody. In contrast, we observed a debris-like crystal morphology in hematoxylin and eosin staining tissues. The debris was also associated with 139La accumulation. The abnormal accumulation of 139La crystals caused the observed inflammation. This phenomenon was previously characterized, but this is the first report in which 139La distribution and histochemical results are compared using LA-ICP-MS.