- 日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
- vol.86, no.781, pp.1167-1176, 2021 (Released:2021-03-30)
“Nakagin Capsule Tower Building” established in 1972 is a world well-known architecture as a symbol of Metabolism architecture designed by Kisho Kurokawa. The architect regards capsule as living cell which have to be replaced every 25 years in order to realize the recycle system of Metabolism architecture, but never exchanged. “Nakagin Capsule Tower Building” is apartment house for single man. Total 140 capsules are attached to the core shaft. At the same time, he designed his summer cottage “Capsule K” in Karuizawa consisted by 4 capsules as an experimental house. One of them is a tea room, because tea ceremony is his hobby. However, the metabolism movement came to be ended in the late 1970’s, he has continued to design tea room since he built traditional Sukiya Architecture “Kyoju-so” and tea house “Ritsumei-an” in 1979. Kurokawa put the new word “Hana-Suki” for the concept of new Sukiya architecture. Then, he built his own tea room “Yuishiki-an” in 1984 which named from the philosophy of Buddhism. Finally, his last tea room “Takiminoseki” was completed in 2000 collaborate with Japanese painter Hiroshi Senju which is into a concrete box. The author researched his capsule architecture, tea rooms and his texts to clarify his view of capsule and tea room and concluded the following fourpoints: 1. The expression of spoken and written words by Kisho Kurokawa are equal to the expression of architecture. He often created new words for showing his new concept of architecture and published over 100 books and had lectures. It was necessary for him to spread his new philosophy. 2. The fundamental philosophy of the architect was formed by the experience of young ages in Kanie city of Aichi prefecture during the World War II. He learned the Buddhism at junior and high school. For example, not only the name of his tea room “Yuishiki-an” but his main philosophy “Kyosei” is also inspired from Buddhism. He spent his young ages at tea room “Yoshitsu-an” in Kanie. His grandfather was “Sukisha” which is cultural person and Sukiya collector. His grandfather gave a great impact to young Kurokawa and he got the aesthetic eyes at small tea room of traditional Skiya architecture. It led to the concept of Capsule architecture to spend at the minimum space alone. 3. Japanese tradition gave him the inspiration for his new creation. Especially, tea room was regarded as the symbol of Japanese original culture. The concept of Japanese tradition was translated by Kurokawa and got reborn as contemporary architecture. 4. He prefer to use the word “Kochuu” for the minimum space in his late years around 2000. He designed “Takiminoseki” into the concrete box in 2000 which was similar to Capsule architecture. Although the material was different, the concept was the same as tea room at “Capsule K”. For him, the worldview of “Kochuu” which means to feel universe at minimum space, is important to express his concept. He realized the world view of “Kochuu” was unvarying concept and has continued from the beginning of his carrier since “Capsule K” was completed in 1973.