- 認知科学 (ISSN:13417924)
- vol.22, no.4, pp.638-648, 2015-12-01 (Released:2016-06-01)
The aim of this study was to review the roles of visual cues in communication between performers and audience members during a music performance. Although numerous studies have elucidated that visual cues convey such elements as performance manners,emotional expressions, musical structure, or sound expressions, little has been done to provide a holistic perspective of these findings. Thus, we scrutinized how visual cues af-fect the encoding of performers’ intentions or the decoding of a performance by audience members. With respect to each cue, the existing literature has revealed that body move-ment directs the manner of performance, emotional expression, and musical structures toward the audience members. Specific parts of the body, particularly, demonstrate this tendency. Facial expressions serve to convey emotional expressions and features of sound. Gaze is regarded as an important cue for communication, although its role remains unclear. Physical attractiveness and attire also influence performance evalua-tions. Overall, visual cues dominate over auditory cues and have a powerful impact on performer-audience interaction in many studies. These results contribute to a deeper understanding of music performance and music appreciation in concert or under mul-timodal conditions.