- 公益社団法人 日本造園学会
- ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
- vol.70, no.5, pp.369-372, 2007-03-30 (Released:2009-03-31)
Kaki is one of the most familiar fruit trees in Japan and a landscape with kaki tend to be connected with a nostalgic image of an autumn rural landscape. In this respect, a landscape with kaki can be seen as a Japanese “prototype-landscape.” The point we have to focus on here is that common image and feeling about kaki are shared among the Japanese. It is due to our “landscape viewpoints”, a common “way of seeing” shared in a specific social group. This study considers how our landscape viewpoints have been changed by analyzing the representation (waka, haiku and painting) of kaki as an expression of landscape. Kaki might have been one of the most familiar fruits in Japan throughout the history. It was, however, after the latter half of the 17th century, when haiku had been established and spread, that a landscape with kaki started to be expressed positively. This can be explained that our “landscape viewpoints” had been turned from the traditional one, in which waka played the most important part, into the modernized one, through some new cultural activities which began in the Edo era. New landscape discovered by new culture in the Edo era had been combined with rural landscape, and have been regarded as Japanese prototype-landscape.