著者
永橋 為介 土肥 真人
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.5, pp.213-216, 1995-03-29 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
1

わが国でも都心部の公園は野宿者の生活場所として利用されており, 公園管理者との間に摩擦を生じている。本稿は, この事例として大阪市天王寺公園を取り上げ, 都心部における野宿者と都市公園管理に関わる問題を整理, 把握し検討することを目的とした。同公園に関する野宿者への聞き取り調査を実施し, 同公園の野宿者に関する管理方法を公文書, 新聞などから概観し, 1990年の有料化が野宿者排除に与えた影響を考察した。その結果, 同公園の管理方法は野宿者問題と公園を切り離すことには成功したが, 排除された野宿者は外周柵の外に多く存在し, 依然として同公園周辺地域の問題として現存していることが明らかになった。
著者
本庄 眞 浦出 俊和 上甫木 昭春
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.5, pp.721-726, 2018-03-30 (Released:2018-07-17)
参考文献数
20

An environmental learning program for fourth grader was carried out using benthic invertebrate in three spots of Asuka River. We analyzed the changes of class level and individual reaction level using 20 children's composition data. As a result, it was found that the class level has advanced reaction level from interest to understanding, from understanding to thinking as a whole. According to an analysis of the children’s reaction level individually, 8 children reach thinking, 18 children reach understanding, certain effects of this learning program are seen, and understanding of "relationship of space and creatures" was shown to be possible even in the development stage of fourth grader.

14 0 0 0 OA 庭園植栽の禁忌

著者
飛田 範夫
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.5, pp.391-394, 1996-03-28 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
8

禁忌は信仰・俗信上で禁止されている行為だが, 「もし… すると, … になる」という言い方で, 人々の日常生活の行動を束縛している。鈴木巣三編『日本俗信辞典』は最もよく禁忌事例を集めていて, 100種類ほどの悪いとされる庭園用植物が挙げられている。この事例を分析してみると, 禁忌を犯した場合は病気や死, 家の没落を招くとするものが多い。その根拠は, 植物の名称との語呂合わせ, 植物の形状からの連想, 信仰や家相との関連, 山野の植物の拒否, 偶然からのもの, 利用面の嫌悪などである。将来起こりうる災難を可能な限り逃れようとして, 身の回りの事物に気を配っていたことが, 庭園植栽の禁忌にも現れているといえる。
著者
荒金 恵太 西村 亮彦 舟久保 敏
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.5, pp.673-676, 2017-03-31 (Released:2017-09-13)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
3

Since the Nankai Megathrust Earthquake and Tokyo Inland Earthquake are predicted to occur in the near future, disaster prevention have become urgent issues in urban planning in Japan. Therefore, municipal governments in Japan are required to implement disaster prevention systematically by making use of green and open spaces. In this study, the authors analyzed the role of the “Green Master Plan (GMP)” in disaster risk reduction through 72 case studies. As a result, it was revealed that there are a lot of GMPs which refers to the disaster prevention, while their specific measures vary a lot depending on the past disaster experience and geographic condition. It was also found that a lot of GMPs designate green and open spaces like urban parks as evacuation sites for mega earthquake or large fire. As a conclusion, the authors pointed out the future tasks for the landscape and urban planning in Japan in order to enhance the role of green and open spaces in disaster prevention.
著者
中津 秀之
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.3, pp.199-203, 2003 (Released:2003-08-29)
参考文献数
23

A regional budget has been cut down today while the government drives political reform intensively. In this social condition, a local community is expected to act continuously for residents to manage playgrounds. To do so, we would make use of Private Financial Initiative System to reform playgrounds and parks flexibly adjusting the social demand. On the other hand, there are a number of children who injure in playgrounds increasingly. Japanese government established a guideline to prevent accidents in playgrounds in this spring. This enactment must be just a beginning to reconsider how we think about safety in playgrounds as well as responsibility as guardians. This study shows the way of what a playground should be in the near future. For the children, play value is one of the most important opportunities to create their way of life. Playgrounds in which are composed only with playground equipments, might avoid children to create.
著者
下村 泰史 飯塚 隆藤
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.5, pp.559-564, 2014 (Released:2015-05-22)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1

In Japan’s modern era land readjustment system is a very important procedure of urban development. In the land readjustment area of Kyoto city we are able to find some historical transitions in the layout method of “machi”, the minimum unit of town community. The city’s technical guidelines in 1935 adopted street conscious method in “machi” layout. One “machi” was settled on both sides of a street. A street was the axis of a “machi”. On the other hand the new guideline in 1974 adopted block conscious method. In this way streets are borders of “machi”. The former structure is similar to the traditional one of the Kyoto city. And later is found in many contemporary new towns. In this paper we analysis the position of borders of “machi”s in many land readjustment area with GIS techniques. Firstly we show the obvious difference between the two types in numeric way. Secondly we show the fact that the block conscious method had been adopted in actual land readjustment projects earlier than the new technical guideline. And we discuss reasons of the change on the concept of “machi” layout.
著者
篠崎 高志 下村 彰男 小野 良平 熊谷 洋一
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.5, pp.721-724, 1999-03-30 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
11

大道芸は場所的, 時間的に観客を拘束せず誰もが気軽に楽しめるという魅力がある。本研究でば大道芸空間 (大道芸が行われている場) における行動を観察し, 空間的.時間的な変化に着目して行動特性を明らかにすることを目的とした。対象地点として線的.面的の2タイプの空間から2地点ずつ4個所を想定し, 各地点において演者が同一内容の大道芸を行い.高所に設置したビデオカメラにより人々の行動を記録した。得られた画像から大道芸空間において誘発される行動とその位置に関して分析し, また, 一人一人の行動を記録し, 行動区分した。その結果人と人との相互作用, 空間の性格演者からの距離により行動が決定付けられることがわかった。
著者
杉尾 邦江
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.5, pp.45-48, 1994-03-31 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
20

イギリスの福祉国家としての近代的国家機構の創出に深く係わったベンサムは、政治, 経済, 社会, 法改革を先導したのみならず, 功利の原理「最大幸福原理」やパノプチコンのアイデア等によってイギリスの公園運動を刺激し, 公園の成立に大きな影響を与えた。またベンサムの間接的立法論で提案された犯罪予防の政策は公園原理の萌芽とみることができ, 更には, パノプチコンの構想はラウドンの多目的グリーンベルトに影響を与えたと考えられる。
著者
愛甲 哲也 崎山 愛子 庄子 康
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.5, pp.727-730, 2008-03-31 (Released:2009-05-08)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
8 7

Green spaces in residential areas have various functions, such as for recreational activities, making the place beautiful and so on. In this research, we investigated the economic effect of green spaces on the land prices in the residential area of Sapporo City, through an environmental economics technique. Factors contributing to the formation of the posted land price for the residential area in Sapporo City were identified by the hedonic approach. Results showed that the size of the nearest park or the ratio of green space surrounding the land contributed to the formation of the land price in addition to the area, shape, zoning and the access conditions such as the distance to the closest station and school. Therefore, the building and conservation of green spaces seems to be one clear option for raising the asset value of the residential area.
著者
小林 秀輝 藤田 直子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.5, pp.531-536, 2017-03-31 (Released:2017-09-13)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
1

The stone roof is a rare architectural design found in Tsushima. Here, these stone roofs are used for the storehouse. While it has been reported that the number of stone roof storehouses are currently decreasing, not all have been investigated for about 10 years. We conducted a survey on the distribution of stone roof storehouses since 2014 and clarified the latest situation on their state of survival. Due to this distribution survey, the survival of 43 stone roofs was confirmed. Roof shapes in the form of 13 gable roofs and 30 entrance hall roofs were noted. In addition, by comparing the number of buildings with stone roof storehouses in each village for the last 10 years with data from past research, it was observed that the rate of decrease varied from village to village.
著者
西田 正憲
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.5, pp.785-790, 2008-03-31 (Released:2009-05-08)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
1

In late years modern art to unfold in the depopulated area recruits many visitors. The article considers a characteristic of this modern art from the viewpoint of scenery theory, paying attention to this situation. It performs analysis about modern art and the representation of the meaning of the place from a field work and the verbal explanation of some directors and artists, through the analyses of the examples of the art festival of the earth of the Echigo Tsumari in Niigata prefecture and the Benesse art site of Naoshima of the Setouchi Naoshima island in Kagawa prefecture. As a result, the article considered the following characteristics of scenery theory. Modern art keeps a mountain remote place and climate in Seto alive and makes much of endemism. Modern art reminds of the former working of people and makes much of the memory of the place. Modern art intends scenery of consecutive space and time and questions modern civilization and contemporary civilization. Art works are supported by inhabitants and volunteers and express scenery of participation and collaboration.
著者
今西 純一 今西 亜友美 杉田 そらん
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.5, pp.419-424, 2011 (Released:2012-09-05)
参考文献数
21

Aerial photographs, especially those taken before World War II, are valuable documents to know the historical changes in gardens and open spaces. In the academia of photogrammetry and geography, it is an accepted view that the existing aerial photographs of Kyoto City taken before the World War II were taken in 1928; this view is based on the work of Hattori. However, Kyoto Shimbun News (dated December 22, 1993) reported that Shimizu conducted an investigation and found that the photographs were taken in 1927. As the details of Shimizu’s investigation are unknown, both assertions need to be reexamined. First, we confirmed that the aerial photographs that were archived in three different locations were identical, and as such, the assertions of Hattori and Shimizu are conflicting. Then, we analyzed buildings, railways and roads as appearing in the photographs, and determined that the photographs were taken in 1927. Furthermore, we examined the condition of tree canopies and the shades of two buildings, and estimated the period when these aerial photographs were taken. As a result, we concluded that the aerial photographs were taken in 1927 and most likely between late August and early September.
著者
塚田 伸也 森田 哲夫 橋本 隆 湯沢 昭
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.5, pp.727-730, 2013 (Released:2014-05-08)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1

The landscape image of Mountains, many studies were continued for many years. In this study, Its attention was paid to attention to the text data of school song. The aim of this study analyzed the text data of junior high school songs in Gunma by text mining. We thought that landscape image of mountains were projected in school songs. The results were as follows: At first, it analyzed the elements which formed the image of mountains from the text data of the school song by analyzed text mining. And, it analyzed the relations between the elements. Next, we showed that image of mountains were considered by the relation between the name of mountain and the form. Therefore, it showed that the area around Mt. Akagi, Mt. Haruna, Mt. Myogi and Mt. Asama were formed in Gunma, and that there mountains were modified in different words. Than the above, the language of Mountains Landscape was clarified to image of Mt. Akagi in Gunma by showed according to the ward visual network.
著者
須田 歩 趙 ひゅん珠 李 宙営 藤井 英二郎
出版者
日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.5, pp.465-470, 2009
被引用文献数
1 1

庭園と建築の配置や構成は相互の関係性の中で決められている。幾何学式庭園においても建物から庭園の中央を貫く軸線を通すことでビスタを形成し、その軸線を中心に左右対称に構成するところに特徴があり、対植はその典型である。この対植のような軸線両側の樹木は視点を軸線に向け易くするとされているが、それを実証的に示した既往研究は見られない。本研究は、千葉県松戸市の千葉大学園芸学部校内のフランス式庭園の西端に植栽されたイタリアンサイプレスの対植を対象に、幾何学式庭園における対植がその視知覚にどのような影響をもたらすかについて実験的に検討するものである。
著者
汪 冰 中村 文 鈴木 誠
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.5, pp.467-472, 2015 (Released:2015-12-22)
参考文献数
27

This study was focused on modern fountains in the Japanese garden. The fountain has not previously been emphasized as a garden facility in Japan, and there are not many previous studies on this subject. So, we discussed the hi storical development of modern fountains in Japanese gardens from the Meiji period to the pre-war days of the Showa period. First, considering the examples of the vocabulary of fountain in the landscape architecture-related terms, its transition shows that the fountain which was new in the Meiji period was generalized after 1955 circa. And then, examining the examples of modern fountains in gardens of Japan as much as possible, and the development of garden modern fountains in Japan were considered historically. We collected 449 image materials of fountains and 36 newspaper and magazine articles. Through the analysis of those research material, the modern fountains of Japanese gardens were appeared in the mid of Meiji period. Those fountains were installed at the redeveloped park of precincts of temples and shrines. Also early examples of fountains were observed at the gardens of nobles and authority. Through Taisho and Showa periods, fountains of Japanese gardens were seems to be increasing. And then after the Pacific War era, fountains were getting popular but the fountains of the Japanese garden were losing its popularity.
著者
呉 垠錫 木下 剛 池邊 このみ 廉 晟振
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.5, pp.471-476, 2012 (Released:2013-08-09)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
5 1

This study aimed at acquiring planning knowledge and opinions on future parks regeneration; by conducting research on how urban small park regeneration affects utilization patterns and visitor’s satisfaction levels before and after regeneration. As a result, higher levels of satisfaction and time spent in both parks after regeneration were noticed compared to the parks before regeneration. Hanahata Park regeneration, focused on expanding facilities and tree preservation, with zoning that emphasized limitation in space organization. In contrast, Gochoda Park regeneration, focused on expanding facilities and arranging trees, with zoning that expanded space through construction of a square without any limitation. Although these two parks have different design objectives, the purpose of regeneration and demands by local residents have been achieved in both parks, and problems that existed in the parks solved with improved satisfaction and promotion of visitation through changing space organization. In addition, we conclude that a balance of the two opposing views; expanding facilities and preservation of resources is significant for urban small park regeneration in the future.
著者
田邉 徳子 古谷 勝則
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.5, pp.387-392, 2014 (Released:2015-05-22)
参考文献数
63
被引用文献数
1

This study focuses on the functions of rivers serving as canals. The Ooka and Nakamura basin in Yokohama City was designated as a study subject. The history of development and decline of canals, which had been affected by changes in the roles of canals, had been clarified. Bibliographical research and spatial analysis with a graphic plan and topographical maps were conducted for the investigation. The subject area was reclaimed land which was completed 350 years ago, and some changes were triggered by the opening of Port of Yokohama. Furthermore, multiple canals were built in the middle of the Meiji Period in order to improve convenience of transportation and to protect foreign settlements. At that point, canals were the foundation of everyday life. However, demand for canals started diminishing towards the middle of the Showa Period due to the new establishment of railways and motorways, and canals were started to be filled in or converted to culverts towards the end of the Showa. The remaining area is now utilized as a subway, green passage or parks. Therefore, it is concluded that the canals are important components of the current city landscape with the history of development and decline.
著者
西村 公宏
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.5, pp.431-436, 1996-03-28 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
45

明治期, 大正前期における東京帝国大学本郷キャンパスの外構については, 下記の2点が指摘できる。1. 明治前期においては, 既存庭園の改修が主体であり, 営繕掛西郷元善や内科教授ベルツ等が関係しているが, ケヤキ並木等, 複数の庭園を並木で結ぶ手法も見られる。2. 明治後期, 大正前期では, 外構の継承と拡充がなされているが, これらは, 浜尾新, 本多静六等により進められ, 学生が学業に親しめる環境がイメージされている。特にクスノキ並木 (1903) やイチョウ並木 (1906) は, 東京帝国大学における造園学の成立期に実現した造園事例としても位置付けられる。
著者
李 樹華
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.5, pp.435-438, 2001-03-30 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

本稿では, 数多くの古代文献資料と考古学的発掘の成果を用いて, 中国漢代以前の神格化されてきた樹木 (神樹類) の内, 建木・扶桑・桃都・桃・桑・連理木・嘉禾と朱草などの由来, 意味などに関して検討した。更に, 社壇植樹の意味, 社壇の種類, 歴史時期および所在地域などによって異なった樹木の種類, そして墓地植樹を身分性により植え分けた常用樹種および専用樹種などの内容を明らかにした。
著者
丸島 秀夫
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.1, pp.36-45, 1996-08-29 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
90
被引用文献数
1

“ONSAI”の語は, 今日, 世界の共通語となっているが, この語の歴史に関する実証的研究はほとんどなされていない。日本の盆栽の歴史的呼称は多様であるが, 漢語系と和語系に分けることができる。前者は中国の盆景の歴史的呼称と密接な関係がある。本稿は, 盆景と盆栽の呼称の歴史的変遷をたどり, 「盆栽」の語の意義の変遷及び宋代の盆景の呼称が鎌倉時代の盆栽の呼称に踏襲されていることを史料により実証するものである。