著者
永橋 為介 土肥 真人
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.5, pp.213-216, 1995-03-29 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
10

わが国でも都心部の公園は野宿者の生活場所として利用されており, 公園管理者との間に摩擦を生じている。本稿は, この事例として大阪市天王寺公園を取り上げ, 都心部における野宿者と都市公園管理に関わる問題を整理, 把握し検討することを目的とした。同公園に関する野宿者への聞き取り調査を実施し, 同公園の野宿者に関する管理方法を公文書, 新聞などから概観し, 1990年の有料化が野宿者排除に与えた影響を考察した。その結果, 同公園の管理方法は野宿者問題と公園を切り離すことには成功したが, 排除された野宿者は外周柵の外に多く存在し, 依然として同公園周辺地域の問題として現存していることが明らかになった。
著者
荒金 恵太 西村 亮彦 舟久保 敏
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.5, pp.673-676, 2017-03-31 (Released:2017-09-13)
参考文献数
21

Since the Nankai Megathrust Earthquake and Tokyo Inland Earthquake are predicted to occur in the near future, disaster prevention have become urgent issues in urban planning in Japan. Therefore, municipal governments in Japan are required to implement disaster prevention systematically by making use of green and open spaces. In this study, the authors analyzed the role of the “Green Master Plan (GMP)” in disaster risk reduction through 72 case studies. As a result, it was revealed that there are a lot of GMPs which refers to the disaster prevention, while their specific measures vary a lot depending on the past disaster experience and geographic condition. It was also found that a lot of GMPs designate green and open spaces like urban parks as evacuation sites for mega earthquake or large fire. As a conclusion, the authors pointed out the future tasks for the landscape and urban planning in Japan in order to enhance the role of green and open spaces in disaster prevention.
著者
中津 秀之
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.3, pp.199-203, 2003 (Released:2003-08-29)
参考文献数
23

A regional budget has been cut down today while the government drives political reform intensively. In this social condition, a local community is expected to act continuously for residents to manage playgrounds. To do so, we would make use of Private Financial Initiative System to reform playgrounds and parks flexibly adjusting the social demand. On the other hand, there are a number of children who injure in playgrounds increasingly. Japanese government established a guideline to prevent accidents in playgrounds in this spring. This enactment must be just a beginning to reconsider how we think about safety in playgrounds as well as responsibility as guardians. This study shows the way of what a playground should be in the near future. For the children, play value is one of the most important opportunities to create their way of life. Playgrounds in which are composed only with playground equipments, might avoid children to create.
著者
下村 泰史 飯塚 隆藤
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.5, pp.559-564, 2014 (Released:2015-05-22)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1

In Japan’s modern era land readjustment system is a very important procedure of urban development. In the land readjustment area of Kyoto city we are able to find some historical transitions in the layout method of “machi”, the minimum unit of town community. The city’s technical guidelines in 1935 adopted street conscious method in “machi” layout. One “machi” was settled on both sides of a street. A street was the axis of a “machi”. On the other hand the new guideline in 1974 adopted block conscious method. In this way streets are borders of “machi”. The former structure is similar to the traditional one of the Kyoto city. And later is found in many contemporary new towns. In this paper we analysis the position of borders of “machi”s in many land readjustment area with GIS techniques. Firstly we show the obvious difference between the two types in numeric way. Secondly we show the fact that the block conscious method had been adopted in actual land readjustment projects earlier than the new technical guideline. And we discuss reasons of the change on the concept of “machi” layout.
著者
愛甲 哲也 崎山 愛子 庄子 康
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.5, pp.727-730, 2008-03-31 (Released:2009-05-08)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
8 6

Green spaces in residential areas have various functions, such as for recreational activities, making the place beautiful and so on. In this research, we investigated the economic effect of green spaces on the land prices in the residential area of Sapporo City, through an environmental economics technique. Factors contributing to the formation of the posted land price for the residential area in Sapporo City were identified by the hedonic approach. Results showed that the size of the nearest park or the ratio of green space surrounding the land contributed to the formation of the land price in addition to the area, shape, zoning and the access conditions such as the distance to the closest station and school. Therefore, the building and conservation of green spaces seems to be one clear option for raising the asset value of the residential area.
著者
篠崎 高志 下村 彰男 小野 良平 熊谷 洋一
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.5, pp.721-724, 1999-03-30 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
11

大道芸は場所的, 時間的に観客を拘束せず誰もが気軽に楽しめるという魅力がある。本研究でば大道芸空間 (大道芸が行われている場) における行動を観察し, 空間的.時間的な変化に着目して行動特性を明らかにすることを目的とした。対象地点として線的.面的の2タイプの空間から2地点ずつ4個所を想定し, 各地点において演者が同一内容の大道芸を行い.高所に設置したビデオカメラにより人々の行動を記録した。得られた画像から大道芸空間において誘発される行動とその位置に関して分析し, また, 一人一人の行動を記録し, 行動区分した。その結果人と人との相互作用, 空間の性格演者からの距離により行動が決定付けられることがわかった。
著者
西田 正憲
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.5, pp.785-790, 2008-03-31 (Released:2009-05-08)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
1

In late years modern art to unfold in the depopulated area recruits many visitors. The article considers a characteristic of this modern art from the viewpoint of scenery theory, paying attention to this situation. It performs analysis about modern art and the representation of the meaning of the place from a field work and the verbal explanation of some directors and artists, through the analyses of the examples of the art festival of the earth of the Echigo Tsumari in Niigata prefecture and the Benesse art site of Naoshima of the Setouchi Naoshima island in Kagawa prefecture. As a result, the article considered the following characteristics of scenery theory. Modern art keeps a mountain remote place and climate in Seto alive and makes much of endemism. Modern art reminds of the former working of people and makes much of the memory of the place. Modern art intends scenery of consecutive space and time and questions modern civilization and contemporary civilization. Art works are supported by inhabitants and volunteers and express scenery of participation and collaboration.
著者
今西 純一 今西 亜友美 杉田 そらん
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.5, pp.419-424, 2011 (Released:2012-09-05)
参考文献数
21

Aerial photographs, especially those taken before World War II, are valuable documents to know the historical changes in gardens and open spaces. In the academia of photogrammetry and geography, it is an accepted view that the existing aerial photographs of Kyoto City taken before the World War II were taken in 1928; this view is based on the work of Hattori. However, Kyoto Shimbun News (dated December 22, 1993) reported that Shimizu conducted an investigation and found that the photographs were taken in 1927. As the details of Shimizu’s investigation are unknown, both assertions need to be reexamined. First, we confirmed that the aerial photographs that were archived in three different locations were identical, and as such, the assertions of Hattori and Shimizu are conflicting. Then, we analyzed buildings, railways and roads as appearing in the photographs, and determined that the photographs were taken in 1927. Furthermore, we examined the condition of tree canopies and the shades of two buildings, and estimated the period when these aerial photographs were taken. As a result, we concluded that the aerial photographs were taken in 1927 and most likely between late August and early September.
著者
塚田 伸也 森田 哲夫 橋本 隆 湯沢 昭
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.5, pp.727-730, 2013 (Released:2014-05-08)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1

The landscape image of Mountains, many studies were continued for many years. In this study, Its attention was paid to attention to the text data of school song. The aim of this study analyzed the text data of junior high school songs in Gunma by text mining. We thought that landscape image of mountains were projected in school songs. The results were as follows: At first, it analyzed the elements which formed the image of mountains from the text data of the school song by analyzed text mining. And, it analyzed the relations between the elements. Next, we showed that image of mountains were considered by the relation between the name of mountain and the form. Therefore, it showed that the area around Mt. Akagi, Mt. Haruna, Mt. Myogi and Mt. Asama were formed in Gunma, and that there mountains were modified in different words. Than the above, the language of Mountains Landscape was clarified to image of Mt. Akagi in Gunma by showed according to the ward visual network.
著者
須田 歩 趙 ひゅん珠 李 宙営 藤井 英二郎
出版者
日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.5, pp.465-470, 2009
被引用文献数
1 1

庭園と建築の配置や構成は相互の関係性の中で決められている。幾何学式庭園においても建物から庭園の中央を貫く軸線を通すことでビスタを形成し、その軸線を中心に左右対称に構成するところに特徴があり、対植はその典型である。この対植のような軸線両側の樹木は視点を軸線に向け易くするとされているが、それを実証的に示した既往研究は見られない。本研究は、千葉県松戸市の千葉大学園芸学部校内のフランス式庭園の西端に植栽されたイタリアンサイプレスの対植を対象に、幾何学式庭園における対植がその視知覚にどのような影響をもたらすかについて実験的に検討するものである。
著者
西村 公宏
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.5, pp.431-436, 1996-03-28 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
45

明治期, 大正前期における東京帝国大学本郷キャンパスの外構については, 下記の2点が指摘できる。1. 明治前期においては, 既存庭園の改修が主体であり, 営繕掛西郷元善や内科教授ベルツ等が関係しているが, ケヤキ並木等, 複数の庭園を並木で結ぶ手法も見られる。2. 明治後期, 大正前期では, 外構の継承と拡充がなされているが, これらは, 浜尾新, 本多静六等により進められ, 学生が学業に親しめる環境がイメージされている。特にクスノキ並木 (1903) やイチョウ並木 (1906) は, 東京帝国大学における造園学の成立期に実現した造園事例としても位置付けられる。
著者
田邉 徳子 古谷 勝則
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.5, pp.387-392, 2014 (Released:2015-05-22)
参考文献数
63
被引用文献数
1

This study focuses on the functions of rivers serving as canals. The Ooka and Nakamura basin in Yokohama City was designated as a study subject. The history of development and decline of canals, which had been affected by changes in the roles of canals, had been clarified. Bibliographical research and spatial analysis with a graphic plan and topographical maps were conducted for the investigation. The subject area was reclaimed land which was completed 350 years ago, and some changes were triggered by the opening of Port of Yokohama. Furthermore, multiple canals were built in the middle of the Meiji Period in order to improve convenience of transportation and to protect foreign settlements. At that point, canals were the foundation of everyday life. However, demand for canals started diminishing towards the middle of the Showa Period due to the new establishment of railways and motorways, and canals were started to be filled in or converted to culverts towards the end of the Showa. The remaining area is now utilized as a subway, green passage or parks. Therefore, it is concluded that the canals are important components of the current city landscape with the history of development and decline.
著者
工藤 豊 小野 良平 伊藤 弘 下村 彰男
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.5, pp.369-372, 2007-03-30 (Released:2009-03-31)
参考文献数
35

Kaki is one of the most familiar fruit trees in Japan and a landscape with kaki tend to be connected with a nostalgic image of an autumn rural landscape. In this respect, a landscape with kaki can be seen as a Japanese “prototype-landscape.” The point we have to focus on here is that common image and feeling about kaki are shared among the Japanese. It is due to our “landscape viewpoints”, a common “way of seeing” shared in a specific social group. This study considers how our landscape viewpoints have been changed by analyzing the representation (waka, haiku and painting) of kaki as an expression of landscape. Kaki might have been one of the most familiar fruits in Japan throughout the history. It was, however, after the latter half of the 17th century, when haiku had been established and spread, that a landscape with kaki started to be expressed positively. This can be explained that our “landscape viewpoints” had been turned from the traditional one, in which waka played the most important part, into the modernized one, through some new cultural activities which began in the Edo era. New landscape discovered by new culture in the Edo era had been combined with rural landscape, and have been regarded as Japanese prototype-landscape.
著者
山本 清龍 下村 彰男 小野 良平 熊谷 洋一
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.5, pp.735-738, 1999-03-30 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
12

本研究は, 日本の都市住民の多くが利用してきた銭湯に関して, 第一に, 戦後の都市拡張の中において行われた銭湯の立地の特性について把握し, 第二に, 銭湯周辺の物的空間構成から人々の生活行動に関わる空間秩序を読み取ることを目的とする。研究対象として, 東京都練馬区の銭湯65軒を抽出し, 道の階層性および住宅の集積との関係から立地特性の分析を行い, さらに銭湯周辺の商業施設の分布および商店の業態から空間構成の分析を行った。その結果, 銭湯は滞留時間の長い商業施設の中心に位置し, 都市拡張のフロンティアとして街並み形成に重要な役割を果たしていたことなどが明らかとなった。
著者
七海 絵里香 大澤 啓志 勝野 武彦
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.5, pp.443-446, 2013 (Released:2014-05-08)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
3

The leaves of Oshima cherry (Prunus Wilson var. speciosa Makino) are edible and used to wrap sakuramochi. Seventy percent of leaves of the Oshima cherry are produced in Matsuzaki town, Izu Peninsula. In this town, cherry trees are cultivated for harvesting their leaves. These trees are closely planted and pruned, enabling them to grow many tillers, which spread out and form the distinctive landscape in this area. In this study, we investigated the actual distribution, forming process of leaves in cherry tree fields, and change in the production process in Matsuzaki town. From the results, we assumed that the number of cherry trees planted corresponded to the amount of charcoal produced. However, the field cultivation method of cherry trees was devised only by the end of the 1960s, after the production of charcoal decreased due to an energy revolution, which resulted in a crisis in the cherry tree leaf production. It was considered that cherry tree fields were distributed throughout Matsuzaki town. However, our results show that these fields are unevenly distributed.
著者
西尾 敏和 塚田 伸也 森田 哲夫 湯沢 昭
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.5, pp.519-524, 2016 (Released:2017-03-17)
参考文献数
30

The purpose of the present study was to objectively chronicle regional activities, in particular the activities of an organization that is responsible for community development, before the Tomioka Silk Mill was placed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Based on previous studies, analysis using the text -mining was considered appropriate to objectively examine regional activities that preceded placement of the Tomioka Silk Mill on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Using the text -mining, the present study examined occurrence frequencies and collocations of words and word classes extracted from articles in Jomo Shinbun, a regional daily newspaper. Subsequently, to verify collocations elicited by the text -mining method, an interview survey was administered to the Tomioka Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Tomioka Community Development Promotion Council, focusing on their activities in the past.The study found that regional activities centering on the Tomioka Silk Mill preceding placement on UNESCO’s World Heritage List included coordination and cooperation among mu ltiple organizations, such as the Tomioka Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Tomioka Community Development Promotion Council.
著者
李 樹華
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.5, pp.61-64, 1994-03-31 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
15

中国において「盆景」に関連する名称は唐時代から登場し, 清時代まで多様な呼称が用いられた。唐時代には「盆池」「盆山」「盆栽」などがあり, 宋時代には「硯山」「研山」「異石」「石供」「盆石」「盆草」「盆梅」などがある。元時代には「些子景」, 明時代には「盆島」「盆樹」「盆玩」「盆花」「盆景」などの言葉が使われている。清時代には「盆景」「山水点景」「小盆景」「天然盆玩」「梅樹盆景」などがある。本研究では中国の漢籍資料から, 「盆景」に関する名称の出現とその変遷過程及び名称間の関係について考察した。
著者
大石 善隆 森本 幸裕
出版者
公益社団法人 日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.5, pp.577-580, 2008-03-31 (Released:2009-05-08)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
1

To promote the understanding of succession process in artificial urban ecological environments, we invested the changes in bryophyte flora in an urban afforested woodland in Kyoto city. Focusing on three bryophyte functional groups (substrate preference, growth form and reproductive type), we compared the bryophyte flora in 2002 with those in 2007. A total of 41 species were recorded in 2002, and 52 species in 2007. The number of bryophyte species on trunk increased markedly compared to those of bryophyte speceis on other substrates, while bryophytes on rock showed higher turn over rate.From a view point of growth forms, bryophytes of cushion form, thread-like form, small-size appressed form and thalloid form increased greater than bryophytes of other growth forms, and bryophytes of small turf form and squamous form had a higher turn over rate. Additionally, the number of bryophyte species with asexual reproduction invaded more frequently than those of bryophyte species without asexual reproduction. These differences were explained by characteristic of bryophyte functional groups. In conclusion, to restore bryophyte vegetation in this study site based on the concept of potential natural vegetation, planting trees around the site, placing large rocks in the site and maintenance such as weeding were considered to be effective for the restoration of native bryophyte vegetation. Moreover, it was possible that introducing bryophyte species with poor dispersal ability into this site was needed for the restoration.
著者
早瀬 真弓 今西 純一 中村 彰宏
出版者
日本造園学会
雑誌
ランドスケープ研究 (ISSN:13408984)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.5, pp.812-816, 2010-03

名勝清風荘庭園は明治44年頃から数年かけて七代目小川治兵衛(植治)によって作られた庭園であり、昭和26年に文化財保護法の規定により名勝指定されている。本庭園は京都市左京区田中関田町に位置し、植治による庭園の特徴のひとつである京都東山の借景、すなわち五山の送り火で有名な大文字山やその周辺の山並みを庭園の風景に取り込む工夫のなされた名庭である。しかし、近年成長しすぎた樹木によって大文字山が見えない状態となるなど維持管理は十分と言えず、作庭当初の風趣が失われつつある。現在は所有者である京都大学を中心に庭園の修復整備事業が進められているが、成長しすぎた樹木を切り下げる際には、作庭当初は存在しなかった近隣の高い建築物への視線を遮蔽しつつ借景の復元をする必要がある。本件のような場合、事前に様々な視点や角度からの景観に配慮した植栽管理を検討するために景観シミュレーションを行うことが有用であると考えられる。本研究では地上型レーザースキャナを用いて、清風荘庭園における借景復元に関する景観シミュレーションを行い、その実用性について考察することを目的とした。さらに、地上型レーザースキャナによって得られたデータを用いて、庭園周辺に現在の京都市の都市計画で許容されている高さの建築物が建てられた場合、庭園からの眺望景観にどのような影響があるかを検討した。