著者
内田 満夫 金子 稔 山本 洋 本田 孝行 川 茂幸
出版者
一般社団法人日本衛生学会
雑誌
日本衛生学雑誌 (ISSN:00215082)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.103-117, 2013 (Released:2013-05-29)
参考文献数
121
被引用文献数
2 2

Schools were closed worldwide during the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 pandemic to prevent the viral spread; however, to date, there has been insufficient evidence to conclude that the closures were beneficial. Therefore, in the present review, we evaluated the effects of school closure during the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 pandemic in Japan. A search of PubMed and Japanese journals identified 24 articles that evaluated the effects of school closure using the following methods: descriptive epidemiology, changes in absenteeism rate, a simulation model, and reproductive number. Almost all of the retrieved studies showed that school closure effectively reduced the number of new infections and thus subsequently suppressed the epidemic. On the other hand, two major sets of confounding variables were identified. First, the effect of school closure was confounded by the methods used to measure, viral infectivity, subject characteristics, increased immunization rates, nonpharmaceutical interventions, antiviral administration, student contact patterns during school closure, and individual household environments. Secondly, school closure implementation was affected by differences between proactive and reactive closures, differences between seasonal and pandemic influenza, decision factors regarding school closure, socioeconomic cost, and ethics of imposing restrictions on individuals. Therefore, a comprehensive, longitudinal study is necessary to clarify the effects of school closure during viral pandemics.

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インフルエンザの流行による学級閉鎖(休業)が導入された経緯とその効果を知りたい。

Twitter (7 users, 9 posts, 4 favorites)

そんなんで医学とか言ってんかw ヤメたほうが良いと思うけどね?w https://t.co/5MA1eMRa0e これに加えて現実のコロナの数字みたらわかるっしょ? https://t.co/uLsHCdr3Bt
@EyeYuukilions_ それを踏まえた上でこちらの論文をお読みになってはいかがでしょうか? 所謂新型インフルエンザのモノです。 https://t.co/5MA1eMRa0e
ね3/1日の学校閉鎖でこの論文をエビデンスにおかしくない?って言ってた人俺1人しかしらないんだけどさ、未だに第2波だの終末論者みたいなのがわんさかしてるのってどうなんですかね? https://t.co/5MA1eMRa0e
Here is some of the research on #school closures during #pandemics. Some big headline messages for #COVID19au #Coronavirus #Australia Full paper on: https://t.co/ALNn7dyJ4h See also other research & reviews https://t.co/yYZtGxH3po https://t.co/e1E5eucXjq https://t.co/JpGnIvgKH8 https://t.co/fykorwSCc7
>エビデンスがあるからUKは休校しない選択を取ったんですよ。 違います。休校の効果は、論文で報告されている。 例えば、これ。 https://t.co/PDXg5NhYnk https://t.co/iAHsN2teCQ
@ChrChristensen @Georgeberger Effects of school closure during influenza A/H1N1 pandemic in 2009 in Japan (Uchida et al 2019) "Almost all of the retrieved studies showed that school closure effectively reduced the number of new infections and thus subsequently suppressed the epidemic https://t.co/UoUva16kLM

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