- 一般社団法人 日本科学教育学会
- 科学教育研究 (ISSN:03864553)
- vol.33, no.1, pp.12-21, 2009-03-10 (Released:2017-06-30)
Mathematics is not only one of the oldest and most profound majors of natural science but also serves as a solid linguistic and methodological foundation of natural science. We use numbers and figures in daily life, but the world of mathematics is much wider and richer. To use mathematics in natural or social science is nothing but to see the (natural and human) world through the eyes of mathematics and to understand the world through the language of mathematics. In the 21st century of high science technology and global economy, mathematical knowledge will be increasingly important not only for scientists or economists, but also for all citizens. In this article we explain our understanding of mathematics concerning (1) the nature of mathematics, (2) important concepts of mathematics including statistics, (3) features of mathematics as a language, and (4) its relation with other sciences. This paper is an expository summary of the report by the "Mathematical Science" Committee of the "Science Literacy for All Japanese" Project.