著者
白岩 祐子 宮本 聡介 唐沢 かおり
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.2, pp.109-117, 2012-01-31 (Released:2017-02-22)

Previous studies on attribution judgments concerning crime victims have commonly used the term "responsibility" to measure the negative implications regarding victims. However, responsibility is a concept that should be placed upon offenders, not victims. Victims have frequently been judged negatively, but the use of "responsibility" potentially inhibits the accurate understanding of such negative implications. Additionally, in judicial practice, "responsibility" is basically a term attributed to offenders. We therefore observed a certain shortcoming in the current research framework attributing responsibility to victims. Through judicial decisions and interviews with victims, we derived other labels supposedly containing negative victim judgments ("carelessness" and "fault") , and, together with the label "responsibility," considered whether people evaluate the victims using such labels. Moreover, to confirm whether these labels point to qualitatively distinct concepts, we examined their relationships with causal attribution. The results revealed that respondents rated the victim significantly lower on responsibility than the other negative labels, and we also found different prognostic factors for the labels. The implications of the study were discussed.

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面白いこと書いてあった 犯罪被害者に対するネガテ ィ ブな帰属ラベルの検討 : 被害者は 「責任」 を付与さ れるのか 2012 https://t.co/kE5o8mv4qw https://t.co/xbvMY80fa9
#椿井文書 を販売した木津の今井家・椿井家の被害者である自治体史や郷土史家へ 被害者が悪いと馬部隆弘氏は云うけれど 犯罪被害者が悪いという心理はよく見られる傾向。 「犯罪被害者に対するネガ テ ィ ブな帰属ラ ベルの検討: 被害者は 「責任」 を付与 さ れるのか1」 https://t.co/zT55UDCJD1
白岩・宮本・唐沢 (2012) 犯罪被害者に対するネガティブな帰属ラベルの検討 : 被害者は「責任」を付与されるのか https://t.co/QADtwJRAE4 犯罪における被害者の「責任」と「隙」と「落ち度」の比較。被害者に対して「責任」はあると思いにくいが「隙」や「落ち度」は相対的にはあると考えやすい。

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