- ソシオロジ (ISSN:05841380)
- vol.40, no.1, pp.109-126,192, 1995-05-31 (Released:2017-02-15)
The present study identifies two crucial factors which appear to determine the attitudes of Japanese middle-aged women toward 'sexual-division-of-labor'. Factor 1 reflects the following attitude: 'while men should be responsible for the household incomes, women should be responsible for the domestic chores'. This attitude seems to have a root in the idea that roles should be assigned to persons on the basis of their sexes. Therefore, Factor 1 is labelled 'Role-assignment on the basis of sexes'. Factor 2 reflects the following attitude: 'women should take reproductive roles because they have instinctive affection to their children and family'. Therefore, Factor 2 is labelled 'Women 's reproductive roles on the basis of their instinctive affection'. Although both factors influence the Japanese middle-aged women to accept their 'domestic roles', they are different each other in the following points. Fisrtly, while Factor 1 can not be compatible with the egalitarian attitude toward sex, Factor 2 can be compatible with it. Secondly, while Factor 1 has correlation with women's educational level, Factor 2 has correlation with their employment. This outlook suggests that these two factors are formed through different ways; Factor 1 is formed through education and Factor 2 is through employment.