著者
宮地 直道 富樫 茂子 千葉 達朗
出版者
特定非営利活動法人日本火山学会
雑誌
火山 (ISSN:04534360)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.5, pp.237-248, 2004-10-29
被引用数
4 or 0

A large-scale collapse occurred at the eastern slope of Fuji volcano about 2900 years ago, based on calibrated <l4>^C age of a wood sample collected in the resulting debris avalanche deposit. The collapsed slide deposit, called "Gotemba debris avalanche deposit" (Goda), is distributed on the eastern foot of the volcano covering an area of more than 53 km^2 The source amphitheater is not preserved because it became covered by younger tephra erupted from the summit crater. This avalanche deposit is overlain by the "Gotemba, mudflow deposits" (Gomf) emplaced repeatedly after the avalanche. Some now units of the Goda and Gomf entered pre-existing rivers and were finally emplaced as fluvial deposits. The Goda is composed of debris-avalanche blocks, showing jigsaw cracks, along with smaller blocks ranging from several tens of centimeters up to l m in diameter. The debris-avalanche matrix is a mixture of smaller nieces of blocks and ash-sized materials due to mainly shearing and fragmentation of large blocks. Igneous rocks include fresh and altered gray basaltic lava, weathered tephra including red scoria and white clay. Petrographical and geochemical data indicate that most blocks were derived from the Older Fuji volcano. The volumes of the Goda and Gomf are about l.05km^3 and 0.71km^3 respectively, based on presently available geological and borehole data. Since the blocks of Goda are composed mostly of the products of the Older Fuji volcano and the older stage lavas of Younger Fuji volcano do not extend to the eastern foot of Fuji volcano, a bulge of Older Fuji volcano must have existed in the eastern flank of Fuji volcano preventing the older stage lavas to now to the east. This bulge collapsed in the form of three blocks from the foot of the mountain. The abundance of hydrothermally altered deposits in the Goda and the absence of fresh volcanic products within the Goda suggest its origin as a rupture inside the altered deposits possibly triggered by a large earthquake or phreatic eruption.

言及状況

Twitter (47 users, 50 posts, 50 favorites)

宝永山の北東側が崩れたことはすでに宮地ほか2004が推定していますが、赤岩については触れられていません。https://t.co/8RczTVhgpn
宮地ほか2004「富士火山東斜面で2900年前に発生した山体崩壊」です。 http://t.co/2HCKKeFoXG @HayakawaYukio
情報感謝 RT @arukazan: 旧期溶岩が御殿場方向には分布しないので、御殿場側に古富士のピークが残っていたと推定し、そこが崩れたと考えています。 宮地・富樫・千葉(2004)富士火山東斜面で2900年前に発生した山体崩壊,火山 http://t.co/4EH2Frmq
@nied_inok 旧期溶岩が御殿場方向には分布しないので、御殿場側に古富士のピークが残っていたと推定し、そこが大きく崩れたと考えています。詳しくは 宮地・富樫・千葉(2004)富士火山東斜面で2900年前に発生した山体崩壊,火山 http://t.co/mQz9btcN

Wikipedia (1 pages, 2 posts, 2 contributors)

編集者: Apple2000
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