著者
安蔵 裕子 Yuko Anzo
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.887, pp.62-73, 2014-09-01

Abstract The Koyo Museum of Showa Women's university houses a lawyer's robe and cap tagged "Lawyer's robe and cap used around the 10th year of the Showa Period". This paper introduces images of the garments and records details pertaining to them, explains the history of the Japanese modern court dress, and explores the symbolic function of professional uniforms. In 1890 the Empire of Japan prescribed a law that required judges, public prosecutors, and lawyers to wear uniform court dress while at court. Three years later, in 1893, a Ministry of Justice Ordinance specified the lawyers' robes and caps. The materials owned by the museum are identical with this description. These garments continued to be worn until new rules were made in 1947. Preceding studies have shown that, in designing the original garments, then Minister of Justice Akiyoshi Yamada researched the garments worn in the courts of Western countries that honored the classical style, and that taking this knowledge into account, Mayori Kurokawa, who was well versed in Japanese ancient court practices and a historian of costume, designed garments for Japanese courts. The material of the robe is black with fly front, with white embroidery around the neck and in the front which signify that this was for lawyers, and in the bottom, both sides are pleated offering an example of how oriental and western design are mixed. The black cap is inspired by that of Nara period, a style that originated in the Tang Dynasty in China.
著者
安蔵 裕子
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.923, pp.26-35, 2017-09-01

Abstract In 2014, the Imperial Guard Headquarters of Japan gave seven helmets worn by the guards in the Imperial Police during the Meiji and Taisho periods to the Koyo Museum at Showa Women’s University. This paper introduces one of them, comments on its shape, materials, and characteristics, gives the history of the Imperial Police from their inception in 1886, and discusses that organization’s dress code. The helmet was found in 2012 in the warehouse of the Kyoto Imperial Palace along with 52 similar helmets. It was kept in a wooden box on which a paper with the guard’s name, Naoharu Tamai, was affixed. Tamai’s name appears in the 1915 record of the Imperial Police. The shape of the helmet is apparently based on the spiked pickelhaube worn by Prussian sodiers, fire-fighters and police. The shell seems to be made of papers pasted onto a wooden mold. The outer surface is japanned with black lacquer(黒漆). This type of helmet is called a peach-shaped helmet(桃子様兜). There is a hole drilled in the top and a round metal ornament similar to hachimanza(八幡座)is at the top of the helmet. There is a large metal ornament of a chrysanthemum with leaves at the front. Leather is used for the inner sweat band. There is also a metal chinstrap combined with several wavy-shaped thin pieces of metal decorating it. Thus, the helmet is an example of a Japanese effort to adopt western clothing styles during the Meiji Period, but one which continued to use traditional Japanese ornamentation and materials.
著者
安蔵 裕子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.887, pp.62-73, 2014-09-01

Abstract The Koyo Museum of Showa Women's university houses a lawyer's robe and cap tagged "Lawyer's robe and cap used around the 10th year of the Showa Period". This paper introduces images of the garments and records details pertaining to them, explains the history of the Japanese modern court dress, and explores the symbolic function of professional uniforms. In 1890 the Empire of Japan prescribed a law that required judges, public prosecutors, and lawyers to wear uniform court dress while at court. Three years later, in 1893, a Ministry of Justice Ordinance specified the lawyers' robes and caps. The materials owned by the museum are identical with this description. These garments continued to be worn until new rules were made in 1947. Preceding studies have shown that, in designing the original garments, then Minister of Justice Akiyoshi Yamada researched the garments worn in the courts of Western countries that honored the classical style, and that taking this knowledge into account, Mayori Kurokawa, who was well versed in Japanese ancient court practices and a historian of costume, designed garments for Japanese courts. The material of the robe is black with fly front, with white embroidery around the neck and in the front which signify that this was for lawyers, and in the bottom, both sides are pleated offering an example of how oriental and western design are mixed. The black cap is inspired by that of Nara period, a style that originated in the Tang Dynasty in China.
著者
安蔵 裕子 小泉 真貴子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.815, pp.98-115, 2008-09