著者
重松 優 Yu Shigematsu
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.930, pp.65-72, 2018-04

This brief essay is a case study of a young Japanese man's intercultural experience between 1870-73. Kenzo Hirosawa, an adopted son of the prominent Chōshū politician Saneomi Hirosawa, had a rare opportunity of living with the US consul in Tokyo for almost a year before leaving for New York to study. Articles written about Kenzo and his uncatalogued papers illustrate the vivid and often turbulent aspects of international education in early Meiji period.
著者
堀内 正昭
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.897, pp.2-24, 2015-07

The two-storied Hirai House was built in around 1930 by an upper-middle class person, Mr Risuke Wakameda, and it is now owned by Mr Susumu Hirai. It has a Western-style room of mortar finish on the side of the entrance door, and the outer wall of the house is clapboard with traditional bead battens. Such semi-Western houses were common in Setagaya Ward, which had developed as a suburban residential area in the early Showa period. This house has two double-loaded corridors on the first floor. Therefore, the main rooms offer residents greater privacy and independence in the main rooms than contemporary houses. The major feature of this house is that there is plenty of storage space which accounted for about 20 percent of the floor space. This seems to have reflected the first owner, author and a book collector Wakameda's, preferences. Through pillars, pipe pillars between through pillars, and the other pillars on the first floor were different in size, and the three types of pillars were built in the right positions. After the war, remodeling of a flat roof on the Western-style reception room to a sloped roof and of the kitchen and bathroom fixtures such as the kitchen sink were done, but all the other parts of the house remain unchanged. In many pre-war houses, furniture installed when the house was built does not survive. But in this house there is still a valuable upholstered lounge suite in the reception room. Together with some old lighting fixtures still existing in the other parts of the house, they reveal the taste of the resident of the house around 1930.The two-storied Hirai House was built in around 1930 by an upper-middle class person, Mr Risuke Wakameda, and it is now owned by Mr Susumu Hirai. It has a Western-style room of mortar finish on the side of the entrance door, and the outer wall of the house is clapboard with traditional bead battens. Such semi-Western houses were common in Setagaya Ward, which had developed as a suburban residential area in the early Showa period. This house has two double-loaded corridors on the first floor. Therefore, the main rooms offer residents greater privacy and independence in the main rooms than contemporary houses. The major feature of this house is that there is plenty of storage space which accounted for about 20 percent of the floor space. This seems to have reflected the first owner, author and a book collector Wakameda's, preferences. Through pillars, pipe pillars between through pillars, and the other pillars on the first floor were different in size, and the three types of pillars were built in the right positions. After the war, remodeling of a flat roof on the Western-style reception room to a sloped roof and of the kitchen and bathroom fixtures such as the kitchen sink were done, but all the other parts of the house remain unchanged. In many pre-war houses, furniture installed when the house was built does not survive. But in this house there is still a valuable upholstered lounge suite in the reception room. Together with some old lighting fixtures still existing in the other parts of the house, they reveal the taste of the resident of the house around 1930.
著者
笛木 美佳
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.807, pp.97-107, 2008-01
著者
関口 靜雄 岡本 夏奈 阿部 美香
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.900, pp.60-69, 2015-10
著者
関口 靜雄 岡本 夏奈 阿部 美香
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.905, pp.82-93, 2016-03
著者
金子 弥生 Yayoi Kaneko
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.834, pp.61-69, 2010-04

The work of Jane Austen came between 1813 and 1818, which placed her novels in the Regency period. Different from the Victorian era, it was full of openness, candor, and satire. In addition, sentimentalism is one of the characters of the novels in this era and sentimental novels, where the emergence of feeling is considered as a guide to behavior, are popular. Generally, her work is considered refined, but it is affected by the era. One of her juvenilia, Love and Freindship, which is an epistolary novel, is not elegant but full of Austen's critical spirit. Austen, though fourteen when she wrote it, tried to attack the public tendency to regard sensibility as important.
著者
大橋 きょう子 Kyoko Ohashi
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.803, pp.84-93, 2007-09

食用油脂が,日常の食生活に普及し始めたと考えられる明治期後半における,食用油脂の種類および油料理の特徴を,『食道楽』全9巻を資料として調査した。『食道楽』の著者である村井弦齋が提唱した油脂の摂取の奨めにより,種々の油脂を用いた西洋料理が掲載され,調理方法もかなり詳細に述べられていた。とりわけバターの使用頻度が高く,調理法も多彩であった。しかし,使用する油脂および食材は一般の家庭では容易に入手できないものもあり,実際に調理され食された料理は限られていたと推察された。明治期後半に出版された『食道楽』に著された調理法は,当時としては時期尚早の感は否定できないが,バターをはじめとする種々の食用油脂を数多く紹介し,食用油脂の摂取を様々な調理法を用いて具体的に示したことは意義あることと考えられた。明治以降の近代において,西洋料理の調理法および食べ方が西洋料理書および婦人雑誌を通じて知識層に伝えられたことにより,以後,油脂調理が広く一般に普及し大衆化した。その一因として,『食道楽』が果たした役割は大きいものであったと言える。西洋料理の手法を用いた油脂調理の啓蒙は時代と共に進化し,油脂調理が今日の多様化した食生活に不可欠なものとなる先駆けをつくったことが分かった。
著者
森 明子 山田 直子 吉田 知加子 高尾 恭一 小池 文彦 風間 宏美 須賀 比奈子 高尾 哲也 Akiko MORI Naoko YAMADA Chikako YOSHIDA Kyoichi TAKAO Fumihiko KOIKE Hiromi KAZAMA Hinako SUGA Tetsuya TAKAO
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.782, pp.57-63, 2005-12

RT-PCR法を用いて,葉状乳頭における味覚受容体の発現を検討した。すなわち葉状乳頭部から擦過法により取得した組織を使用し,味覚受容体候補であるTHTRファミリー(THTRs)およびT2Rファミリー(T2Rs)の発現をRT-PCR後,マイクロキャピラリー電気泳動により測定した。40歳以上の健常者ではTHTRs,T2Rsの受容体において,多数を発現していることが認められた。これに対し30歳以下の被験者ではいくつかのTHTRsおよびT2Rsで発現を認めたが,典型的な発現パターンはなかった。さらに薬服用者や高齢の味覚異常者においては,健常者に比べてTHTRs, T2Rsともに発現していない受容体が多かった。これらのことから,まず青年期では味覚受容体が成長段階にあり,20歳の成人になっても味覚の成長は十分ではないことが考えられた。壮年期になると味覚受容体が十分発達し,高齢者になってもその味覚受容体の発現数は減少しないことが示唆された。また薬剤の服用者や味覚異常者も,味覚受容体の欠落の可能性が示唆された。
著者
岸山 睦
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.853, pp.1-10, 2011-11