著者
鈴木 円 Madoka SUZUKI 昭和女子大学初等教育学科
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.892, pp.83-95, 2015-02-01

The term Spartan education, translated into Japanese as "Suparuta kyoiku" is widely used nowadays to mean "severe education." This paper reviews 12 Japanese books or articles on Spartan education published from the 1870s to the 1970s and examines how the authors have understood Spartan education and in what context they have used the term. The above materials, published from the early Meiji to post-war period, suggest that Japanese learned about the education system of ancient Sparta from Western academic sources. However, after the influential bestseller, Shintaro Ishihara's Suparuta Kyoiku(Spartan Education; A book for raising tough kids), was published, leading Japanese educators seem to have begun using the term "Suparuta kyoiku" to mean Japanese militaristic education. Historically, Western classical scholars have acknowledged the value of Spartan public education in contrast to Athenian individualistic education. However, Japanese educators seem to have failed to understand the value of Spartan education because of the change in the understanding of the term "Suparuta kyoiku." The author concludes that educators ought to have used that term with that original sense in mind.
著者
大倉 比呂志
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.828, pp.2-10, 2009-10-01
著者
西脇 和彦
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.766, pp.135-144, 2004-07-01

There are diverse materials for cultural sociology, modernology, and life history; photos, songs, interviews, news items, diarys and so on. In this paper, I choose 7 comics each representing a particular period. For example, "3-chome no Yuuhi" (by Ryouhei SAIGAN) from 'Pre-High' growth period, "Apron-obasan" & "Sazae-san" (by Machiko HASEGAWA) from 'High' growth period, "Chibimaruko-chan" (by Momoko SAKURA) from 'Low' growth period, "Tampopo-san no Uta" (by Ryouhei SAIGAN) from 'Bubble' (financial euphoria) period, and "Tonarino Yamada-kun" (by Hisaichi ISHII) & "ATASHIn'CHI" (by Eiko KERA) from 'Heisei Depression' period. They mainly depict the daily life of each period and often reflect events, episodes, well-known persons and consumer's durables of those days. So, we can see popular styles of living in each period through them. That is why comics of daily life are excellent social data. This is also an essay on cultural study using comics of daily life.
著者
高野 恵美子 Takano Emiko
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.846, pp.28-39, 2011-04-01

Abstract As B.L.Whorf(1956)pointed out, each language has "fashions of speaking," Japanese speakers tend to like subjective construal, while English speakers tend to like objective construal. This paper explores how differences between English and Japanese construal affect the usage of motion verbs COME and GO in both languages. Analyzing English and Japanese COME and GO, we learned that Japanese speakers usually take the speaker's viewpoint. Thus, in Japanese, when the motion is directed towards the speaker as the goal, the verb COME(kuru)is used, and when the motion is directed away from the speaker's location, the verb GO(iku)is used. In English, however, a speaker often shifts his/her viewpoint to the hearer and takes the hearer's viewpoint perhaps because of empathy and respect for the hearer. We concluded that Japanese is a speaker-centered monologue-type language, while English is a hearer-centered dialogue-type language.
著者
番場 美恵子
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.909, pp.37-51, 2016-07-01

Gakudo-hoiku-shisetsu(after-school childcare facility, the whole system is also called gakudo)provide after-school day-care of elementary school age children whose parents are both working, and of children of single parents. Some local governments provide after-school child-care services for all elementary school age students and in some cases gakudo is included in the services. Yokohama city provides the above services separately, using classrooms of elementary schools for the general student population, while using private houses, apartments and other facilities for the gakudo children. For the purpose of finding out(1)the effect of locating gakudo outside of schools while other students’ after-school activities take place inside schools, and(2)environmental problems related to gakudo, the author surveyed 9 gakudo facilities in K-ward, Yokohama city. The staff responded to a questionnaire and inquiries. Analysis of the results shows that having gakudo in smaller venues and with smaller numbers of children enables better communication and increased comfort; that for the children, moving to the facility after school brings about a positive change; and that locating gakudo outside of schools helps ensure that local buildings are fully utilized. But the interior and exterior environment of many of these off-site facilities remain inadequate. The change to the system that may be most urgently needed is to find better off-site venues. This is where the administration could intervene most effectively.
著者
熊澤 幸子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.877, pp.18-24, 2013-11-01
被引用文献数
1
著者
中西 裕
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.829, pp.38-65, 2009-11-01
著者
若林 功/八重田 淳 八重田 淳
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.904, pp.68-78, 2016-02-01

The importance of support in the workplace for persons with disabilities to adjust to working life has long been recognized in the literature. However, the effects of workplace support on the work adjustment of persons with disabilities have not been well documented. This paper examines whether workplace support is related to job satisfaction, performance (as evaluated by employers), organizational commitment, workplace integration, and their intention to quit their jobs. A survey of people with intellectual disabilities was conducted, and 169 answers were collected. The results of analysis of the survey are as follows: (a) workplace support consists of three factors: education, negative feedback, and supports for work performance, (b) moderate correlation was found between education and job satisfaction, (c) moderate correlation was found between organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and between workplace integration and job satisfaction; a moderate negative correlation was found between intention to quit job and job satisfaction, (d) only a weak negative correlation was found between intention to quit job and workplace support.The importance of support in the workplace for persons with disabilities to adjust to working life has long been recognized in the literature. However, the effects of workplace support on the work adjustment of persons with disabilities have not been well documented. This paper examines whether workplace support is related to job satisfaction, performance (as evaluated by employers), organizational commitment, workplace integration, and their intention to quit their jobs. A survey of people with intellectual disabilities was conducted, and 169 answers were collected. The results of analysis of the survey are as follows: (a) workplace support consists of three factors: education, negative feedback, and supports for work performance, (b) moderate correlation was found between education and job satisfaction, (c) moderate correlation was found between organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and between workplace integration and job satisfaction; a moderate negative correlation was found between intention to quit job and job satisfaction, (d) only a weak negative correlation was found between intention to quit job and workplace support.
著者
竹山 恵美子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.794, pp.56-59, 2006-12-01
被引用文献数
1

マンゴーはポリフェノールを豊富に含むことから褐変しやすく加工上問題になることが多い。そこでカットマンゴーの褐変防止を目標に短時間で加熱ができる電子レンジを用い,より安全なポリフェノールオキシダーゼの離抑制艦みた。その結果200W40,50秒,600W15秒,900W15秒間電子レンジで加熱すると褐変の抑制が可能であることが認められた。