著者
高野 恵美子 Takano Emiko
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.846, pp.28-39, 2011-04-01

Abstract As B.L.Whorf(1956)pointed out, each language has "fashions of speaking," Japanese speakers tend to like subjective construal, while English speakers tend to like objective construal. This paper explores how differences between English and Japanese construal affect the usage of motion verbs COME and GO in both languages. Analyzing English and Japanese COME and GO, we learned that Japanese speakers usually take the speaker's viewpoint. Thus, in Japanese, when the motion is directed towards the speaker as the goal, the verb COME(kuru)is used, and when the motion is directed away from the speaker's location, the verb GO(iku)is used. In English, however, a speaker often shifts his/her viewpoint to the hearer and takes the hearer's viewpoint perhaps because of empathy and respect for the hearer. We concluded that Japanese is a speaker-centered monologue-type language, while English is a hearer-centered dialogue-type language.
著者
番場 美恵子
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.909, pp.37-51, 2016-07-01

Gakudo-hoiku-shisetsu(after-school childcare facility, the whole system is also called gakudo)provide after-school day-care of elementary school age children whose parents are both working, and of children of single parents. Some local governments provide after-school child-care services for all elementary school age students and in some cases gakudo is included in the services. Yokohama city provides the above services separately, using classrooms of elementary schools for the general student population, while using private houses, apartments and other facilities for the gakudo children. For the purpose of finding out(1)the effect of locating gakudo outside of schools while other students’ after-school activities take place inside schools, and(2)environmental problems related to gakudo, the author surveyed 9 gakudo facilities in K-ward, Yokohama city. The staff responded to a questionnaire and inquiries. Analysis of the results shows that having gakudo in smaller venues and with smaller numbers of children enables better communication and increased comfort; that for the children, moving to the facility after school brings about a positive change; and that locating gakudo outside of schools helps ensure that local buildings are fully utilized. But the interior and exterior environment of many of these off-site facilities remain inadequate. The change to the system that may be most urgently needed is to find better off-site venues. This is where the administration could intervene most effectively.
著者
中土 純子
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.916, pp.82-91, 2017-02-01

The System for Self-Support of Needy Person was established in 2000 as a second safety net, with the aim of building up a comprehensive support system that would enable poor people to attain independence and dignity. This paper traces the history of how that system was adopted, and discusses how it is related to the Public Assistance Act. The paper also looks at how the system actually works, and points out the problems it has. The author argues that customized services designed by educated and experienced professional social workers are one of the keys to the success of this system.
著者
下村 久美子 谷井 淑子 猪又 美栄子 小原 奈津子 ファン ハイ・リン
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.909, pp.52-61, 2016-07-01

For the purpose of preserving traditional clothing and recording its history of Vietnam, the authors visited Hoi An and Tan Chau Village in 2014 and in 2015. This paper offers a brief history of Hoi An and reports the result of interviews with 25 Hoi An residents including experienced elderly ex-tailors; the paper also details figures and describes traditional clothing such as the ao ba ba(jackets)and the quan(bottoms)and formal traditional clothing for funeral attendants and the dead; the paper also discusses ritual practices found mainly in Hoi An. In addition, the report looks at the process of traditional manufacturing of a silk dye work using mac nua(ebony fruits)and other materials. This includes chemical analysis and explanation of the dying handicrafts.
著者
重松 優
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.930, pp.65-72, 2018-04-01

This brief essay is a case study of a young Japanese man’s intercultural experience between 1870-73. Kenzo Hirosawa, an adopted son of the prominent Chōshū politician Saneomi Hirosawa, had a rare opportunity of living with the US consul in Tokyo for almost a year before leaving for New York to study. Articles written about Kenzo and his uncatalogued papers illustrate the vivid and often turbulent aspects of international education in early Meiji period.
著者
金子 弥生 Yayoi Kaneko
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.834, pp.61-69, 2010-04

The work of Jane Austen came between 1813 and 1818, which placed her novels in the Regency period. Different from the Victorian era, it was full of openness, candor, and satire. In addition, sentimentalism is one of the characters of the novels in this era and sentimental novels, where the emergence of feeling is considered as a guide to behavior, are popular. Generally, her work is considered refined, but it is affected by the era. One of her juvenilia, Love and Freindship, which is an epistolary novel, is not elegant but full of Austen's critical spirit. Austen, though fourteen when she wrote it, tried to attack the public tendency to regard sensibility as important.
著者
歌川 光一
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.928, pp.75-86, 2018-02-01

This paper introduces and analyzes accounts of young women’s skill at playing koto, shamisen, and piano that appeared in the women’s magazine Fujingaho between 1926 to 1940. The analysis suggests that, whereas in the Taisho period, young ladies (reijo [令嬢])were encouraged to develop their taste in a number of kinds of Japanese traditional and Western music rather than focusing on just a few kinds and attaining a deeper understanding of the few they had chosen, in the early Showa period, modern Western culture was increasingly accepted as prestigious, and young Japanese women’s taste in music came to be seen as a part of their training to be good brides, but at the same time Japanese nationalism that emphasized “Japanese-ness” also came to the fore. The author concludes that, though further research is needed to confirm this, by the time people began to think that acquiring skills through hobbies was a useful component of bridal training, a new prototype of what young women should be had emerged.