著者
鈴木 円 Madoka SUZUKI 昭和女子大学初等教育学科
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.892, pp.83-95, 2015-02-01

The term Spartan education, translated into Japanese as "Suparuta kyoiku" is widely used nowadays to mean "severe education." This paper reviews 12 Japanese books or articles on Spartan education published from the 1870s to the 1970s and examines how the authors have understood Spartan education and in what context they have used the term. The above materials, published from the early Meiji to post-war period, suggest that Japanese learned about the education system of ancient Sparta from Western academic sources. However, after the influential bestseller, Shintaro Ishihara's Suparuta Kyoiku(Spartan Education; A book for raising tough kids), was published, leading Japanese educators seem to have begun using the term "Suparuta kyoiku" to mean Japanese militaristic education. Historically, Western classical scholars have acknowledged the value of Spartan public education in contrast to Athenian individualistic education. However, Japanese educators seem to have failed to understand the value of Spartan education because of the change in the understanding of the term "Suparuta kyoiku." The author concludes that educators ought to have used that term with that original sense in mind.
著者
熊澤 幸子
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.877, pp.18-24, 2013-11
被引用文献数
1
著者
堀内 正昭 HORIUCHI Masaaki
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.873, pp.32-42, 2013-07-01

During the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894 it became necessary to construct a Provisional Makeshift Imperial Diet Building in Hiroshima. The building was completed that year in only 20 days, with the Diet assembling there the day after it was finished. It was demolished in 1898. The person in charge of the design and construction was Yorinaka Tsumaki(1859-1916). In this paper the author focuses on the method adopted in constructing the roof truss of its assembly hall, which had the largest roof, and analyzes various extant materials such as Tsumaki's transcribed lecture on how it was built, its plans, and diagrams from historical documents. Based on this research, the author has attempted to restore the truss. The roof truss of the building was not simply based on the standard roof truss technique though the techniques of queen post truss and German roof frame were applied. The time this building was built was a transition period when Japanese carpenters were not familiar with western roof truss technique, and Tsumaki needed to employ methods with which local carpenters would be comfortable. The author concludes that this roof truss is an interesting instance of the gradual diffusion of Western building techniques into Japan.
著者
井原 奉明 Ihara Tomoaki
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.858, pp.86-98, 2012-04

AbstractThis thesis aims at clarifying the concept of Mono in Japanese, following the previous studies conducted by the same author. He takes up the newly publicized idea of Mono by NAKANISHI Susumu, that Mono is considered equivalent with mana, a proto-religious concept widely prevalent in the indigenous faith system around the South Pacific region. He expounds NAKANISHI's idea with the additional comments on the concept of mana and the related studies, and makes clear the explanatory inadequacy of the Mono=mana theory. He then introduces the phenomenological conception on space with the notion of omote(front)and ura(back)to make up for the defect of the former studies and constitute a totally consistent theory.
著者
関口 靜雄 岡本 夏奈 阿部 美香
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.905, pp.82-93, 2016-03
著者
ボルジギン フスレ
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.864, pp.38-55, 2012-10
著者
井原 奉明 Ihara Tomoaki
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.870, pp.83-94, 2013-04

Abstract It is the author's present design to determine, by an exhaustive analysis of the existing findings and evidence, how the conception of mono is understood and applied around the Jodai era. This study is the first step toward the primary research of the cosmology of the concept. Such a task pertains to linguistics, philosophy and other related academic fields. The author begins with a critical inquiry into Ms. Hasegawa's study of mono. For more integrated explication, he hypothesizes it derives from the idea of mana of the Pacific region. The adequacy was illustrated by an extensive clarification of how the concept acquires a variety of meanings and captures spatially-directed significances as a null symbol within the phenomenological "lived" space of subjectivity.
著者
岸田 依子
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.905, pp.2-14, 2016-03
著者
関口 靜雄 岡本 夏奈 阿部 美香
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.900, pp.60-69, 2015-10
著者
稲川 照芳 昭和女子大学現代教養学科
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.874, pp.1-22, 2013-08-01
著者
天笠 邦一 Kunikazu AMAGASA
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.892, pp.9-21, 2015-02

Social media, such as Twitter and Instagram, are an increasingly common part of modern life. Especially, Instagram is getting more and more popular as a fashion medium and a fashion learning platform because of its picture processing and sharing functions. This article discusses both the inner and outer effects of social media on the process of learning fashion and on information distribution. The author also conducted an internet survey and analyzes 455 responses. The analysis revealed that 1)Twitter and Instagram are extensions of existing network media such as weblogs, and 2)they possess great potentials in distributing pop culture independent from mass media and high culture.

1 0 0 0 学苑

著者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
出版者
光葉会
巻号頁・発行日
no.375, 1971-03
著者
福田 淳子 Junko FUKUDA
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.904, pp.52-67, 2016-02

The novel The Master of Go was published in 1952 after 10 years' preparation by Yasunari Kawabata. In this novel he focuses on Shusai, a master of go, twenty-first in the Honninbo succession, who died in 1940. In 1938 the Tokyo Nichinichi Shimbun(now The Mainichi)and the Osaka Mainichi Shimbun sponsored the last Honninbo championship match and Kawabata was invited to report on the fourteen sessions in sixty-four serial installments. After Shusai' s death he was moved to write the novel, and based it on these reports. This paper looks at Kawabata' s writings, the history of old iemoto succession system, the dramatic defeat and the death of the old champion, the wartime popularity of the game, strategic actions by the media, and concludes that the novel symbolizes Shusai' s death as emblematic of a dying culture and the change from pre-modern to modern Japan.

1 0 0 0 IR 英語と私

著者
小野 茂
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.874, pp.64-71, 2013-08
著者
早川 陽 Yo Hayakawa
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.896, pp.2-18, 2015-06

In the field of Japanese art education, the pigments employed in traditional Japanese paintings are rarely used, though using them in an educational context could be very valuable in imparting an understanding of Bijutsu Bunka(art culture)currently required in curriculum guidelines. In an attempt to explore how they can be adopted in today's art education, this paper explores two Japanese traditional painting technique books from the Taisho Period and highlights the common characteristics of the pigments described in the books and compares them with pigments that have survived from those times, or have been more recently developed for use in traditional-style paintings. The origins of various Japanese pigments are organized in such a way that they can be used as educational material. In order to provide background for this research, the first chapter considers how Japanese traditional paintings are created, displayed and enjoyed today. Also the significance of Bijutsu Bunka, which was newly specified in curriculum guidelines, is discussed. The second chapter, focusing on the refinement and elutriation of pigments used in Japanese traditional paintings, categorizes and organizes the features of the pigments used. The third chapter refers to the above two books and considers the changes made since then in the types of the pigment. The final chapter summarizes the characteristics of the pigments and gives a general view of how they were traditionally used and concludes that the pigments, many of which have been refined by elutriation, can be utilized effectively in the field of art education today. The author believes that intercourse between the past and present, and understanding and appreciating traditional art, offer new possibilities in the future of art education.
著者
岸山 睦
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.853, pp.1-10, 2011-11