著者
伊達 萬里子 伊達 幸博 永戸 久美 樫塚 正一 五藤 佳奈 北島 見江 田嶋 恭江 三村 寛一
出版者
武庫川女子大学
雑誌
武庫川女子大学紀要. 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:09163115)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, pp.133-140, 2007

Titanium and Germanium used by athletes are said to alleviate pain and relax muscles.In a precedent study,Titanium seals are said to improve athlete's fundamental motor ability.In a previous study,titanium seals were placed on university rhythmic gymnasts to ascertain psychologicaland physical effects. Improvements in parameters such as fundamental motor ability wereseen in athletes who highly valued the use of titanium seals but no changes were seen in athleteswho gave the seals a low evaluation.The former group had experienced alleviation of pain and freer and easier movement through theuse of titanium seals and the information functioned as a suggestive effect.In pharmacological studies,the placebo effect must be taken into account when assessing drug efficacyto gain objectivity and scientific reliability. Psychosomatic interactions affect cognitive assessmentin the cerebral cortex influence various biological functions,resulting in different biological reactions.In the field of sport science,cognitive assessment of the placebo effect is believed to be relatedto psychological factors based on personalities and traits.In the present study,titanium,germanium and dummy were applied in the same shape and mannerto assess the placebo effect on university students and investigate individual differences in cognitiveassessment.
著者
五藤 佳奈 樫塚 正一 伊達 萬里子 田嶋 恭江
出版者
武庫川女子大学
雑誌
武庫川女子大学紀要. 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:09163115)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, pp.141-148, 2007

Mental control ( psychological-competitive ability) is necessary for athletes to demonstrate their bestperformance. It has been assumed that an individual's personality is also involved in demonstratingpsychological-competitive ability; thus,the present study was conducted in order to clarify the relationshipbetween psychological-competitive ability and personality. The diagnostic Inventory of Psychological-Competitive Ability for Athletes ( DIPCA3) and Permeability Control Power Egogram ( PCE)were utilized to measure psychological-competitive ability and personality,respectively. University andhigh school athletes were categorized into superior and inferior groups,and a comparison was conductedbetween groups.Regarding the relationship between personality and psychological-competitive ability,it was suggestedthat university athletes in the superior group improved their competitiveness and cooperativenessby switching their ego-states appropriately,and self-confidence and strategic ability were loweredin the inferior group by repressing the expression of feelings into actions by the ego.High school athletesin the superior group had a strong desire to show their strength,and their egos motivated themto direct their mental stability and concentration,self-confidence,and strategic ability towards thisideal; however,a strong and dominant ego also lowered cooperativeness. In the inferior group,adominating ego that can be switched appropriately improved strategic ability or an ego that drivesathletes to act according to their own values and ideas improved self-confidence. It seemed that anego that represses the expression of feelings into actions lowered mental stability and concentration.Since the mental ability required of each individual varied due to differences in athletic level,careerand supervising method,different trends were observed between groups. In order to demonstratethe best performance for individual athletes at different levels,it is important to establish a personalitythat allows flexible switching of ego,and enhance mental competitive ability along with the establishmentof personality.
著者
伊達 萬里子 樫塚 正一 田嶋 恭江 田中 美紀 三村 寛一
出版者
武庫川女子大学
雑誌
武庫川女子大学紀要 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:09163115)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, pp.29-37, 2003

Athletes strive to achieve peak performance in competition. They work to become more competitive through training and various means in their daily lives. Hard training, however, may negatively affect their physical condition. For example, at present, setbacks and injuries occur easily, and athletes must work hard to make a quick recovery. Recently many athletes are making an effort to incorporate physical means in order to improve, even by a little, their physical conditioning. The conventional approach was to reduce pain and return their original conditioning. Recently, however, the incorporation of such physical means for the purpose of improving athletic performance has become mainstream. Examples of physical means include items used by laymen as health products in addition to minerals such as titanium, tourmaline, and germanium. Germanium has the effect of increasing our natural ability to heal ourselves. Titanium in particular is considered capable of strengthening not only one's ability to heal but also athletic performance. Titanium alloys are employed in various fields, and in competitive sports, titanium carbonate is widely used as a means to improve athletic performance and reduce pain. Titanium carbonate is said to adjust biological current within the body and produce a relaxing effect. It also improves circulation, and as a result, it stimulates metabolism and is said to eliminate fatigue. Sports athletes in our university did not experience any effects upon use, and thus the effects of titanium carbonate are questionable. Accordingly, the present research examines the psychological and physical effects of titanium. First, does it improve athletic performance? Secondly, titanium's reliability and its relation to athletic performance are made clear. Our results demonstrate that in the highly reliable group titanium was received favorably and contributed to improving athletic performance.
著者
伊達 萬里子 伊達 幸博 永戸 久美 樫塚 正一 五藤 佳奈 北島 見江 田嶋 恭江 三村 寛一 Mariko Date Yukihiro Date Kumi Nagato Shoichi Kashizuka Kana Gotou Mie Kitajima Yasue Tajima Kanichi Mimura
雑誌
武庫川女子大学紀要. 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:09163115)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, pp.133-140, 2008-03-31

Titanium and Germanium used by athletes are said to alleviate pain and relax muscles. In a precedent study,Titanium seals are said to improve athlete’s fundamental motor ability. In a previous study,titanium seals were placed on university rhythmic gymnasts to ascertain psychological and physical effects. Improvements in parameters such as fundamental motor ability were seen in athletes who highly valued the use of titanium seals but no changes were seen in athletes who gave the seals a low evaluation. The former group had experienced alleviation of pain and freer and easier movement through the use of titanium seals and the information functioned as a suggestive effect. In pharmacological studies,the placebo effect must be taken into account when assessing drug efficacy to gain objectivity and scientific reliability. Psychosomatic interactions affect cognitive assessment in the cerebral cortex influence various biological functions,resulting in different biological reactions. In the field of sport science,cognitive assessment of the placebo effect is believed to be related to psychological factors based on personalities and traits. In the present study,titanium,germanium and dummy were applied in the same shape and manner to assess the placebo effect on university students and investigate individual differences in cognitive assessment.