- 武庫川女子大学紀要 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:09163115)
- vol.51, pp.29-37, 2003
Athletes strive to achieve peak performance in competition. They work to become more competitive through training and various means in their daily lives. Hard training, however, may negatively affect their physical condition. For example, at present, setbacks and injuries occur easily, and athletes must work hard to make a quick recovery. Recently many athletes are making an effort to incorporate physical means in order to improve, even by a little, their physical conditioning. The conventional approach was to reduce pain and return their original conditioning. Recently, however, the incorporation of such physical means for the purpose of improving athletic performance has become mainstream. Examples of physical means include items used by laymen as health products in addition to minerals such as titanium, tourmaline, and germanium. Germanium has the effect of increasing our natural ability to heal ourselves. Titanium in particular is considered capable of strengthening not only one's ability to heal but also athletic performance. Titanium alloys are employed in various fields, and in competitive sports, titanium carbonate is widely used as a means to improve athletic performance and reduce pain. Titanium carbonate is said to adjust biological current within the body and produce a relaxing effect. It also improves circulation, and as a result, it stimulates metabolism and is said to eliminate fatigue. Sports athletes in our university did not experience any effects upon use, and thus the effects of titanium carbonate are questionable. Accordingly, the present research examines the psychological and physical effects of titanium. First, does it improve athletic performance? Secondly, titanium's reliability and its relation to athletic performance are made clear. Our results demonstrate that in the highly reliable group titanium was received favorably and contributed to improving athletic performance.