著者
日高 直俊 手塚 慶太 福井 恒明 篠原 修 天野 光一
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究 (ISSN:09167293)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.281-290, 2002-05-15 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
22

Airports play very important role in the transportation planning in a region. However, it doesn't seem that airport development has been well-correlated with city planning or regional planning in Japan. The purpose of this study is to understand: 1) the process of airport development since the introduction of airplane focusing on the conditions of transportation, 2) characteristics of landuse change of airfield after WWII, 3) history of airport development concept. As a result, the study has shown that there are some clear characteristics of transportation condition according to the era and the main use of airfield, and they affected the change of landuse just after WWII. Also, the study clarified that basic concept of airport development had been kept through WWII.
著者
金井 雄太 福井 恒明
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集D1(景観・デザイン)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.1-12, 2013

近世に岡城の城下町として建設された大分県竹田には,城下町の町割の大部分が現在まで残っている.この竹田において,絵図および文献から,設計論理の解明を試みた.城下町建設以前の土地利用,街区や屋敷割,城下町の変化などを分析・考察した結果,竹田城下町は巨視的に見れば他の城下町と同様の碁盤の目の構造を取りながら,細部は微地形に則した設計がなされていたことがわかった.また,厳しい地形的制約の中で城下町を拡大するため,周囲の農地を城下町に組み入れる,寺院を城下町外へ移転させてその跡地を利用する,街区の寸法そのものを拡大する,などの手法が採られていたことがわかった.
著者
篠田 明恵 福井 恒明 中井 祐 篠原 修
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.157-164, 2004-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
14

Shinto-shrines were one of the most important elements of Castle town in Japan, such as creeks and streets. We consider them impossible to move because they are established on their site. However, in Edo city, they were frequently moved by the governors from the development of the city to the end of Edo era. The purpose of this study was to understand how they treated and located the Shinto-shrines from the viewpoint of city planning in Edo city. In the study, the location and transference of 110 shrines were plotted on the map, the reason of transfer, the condition of the site, and the tendency of location were analyzed. As a result, the study has shown that the principles of Shinto-shrines' location was changed as following: 1) before Edo era, they were located as religious element and indirect government system, 2) in the beginning of Edo era, the construction of the castle preceded the shrine location, 3) after the middle of the era, they were treated as the stock of the land from the standpoint of city planning, but the religious meaning was not lost to the last. These results are unique and not mentioned in the previous study of castle town.