著者
日高 直俊 手塚 慶太 福井 恒明 篠原 修 天野 光一
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究 (ISSN:09167293)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.281-290, 2002-05-15 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
22

Airports play very important role in the transportation planning in a region. However, it doesn't seem that airport development has been well-correlated with city planning or regional planning in Japan. The purpose of this study is to understand: 1) the process of airport development since the introduction of airplane focusing on the conditions of transportation, 2) characteristics of landuse change of airfield after WWII, 3) history of airport development concept. As a result, the study has shown that there are some clear characteristics of transportation condition according to the era and the main use of airfield, and they affected the change of landuse just after WWII. Also, the study clarified that basic concept of airport development had been kept through WWII.
著者
西山 孝樹 藤田 龍之 天野 光一
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木学会論文集D2(土木史) (ISSN:21856532)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.1, pp.13-31, 2019 (Released:2019-02-20)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
1 1

わが国の近世以降に実施された社会基盤整備は,現代へ繋がる萌芽であったとされる.しかし,江戸幕府下に実施された先の整備は,一次史料から網羅的に明らかになっていないのが現状である. そこで本研究では,幕府が編纂した公式記録『徳川実紀』を用いて,江戸時代前中期に実施された道路行政政策に着目した.その結果,「道路」に関する記述は,維持管理等を定めた「規則の制定」に関する記述が最も多かった.一方,「道路」の新規造成や補修等,「道路施工」に関するものは非常に少ない状況であった.研究対象とした時代は,「道路」の維持管理は行われたものの,幕府直轄による道路造成は積極的に行われていなかった.幕藩体制を維持するために江戸へ攻め込まれることを防ぐ必要もあり,土木工事を抑えていたと推察される状況にあったことを示した.
著者
手塚 慶太 天野 光一
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究 (ISSN:09167293)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, pp.1-7, 1999-05-01 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
8

This study regards the reconstruction planning as a conflict between the plan for the future and the recovery of people's livelihood, and reviews the process of reconstruction after the 1976 SAKATA Big Fire in detail. This viewpoint is very important to make good use of the experience. Generally, the process of past reconstruction planning was not clear because the viewpoint was ambiguous and the reconstruction report only scratched the surface of the process. SAKATA Big Fire is a quite recent example of fire disaster, and therefore we were able to interview directly the planners of the reconstruction and review the report carefully from this viewpoint.As a result of this study, we were able to clarify that the planners put a lot of stress on the plan for the future in the reconstruction planning, and that they considered the recovery of people's livelihood the key to rapid reconstruction. Urban planners in Sakata city had a future vision before the occurrence of SAKATA Big Fire and they lead the project team consisting of officials of the Ministry of Construction, Yamagata Prefecture, and Sakata city. They made a lot of effort for the realization of rapid reconstruction, and this rapidness minimized the conflict.