- Japan Society of Civil Engineers
- 土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
- vol.23, pp.157-164, 2004-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
Shinto-shrines were one of the most important elements of Castle town in Japan, such as creeks and streets. We consider them impossible to move because they are established on their site. However, in Edo city, they were frequently moved by the governors from the development of the city to the end of Edo era. The purpose of this study was to understand how they treated and located the Shinto-shrines from the viewpoint of city planning in Edo city. In the study, the location and transference of 110 shrines were plotted on the map, the reason of transfer, the condition of the site, and the tendency of location were analyzed. As a result, the study has shown that the principles of Shinto-shrines' location was changed as following: 1) before Edo era, they were located as religious element and indirect government system, 2) in the beginning of Edo era, the construction of the castle preceded the shrine location, 3) after the middle of the era, they were treated as the stock of the land from the standpoint of city planning, but the religious meaning was not lost to the last. These results are unique and not mentioned in the previous study of castle town.