著者
柴田 久
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.35-43, 2004-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
41

It is very important to research the relation between civil engineering history and the military. The purpose of this article is to consider and clarify the effect on urban formation by the establishment of division. This case is the transition of Zentsuji City and Army's 11th division. The methods are historical materials collection and interview about Zentsuji City and Army's 11th Division. The summary of the result is: 1) The modern urbanization of Zentsuji was advanced by the militaristic thought. 2) Zentsuji city formed the original society system by the change of space and industrial structure by the establishment of division. 3) A part of inhabitant became a victim of the militaristic urban formation.
著者
和田 一範 有田 茂 後藤 知子
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.151-160, 2005-05-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
10

It is said that the Fuji River is the origin of Seigyu (crib spur) which is known as one of the typical traditional river works in Japan. This paper is to investigate the origin of Seigyu in this country by pursuing the kind of historical documents which include the description about the origin of Seigyu. Under the historical document “Jikatahanreiroku” published in 1794, there was a description about Seigyu as “Seigyu is a river method which originate from the period of Shingen, it was used as a measure of large rivers in Kosyu region”. This description is the origin and the tradition of “Seigyu originated at 'the large rivers in Kosyu' which is Fuji River” started to be known.Also, inclusive of the investigation about the origin of Seigyu, the regional differences of river works which could be read from the historical documents was observed.
著者
大島 登志彦
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.63-73, 2006-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
21

The writer researched omnibus-routes in this area, and studied following items with documents of application, timetable or map, statistics of transport, and so on about the omnibus.(1) Here was made a study about the sightseeing-development of Mt.Akagi(2) Many omnibus-routes were extended till the latter part of 1960's from the beginning of 1950's, because of road-improvement and wish of bus-operation by habitants.(3) Many of them were cut down with closing since the last part of 1960's, because some omnibus-routes were extended excessively and other ones were competed with plural bus company.(4) Communication between two cities (Maebashi and Kiryu) was turned to the railway (Ryomoline JNR) from the bus (Maebashi-Kiryu), because using the railway was made more convenience than using the bus through 1960's.
著者
窪田 陽一 関田 匡延 松田 奉康 清水 厚雄
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.75-86, 2006-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
14

Oyaguchi Watersupply Tower, which was established by Aratama Municipal Union for Watersupply, has been known as one of the unique landmarks in the northwest area in Tokyo, but the Watersupply Bureau of Tokyo Metrpolitan Government decided to renew the structure according to their new plan for watersupply in case of emergency. This tower was planned by Eiji Nakajima, Dr.Eng., and designed by his successors after changes in two times. Its design consists of unified body of water tank and tower, and it was constructed by applying quasi-arc welding method, which was cutting-edge technology at that time. It was proved also that its form and details have an architectural style called Romanesque to make itself look.unique.
著者
小川 直仁 小山 雅己 池田 元基 今 尚之 五十嵐 日出夫
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.9-17, 2007-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
25

This paper describes the development of the railway avalanche prevention forest along the Soya Line between Kenbuchi and Shibetsu, a forest that in 2005 was designated a “ civil engineering heritage” by the Japan Society of Civil Engineers, and outlines the technical aspects of that forest. The history of “ railway forests”(forests owned by railway companies) in Hokkaido is discussed as it relates to the abovementioned avalanche prevention forest. The paper examines the historical significance of the designated avalanche prevention forest, covering the history of railway forests in Hokkaido from plantation planning at the end of Meiji Era and the history of the Japan Railway companies.
著者
福井 次郎
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.165-175, 2004-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
1

Jiun Masuda (1883-1947) was a bridge designer representing Japan who played an active part in the Showa period of prewar days from the end of Taisho period (1920th-1930th). However, few documents remain from that time, but Masuda has been known only to a small group of specialists. In Fall 2002, it became clear that many reports and drawings for bridges that Masuda designed are saved in the Public Works Research Institute. In this paper, the achievements of Masuda were reviewed through these new documents and the actual bridges he designed. The research clarified that besides the well known bridges, Masuda had designed about 20 more bridges, subway stations, docks, quay walls etc. Moreover, it was revealed that he worked with very capable staff, designed the bridge of a variety of structure types, etc. Finally, the future application of these documents was discussed.
著者
篠田 明恵 福井 恒明 中井 祐 篠原 修
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.157-164, 2004-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
14

Shinto-shrines were one of the most important elements of Castle town in Japan, such as creeks and streets. We consider them impossible to move because they are established on their site. However, in Edo city, they were frequently moved by the governors from the development of the city to the end of Edo era. The purpose of this study was to understand how they treated and located the Shinto-shrines from the viewpoint of city planning in Edo city. In the study, the location and transference of 110 shrines were plotted on the map, the reason of transfer, the condition of the site, and the tendency of location were analyzed. As a result, the study has shown that the principles of Shinto-shrines' location was changed as following: 1) before Edo era, they were located as religious element and indirect government system, 2) in the beginning of Edo era, the construction of the castle preceded the shrine location, 3) after the middle of the era, they were treated as the stock of the land from the standpoint of city planning, but the religious meaning was not lost to the last. These results are unique and not mentioned in the previous study of castle town.
著者
紅林 章央 前田 研一 伊東 孝
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.75-94, 2005-05-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
63
被引用文献数
1

In this study, the authors listed the concrete arch highway bridges that were built in Japan before World War II. And we classified them into the three types of arch bridges, single span, multi span deck types and through type, in addition, arranged chronologically and classified them into the areas, the structures, the designs and the designers. Next we analyzed characteristics of ages, areas, structures and designs of them. Based on this study, we found that those were built in Nagasaki, Kobe, Kyoto and Tokyo City in Meiji Era at first, Aichi and Ehime in Taisho Era, and next, those had made rapid progress though Reconstruction Program in Tokyo after Kanto-Earthquake and Urban Planning in Osaka City, and after that, the techniques of building spread in Kanto and Tohoku. And we made clear that most of spandrel-filled arch bridges were built below about 30m, and about 40 Melan-arches were built, and arch-rib structure as many as arch-ring structure were built, almost arches were built the fixed arch, most arcade-structure of arch-spandrel had been built for 10 years since 1927, and fixed arch-spandrel pediment changed to pasting stones then changed to concrete walls.
著者
宍戸 勇気 深堀 清隆 窪田 陽一 三ツ畑 紀子
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.59-71, 2007-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
23

There are many historical brick sluice gates constructed in Saitama Prefecture during the Meiji-Taisho era. This study aims at creating criteria to clarify the characteristics of the sluice gate in Saitama Pref. According to the field and literature survey, they are classified into authenticity, aesthetics, and accessibility to the site and they include surrounding spatial features and situations. These criteria were rated by counting or judging physical and spatial features of the sites. In addition, in order to know the value of the site, the impression of people was observed in a questionnaire survey. It is important to know what criteria contribute the historical impressions of the site for the future conservation and improvement of the site. The impression is quantified into the score of attractiveness, oldness, and historical feeling. The relationship between these scores of impression and scores of physical and spatial features was analyzed. In addition, techniques of conservation and site improvement were classified into nine principles and the method to select appropriate techniques based on the scores of physical and spatial features of each sluice gate.
著者
樋口 輝久 三木 美和 馬場 俊介
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.117-133, 2004-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
89

The purpose of this paper is establishing the historical review of concrete dams in the modernized era in Japan, from the viewpoint of dam engineer' words. First, we summarized their achievements for every fields, such as a water supply, hydraulic generation, irrigation, erosion control, and others. We extracted their words described about design and construction of concrete dams from the collected technical papers, textbooks of those days, and their memoirs. And we tried to analyze and clarify how technology was introduced, and it developed and was evaluated.
著者
Toshihiko OSHIMA
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
Journal of Historical Studies in Civil Engineering (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.35-44, 2007-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
7

The local bus-service on the trunk line connected two cities (omnibuses between adjacent or middlefar cities with the frequent-service) which were gained an important source of income for local bus companies were reduced more than in rural-area since 1970's. Through this era and such process, the writer analyses the case study of some Bus-routes from Takasaki or Maebashi city in Gunma prefecture about the vicissitude of relation between the bus-operation and the railway (comparison with the fare and the convenience), the influence involves the rationalization of the operation and the problem of management and policy in the local bus-business, on bus-routes around Takasaki and Maebashi cities in Gunma-prefecture.
著者
紅林 章央 前田 研一 伊東 孝
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.99-116, 2006-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
16

This study is made for demonstrating the construction projects about bridges on Ome-Street in Okutama Town in Tokyo. These can be classified into three periods. In the first period, from 4 to 10 years in Showa Era, the Civil Department of Tokyo Prefecture made the street wide. In the second, from 12 to 13 years in Showa Era, the waterworks bureau of Tokyo City built the street to transport the construction materials of the Ogouchi-Dam. In the third, from 31 to 32 years in Showa Era, the waterworks bureau of Tokyo Prefecture built the street in the areas which were under water by building the Ogouchi-Dam. In the first, six long-span bridges were all different, and short-span bridges were rainforced concrete arch bridges. In the second, three bridges were designed by Masayosi Kabashima, Jun Masuda, Katsutake Naruse, famous technicians of bridges. In the third, five arch bridges designed by Katsutake Naruse and Samon Honma were all different.
著者
森 陽子 望月 清 樋口 輝久 馬場 俊介
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.45-57, 2004

<I>Fuji-bashi</I>, completed in 1915 over the Fuji River in Sizuoka Prefecture, is probably the longest span suspension bridge as well as only one railway suspension bridge in Japan before the World War II. However it's existence has been forgotten for a long time. The reason of oblivion will be as follows; that is, it was constructed by a private paper-manufacturing company, and it was used only four years until it was destructed in the stormy night with intent to save disaster. The purpose of this paper is to regain its reputation, and try to emphasize that <I>Fuji-bashi</I> is one of the important structures in the history of civil engineering of the modernized era in Japan. The paper contains lots of original data concerning its construction.
著者
鈴木 圭 山下 真樹
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.1-13, 2006-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
35

From the latter half of the 19th century to the beginning of the20thin Europe, reinforced concrete, a new construction material was invented and prevailed rapidly in the society, where stone and steel was the dominant materials, through the intensive studies and the application to structures. This paper summarize the development of reinforced concrete bridges in Europe based on the design philosophy such as, Monier, Hennebique and Metal system. The first specification of reinforced concrete in Europe was established in Switzerland by 1903 was also investigated.
著者
中井 祐
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究論文集 (ISSN:13495712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.13-21, 2004-06-15 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
54
被引用文献数
1

This thesis discusses on the design concept of six bridges in Sumida river constructed as the Tokyo reconstruction work in Taisho era and the design process of Eitai bridge and Kiyosu bridge based on descriptions written by Enzo Ota and Yutaka Tanaka who was engineers of the Bureau of Reconstruction. Especially it is argued that the most essential design consept of six bridges was to introduce long spanned plate girder structure into six bridges and Eitai bridge and Kiyosu bridge were designed as a set by making reference to the design competition for Koln bridge in 1911. Furthermore, it is showed that there is possibility Eitai and Kiyosu bridges were constructed as the groundwork for furure development of technology of long spanned bridges in Japan.