著者
古野 朗子 茅野 政道 山澤 弘実
出版者
一般社団法人 日本原子力学会
雑誌
日本原子力学会和文論文誌 (ISSN:13472879)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.3, pp.229-240, 2006-09-25 (Released:2010-01-21)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
7 or 0

This paper describes a method of estimating source term, i.e., location, period and amount of atmospheric release of radioactive material in real-time during nuclear emergency. This method consists of: (1) trial simulations of atmospheric dispersions on the possible combinations of these parameters and (2) statistical comparison of model predictions with offsite measurements of air concentrations of radionuclides and/or air dose rates from monitoring stations, to find a set of release condition providing model prediction that fits best to the measurement. A parallel execution method for efficiently processing many possible initial conditions is also developed. The performance of this method is favorably evaluated by a verification study using the dataset from European Tracer Experiment.
著者
寺田 宏明 永井 晴康 古野 朗子 掛札 豊和 原山 卓也 茅野 政道
出版者
一般社団法人 日本原子力学会
雑誌
日本原子力学会和文論文誌 (ISSN:13472879)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.3, pp.257-267, 2008 (Released:2012-03-02)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
4 or 0

The second version of WSPEEDI (WSPEEDI-II) is developed. It has functions to predict the radiological impact of nuclear accident abroad on Japan by quick calculations of air concentration, surface deposition, and radiological doses. WSPEEDI-II has the following new functions for better predictions and practical use: (1) high-performance prediction of atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides from local to regional ranges with appropriate resolutions by introducing a nonhydrostatic atmospheric dynamic model, (2) source term estimation by coupling calculation results and monitoring data for the case that no source information is available from abroad, (3) on-line prediction data exchanges with major emergency response systems in the United States and Europe having similar functions to WSPEEDI-II, (4) web-based graphical user interface system for easy operations of WSPEEDI-II, and (5) preset East-Asian database for quick start against a nuclear accident in Eastern Asia.   In this paper, we describe these new functions of WSPEEDI-II.