- 一般社団法人 日本原子力学会
- 日本原子力学会和文論文誌 (ISSN:13472879)
- vol.5, no.2, pp.152-165, 2006-06-25 (Released:2010-01-21)
- 1 or 0
As for the nuclear fuel reprocessing of the spent fuel, although there was argument of pros and cons, it was decided to start Rokkasho reprocessing project further at the Japan Atomic Energy Commission of "Long-Term Program forResearch, Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy" in year 2004. The operation of Tokai Reprocessing is goingsteadily to reprocess spent fuel more than 1, 100 tons.In this paper, history, present status and future of reprocessing technology is discussed focusing from military Puproduction, Magnox fuel reprocessing to oxide fuel reprocessing. Amount of reprocessed fuel are estimated based on fueltype.Then, history of reprocessing, US, UK, France, Germany, Russian, Belgian and Japan is presented and compared ontechnology, national character, development organization, environmental protection, and high active waste vitrification.Technical requirements are increased from Pu production fuel, Magnox fuel and oxide fuel mainly because of higherburnup.Reprocessing technology is synthetic of engineering and accumulation of operational experience. The lessonslearned from the operational experience of the world will be helpful for establishment of nuclear fuel reprocessing technology in Japan.