- Japan Medical Association / The Japanese Associaiton of Medical Sciences
- JMA Journal (ISSN:2433328X)
- vol.5, no.2, pp.190-198, 2022-04-15 (Released:2022-05-16)
Introduction: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are an ongoing public health problem globally. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of NCDs in Japan using a newly developed, commercially available administrative claims database covering young, middle-aged, and elderly people.Methods: We compared the age-stratified population distribution between the DeSC administrative claims database and the population estimates. We calculated the 1 year prevalence of several NCDs using the DeSC database and compared the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension between the DeSC database and the Japan National Health and Nutrition Survey.Results: The age distribution of the population included in the DeSC database was similar to that of the population estimates. The estimated prevalence rates were as follows: diabetes mellitus (12.2%), hypertension (20.9%), ischemic heart disease (5.6%), heart failure (5.3%), cerebral infarction (3.4%), stroke (3.7%), gastric cancer (0.6%), colorectal cancer (0.8%), breast cancer (1.5%), prostate cancer (0.6%), cataract (7.1%), depression (3.5%), and osteoporosis (6.3%). The estimated prevalence of diabetes and hypertension was comparable with that of the National Health and Nutrition Survey.Conclusions: The distribution of age and sex in the database was comparable with that of the population estimates. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension was comparable with that in a previously reported national survey. Our data can be utilized as basic information for policymaking in clinical medicine and public health in Japan.