- The Japanese Circulation Society
- Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
- pp.CR-23-0072, (Released:2023-09-16)
Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, cardiovascular hospitalizations decreased and in-hospital mortality for ST-elevation myocardial infarction and heart failure increased. However, limited research has been conducted on hospitalization and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease (CVD) other than ischemic heart disease and heart failure.Methods and Results: We analyzed the records of 530 certified hospitals affiliated with the Japanese Circulation Society obtained from the nationwide JROAD-DPC database between April 2014 and March 2021. A quasi-Poisson regression model was used to predict the counterfactual number of hospitalizations for CVD treatment, assuming there was no pandemic. The observed number of inpatients compared with the predicted number in 2020 was 88.1% for acute CVD, 78% for surgeries or procedures, 77.2% for catheter ablation, and 68.5% for left ventricular assist devices. Furthermore, there was no significant change in in-hospital mortality, and the decrease in hospitalizations for catheter ablation and valvular heart disease constituted 47.6% of the total decrease in annual hospitalization costs during the COVID-19 pandemic.Conclusions: Cardiovascular hospitalizations decreased by more than 10% in 2020, and the number of patients scheduled for left ventricular assist device implantation decreased by over 30%. In addition, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, annual cardiovascular hospitalization costs were reduced, largely attributed to decreased catheter ablation and valvular heart disease.