著者
Mako Nagayoshi Asahi Hishida Tomonori Shimizu Yasufumi Kato Yoko Kubo Rieko Okada Takashi Tamura Jun Otonari Hiroaki Ikezaki Megumi Hara Yuichiro Nishida Isao Oze Yuriko N. Koyanagi Yohko Nakamura Miho Kusakabe Rie Ibusuki Keiichi Shibuya Sadao Suzuki Takeshi Nishiyama Teruhide Koyama Etsuko Ozaki Kiyonori Kuriki Naoyuki Takashima Yasuyuki Nakamura Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Kokichi Arisawa Masahiro Nakatochi Yukihide Momozawa Kenji Takeuchi Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220154, (Released:2023-01-28)
参考文献数
54

Background: Although many observational studies have demonstrated significant relationships between obesity and cardiometabolic traits, the causality of these relationships in East Asians remains to be elucidated.Methods: We conducted individual-level Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses targeting 14,083 participants in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study, and two-sample MR analyses using summary statistics based on genome-wide association study data from 173,430 Japanese. Using 83 body mass index-related loci, genetic risk scores (GRS) for BMI were calculated, and the effects of BMI on cardiometabolic traits were examined for individual-level MR analyses by the two-stage least squares estimator method. The β-coefficients and standard errors for the per-allele association of each single-nucleotide polymorphism as well as all outcomes, or odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated in the two-sample MR analyses.Results: In individual-level MR analyses, the GRS of BMI was not significantly associated with any cardiometabolic traits. In two-sample MR analyses, higher BMI was associated with higher risks of higher blood pressure, triglycerides, uric acid, lower high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and eGFR. The associations of BMI with type 2 diabetes in two-sample MR analyses were inconsistent by different methods, including the directions.Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that, even among the Japanese, an East Asian population with low levels of obesity, higher BMI could be causally associated with the development of a variety of cardiometabolic traits. Causality in those associations should be clarified in future studies with larger populations, especially those of BMI with type 2 diabetes.
著者
Mako Nagayoshi Kenji Takeuchi Yudai Tamada Yasufumi Kato Yoko Kubo Rieko Okada Takashi Tamura Asahi Hishida Jun Otonari Hiroaki Ikezaki Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Yuriko N. Koyanagi Keitaro Matsuo Haruo Mikami Miho Kusakabe Daisaku Nishimoto Keiichi Shibuya Sadao Suzuki Takeshi Nishiyama Etsuko Ozaki Isao Watanabe Kiyonori Kuriki Naoyuki Takashima Aya Kadota Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.5, pp.236-245, 2023-05-05 (Released:2023-05-05)
参考文献数
50

Background: Stress coping strategies are related to health outcomes. However, there is no clear evidence for sex differences between stress-coping strategies and mortality. We investigated the relationship between all-cause mortality and stress-coping strategies, focusing on sex differences among Japanese adults.Methods: A total of 79,580 individuals aged 35–69 years participated in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study between 2004 and 2014 and were followed up for mortality. The frequency of use of the five coping strategies was assessed using a questionnaire. Sex-specific, multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for using each coping strategy (“sometimes,” and “often/very often” use versus “very few” use) were computed for all-cause mortality. Furthermore, relationships were analyzed in specific follow-up periods when the proportion assumption was violated.Results: During the follow-up (median: 8.5 years), 1,861 mortalities were recorded. In women, three coping strategies were related to lower total mortality. The HRs for “sometimes” were 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67–0.97) for emotional expression, 0.79 (95% CI, 0.66–0.95) for emotional support-seeking, and 0.80 (95% CI, 0.66–0.98) for disengagement. Men who “sometimes” used emotional expression and sometimes or often used problem-solving and positive reappraisal had a 15–41% lower HRs for all-cause mortality. However, those relationships were dependent on the follow-up period. There was evidence that sex modified the relationships between emotional support-seeking and all-cause mortality (P for interaction = 0.03).Conclusion: In a large Japanese sample, selected coping strategies were associated with all-cause mortality. The relationship of emotional support-seeking was different between men and women.
著者
Ryosuke Fujii Asahi Hishida Takeshi Nishiyama Masahiro Nakatochi Keitaro Matsuo Hidemi Ito Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Yasuyuki Nakamura Tanvir Chowdhury Turin Sadao Suzuki Miki Watanabe Rie Ibusuki Toshiro Takezaki Haruo Mikami Yohko Nakamura Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kiyonori Kuriki Nagato Kuriyama Daisuke Matsui Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Mineko Tsukamoto Takashi Tamura Yoko Kubo Takaaki Kondo Yukihide Momozawa Michiaki Kubo Kenji Takeuchi Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.11, pp.483-488, 2022-11-05 (Released:2022-11-05)
参考文献数
38

Background: Inflammation is thought to be a risk factor for kidney disease. However, whether inflammatory status is either a cause or an outcome of chronic kidney disease remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the causal relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using Mendelian randomization (MR) approaches.Methods: A total of 10,521 participants of the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort Study was analyzed in this study. We used two-sample MR approaches (the inverse-variance weighted (IVW), the weighted median (WM), and the MR-Egger method) to estimate the effect of genetically determined hs-CRP on kidney function. We selected four and three hs-CRP associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as two instrumental variables (IV): IVCRP and IVAsian, based on SNPs previously identified in European and Asian populations. IVCRP and IVAsian explained 3.4% and 3.9% of the variation in hs-CRP, respectively.Results: Using the IVCRP, genetically determined hs-CRP was not significantly associated with eGFR in the IVW and the WM methods (estimate per 1 unit increase in ln(hs-CRP), 0.000; 95% confidence interval [CI], −0.019 to 0.020 and −0.003; 95% CI, −0.019 to 0.014, respectively). For IVAsian, we found similar results using the IVW and the WM methods (estimate, 0.005; 95% CI, −0.020 to 0.010 and −0.004; 95% CI, −0.020 to 0.012, respectively). The MR-Egger method also showed no causal relationships between hs-CRP and eGFR (IVCRP: −0.008; 95% CI, −0.058 to 0.042; IVAsian: 0.001; 95% CI, −0.036 to 0.036).Conclusion: Our two-sample MR analyses with different IVs did not support a causal effect of hs-CRP on eGFR.
著者
Teruhide Koyama Nagato Kuriyama Etsuko Ozaki Satomi Tomida Ritei Uehara Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Asahi Hishida Takashi Tamura Mineko Tsukamoto Yuka Kadomatsu Isao Oze Keitaro Matsuo Haruo Mikami Yohko Nakamura Rie Ibusuki Toshiro Takezaki Sadao Suzuki Takeshi Nishiyama Kiyonori Kuriki Naoyuki Takashima Aya Kadota Hirokazu Uemura Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kenji Takeuchi Kenji Wakai for the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study Group
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.54320, (Released:2020-04-08)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
6 9

Aim: Accumulating evidence reveals that sedentary behavior is associated with mortality and cardiometabolic disease; however, there are potential age and sex differences in sedentary behavior and health outcomes that have not been adequately addressed. This study aimed to determine the association of sedentary behavior with cardiometabolic diseases such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and its risk factors in a large Japanese population according to age and sex. Methods: Using data from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study obtained from baseline surveys, data of 62,754 participants (27,930 males, 34,824 females) were analyzed. This study uses a cross-sectional design and self-administered questionnaires to evaluate sedentary time and anamnesis. For the logistic regression analysis, sedentary time <5 h/day was used as the reference and then adjusted for age, research areas, leisure-time metabolic equivalents, and alcohol and smoking status. From the analysis of anthropometric and blood examinations, 35,973 participants (17,109 males, 18,864 females) were analyzed. Results: For hypertension and diabetes, sedentary time was associated with a significantly higher proportion of male participants. Both sexes were associated with a significantly higher proportion of participants with dyslipidemia. Participants who had longer sedentary time tended to have increased levels of blood pressure, triglycerides, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and decreased levels of HDL-C, especially in the 60–69 years group. Conclusions: Independent of leisure-time physical activity, sedentary time was associated with cardiometabolic diseases in a large Japanese population classified by age and sex. Our findings indicate that regularly interrupting and replacing sedentary time may contribute to better physical health-related quality of life.
著者
Megumi Hara Yuichiro Nishida Keitaro Tanaka Chisato Shimanoe Kayoko Koga Takuma Furukawa Yasuki Higaki Koichi Shinchi Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kenji Takeuchi Takashi Tamura Asahi Hishida Mineko Tsukamoto Yuka Kadomatsu Keitaro Matsuo Isao Oze Mikami Haruo Kusakabe Miho Toshiro Takezaki Rie Ibusuki Sadao Suzuki Hiroko Nakagawa-Senda Daisuke Matsui Teruhide Koyama Kiyonori Kuriki Naoyuki Takashima Yasuyuki Nakamura Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20210155, (Released:2021-10-16)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
3

Background: Little is known about whether insufficient moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and longer sedentary behavior (SB) are independently associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and CKD, whether they interact with known risk factors for CKD, and the effect of replacing sedentary time with an equivalent duration of physical activity on kidney function.Methods: We examined the cross-sectional association of MVPA and SB with eGFR and CKD in 66,603 Japanese cohort study in 14 areas from 2004 to 2013. MVPA and SB were estimated using a self-reported questionnaire, and CKD was defined as eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Multiple linear regression analyses, logistic regression analyses, and an isotemporal substitution model were applied.Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, higher MVPA and longer SB were independently associated with higher eGFR (Pfor trend MVPA<0.0001) and lower eGFR (Pfor trend SB<0.0001), and a lower odds ratio (OR) of CKD (adjusted OR of MVPA≥20 MET·h/day: 0.76 [95%CI: 0.68–0.85] compared to MVPA<5 MET·h/day) and a higher OR of CKD (adjusted OR of SB≥16 h/day: 1.81 [95%CI: 1.52–2.15] compared to SB<7 h/day), respectively. The negative association between MVPA and CKD was stronger in men, and significant interactions between sex and MVPA were detected. Replacing 1 hour of SB with 1 hour of physical activity was associated with about 3 to 4% lower OR of CKD.Conclusions: These findings indicate that replacing SB with physical activity may benefit kidney function, especially in men, adding to the possible evidence on CKD prevention.
著者
Ryosuke Fujii Asahi Hishida Takeshi Nishiyama Masahiro Nakatochi Keitaro Matsuo Hidemi Ito Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Yasuyuki Nakamura Tanvir Chowdhury Turin Sadao Suzuki Miki Watanabe Rie Ibusuki Toshiro Takezaki Haruo Mikami Yohko Nakamura Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kiyonori Kuriki Nagato Kuriyama Daisuke Matsui Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Mineko Tsukamoto Takashi Tamura Yoko Kubo Takaaki Kondo Yukihide Momozawa Michiaki Kubo Kenji Takeuchi Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20200540, (Released:2021-02-20)
参考文献数
38

Background: Inflammation is thought to be a risk factor for kidney disease. However, discussion is controversial whether inflammatory status is either a cause or an outcome of chronic kidney disease. We aimed to investigate the causal relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using mendelian randomization (MR) approaches.Methods: A total of 10,521 participants of the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort Study was analyzed in this study. We used two-sample MR approaches (the inverse-variance weighted (IVW), the weighted median (WM), and the MR-Egger method) to estimate the effect of genetically determined hs-CRP on kidney function. We selected four and three hs-CRP associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as two instrumental variables (IV): IVCRP and IVAsian, based on SNPs previously identified in European and Asian populations. IVCRP and IVAsian explained 3.4% and 3.9% of the variation in hs-CRP, respectively.Results: Using the IVCRP, genetically determined hs-CRP was not significantly associated with eGFR in the IVW and the WM methods (estimate per 1 unit increase in ln(hs-CRP), 95%CI: 0.000, –0.019 to 0.020 and –0.003, –0.019 to 0.014). For IVAsian, we found similar results using the IVW and the WM methods (estimate, 95% CI: –0.005, –0.020 to 0.010 and –0.004, –0.020 to 0.012). The MR-Egger method also showed no causal relationships between hs-CRP and eGFR (IVCRP: –0.008, –0.058 to 0.042; IVAsian: 0.001, –0.036 to 0.036).Conclusions: Our two-sample MR analyses with different IVs did not support a causal effect of hs-CRP on eGFR.
著者
Hiroaki Ikezaki Norihiro Furusyo Yuya Yokota Masumi Ai Bela F Asztalos Masayuki Murata Jun Hayashi Ernst J Schaefer
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.54130, (Released:2020-04-10)
参考文献数
46
被引用文献数
10

Aim: The association between small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) levels and carotid intimal medial thickness (cIMT) progression has not been evaluated fully. We assessed specialized lipoproteins, including sdLDL-C, with regard to cIMT progression in a prospective observational study in Japan. Methods: Plasma total cholesterol, direct LDL-C, sdLDL-C, LDL-triglycerides (LDL-TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), HDL2-C, HDL3-C, triglycerides, Lp(a), and adiponectin were measured in 2,030 men and women (median age 59 years, free of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and off cholesterol lowering medication). At both baseline and after a five-year follow-up, cIMT was assessed. Univariate, multivariate regression, and least square analyses were performed to examine the relationships between direct LDL-C, sdLDL-C, and other lipoproteins with cIMT progression. Results: The median cIMT at baseline was 0.63 mm and five-year progression was 0.18 mm. After adjustment for standard CVD risk factors, including age, gender, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL-C, smoking, diabetes, and hypertension treatment, only direct LDL-C, sdLDL-C, and the sdLDL-C/LDL-C ratio were associated with cIMT progression. Even in subjects with direct LDL-C <100 mg/dL, who were considered at low CVD risk, elevated sdLDL-C were associated with cIMT progression (P for trend=0.009) in a model with established CVD risk factors, although the sdLDL-C/LDL-C ratio did not. Those correlations did not change by including triglycerides as a controlling factor or excluding premenopausal women from the analyzed population. Conclusions: Small dense LDL-C has a stronger relationship with cIMT progression than LDL-C does; therefore, measuring sdLDL-C may allow for the formulation of optimal therapy for CVD prevention.