著者
Keiko Kondo Katsuyuki Miura Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno Aya Kadota Hisatomi Arima Nagako Okuda Akira Fujiyoshi Naoko Miyagawa Katsushi Yoshita Tomonori Okamura Akira Okayama Hirotsugu Ueshima for the NIPPON DATA80 Research Group
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.6, pp.1254-1260, 2019-05-24 (Released:2019-05-24)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
10

Background:Many studies show that dietary factors such as vegetables, fruit, and salt are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, a risk assessment chart for CVD mortality according to combinations of dietary factors has not been established.Methods and Results:Participants were 9,115 men and women aged 30–79 years enrolled in the National Nutritional Survey of Japan in 1980 with a 29-year follow-up. Dietary intake was assessed using a 3-day weighed dietary record at baseline. Cox regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of CVD mortality stratified by vegetables, fruit, fish, and salt consumption. HRs of CVD mortality according to combinations of dietary factors were color coded on an assessment chart. Higher intakes of vegetables, fruit, and fish, and lower salt intake were associated with lower CVD mortality risk. HRs calculated from combinations of dietary factors were displayed using 5 colors corresponding to the magnitude of the HR. People with the lowest intake of vegetables, fruit, and fish, and higher salt intake had a HR of 2.87 compared with those with the highest intake of vegetables, fruit, and fish, and lower salt intake.Conclusions:Vegetables, fruit, fish, and salt intake were independently associated with CVD mortality risk. The assessment chart generated could be used in Japan as an educational tool for CVD prevention.
著者
Aya Hirata Tomonori Okamura Takumi Hirata Daisuke Sugiyama Takayoshi Ohkubo Nagako Okuda Yoshikuni Kita Takehito Hayakawa Aya Kadota Keiko Kondo Katsuyuki Miura Akira Okayama Hirotsugu Ueshima
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20200399, (Released:2021-01-16)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
7

BackgroundNon-fasting triglycerides (TG) are considered a better predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than fasting TG. However, the effect of non-fasting TG on fatal CVD events remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to explore the relationship between non-fasting TG and CVD mortality in a Japanese general population.MethodsA total of 6,831 participants without a history of CVD, in which those who had a blood sampling over 8 hours or more after a meal were excluded, were followed for 18.0 years. We divided participants into seven groups according to non-fasting TG levels: ≤59 mg/dL, 60-89 mg/dL, 90-119 mg/dL, 120-149 mg/dL, 150-179 mg/dL, 180-209 mg/dL, and ≥210 mg/dL, and estimated the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of each TG group for CVD mortality after adjusting for potential confounders, including high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Additionally, we performed analysis stratified by age <65 and ≥65 years.ResultsDuring the follow-up period, 433 deaths due to CVD were detected. Compared with a non-fasting TG of 150-179 mg/dL, non-fasting TG ≥210 mg/dL was significantly associated with increased risk for CVD mortality (HR=1.56, 95% CI, 1.01-2.41). Additionally, lower levels of non-fasting TG were also significantly associated with increased risk for fatal CVD. In participants aged ≥65 years, lower levels of non-fasting TG had a stronger impact on increased risk for CVD mortality, while higher levels of non-fasting TG had a stronger impact in those aged <65 years.ConclusionIn a general Japanese population, we observed a U-shaped association between non-fasting TG and fatal CVD events.
著者
Daisaku Nishimoto Rie Ibusuki Ippei Shimoshikiryo Kenichi Shibuya Shiroh Tanoue Chihaya Koriyama Toshiro Takezaki Isao Oze Hidemi Ito Asahi Hishida Takashi Tamura Yasufumi Kato Yudai Tamada Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Sadao Suzuki Takeshi Nishiyama Etsuko Ozaki Satomi Tomida Kiyonori Kuriki Naoko Miyagawa Keiko Kondo Kokichi Arisawa Takeshi Watanabe Hiroaki Ikezaki Jun Otonari Kenji Wakai Keitaro Matsuo
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220354, (Released:2023-11-04)
参考文献数
35

Background: Improving diets requires an awareness of the need to limit foods for which excessive consumption is a health problem. Since there are limited reports on the link between this awareness and mortality risk, we examined the association between awareness of limiting food intake (energy, fat, and sweets) and all-cause mortality in a Japanese cohort study.Methods: Participants comprised 58,772 residents (27,294 men; 31,478 women) aged 35–69 years who completed baseline surveys of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study from 2004 to 2014. Hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause mortality and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by sex using a Cox proportional hazard model, with adjustment for related factors. Mediation analysis with fat intake as a mediator was also conducted.Results: The mean follow-up period was 11 years and 2,516 people died. Estimated energy and fat intakes according to the Food Frequency Questionnaire were lower in those with awareness of limiting food intake than in those without this awareness. Women with awareness of limiting fat intake showed a significant decrease in mortality risk (HR=0.73; 95% CI, 0.55 to 0.94). Mediation analysis revealed that this association was due to the direct effect of the awareness of limiting fat intake and that the total effect was not mediated by actual fat intake. Awareness of limiting energy or sweets intake was not related to mortality risk reduction.Conclusion: Awareness of limiting food intake had a limited effect on reducing all-cause mortality risk.
著者
Gantsetseg Ganbaatar Yukiko Okami Aya Kadota Namuun Ganbaatar Yuichiro Yano Keiko Kondo Akiko Harada Nagako Okuda Katsushi Yoshita Tomonori Okamura Akira Okayama Hirotsugu Ueshima Katsuyuki Miura for the NIPPON DATA80 Research Group
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.64330, (Released:2023-10-06)
参考文献数
53

Aim: A pro-inflammatory diet may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. However, this remains inconclusive as there is yet no study using a dietary record method that has been conducted in a large general population. Furthermore, an underestimation of the pro-inflammatory diet may exist due to the unmeasured effect of salt intake. Thus, in this study, we aimed to examine how pro-inflammatory diet is associated with the long-term risk of all-cause and CVD mortality in a representative Japanese population. Methods: A national nutrition survey was conducted throughout Japan in 1980. After considering the exclusion criteria, 9284 individuals (56% women aged 30-92 years) were included in this study. In total, 20 dietary parameters derived from 3-day weighed dietary records were used to calculate the dietary inflammatory index (DII). The causes of death were monitored until 2009. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs). Stratified analysis according to salt intake level was also performed. Results: Compared with the lowest quartile of DII, multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% confidence intervals) in the highest quartile were 1.28 (1.15, 1.41), 1.35 (1.14, 1.60), 1.48 (1.15, 1.92), 1.62 (1.11, 2.38), and 1.34 (1.03, 1.75) for all-cause mortality, CVD mortality, atherosclerotic CVD mortality, coronary heart disease mortality, and stroke mortality, respectively. Stratified analysis revealed stronger associations among individuals with higher salt intake. Conclusions: As per our findings, a pro-inflammatory diet was determined to be positively associated with the long-term risk of all-cause and CVD mortality in a representative Japanese population. Thus, considering both salt intake and pro-inflammatory diet is deemed crucial for a comprehensive assessment of CVD risk.
著者
Yiwei Liu Tomonori Okamura Aya Hirata Yasunori Sato Takehito Hayakawa Aya Kadota Keiko Kondo Takayoshi Ohkubo Katsuyuki Miura Akira Okayama Hirotsugu Ueshima
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220226, (Released:2023-09-23)
参考文献数
17

Background: Whether smoking is associated with worse quality of life (QoL) or not is relatively controversial. Current study is to investigate relationship between smoking and subjective QoL in a long cohort study.Methods: NIPPON DATA 90 project collected 8383 community residents in 300 randomly selected areas as baseline data in 1990, and 4 follow-up QOL surveys and mortality statistics were performed. We conducted multinomial logistic regression analysis to compare past smoker and current smoker to never smoker, of which impaired QOL and mortality as outcomes.Results: In 4 follow-ups, QOL data was collected from 2035, 2252, 2522 and 3280 participants, in 1995, 2000, 2005, 2012, respectively. In 1995 follow-up, current smoking at baseline was not associated with worse QOL. In 2000 and 2005 follow-up, smoking is significantly associated with worse QOL, OR = 2.11[95%CI: 1.33, 3.36, P<0.01], OR = 2.29[95%CI:1.38, 3.80, P < 0.001], respectively. In 2012 follow-up, smoking is not associated with QOL. Sensitivity analysis didn’t change the result significantly.Conclusions: In this study we found that baseline smoking is associated worse QOL in long-follow-up.
著者
Yiwei Liu Aya Hirata Tomonori Okamura Daisuke Sugiyama Takumi Hirata Aya Kadota Keiko Kondo Takayoshi Ohkubo Katsuyuki Miura Akira Okayama Hirotsugu Ueshima
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.5, pp.227-235, 2023-05-05 (Released:2023-05-05)
参考文献数
42

Background: Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. However, the findings of cohort studies differed. Thus, the impact of RHR on CVD mortality might be different according to the background of the population. Therefore, we examined the relationship of RHR and CVD mortality according to serum albumin (ALB) levels in a Japanese general population.Methods: In total, 8,363 individuals without a history of CVD were followed for 24.0 years. The participants were divided into four groups according to the quartiles of RHR (Q1–Q4), and they were further classified into the high and low ALB groups based on a median value of 44 g/L. We estimated the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of CVD mortality in each RHR group based on ALB levels, and the interaction between RHR and ALB groups on CVD mortality was evaluated.Results: We found no significant association between RHR and CVD mortality. However, the Q4 of RHR was significantly associated with an increased risk for CVD mortality (HR 1.27; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02–1.57) in participants with a low ALB level. Meanwhile, the Q4 of RHR was significantly correlated with a decreased risk for CVD morality in those with a high ALB level (HR 0.61; 95% CI, 0.47–0.79) after adjusting for covariates. A significant interaction between RHR and ALB for CVD mortality was shown (P < 0.001).Conclusion: The impact of RHR on CVD mortality differed according to ALB levels in a general Japanese population.
著者
Hideki Nagata Katsuyuki Miura Sachiko Tanaka Aya Kadota Takehito Hayakawa Keiko Kondo Akira Fujiyoshi Naoyuki Takashima Yoshikuni Kita Akira Okayama Tomonori Okamura Hirotsugu Ueshima
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.136-141, 2023-03-05 (Released:2023-03-05)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
3

Background: Basic and instrumental activities of daily living (BADL and IADL, respectively) are known predictors of mortality. However, the relationship between higher-level functional capacity (HLFC) and mortality and related sex differences have rarely been investigated.Methods: A prospective population-based cohort study was conducted in 1,824 older residents (≥65 years) with independent BADL from 300 randomly selected areas in Japan from 1995, and the participants were followed up until 2010. Using the Cox proportional hazards model, the relationship between HLFC and mortality risk was investigated, with adjustment for possible confounders. HLFC was assessed using the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Index of Competence. Baseline data were collected using a questionnaire or by home-visit interviews.Results: During an average 12.2-year follow-up, all-cause death was observed in 836 (45.8%) participants. Impaired HLFC was significantly associated with mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.37; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13–1.65). Lower social role was significantly associated with higher mortality risk in men (HR 1.38; 95% CI, 1.13–1.68). Lower IADL and intellectual activity were significantly associated with higher mortality risk in women (HR 1.50; 95% CI, 1.15–1.95 and HR 1.46; 95% CI, 1.19–1.79, respectively). The relationship between HLFC and mortality risk showed a similar tendency among cardiovascular diseases, stroke, cancer, and pneumonia.Conclusion: Impaired HLFC was associated with a high risk of all-cause mortality among community-dwelling older people with independent BADL. In particular, social role in men and IADL and intellectual activity in women were associated with long-term mortality risk.
著者
Aya Hirata Tomonori Okamura Takumi Hirata Daisuke Sugiyama Takayoshi Ohkubo Nagako Okuda Yoshikuni Kita Takehito Hayakawa Aya Kadota Keiko Kondo Katsuyuki Miura Akira Okayama Hirotsugu Ueshima
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.7, pp.303-313, 2022-07-05 (Released:2022-07-05)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
5 7

Background: Non-fasting triglycerides (TG) are considered a better predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than fasting TG. However, the effect of non-fasting TG on fatal CVD events remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to explore the relationship between non-fasting TG and CVD mortality in a Japanese general population.Methods: A total of 6,831 participants without a history of CVD, in which those who had a blood sampling over 8 hours or more after a meal were excluded, were followed for 18.0 years. We divided participants into seven groups according to non-fasting TG levels: ≤59 mg/dL, 60–89 mg/dL, 90–119 mg/dL, 120–149 mg/dL, 150–179 mg/dL, 180–209 mg/dL, and ≥210 mg/dL, and estimated the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of each TG group for CVD mortality after adjusting for potential confounders, including high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Additionally, we performed analysis stratified by age <65 and ≥65 years.Results: During the follow-up period, 433 deaths due to CVD were detected. Compared with a non-fasting TG of 150–179 mg/dL, non-fasting TG ≥210 mg/dL was significantly associated with increased risk for CVD mortality (HR 1.56: 95% CI, 1.01–2.41). Additionally, lower levels of non-fasting TG were also significantly associated with increased risk for fatal CVD. In participants aged ≥65 years, lower levels of non-fasting TG had a stronger impact on increased risk for CVD mortality, while higher levels of non-fasting TG had a stronger impact in those aged <65 years.Conclusion: In a general Japanese population, we observed a U-shaped association between non-fasting TG and fatal CVD events.
著者
Mohammad Moniruzzaman Aya Kadota Takashi Hisamatsu Hiroyoshi Segawa Keiko Kondo Sayuki Torii Naoko Miyagawa Akira Fujiyoshi Yuichiro Yano Yoshiyuki Watanabe Akihiko Shiino Kazuhiko Nozaki Hirotsugu Ueshima Katsuyuki Miura on behalf of the SESSA Research Group
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.63824, (Released:2022-11-15)
参考文献数
42

Aim: Irisin, an exercise-induced myokine, is a potential neurotrophic factor; however, its relationship with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether serum irisin levels are associated with CSVD in healthy Japanese men. Methods: We analyzed data from 720 men free of stroke and participated in this observational study. Serum irisin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CSVD was assessed on deep and subcortical white matter hyperintensities (DSWMHs), periventricular hyperintensities (PVHs), lacunar infarcts (LIs), and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) on brain magnetic resonance imaging. We calculated the total CSVD score (ranges 0–4) to express the total CSVD burden. We computed the adjusted odds ratios (ORs), with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), of the total CSVD score and individual CSVD features using logistic regression models according to the quartiles of irisin (reference: Q1). Results: Serum irisin levels were associated with lower ORs of higher (vs. zero or lower score) total CSVD score, with the lowest risk (OR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.41–0.97) being observed in Q3 compared to Q1 after adjustment of potential covariates. Similar results were obtained for younger adults (<65 years). Among individual CSVD features, irisin was associated with a reduced risk of LIs in the total sample and PVHs, LIs, and CMBs in younger adults. No relationship was observed in older adults (≥ 65 years). Conclusions: Serum irisin levels were associated with less burden of total CSVD in healthy Japanese men. Serum irisin levels were also related with a reduced risk of PVHs, LIs, and CMBs, but not DSWMHs.
著者
Keiko Kondo Katsuyuki Miura Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno Aya Kadota Hisatomi Arima Nagako Okuda Akira Fujiyoshi Naoko Miyagawa Katsushi Yoshita Tomonori Okamura Akira Okayama Hirotsugu Ueshima for the NIPPON DATA80 Research Group
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-1002, (Released:2019-04-19)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
10

Background:Many studies show that dietary factors such as vegetables, fruit, and salt are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, a risk assessment chart for CVD mortality according to combinations of dietary factors has not been established.Methods and Results:Participants were 9,115 men and women aged 30–79 years enrolled in the National Nutritional Survey of Japan in 1980 with a 29-year follow-up. Dietary intake was assessed using a 3-day weighed dietary record at baseline. Cox regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of CVD mortality stratified by vegetables, fruit, fish, and salt consumption. HRs of CVD mortality according to combinations of dietary factors were color coded on an assessment chart. Higher intakes of vegetables, fruit, and fish, and lower salt intake were associated with lower CVD mortality risk. HRs calculated from combinations of dietary factors were displayed using 5 colors corresponding to the magnitude of the HR. People with the lowest intake of vegetables, fruit, and fish, and higher salt intake had a HR of 2.87 compared with those with the highest intake of vegetables, fruit, and fish, and lower salt intake.Conclusions:Vegetables, fruit, fish, and salt intake were independently associated with CVD mortality risk. The assessment chart generated could be used in Japan as an educational tool for CVD prevention.
著者
Yuyan Liu Akira Fujiyoshi Hisatomi Arima Aya Kadota Sayaka Kadowaki Takashi Hisamatsu Itsuko Miyazawa Keiko Kondo Ikuo Tooyama Katsuyuki Miura Hirotsugu Ueshima for the SESSA Research Group
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.47977, (Released:2019-05-15)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
3

Aim: Computed tomography (CT) can directly provide information on body compositions and distributions, compared to anthropometric indices. It has been shown that various obesity indices are associated with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). However, whether CT-based obesity indices are stronger than anthropometric indices in association with atherosclerosis remains to be determined in a general population.Methods: We cross-sectionally assessed carotid IMT using ultrasound in 944 community-dwelling Japanese men free of stroke and myocardial infarction. CT image at the L4–L5 level was obtained to compute areas of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). Anthropometric measures assessed included body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio. Using multivariable linear regression, slopes of IMT per 20th to 80th percentile of each index were compared. We also compared the slope of index with simultaneous adjustment for BMI in the same model.Results: Areas of VAT and SAT were positively associated with IMT, but not stronger than those of anthropometric indices in point estimates. Among all obesity indices, BMI was strongest in association with IMT after adjusting for age and lifestyle factors or further adjusting for metabolic factors. In simultaneous adjustment models, BMI, but not CT-based indices, remained significant and showed the strongest association.Conclusions: In community-dwelling Japanese men, anthropometric obesity indices, BMI in particular, were more strongly associated with carotid atherosclerosis than CT-based obesity indices. The association of general obesity with carotid atherosclerosis was strong and adding CT-based obesity measure did not considerably influence in the association.
著者
Tetsuya KOMATSU Nanami INABA Keiko KONDO Reiko NAGATA Satoko KAWAJI Tomoyuki SHIBAHARA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.8, pp.1384-1388, 2017 (Released:2017-08-10)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1 2

A 14-month-old Japanese black beef steer presented with severe chronic diarrhea and emaciation and was euthanized. Postmortem examination showed thickened and corrugated intestinal mucosa and enlarged granulomatous mesenteric lymph nodes with caseating necrosis. Numerous epithelioid cells and multinucleated giant cells infiltrated in the lamina propria and the submucosal tissue of the intestines. These cells were also observed in the systemic organs. Many acid-fast bacilli were detected in the cytoplasm of these cells and were identified as ‘Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis’ (Mah) on the basis of the results of molecular examinations and immunohistochemistry. These findings indicate that Mah can cause systemic mycobacteriosis, and this unique infection needs to be distinguished from Johne’s disease and tuberculosis in cattle.