著者
Junya Sado Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yuri Kitamura Rong Liu Emiko Ando Tomotaka Sobue Yumi Sugawara Keitaro Matsuo Tomio Nakayama Ichiro Tsuji Hidemi Ito Takaichiro Suzuki Kota Katanoda Suketami Tominaga
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0618, (Released:2019-03-08)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
10

Background: Coffee, which contains various bioactive compounds, is one of the most popular beverages. Further accumulation of evidence is needed, however, to confirm whether coffee consumption would be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease in the general Japanese population. Methods and Results: We evaluated the association between coffee consumption frequency (never, sometimes, 1–2 cups/day, 3–4 cups/day and ≥5 cups/day) and mortality from all causes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, in 39,685 men and 43,124 women aged 40–79 years at baseline, in a 3-prefecture cohort study. The coffee consumption frequency was assessed on questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to assess the association between coffee consumption frequency and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality with adjustment for potential confounders. During 411,341 and 472,433 person-years in men and women, respectively, a total of 7,955 men and 5,725 women died. Coffee consumption frequency was inversely associated with all-cause mortality in both genders (P for trend<0.001). In addition, the risks of mortality from cerebrovascular disease in men (P for trend<0.001), and heart disease in women (P for trend=0.031) were inversely associated with coffee consumption. Conclusions: In this Japanese population, coffee drinking has a preventive effect on all-cause and on cardiovascular mortality in men and/or women.
著者
Junya Sado Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yuri Kitamura Rong Liu Emiko Ando Tomotaka Sobue Yumi Sugawara Keitaro Matsuo Tomio Nakayama Ichiro Tsuji Hidemi Ito Takaichiro Suzuki Kota Katanoda Suketami Tominaga
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.4, pp.757-766, 2019-03-25 (Released:2019-03-25)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
5 10

Background: Coffee, which contains various bioactive compounds, is one of the most popular beverages. Further accumulation of evidence is needed, however, to confirm whether coffee consumption would be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease in the general Japanese population. Methods and Results: We evaluated the association between coffee consumption frequency (never, sometimes, 1–2 cups/day, 3–4 cups/day and ≥5 cups/day) and mortality from all causes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, in 39,685 men and 43,124 women aged 40–79 years at baseline, in a 3-prefecture cohort study. The coffee consumption frequency was assessed on questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to assess the association between coffee consumption frequency and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality with adjustment for potential confounders. During 411,341 and 472,433 person-years in men and women, respectively, a total of 7,955 men and 5,725 women died. Coffee consumption frequency was inversely associated with all-cause mortality in both genders (P for trend<0.001). In addition, the risks of mortality from cerebrovascular disease in men (P for trend<0.001), and heart disease in women (P for trend=0.031) were inversely associated with coffee consumption. Conclusions: In this Japanese population, coffee drinking has a preventive effect on all-cause and on cardiovascular mortality in men and/or women.
著者
Megumi Hara Yuichiro Nishida Keitaro Tanaka Chisato Shimanoe Kayoko Koga Takuma Furukawa Yasuki Higaki Koichi Shinchi Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kenji Takeuchi Takashi Tamura Asahi Hishida Mineko Tsukamoto Yuka Kadomatsu Keitaro Matsuo Isao Oze Mikami Haruo Kusakabe Miho Toshiro Takezaki Rie Ibusuki Sadao Suzuki Hiroko Nakagawa-Senda Daisuke Matsui Teruhide Koyama Kiyonori Kuriki Naoyuki Takashima Yasuyuki Nakamura Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20210155, (Released:2021-10-16)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
4

Background: Little is known about whether insufficient moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and longer sedentary behavior (SB) are independently associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and CKD, whether they interact with known risk factors for CKD, and the effect of replacing sedentary time with an equivalent duration of physical activity on kidney function.Methods: We examined the cross-sectional association of MVPA and SB with eGFR and CKD in 66,603 Japanese cohort study in 14 areas from 2004 to 2013. MVPA and SB were estimated using a self-reported questionnaire, and CKD was defined as eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Multiple linear regression analyses, logistic regression analyses, and an isotemporal substitution model were applied.Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, higher MVPA and longer SB were independently associated with higher eGFR (Pfor trend MVPA<0.0001) and lower eGFR (Pfor trend SB<0.0001), and a lower odds ratio (OR) of CKD (adjusted OR of MVPA≥20 MET·h/day: 0.76 [95%CI: 0.68–0.85] compared to MVPA<5 MET·h/day) and a higher OR of CKD (adjusted OR of SB≥16 h/day: 1.81 [95%CI: 1.52–2.15] compared to SB<7 h/day), respectively. The negative association between MVPA and CKD was stronger in men, and significant interactions between sex and MVPA were detected. Replacing 1 hour of SB with 1 hour of physical activity was associated with about 3 to 4% lower OR of CKD.Conclusions: These findings indicate that replacing SB with physical activity may benefit kidney function, especially in men, adding to the possible evidence on CKD prevention.
著者
Hiroyuki Masaoka Keitaro Matsuo Isao Oze Takashi Kimura Akiko Tamakoshi Yumi Sugawara Ichiro Tsuji Norie Sawada Shoichiro Tsugane Hidemi Ito Keiko Wada Chisato Nagata Tetsuhisa Kitamura Ling Zha Ritsu Sakata Kotaro Ozasa Yingsong Lin Tetsuya Mizoue Keitaro Tanaka Sarah Krull Abe Manami Inoue
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220085, (Released:2022-10-29)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
2

Background: Although cigarette smoking is an established risk factor for bladder cancer, assessment of smoking impact on bladder cancer in Asian populations has been hindered by few cohort studies conducted in Asian populations. We therefore investigated the risk of bladder cancer associated with smoking status, cumulative smoking intensity and smoking cessation in Japan.Methods: We analyzed data for 157,295 men and 183,202 women in ten population-based cohort studies in Japan. The risk associated with smoking behaviors was estimated using Cox regression models within each study, and pooled hazard ratios (HR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the incidence of bladder cancer were calculated.Results: During 4,729,073 person-years of follow up, 936 men and 325 women developed bladder cancer. In men, former smokers (HR 1.47; 95% CI, 1.18-1.82) and current smokers (HR 1.96; 95% CI, 1.62-2.38) had higher risk than never smokers. In women, current smokers had higher risk than never smokers (HR 2.35; 95% CI, 1.67-3.32). HRs in men linearly increased with increasing pack-years. Risk decreased with increasing years of smoking cessation in men with a significant dose-response trend. Former smokers with a duration of more than 10 years after smoking cessation had no significantly increased risk compared with never smokers (HR 1.26; 95% CI, 0.97-1.63).Conclusions: Data from a pooled analysis of ten population-based cohort studies in Japan clearly show an association between cigarette smoking and bladder cancer risk. The risk of smokers may approximate that of never smokers following cessation for many years.
著者
Shizuka Sasazuki Manami Inoue Ichiro Tsuji Yumi Sugawara Akiko Tamakoshi Keitaro Matsuo Kenji Wakai Chisato Nagata Keitaro Tanaka Tetsuya Mizoue Shoichiro Tsugane
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.6, pp.417-430, 2011-11-05 (Released:2011-11-05)
参考文献数
50
被引用文献数
26 82 16

Background: We pooled data from 7 ongoing cohorts in Japan involving 353 422 adults (162 092 men and 191 330 women) to quantify the effect of body mass index (BMI) on total and cause-specific (cancer, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease) mortality and identify optimal BMI ranges for middle-aged and elderly Japanese.Methods: During a mean follow-up of 12.5 years, 41 260 deaths occurred. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for each BMI category, after controlling for age, area of residence, smoking, drinking, history of hypertension, diabetes, and physical activity in each study. A random-effects model was used to obtain summary measures.Results: A reverse-J pattern was seen for all-cause and cancer mortality (elevated risk only for high BMI in women) and a U- or J-shaped association was seen for heart disease and cerebrovascular disease mortality. For total mortality, as compared with a BMI of 23 to 25, the HR was 1.78 for 14 to 19, 1.27 for 19 to 21, 1.11 for 21 to 23, and 1.36 for 30 to 40 in men, and 1.61 for 14 to 19, 1.17 for 19 to 21, 1.08 for 27 to 30, and 1.37 for 30 to 40 in women. High BMI (≥27) accounted for 0.9% and 1.5% of total mortality in men and women, respectively.Conclusions: The lowest risk of total mortality and mortality from major causes of disease was observed for a BMI of 21 to 27 kg/m2 in middle-aged and elderly Japanese.
著者
Mineko Tsukamoto Asahi Hishida Takashi Tamura Mako Nagayoshi Rieko Okada Yoko Kubo Yasufumi Kato Nobuyuki Hamajima Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Rie Ibusuki Kenichi Shibuya Naoyuki Takashima Yasuyuki Nakamura Miho Kusakabe Yohko Nakamura Yuriko N. Koyanagi Isao Oze Takeshi Nishiyama Sadao Suzuki Isao Watanabe Daisuke Matsui Jun Otonari Hiroaki Ikezaki Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Kokichi Arisawa Kiyonori Kuriki Masahiro Nakatochi Yukihide Momozawa Kenji Takeuchi Kenji Wakai Keitaro Matsuo
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220341, (Released:2023-07-29)
参考文献数
72

Background: The present genome-wide association study (GWAS) aimed to reveal the genetic loci associated with folate metabolites as well as to detect related gene-environment interactions in Japanese.Methods: We conducted the GWAS of plasma homocysteine (Hcy), folic acid (FA), and vitamin B12 (VB12) levels in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study participants who joined from 2005 to 2012, and also estimated gene-environment interactions. In the replication phase, we used data from the Yakumo Study conducted in 2009. In the discovery phase, data of 2,263 participants from four independent study sites of the J-MICC Study were analyzed. In the replication phase, data of 573 participants from the Yakumo Study were analyzed.Results: For Hcy, MTHFR locus on chr 1, NOX4 on chr 11, CHMP1A on chr 16, and DPEP1 on chr 16 reached genome-wide significance (P < 5×10-8). MTHFR also associated with FA, and FUT2 on chr 19 associated with VB12. We investigated gene-environment interactions in both studies and found significant interactions between MTHFR C677T and ever drinking, current drinking, and physical activity > 33% on Hcy (β = 0.039, 0.038 and -0.054, P = 0.018, 0.021 and < 0.001, respectively) and the interaction of MTHFR C677T with ever drinking on FA (β = 0.033, P = 0.048).Conclusions: The present GWAS revealed the folate metabolism-associated genetic loci and gene-environment interactions with drinking and physical activity in Japanese, suggesting the possibility of future personalized CVD prevention.
著者
Megumi Hara Yuichiro Nishida Keitaro Tanaka Chisato Shimanoe Kayoko Koga Takuma Furukawa Yasuki Higaki Koichi Shinchi Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kenji Takeuchi Takashi Tamura Asahi Hishida Mineko Tsukamoto Yuka Kadomatsu Keitaro Matsuo Isao Oze Haruo Mikami Miho Kusakabe Toshiro Takezaki Rie Ibusuki Sadao Suzuki Hiroko Nakagawa-Senda Daisuke Matsui Teruhide Koyama Kiyonori Kuriki Naoyuki Takashima Yasuyuki Nakamura Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.6, pp.285-293, 2023-06-05 (Released:2023-06-05)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
4

Background: Little is known about whether insufficient moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and longer sedentary behavior (SB) are independently associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and chronic kidney disease (CKD), whether they interact with known risk factors for CKD, and the effect of replacing sedentary time with an equivalent duration of physical activity on kidney function.Methods: We examined the cross-sectional association of MVPA and SB with eGFR and CKD in 66,603 Japanese cohort study in 14 areas from 2004 to 2013. MVPA and SB were estimated using a self-reported questionnaire, and CKD was defined as eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Multiple linear regression analyses, logistic regression analyses, and an isotemporal substitution model were applied.Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, higher MVPA and longer SB were independently associated with higher eGFR (P for trend MVPA <0.0001) and lower eGFR (P for trend SB <0.0001), and a lower odds ratio (OR) of CKD (adjusted OR of MVPA ≥20 MET·h/day, 0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68–0.85 compared to MVPA <5 MET·h/day) and a higher OR of CKD (adjusted OR of SB ≥16 h/day, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.52–2.15 compared to SB <7 h/day), respectively. The negative association between MVPA and CKD was stronger in men, and significant interactions between sex and MVPA were detected. Replacing 1 hour of SB with 1 hour of physical activity was associated with about 3 to 4% lower OR of CKD.Conclusion: These findings indicate that replacing SB with physical activity may benefit kidney function, especially in men, adding to the possible evidence on CKD prevention.
著者
Mako Nagayoshi Kenji Takeuchi Yudai Tamada Yasufumi Kato Yoko Kubo Rieko Okada Takashi Tamura Asahi Hishida Jun Otonari Hiroaki Ikezaki Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Yuriko N. Koyanagi Keitaro Matsuo Haruo Mikami Miho Kusakabe Daisaku Nishimoto Keiichi Shibuya Sadao Suzuki Takeshi Nishiyama Etsuko Ozaki Isao Watanabe Kiyonori Kuriki Naoyuki Takashima Aya Kadota Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.5, pp.236-245, 2023-05-05 (Released:2023-05-05)
参考文献数
50

Background: Stress coping strategies are related to health outcomes. However, there is no clear evidence for sex differences between stress-coping strategies and mortality. We investigated the relationship between all-cause mortality and stress-coping strategies, focusing on sex differences among Japanese adults.Methods: A total of 79,580 individuals aged 35–69 years participated in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study between 2004 and 2014 and were followed up for mortality. The frequency of use of the five coping strategies was assessed using a questionnaire. Sex-specific, multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for using each coping strategy (“sometimes,” and “often/very often” use versus “very few” use) were computed for all-cause mortality. Furthermore, relationships were analyzed in specific follow-up periods when the proportion assumption was violated.Results: During the follow-up (median: 8.5 years), 1,861 mortalities were recorded. In women, three coping strategies were related to lower total mortality. The HRs for “sometimes” were 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67–0.97) for emotional expression, 0.79 (95% CI, 0.66–0.95) for emotional support-seeking, and 0.80 (95% CI, 0.66–0.98) for disengagement. Men who “sometimes” used emotional expression and sometimes or often used problem-solving and positive reappraisal had a 15–41% lower HRs for all-cause mortality. However, those relationships were dependent on the follow-up period. There was evidence that sex modified the relationships between emotional support-seeking and all-cause mortality (P for interaction = 0.03).Conclusion: In a large Japanese sample, selected coping strategies were associated with all-cause mortality. The relationship of emotional support-seeking was different between men and women.
著者
Ryosuke Fujii Asahi Hishida Takeshi Nishiyama Masahiro Nakatochi Keitaro Matsuo Hidemi Ito Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Yasuyuki Nakamura Tanvir Chowdhury Turin Sadao Suzuki Miki Watanabe Rie Ibusuki Toshiro Takezaki Haruo Mikami Yohko Nakamura Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kiyonori Kuriki Nagato Kuriyama Daisuke Matsui Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Mineko Tsukamoto Takashi Tamura Yoko Kubo Takaaki Kondo Yukihide Momozawa Michiaki Kubo Kenji Takeuchi Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.11, pp.483-488, 2022-11-05 (Released:2022-11-05)
参考文献数
38

Background: Inflammation is thought to be a risk factor for kidney disease. However, whether inflammatory status is either a cause or an outcome of chronic kidney disease remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the causal relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using Mendelian randomization (MR) approaches.Methods: A total of 10,521 participants of the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort Study was analyzed in this study. We used two-sample MR approaches (the inverse-variance weighted (IVW), the weighted median (WM), and the MR-Egger method) to estimate the effect of genetically determined hs-CRP on kidney function. We selected four and three hs-CRP associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as two instrumental variables (IV): IVCRP and IVAsian, based on SNPs previously identified in European and Asian populations. IVCRP and IVAsian explained 3.4% and 3.9% of the variation in hs-CRP, respectively.Results: Using the IVCRP, genetically determined hs-CRP was not significantly associated with eGFR in the IVW and the WM methods (estimate per 1 unit increase in ln(hs-CRP), 0.000; 95% confidence interval [CI], −0.019 to 0.020 and −0.003; 95% CI, −0.019 to 0.014, respectively). For IVAsian, we found similar results using the IVW and the WM methods (estimate, 0.005; 95% CI, −0.020 to 0.010 and −0.004; 95% CI, −0.020 to 0.012, respectively). The MR-Egger method also showed no causal relationships between hs-CRP and eGFR (IVCRP: −0.008; 95% CI, −0.058 to 0.042; IVAsian: 0.001; 95% CI, −0.036 to 0.036).Conclusion: Our two-sample MR analyses with different IVs did not support a causal effect of hs-CRP on eGFR.
著者
Teruhide Koyama Nagato Kuriyama Etsuko Ozaki Satomi Tomida Ritei Uehara Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Asahi Hishida Takashi Tamura Mineko Tsukamoto Yuka Kadomatsu Isao Oze Keitaro Matsuo Haruo Mikami Yohko Nakamura Rie Ibusuki Toshiro Takezaki Sadao Suzuki Takeshi Nishiyama Kiyonori Kuriki Naoyuki Takashima Aya Kadota Hirokazu Uemura Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kenji Takeuchi Kenji Wakai for the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study Group
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.54320, (Released:2020-04-08)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
6 11

Aim: Accumulating evidence reveals that sedentary behavior is associated with mortality and cardiometabolic disease; however, there are potential age and sex differences in sedentary behavior and health outcomes that have not been adequately addressed. This study aimed to determine the association of sedentary behavior with cardiometabolic diseases such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and its risk factors in a large Japanese population according to age and sex. Methods: Using data from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study obtained from baseline surveys, data of 62,754 participants (27,930 males, 34,824 females) were analyzed. This study uses a cross-sectional design and self-administered questionnaires to evaluate sedentary time and anamnesis. For the logistic regression analysis, sedentary time <5 h/day was used as the reference and then adjusted for age, research areas, leisure-time metabolic equivalents, and alcohol and smoking status. From the analysis of anthropometric and blood examinations, 35,973 participants (17,109 males, 18,864 females) were analyzed. Results: For hypertension and diabetes, sedentary time was associated with a significantly higher proportion of male participants. Both sexes were associated with a significantly higher proportion of participants with dyslipidemia. Participants who had longer sedentary time tended to have increased levels of blood pressure, triglycerides, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and decreased levels of HDL-C, especially in the 60–69 years group. Conclusions: Independent of leisure-time physical activity, sedentary time was associated with cardiometabolic diseases in a large Japanese population classified by age and sex. Our findings indicate that regularly interrupting and replacing sedentary time may contribute to better physical health-related quality of life.
著者
Ryosuke Fujii Asahi Hishida Takeshi Nishiyama Masahiro Nakatochi Keitaro Matsuo Hidemi Ito Yuichiro Nishida Chisato Shimanoe Yasuyuki Nakamura Tanvir Chowdhury Turin Sadao Suzuki Miki Watanabe Rie Ibusuki Toshiro Takezaki Haruo Mikami Yohko Nakamura Hiroaki Ikezaki Masayuki Murata Kiyonori Kuriki Nagato Kuriyama Daisuke Matsui Kokichi Arisawa Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano Mineko Tsukamoto Takashi Tamura Yoko Kubo Takaaki Kondo Yukihide Momozawa Michiaki Kubo Kenji Takeuchi Kenji Wakai
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20200540, (Released:2021-02-20)
参考文献数
38

Background: Inflammation is thought to be a risk factor for kidney disease. However, discussion is controversial whether inflammatory status is either a cause or an outcome of chronic kidney disease. We aimed to investigate the causal relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using mendelian randomization (MR) approaches.Methods: A total of 10,521 participants of the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort Study was analyzed in this study. We used two-sample MR approaches (the inverse-variance weighted (IVW), the weighted median (WM), and the MR-Egger method) to estimate the effect of genetically determined hs-CRP on kidney function. We selected four and three hs-CRP associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as two instrumental variables (IV): IVCRP and IVAsian, based on SNPs previously identified in European and Asian populations. IVCRP and IVAsian explained 3.4% and 3.9% of the variation in hs-CRP, respectively.Results: Using the IVCRP, genetically determined hs-CRP was not significantly associated with eGFR in the IVW and the WM methods (estimate per 1 unit increase in ln(hs-CRP), 95%CI: 0.000, –0.019 to 0.020 and –0.003, –0.019 to 0.014). For IVAsian, we found similar results using the IVW and the WM methods (estimate, 95% CI: –0.005, –0.020 to 0.010 and –0.004, –0.020 to 0.012). The MR-Egger method also showed no causal relationships between hs-CRP and eGFR (IVCRP: –0.008, –0.058 to 0.042; IVAsian: 0.001, –0.036 to 0.036).Conclusions: Our two-sample MR analyses with different IVs did not support a causal effect of hs-CRP on eGFR.
著者
Tomotaka Ugai Keitaro Matsuo Norie Sawada Motoki Iwasaki Taiki Yamaji Taichi Shimazu Shizuka Sasazuki Manami Inoue Shoichiro Tsugane the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study Group
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.7, pp.305-310, 2017 (Released:2017-07-05)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
10

Background: Cigarette smoking has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of leukemia. Most epidemiological evidence on the association between cigarette smoking and leukemia risk is from studies conducted in Western populations, however, and evidence from Asian populations is scarce.Methods: We conducted a large-scale population-based cohort study of 96,992 Japanese subjects (46,493 men and 50,499 women; age 40–69 years at baseline) with an average 18.3 years of follow-up, during which we identified 90 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 19 of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and 28 of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using a Cox regression model adjusted for potential confounders.Results: When we adjusted for age, sex, and study area, our findings showed no significant association or increasing dose–response relationship between risk of AML and cigarette smoking overall. However, after further adjustment for body mass index and occupation, current smokers with more than 30 pack-years of cigarette smoking had a significantly increased risk of AML compared to never smokers among men (HR 2.21; 95% CI, 1.01–4.83). This increased risk was not clear among women.Conclusions: Our results suggest that cigarette smoking increases the risk of AML in Japanese men. The associations of smoking with AML among women, and with CML and ALL among men and women, should be assessed in future studies.
著者
Takakazu Kawase Keitaro Matsuo Akio Hiraki Takeshi Suzuki Miki Watanabe Hiroji Iwata Hideo Tanaka Kazuo Tajima
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.5, pp.244-250, 2009-09-05 (Released:2009-09-05)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
16 30

Background: Epidemiological studies consistently indicate that alcoholic beverages are an independent risk factor for female breast cancer. Although the mechanism underlying this effect remains unknown, the predominant hypothesis implicates mutagenesis via the ethanol metabolite acetaldehyde, whose impact on the carcinogenesis of several types of cancer has been shown in both experimental models and molecular epidemiological studies. Many of the epidemiological studies have investigated genetic polymorphisms of alcohol dehydrogenase-1B (ADH1B) His48Arg and aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) Glu504Lys, because of the strong impact these polymorphisms have on exposure to and accumulation of acetaldehyde. With regard to breast cancer, however, evidence is scarce.Methods: To clarify the impact on female breast cancer risk of the interaction of the effects of alcohol consumption and polymorphisms in the alcohol-metabolizing enzymes ADH1B and ALDH2, we conducted a case–control study of 456 newly and histologically diagnosed breast cancer cases and 912 age- and menopausal status-matched noncancer controls. Gene–gene and gene–environment interactions between individual and combined ADH1B and ALDH2 gene polymorphisms and alcohol consumption were evaluated.Results: Despite sufficient statistical power, there was no significant impact of ADH1B and ALDH2 on the risk of breast cancer. Neither was there any significant gene–environment interactions between alcohol drinking and polymorphisms in ADH1B and ALDH2.Conclusions: Our findings do not support the hypothesis that acetaldehyde is the main contributor to the carcinogenesis of alcohol-induced breast cancer.