著者
Yasuhiro Ito Minoru Kihara Yuuki Takamura Kaoru Kobayashi Akihiro Miya Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Akira Miyauchi
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.7, pp.539-545, 2012 (Released:2012-07-31)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
10 15

Age is an important prognostic factor of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In this study, we investigated the prognosis and prognostic factors of PTC in patients younger than 20 years. We enrolled 110 patients who underwent initial surgery at Kuma Hospital between 1987 and 2008. Tumor size > 4 cm, metastatic node ≥ 3 cm, and significant extrathyroid extension were more frequently detected in 8 patients with distant metastasis at diagnosis than in 102 patients without distant metastasis. Ten- and 20-year lymph node recurrence-free survival (LN-RFS) and distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS) rates were 84 and 80%, and 95 and 89%, respectively. Metastatic node ≥ 3 cm, age ≤ 16 years, tumor size > 4 cm, and male gender affected LN-RFS, and the former two had an independent prognostic value in multivariate analysis. Metastastic node ≥ 3 cm, significant extrathyroid extension, age ≤ 16 years, tumor size > 4 cm, and a male gender predicted a poor DRFS, and the former two were independent prognostic factors. To date, only 2 patients have died of PTC. These findings suggest that, in the subset of PTC patients younger than 20 years, metastatic node ≥ 3 cm, significant extension, and age ≤ 16 were important signs of aggressiveness of carcinoma, and careful treatment is necessary for patients with these characteristics, although the cause-specific survival was excellent.
著者
Yasuhiro ITO Hiroshi YOSHIDA Rie MARUO Shinji MORITA Toru TAKANO Mitsuyoshi HIROKAWA Tomonori YABUTA Mitsuhiro FUKUSHIMA Hiroyuki INOUE Chisato TOMODA Minoru KIHARA Takashi URUNO Takuya HIGASHIYAMA Yuuki TAKAMURA Akihiro MIYA Kaoru KOBAYASHI Fumio MATSUZUKA Akira MIYAUCHI
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.89-97, 2009 (Released:2009-03-12)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
92 117

Recent studies have demonstrated that BRAFV600E mutation is a common event in papillary thyroid carcinoma and a majority of these lesions have shown a direct relationship between BRAFV600E mutation and aggressive characteristics, including a worse patient prognosis. However, there are no studies from Japan regarding this issue in a large series with adequate postoperative follow-up periods. We investigated BRAFV600E mutation in 631 patients with papillary carcinoma having median follow-up periods of 83 months. The prevalence of BRAFV600E mutation was 38.4%, and the rate was higher in carcinoma larger than 1.0 cm but did not successively increase with tumor size. Furthermore, the prevalence did not significantly increase in cases demonstrating high-risk biological features such as clinically apparent lymph node metastasis, massive extrathyroid extension, advanced age, distant metastasis at surgery, and advanced Stage. The disease-free survival of patients with BRAFV600E mutation did not differ from that of those without BRAFV600E mutation. These findings indicate that, although BRAFV600E mutation may play some roles in local carcinoma development, there is no evidence that BRAFV600E mutation significantly reflects the aggressive characteristics and poor prognosis of patients with papillary carcinoma in Japan.
著者
Tetiana I. Bogdanova Vladimir A. Saenko Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masahiro Ito Liudmyla Yu. Zurnadzhy Toshitetsu Hayashi Tatiana I. Rogounovitch Akira Miyauchi Mykola D. Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.10, pp.977-993, 2017 (Released:2017-10-28)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1 1

This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series. On multivariate comparison, the Japanese pediatric PTC was characterized by a higher sex ratio (p=1.504E-4), and a higher frequency of microcarcinoma (p=0.039), papillary dominant growth pattern (p=0.024), focal oxyphilic cell metaplasia (p=7.644E-6), intrathyroid spread (p=0.010), lymphatic/vascular invasion (p=0.01) and regional lymph node metastases (p=3.540E-6). In the Ukrainian group, multifocal (p=0.004) and non-encapsulated tumors with the solid-trabecular growth pattern (p=0.05) were more frequent. Childhood Japanese PTCs differed from Ukrainian PTCs by more pronounced invasive properties such as lymphatic/vascular invasion and nodal disease, but did not differ by the dominant growth pattern. In adolescents, the differences were detected not only for lymph node metastases, but also for a higher frequency of the papillary dominant pattern in Japanese PTC. Overall, significantly higher frequencies of oxyphilic cell metaplasia and more pronounced invasive features observed in the Japanese PTC in both age-matched series represent the major differences between the tumors from two geographical areas.
著者
Tetiana I. Bogdanova Vladimir A. Saenko Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masahiro Ito Liudmyla Yu. Zurnadzhy Toshitetsu Hayashi Tatiana I. Rogounovitch Akira Miyauchi Mykola D. Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0134, (Released:2017-08-10)
被引用文献数
1

This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series. On multivariate comparison, the Japanese pediatric PTC was characterized by a higher sex ratio (p=1.504E-4), and a higher frequency of microcarcinoma (p=0.039), papillary dominant growth pattern (p=0.024), focal oxyphilic cell metaplasia (p=7.644E-6), intrathyroid spread (p=0.010), lymphatic/vascular invasion (p=0.01) and regional lymph node metastases (p=3.540E-6). In the Ukrainian group, multifocal (p=0.004) and non-encapsulated tumors with the solid-trabecular growth pattern (p=0.05) were more frequent. Childhood Japanese PTCs differed from Ukrainian PTCs by more pronounced invasive properties such as lymphatic/vascular invasion and nodal disease, but did not differ by the dominant growth pattern. In adolescents, the differences were detected not only for lymph node metastases, but also for a higher frequency of the papillary dominant pattern in Japanese PTC. Overall, significantly higher frequencies of oxyphilic cell metaplasia and more pronounced invasive features observed in the Japanese PTC in both age-matched series represent the major differences between the tumors from two geographical areas.
著者
Yasuhiro Ito Akira Miyauchi Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masatoshi Yamamoto Hitomi Oda Hiroo Masuoka Hisanori Sasai Mitsuhiro Fukushima Takuya Higashiyama Minoru Kihara Akihiro Miya
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0524, (Released:2018-04-04)

Follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC), a form of differentiated thyroid carcinoma, is the second most common malignancy arising from thyroid follicular cells. Recently, the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification for differentiated thyroid carcinoma was revised from the 7th to the 8th edition. The diagnostic criteria for poorly differentiated carcinoma (PDC) were also updated in the latest World Health Organization (WHO) classification. In this study, we investigated whether these changes are appropriate for accurately predicting prognosis. Three hundred and twenty-nine patients diagnosed with postoperative pathologically confirmed FTC, who underwent initial surgery at our hospital between 1984 and 2004, were enrolled. For this study, patients were re-evaluated and diagnosed with FTC (N = 285) or PDC (N = 44) without typical nuclear findings of papillary thyroid carcinoma. For FTC, the 8th TNM classification was a more accurate predictor of prognosis than the 7th TNM classification. In the 8th TNM classification, cause-specific survival became significantly poorer from Stage I to IVB. The cause-specific survival of PDC based on the latest WHO classification was worse than, but did not significantly differ from, that of PDC based only on the former WHO classification. For PDC, neither of the TNM classifications could accurately predict prognosis. Taken together, we conclude that (1) the 8th TNM classification more accurately reflects the prognosis of FTC than the 7th TNM classification; (2) PDC based on the former WHO classification should be retained, at least in Japan; and (3) the TNM classification may not be suitable for predicting the prognosis of PDC.
著者
Yasuhiro ITO Takuya HIGASHIYAMA Mitsuyoshi HIROKAWA Mitsuhiro FUKUSHIMA Hiroyuki INOUE Tomonori YABUTA Chisato TOMODA Takashi URUNO Minoru KIHARA Yuuki TAKAMURA Akihiro MIYA Kaoru KOBAYASHI Fumio MATSUZUKA Akira MIYAUCHI
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.6, pp.985-989, 2008 (Released:2008-12-27)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
4 4

Anaplastic carcinoma arises from differentiated carcinoma and generally shows a dire prognosis. Anaplastic transformation may occur not only in primary tumors but also in metastatic lymph nodes. We encountered 5 cases of papillary carcinoma showing anaplastic transformation in lymph nodes that were curatively resected. Patient ages ranged from 67 to 85 years. Two of these patients showed anaplastic transformation at the initial surgery and the remaining 3 showed anaplastic transformation after repeated recurrence to the lymph nodes. After resection of anaplastic lesions of the nodes, 2 patients underwent radiation therapy, whereas the remaining 3 did not receive any adjuvant therapy. One patient died of rapid growth of lung metastasis 5 months after the resection. One patient died of carcinoma 63 months after surgery. Two patients have survived to date, 6 and 85 months after resection, respectively. The remaining one patient died of heart failure 11 months after surgery. It is therefore suggested that long-term survival can be expected for patients with differentiated carcinoma showing anaplastic transformation in the lymph node if the lesions can be curatively resected.
著者
Sumihisa Kubota Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Yuki Takamura Yasuhiro Ito Hidekazu Tamai Takumi Kudo Eijun Nishihara Mitsuru Ito Nobuyuki Amino Akira Miyauchi
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.9, pp.783-788, 2011 (Released:2011-09-30)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
2 3 2

Polycystic thyroid disease (PCTD) is characterized by multiple thyroid cysts detected by ultrasonography, the absence of thyroid autoantibodies, and susceptibility to the development of hypothyroidism due to a high iodine intake. It is necessary to obtain histopathological information on PCTD in order to clarify the cause of hypothyroidism. We retrospectively reviewed three patients with PCTD and small papillary thyroid cancer who underwent thyroidectomy. We observed the thyroid tissues pathologically in areas with and without multiple cysts, and compared them with those of multinodular goiter with cysts. In the patients with PCTD, there were multiple enlarged follicles that resembled enlarged normal follicles and differed from those found in multinodular goiter in terms of their shape. Huge follicles corresponded to the cysts that were detected by ultrasonography. Each follicle contained colloid. Follicular cells in enlarged follicles comprised low cuboidal epithelium that appeared normal. These findings were common in the 3 patients with PCTD. In Conclusion the PCTD patients had multiple enlarged follicles that seemed to decrease the total number of follicular cells, and may be a cause of hypothyroidism. We believe that PCTD is a new entity of thyroid disease based on the pathological findings.