著者
Yasuhiro ITO Hiroshi YOSHIDA Rie MARUO Shinji MORITA Toru TAKANO Mitsuyoshi HIROKAWA Tomonori YABUTA Mitsuhiro FUKUSHIMA Hiroyuki INOUE Chisato TOMODA Minoru KIHARA Takashi URUNO Takuya HIGASHIYAMA Yuuki TAKAMURA Akihiro MIYA Kaoru KOBAYASHI Fumio MATSUZUKA Akira MIYAUCHI
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.89-97, 2009 (Released:2009-03-12)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
92 121

Recent studies have demonstrated that BRAFV600E mutation is a common event in papillary thyroid carcinoma and a majority of these lesions have shown a direct relationship between BRAFV600E mutation and aggressive characteristics, including a worse patient prognosis. However, there are no studies from Japan regarding this issue in a large series with adequate postoperative follow-up periods. We investigated BRAFV600E mutation in 631 patients with papillary carcinoma having median follow-up periods of 83 months. The prevalence of BRAFV600E mutation was 38.4%, and the rate was higher in carcinoma larger than 1.0 cm but did not successively increase with tumor size. Furthermore, the prevalence did not significantly increase in cases demonstrating high-risk biological features such as clinically apparent lymph node metastasis, massive extrathyroid extension, advanced age, distant metastasis at surgery, and advanced Stage. The disease-free survival of patients with BRAFV600E mutation did not differ from that of those without BRAFV600E mutation. These findings indicate that, although BRAFV600E mutation may play some roles in local carcinoma development, there is no evidence that BRAFV600E mutation significantly reflects the aggressive characteristics and poor prognosis of patients with papillary carcinoma in Japan.
著者
Takuma Iwai Hiroshi Yoshida Tadashi Yokoyama Hiroshi Maruyama Seiji Suzuki Takeshi Matsutani Akira Matsushita Atsushi Hirakata Koji Sasajima Eiji Uchida
出版者
日本医科大学医学会
雑誌
Journal of Nippon Medical School (ISSN:13454676)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.3, pp.189-193, 2011 (Released:2011-06-30)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
3 4 3

We describe a patient in whom a fish bone penetrated the duodenum and migrated into the right renal vein. The bone was successfully removed with surgery. The 75-year-old man was admitted to Nippon Medical School Tama Nagayama Hospital because of right upper abdominal pain persisting for 7 days. The patient's medical history was not relevant to the current disorder. Plain radiography showed no abnormalities. Computed tomography revealed a linear object of high intensity that had penetrated the duodenum and migrated into the right renal vein with thrombus. The object was surrounded by a low-density area, suggesting severe inflammation. The patient had eaten fish 1 day before the onset of abdominal pain. We diagnosed duodenal penetration caused by an ingested fish bone. Endoscopic examination showed erosion, but no fish bone or ulceration was detected in the duodenum. The patient was treated conservatively with fasting, peripheral parental nutrition, and intravenous antibiotics. Three days after admission, non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed no movement of the foreign body. The patient continued to have pain, and the decision was made to surgically explore the abdomen. Intraoperative ultrasonography showed that the foreign body had migrated completely into the right renal vein with thrombus. Severe inflammation of the right renal vein was observed. Because we could not remove the foreign body without seriously injuring the right renal vein, right nephrectomy was performed. Macroscopic examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the presence of a fish bone with thrombus in the right renal vein. The patient was discharged 9 days after operation, with no complications.