著者
YUTAKA SHIRAHIGE MASAHIRO ITO KIYOTO ASHIZAWA TOMOKO MOTOMURA NAOKATA YOKOYAMA HIROYUKI NAMBA SHUJI FUKATA TAMOTSU YOKOZAWA NAOFUMI ISHIKAWA TAKASHI MIMURA SHUNICHI YAMASHITA ICHIRO SEKINE KANJI KUMA KUNIHIKO ITO SHIGENOBU NAGATAKI
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.203-209, 1998 (Released:2006-11-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
7 12

The high incidence of childhood thyroid cancer in Belarus is suspected to be due to radiation exposure after the Chernobyl reactor accident. To clarify the clinical and histological characteristics of childhood thyroid cancer in Belarus, we therefore compared these patients to a radiation non-exposed control series in Japan. In Belarus, 26 thyroid cancers in subjects aged 15 or younger were diagnosed among 25, 000 screened between 1991 and 1995 by Chernobyl-Sasakawa Health and Medical Cooperation Project. The clinical and morphologic features of these 26 cases were compared to 37 childhood thyroid cancers in Japan diagnosed between 1962 and 1995. The age distribution at operation in Belarus showed a peak at 10 years old, with a subsequent fall in numbers. In contrast, the age distribution at operation in Japan showed a smooth increase between the ages of 8 and 14. The mean tumor diameter was smaller in Belarus than that in Japan (1.4±0.7 vs. 4.1±1.7cm, P<0.001). The sex ratio, regional lymph node metastasis, extension to surrounding tissues or lung metastasis did not differ significantly. Histologically, all cases in Belarus were papillary and in Japan 33 cases were papillary and 4 cases were follicular carcinomas. Among papillary carcinomas, the frequency of a solid growth pattern, a criteria for classifying a tumor as poorly differentiated, was higher in Belarus than that in Japan (61.5 vs.18.2%, P<0.001). The difference between the features of childhood thyroid cancer in Japan and Belarus may be due to the difference in the process of carcinogenesis, but more direct evidence and further analysis by molecular epidemiology are needed in Belarussian cases.
著者
Tetiana I. Bogdanova Vladimir A. Saenko Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masahiro Ito Liudmyla Yu. Zurnadzhy Toshitetsu Hayashi Tatiana I. Rogounovitch Akira Miyauchi Mykola D. Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.10, pp.977-993, 2017 (Released:2017-10-28)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1 1

This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series. On multivariate comparison, the Japanese pediatric PTC was characterized by a higher sex ratio (p=1.504E-4), and a higher frequency of microcarcinoma (p=0.039), papillary dominant growth pattern (p=0.024), focal oxyphilic cell metaplasia (p=7.644E-6), intrathyroid spread (p=0.010), lymphatic/vascular invasion (p=0.01) and regional lymph node metastases (p=3.540E-6). In the Ukrainian group, multifocal (p=0.004) and non-encapsulated tumors with the solid-trabecular growth pattern (p=0.05) were more frequent. Childhood Japanese PTCs differed from Ukrainian PTCs by more pronounced invasive properties such as lymphatic/vascular invasion and nodal disease, but did not differ by the dominant growth pattern. In adolescents, the differences were detected not only for lymph node metastases, but also for a higher frequency of the papillary dominant pattern in Japanese PTC. Overall, significantly higher frequencies of oxyphilic cell metaplasia and more pronounced invasive features observed in the Japanese PTC in both age-matched series represent the major differences between the tumors from two geographical areas.
著者
Takayoshi Tomono Hisao Kojima Satoshi Fukuchi Yukako Tohsato Masahiro Ito
出版者
一般社団法人 日本生物物理学会
雑誌
Biophysics and Physicobiology (ISSN:21894779)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, pp.57-68, 2015 (Released:2015-11-12)
参考文献数
59
被引用文献数
1

Glycans play important roles in such cell-cell interactions as signaling and adhesion, including processes involved in pathogenic infections, cancers, and neurological diseases. Glycans are biosynthesized by multiple glycosyltransferases (GTs), which function sequentially. Excluding mucin-type O-glycosylation, the non-reducing terminus of glycans is biosynthesized in the Golgi apparatus after the reducing terminus is biosynthesized in the ER. In the present study, we performed genome-wide analyses of human GTs by investigating the degree of conservation of homologues in other organisms, as well as by elucidating the phylogenetic relationship between cephalochordates and urochordates, which has long been controversial in deuterostome phylogeny. We analyzed 173 human GTs and functionally linked glycan synthesis enzymes by phylogenetic profiling and clustering, compiled orthologous genes from the genomes of other organisms, and converted them into a binary sequence based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of orthologous genes in the genomes. Our results suggest that the non-reducing terminus of glycans is biosynthesized by newly evolved GTs. According to our analysis, the phylogenetic profiles of GTs resemble the phylogenetic tree of life, where deuterostomes, metazoans, and eukaryotes are resolved into separate branches. Lineage-specific GTs appear to play essential roles in the divergence of these particular lineages. We suggest that urochordates lose several genes that are conserved among metazoans, such as those expressing sialyltransferases, and that the Golgi apparatus acquires the ability to synthesize glycans after the ER acquires this function.
著者
Masahiro Ito Tetiana Bogdanova Liudmyla Zurnadzhy Vladimir Saenko Tatiana Rogounovitch Norisato Mitsutake Hisayoshi Kondo Shigeto Maeda Masahiro Nakashima Mykola Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.12, pp.1221-1228, 2014 (Released:2014-12-25)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
2

Geographic differences have been reported to affect the morphological and molecular features of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). The area around Chernobyl is well-known to be iodine-deficient in contrast to Japan, an iodine-rich country. We reviewed histological differences in adult PTC between Ukraine and Japan. In total, 112 PTCs from age- and sex-matched adults (Ukraine 56, Japan 56) were evaluated histologically for several factors including tumor size, capsulation, tumor components (papillary, follicular, solid, trabecular), lymph node metastasis, extrathyroid invasion, lymphocytic infiltration, oxyphilic metaplasia, and MIB-1 index. We demonstrated that tumors were smaller (1.56 vs. 2.13 cm, p<0.05) and more solid and that lymph node metastasis was less frequent (14.3% vs. 48.2%, p<0.001) in Ukrainian cases. PTC subtype distribution was significantly different between the two groups. Solid variant (8.9% vs. 1.8%) and mixed subtypes with solid components were more frequent in Ukrainian patients. In contrast, classical papillary carcinomas were more frequent in Japanese cases (10.7% vs. 50.0%, p<0.001). Marked oxyphilic metaplasia was more common in Ukrainian cases (33.9 % vs. 8.9 %, p<0.001). MIB-1 index was significantly higher in Ukrainian cases (2.9% vs. 1.8%, p<0.001). However, the frequencies of tumor capsule formation and background lymphoid follicle formation around the tumor were similar between groups. Morphological differences in adult PTCs were similar to those in pediatric PTCs as reported previously, suggesting that morphogenesis of PTC is influenced by environmental factors, especially dietary iodine, as well as genetic factors.
著者
Tetiana I. Bogdanova Vladimir A. Saenko Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masahiro Ito Liudmyla Yu. Zurnadzhy Toshitetsu Hayashi Tatiana I. Rogounovitch Akira Miyauchi Mykola D. Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0134, (Released:2017-08-10)
被引用文献数
1

This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series. On multivariate comparison, the Japanese pediatric PTC was characterized by a higher sex ratio (p=1.504E-4), and a higher frequency of microcarcinoma (p=0.039), papillary dominant growth pattern (p=0.024), focal oxyphilic cell metaplasia (p=7.644E-6), intrathyroid spread (p=0.010), lymphatic/vascular invasion (p=0.01) and regional lymph node metastases (p=3.540E-6). In the Ukrainian group, multifocal (p=0.004) and non-encapsulated tumors with the solid-trabecular growth pattern (p=0.05) were more frequent. Childhood Japanese PTCs differed from Ukrainian PTCs by more pronounced invasive properties such as lymphatic/vascular invasion and nodal disease, but did not differ by the dominant growth pattern. In adolescents, the differences were detected not only for lymph node metastases, but also for a higher frequency of the papillary dominant pattern in Japanese PTC. Overall, significantly higher frequencies of oxyphilic cell metaplasia and more pronounced invasive features observed in the Japanese PTC in both age-matched series represent the major differences between the tumors from two geographical areas.
著者
Masahiro Ito Tatiana Bogdanova Vladimir Saenko Tatiana Rogounovitch Norisato Mitsutake Hisayoshi Kondo Shigeto Maeda Masahiro Nakashima Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ14-0239, (Released:2014-09-20)
被引用文献数
2

Geographic differences have been reported to affect the morphological and molecular features of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). The area around Chernobyl is well-known to be iodine-deficient in contrast to Japan, an iodine-rich country. We reviewed histological differences in adult PTC between Ukraine and Japan. In total, 112 PTCs from age- and sex-matched adults (Ukraine 56, Japan 56) were evaluated histologically for several factors including tumor size, capsulation, tumor components (papillary, follicular, solid, trabecular), lymph node metastasis, extrathyroid invasion, lymphocytic infiltration, oxyphilic metaplasia, and MIB-1 index. We demonstrated that tumors were smaller (1.56 vs. 2.13 cm, p<0.05) and more solid and that lymph node metastasis was less frequent (14.3% vs. 48.2%, p<0.001) in Ukrainian cases. PTC subtype distribution was significantly different between the two groups. Solid variant (8.9% vs. 1.8%) and mixed subtypes with solid components were more frequent in Ukrainian patients. In contrast, classical papillary carcinomas were more frequent in Japanese cases (10.7% vs. 50.0%, p<0.001). Marked oxyphilic metaplasia was more common in Ukrainian cases (33.9 % vs. 8.9 %, p<0.001). MIB-1 index was significantly higher in Ukrainian cases (2.9% vs. 1.8%, p<0.001). However, the frequencies of tumor capsule formation and background lymphoid follicle formation around the tumor were similar between groups. Morphological differences in adult PTCs were similar to those in pediatric PTCs as reported previously, suggesting that morphogenesis of PTC is influenced by environmental factors, especially dietary iodine, as well as genetic factors.
著者
Masahiro Ito Takashi Yamamoto Kenichi Takaku Nanako Tsutsui Mayumi Sasagawa Satoru Hirono Toshiya Suzuki Makoto Kodama
出版者
一般社団法人 インターナショナル・ハート・ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.6, pp.394-395, 2012 (Released:2012-12-18)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
2

There have been only a few reports regarding the relation between snow shoveling and acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS). We present a case series of 5 patients who presented with AHFS, all within 5 days after shoveling snow. Although all patients underwent examination at a regular out-patient clinic, no patient had prior signs or symptoms of heart failure. The condition of all patients had gradually deteriorated, with no abrupt onset of dyspnea after shoveling snow. Four of the 5 patients demonstrated a preserved ejection fraction on echocardiography. Snow shoveling may lead to AHFS in patients who are at risk for developing heart failure.
著者
Tsugumi Takayama Takuya Ozawa Akiko Sanada Tohru Watanabe Masahiro Ito Satoru Hirono Yoshifusa Aizawa Tohru Minamino
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.6, pp.823-827, 2018-03-15 (Released:2018-03-15)
参考文献数
14

A 33-year-old man with severe aortic regurgitation underwent initial aortic valve replacement (AVR). During the 2 years after AVR, 3 reoperations for prosthetic valve detachment were required. During hospitalization, he had no typical clinical findings, with the exception of a persistent inflammatory reaction; a pseudo-aneurysm around the Bentall graft developed 27 days after the 4th operation. This unique clinical course suggested the possibility of Behçet's disease. In the 8 years of follow-up after the administration of prednisolone, the pseudo-aneurysm did not become enlarged and the detachment of the prosthetic valve was not observed. We herein present a case of cardiovascular Behçet's disease, with a review of the literature.
著者
Ayaka Sako Sung Kwan Bae Toshifumi Gushima Junichi Motoshita Shigemune Bekki Seigo Abiru Atsumasa Komori Shinji Shimoda Masahiro Ito Hiroshi Yatsuhashi Kazuhiro Takahashi
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.41-45, 2017-01-01 (Released:2017-01-01)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
2

We herein report two cases of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) due to mosapride. Case 1: A 78-year-old man was admitted with elevated transaminase levels. The cessation of mosapride led to the improvement of elevated liver enzyme levels. Case 2: A 54-year-old man was admitted with jaundice. Mosapride was discontinued immediately, and methylprednisolone was administered for acute liver failure. The patient's data showed improvement, and he was discharged on Day 32. In both cases, mosapride gave a positive response to a drug-induced lymphocyte stimulation test (DLST), and the patient's score based on the criteria for DILI was "highly probable".
著者
So Yamada Yuki Matsumuro Takashi Inoue Tomonori Kitamura Saki Itonori Mutsumi Sugita Masahiro Ito
出版者
公益社団法人 日本油化学会
雑誌
Journal of Oleo Science (ISSN:13458957)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.3, pp.129-136, 2007 (Released:2007-02-10)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
2 3

A novel sulfated glycosphingolipid, SGL-1, was isolated from the ascidian Ciona intestinalis, prepared from chloroform/methanol extracts and fractionated successively on DEAE Sephadex-A25, Florisil and Iatrobeads column chromatographies. Chemical structural analysis was performed using methylation analysis, gas-liquid chromatography, combined gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. This chemical structure is presented as GlcCer I6-Sulfate. The ceramide moiety was specified by t16:0, t17:0, br,t17:0, t18:0 and br,t18:0 as sphingoids, and 2-hydroxy, saturated fatty acids as represented by docosanoic and tetracosanoic acids.