- Japan Epidemiological Association
- Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
- pp.JE20220201, (Released:2022-11-12)
Background: Reports of mortality-associated risk factors in patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are limited.Methods: We evaluated the clinical features that were associated with mortality among patients who died during hospitalization (N=158) and those who were alive at discharge (N=2,736) from the large-scale, multicenter, retrospective, observational cohort CLOT-COVID study enrolled consecutively hospitalized COVID-19 patients from 16 centers in Japan from April to September 2021. Data from 2,894 hospitalized COVID-19 participants of the CLOT-COVID study were analyzed in this study.Results: Patients who died were older (71.1 years versus 51.6 years, P<0.001), had higher median D-dimer values on admission (1.7 μg/mL versus 0.8 μg/mL, P<0.001), and had more comorbidities. On admission, the patients who died had more severe COVID-19 than did those who survived (mild: 16% versus 63%, moderate: 47% versus 31%, and severe: 37% versus 6.2%, P<0.001). In patients who died, the incidence of thrombosis and major bleeding during hospitalization was significantly higher than that in those who survived (thrombosis: 8.2% vs. 1.5%, P<0.001; major bleeding: 12.7% vs. 1.4%, P<0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that age >70 years, high D-dimer values on admission, heart disease, active cancer, higher COVID-19 severity on admission, and development of major bleeding during hospitalization were independently associated with a higher mortality risk. Conclusions: This large-scale observational study in Japan identified several independent risk factors for mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 that could facilitate appropriate risk stratification of patients with COVID-19.