著者
Peng Sun Zhiqiang Wang Bo Li Shanjiang Chen
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.6, pp.1002-1009, 2023-11-30 (Released:2023-11-30)
参考文献数
47

The relationship between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of stroke is controversial. This study aimed to examine the association of dietary magnesium intake with the risk of stroke among American adults.The relationship between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of stroke was analyzed using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2018 data with 29,653 adults. The amount of magnesium from the diet was assessed by two 24-hour dietary recalls. Stroke outcomes were defined using the results of the self-reported questionnaires. The association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of stroke was evaluated using logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline.In our study, an inverse association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of stroke was found. For the highest versus lowest quartile of dietary magnesium intake, the multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of stroke was 0.56 (0.36-0.86). The magnesium intake of women was negatively associated with stroke risk, but this negative association was not found in men. Then, the inverse association was statistically significant among the 40-59 year-old group. The results from the dose-response analysis show a linear relationship between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of stroke.Dietary magnesium intake was inversely associated with the risk of stroke, especially in women. Therefore, our study emphasizes the importance of appropriately increasing dietary magnesium intake.
著者
Mai Takiguchi Tetsuya Ohira Hironori Nakano Yui Yumiya Takayoshi Yamaki Akiomi Yoshihisa Kazuhiko Nakazato Hitoshi Suzuki Tetsuo Ishikawa Seiji Yasumura Kenji Kamiya Yasuchika Takeishi
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-110, (Released:2019-10-31)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
5

On March 11, 2011, a great earthquake, known as the Great East Japan Earthquake, hit northeastern Japan, resulting in a tsunami that caused a nuclear disaster, the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, forcing about 160,000 people to evacuate. We, therefore, sought to examine the effects of this evacuation on the onset of cardiovascular diseases and sudden death (SD) in Fukushima Prefecture, three years after the earthquake. We divided the evacuation zone into two areas, whole evacuation zone (Area 1) and partial evacuation zone (Area 2), and we defined the north district of the prefecture as the control area (Area 3). We cross-referenced the death certificate data with data from the Fukushima Prefecture acute myocardial infarction registration survey. For each area, we tallied the number of people who fell into the SD, myocardial infarction (MI), and MI suspected groups. We calculated the age-adjusted incidence rates and analyzed the differences in the adjusted incidence rates across three years using a Poisson regression model. The age-adjusted death rate of the SD group was significantly higher in 2011 in all areas than in 2012 or 2013 (P < 0.05). The total death rate was higher in Area 1 in March 2011, just after the disaster, than in the other two areas. The rate of SD was also higher in Area 1 than in the other areas in March 2011. The incidence of sudden cardiac death might have increased just after the Great East Japan Earthquake in the evacuation area, but not in other areas in Fukushima Prefecture.
著者
Danijela Djokovic Maja Nikolic Nemanja Muric Ivana Nedeljkovic Stefan Simovic Ljiljana Novkovic Vojislav Cupurdija Zorica Savovic Jelena Vuckovic-Filipovic Romana Susa Ivan Cekerevac
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.5, pp.1164-1170, 2021-09-29 (Released:2021-09-30)
参考文献数
27

There is emerging evidence of prolonged recovery in survivors of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), even in those with mild COVID-19. In this paper, we report a case of a 39-year-old male with excessive body weight and a history of borderline values of arterial hypertension without therapy, who was mainly complaining of progressive dyspnea after being diagnosed with mild COVID-19. According to the recent guidelines on the holistic assessment and management of patients who had COVID-19, all preferred diagnostic procedures, including multidetector computed tomography (CT), CT pulmonary angiogram, and echocardiography, should be conducted. However, in our patient, no underlying cardiopulmonary disorder has been established. Therefore, considering all additional symptoms our patient had beyond dyspnea, our initial differential diagnosis included anxiety-related dysfunctional breathing. However, psychiatric evaluation revealed that our patient had only a mild anxiety level, which was unlikely to provoke somatic complaints. We decided to perform further investigations considering that cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) represents a reliable diagnostic tool for patients with unexplained dyspnea. Finally, the CPET elucidated the diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle, which was the most probable cause of progressive dyspnea in our patient. We suggested that, based on uncontrolled cardiovascular risk factors our patient had, COVID-19 triggered a subclinical form of heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) to become clinically manifest. Recently, the new onset, exacerbation, or transition from subclinical to clinical HFpEF has been associated with COVID-19. Therefore, in addition to the present literature, our case should warn physicians on HFpEF among survivors of COVID-19.
著者
Kozo Hotta Ryoji Taniguchi Hiroyuki Nakayama Fumitaka Yamaguchi Yukihito Sato
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.6, pp.1342-1347, 2021-11-29 (Released:2021-11-30)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
5

The aim of the present study was to determine whether the addition of an oral nutritional supplement with whey peptides and branched-chain amino acids for cardiac rehabilitation improves cardiopulmonary function, skeletal muscle function, and metabolism in CHF patients.In this randomized, parallel-group comparative pilot study, 20 CHF patients were randomly assigned to the nutrition group (n = 10) or the control group (n = 10). At baseline and 12 weeks, we performed physical examinations, motor function evaluation, clinical laboratory tests, nutritional status assessment, and echocardiography. The primary outcome was exercise tolerance, as determined by the cardiopulmonary stress test (CPX), 6-minute walking test (6MWT), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels.During follow-up, body weight, body mass index, total muscle mass, and total lean mass did not change significantly in either group. The total fat mass significantly increased in the nutrition group (14.3 ± 5.4 kg versus 16.1 ± 5.5 kg, P < 0.001) but did not change in the control group, and the difference in the changes in total fat mass between groups was significant (−0.26 ± 0.96 kg versus 1.49 ± 0.63 kg, P < 0.001). The peakVO2 and 6-minute walk test (6 MWT) significantly increased in the nutrition group (14.6 ± 3.4 mL/minute/kg versus 15.8 ± 3.8 mL/minute/kg, P = 0.029; 346.9 ± 103.1 m versus 382.7 ± 102.1 m, P = 0.048; respectively) but did not change in the control group. The changes in peakVO2 and 6MWT did not significantly differ between the groups.The oral nutritional supplement for the treatment of CHF was effective for cardiac rehabilitation in terms of fat mass and exercise capacity.The present study demonstrated that oral nutritional supplements with whey peptides and branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) for cardiac rehabilitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) increased fat mass and exercise capacity. We conclude that whey peptides and BCAA supplementation may be a useful treatment for CHF patients.
著者
Wengen Zhu Kui Hong
出版者
一般社団法人 インターナショナル・ハート・ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.2, pp.163-166, 2017 (Released:2017-04-06)
参考文献数
46
被引用文献数
14

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the most effective gastric acid-suppressing agents and the mainstay medical therapy for a series of acid peptic diseases. In general, the safety profile of PPIs is excellent. However, with long-term drug administration, the safety and potency of PPIs has been questioned. In the cardiovascular field, drug-drug interactions related to PPIs have been identified with particular attention regarding the use of PPIs combined with clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Currently, cardiovascular risks from PPIs may extend from patients with coronary artery disease to the general population. This review summarizes the possible cardiovascular risks in PPI users with no history of cardiovascular diseases and discusses possible biological mechanisms.
著者
Junji Morita Yusuke Kondo Takuya Okada Takayuki Kitai Yuhei Kasai Tsutomu Fujita
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.4, pp.602-605, 2023-07-29 (Released:2023-07-29)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
1

The predictors of pacing capture threshold (PCT) exacerbation after leadless pacemaker implantation remain unknown. We analyzed the predictors of poor PCT by identifying risk factors using multivariate logistic regression analysis for 211 patients with leadless pacemaker implantation. Twenty patients met the criteria for elevated PCT levels and were categorized in the poor PCT group. Multivariate analyses revealed that PCT (P < 0.0001) and pacing impedance (P = 0.03) were independent predictors of PCT exacerbation. Elevated PCT levels and low pacing impedance during leadless pacemaker implantation were potential risk factors for the replacement of leadless pacemakers after the procedure.
著者
Mai Shimbo Atsuko Nakayama
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.3, pp.465-469, 2021-05-29 (Released:2021-05-29)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
4

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the lives of healthcare professionals, especially vulnerable physicians such as young or female cardiologists. In Japan, they are facing the fear of not only infection but also weak and unstable employment, difficulties in medical practice and training anxiety, implications for research and studying abroad, as well as worsened mental health issues due to social isolation. Conversely, some positive aspects are seen through the holding of remote meetings and conferences. Here, we suggest a new working style for cardiologists, as well as offer solutions to the medical employment problems that have been taken place in Japan.
著者
Takuya Matsumoto Satoshi Kodera Hiroki Shinohara Hirotaka Ieki Toshihiro Yamaguchi Yasutomi Higashikuni Arihiro Kiyosue Kaoru Ito Jiro Ando Eiki Takimoto Hiroshi Akazawa Hiroyuki Morita Issei Komuro
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.4, pp.781-786, 2020-07-30 (Released:2020-07-30)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
26

The development of deep learning technology has enabled machines to achieve high-level accuracy in interpreting medical images. While many previous studies have examined the detection of pulmonary nodules in chest X-rays using deep learning, the application of this technology to heart failure remains rare. In this paper, we investigated the performance of a deep learning algorithm in terms of diagnosing heart failure using images obtained from chest X-rays. We used 952 chest X-ray images from a labeled database published by the National Institutes of Health. Two cardiologists verified and relabeled a total of 260 "normal" and 378 "heart failure" images, with the remainder being discarded because they had been incorrectly labeled. Data augmentation and transfer learning were used to obtain an accuracy of 82% in diagnosing heart failure using the chest X-ray images. Furthermore, heatmap imaging allowed us to visualize decisions made by the machine. Deep learning can thus help support the diagnosis of heart failure using chest X-ray images.
著者
Koji Matsuo Kei Yoneki Hiroaki Tatsuki Kazuhiro Mibu Kento Furuzono Kikka Kobayashi Shiori Yasuda Seiji Tamiya
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.6, pp.1141-1149, 2022-11-30 (Released:2022-11-30)
参考文献数
48
被引用文献数
5

Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) is expected to be considered as an add-on therapy for the usual rehabilitation of patients with chronic heart failure (HF). However, it remains unclear whether EMS can reduce muscle volume loss in patients with acute HF (AHF) immediately after hospitalization. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate if EMS could reduce the lower-limb muscle volume loss in patients with AHF. In this single-center, retrospective, observational study, lower-limb skeletal muscle volume, quadriceps muscle layer thickness, and clinical events (worsening HF or kidney function) were evaluated in 45 patients with AHF (mean age, 77.4 ± 11.6 years, 31 males). All patients underwent EMS on the right leg, in addition to usual rehabilitation, for 20 minutes per day, 5 days per week, for 2 weeks. A two-factor (time × leg) analysis of variance was performed to compare the difference between the right leg (usual rehabilitation and EMS) and left leg (usual rehabilitation only). The skeletal muscle mass decreased by 11.6% ± 19.7% from baseline in the right leg and by 20.4% ± 16.1% in the left leg (interaction; F = 4.54, P = 0.036). The quadriceps muscle layer thickness decreased by 10.2% ± 7.1% from baseline in the right leg and by 13.5% ± 6.0% in the left leg (interaction; F = 10.50, P = 0.002). No clinical events were related to EMS. Results showed that EMS combined with usual rehabilitation for patients with AHF has the potential to inhibit muscle volume loss.
著者
Takayuki Warisawa Takanobu Mitarai Shunichi Doi Mizuho Kasahara Norio Suzuki Manabu Takai Hisao Matsuda Yoshihiro J. Akashi
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.6, pp.1454-1457, 2018-11-30 (Released:2018-11-28)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
3 3

We report a case of successful percutaneous retrieval of an unexpectedly disrupted balloon catheter using GuideLiner and a low-profile balloon. The procedure and the mechanism of this novel technique were described in detail with ex-vivo testing. This case demonstrated the utility of the combination of GuideLiner and low-profile balloon as a bail-out for intravascular foreign body.
著者
Nobutaka Nagano Atsuko Muranaka Ryo Nishikawa Wataru Ohwada Hidemichi Kouzu Naoyuki Kamiyama Takefumi Fujito Atsushi Mochizuki Daigo Nagahara Mitsuhiro Nakanishi Yukiko Ohkubo Shin Hisahara Satoshi Nakao Nagaaki Katoh Aki Ishikawa Akihiro Sakurai Toshiyuki Yano
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.1, pp.168-175, 2022-01-29 (Released:2022-01-29)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
7

Diagnostic strategies for symptomatic transthyretin (ATTR) cardiac amyloidosis showing typical morphological features such as increased ventricular wall thickness and myocardial injury such as an elevation in serum troponin T level have been established, but those for subclinical cardiac amyloidosis are limited. In the era when effective therapies to suppress/delay progression of ATTR cardiac amyloidosis are available, early detection of cardiac involvement plays a crucial role in appropriate decision-making for treatment in TTR mutation carriers who have a family history of heart failure and death due to ATTR amyloidosis. Findings of three cases with known pathogenic transthyretin (TTR) mutations (p.Ser70Arg, p.Phe53Val, and p.Val50Met) and family histories of death for amyloidosis were presented. Two cases were asymptomatic, and a case carrying p.Phe53Val had gastrointestinal symptoms and autonomic neuropathy. Levels of plasma N-terminal fragment of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and troponin T were within normal ranges in all cases, but results of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and bone scintigraphy clearly revealed the presence of cardiac involvement in all cases, even in a case without echocardiographic abnormalities including left ventricular hypertrophy and relative apical sparing of longitudinal strain shown by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography. Electrocardiography revealed modest abnormalities including reduced R wave amplitude in V2 and a trend toward left axis deviation in all cases. In conclusion, CMR, bone scintigraphy, and electrocardiography are useful for early detection of ATTR cardiac amyloidosis in TTR mutation carriers. The role of comprehensive cardiac assessment in the early detection of cardiac amyloidosis in TTR mutation carriers is discussed.
著者
Zehua Dong Bangxu Yu Quanfang Zhang Haitao Pei Jinyan Xing Wei Fang Yunbo Sun Zhen Song
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.2, pp.241-246, 2016 (Released:2016-03-22)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
3 44

We investigated the effects of early rehabilitation therapy on prolonged mechanically ventilated patients after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).A total of 106 patients who underwent CABG between June 2012 and May 2015 were enrolled and randomly assigned into an early rehabilitation group (53 cases) and a control group (53 cases). The rehabilitation therapy consisted of 6 steps including head up, transferring from supination to sitting, sitting on the edge of bed, sitting in a chair, transferring from sitting to standing, and walking along a bed. The patients received rehabilitation therapy in the intensive care unit (ICU) after CABG in the early rehabilitation group. The control group patients received rehabilitation therapy after leaving the ICU.The results showed that the early rehabilitation therapy could significantly decrease the duration of mechanical ventilation (early rehabilitation group: 8.1 ± 3.3 days; control group: 13.9 ± 4.1 days, P < 0.01), hospital stay (early rehabilitation group: 22.0 ± 3.8 days; control group: 29.1 ± 4.6 days, P < 0.01), and ICU stay (early rehabilitation group: 11.7 ± 3.2 days; control group: 18.3 ± 4.2 days, P < 0.01) for patients requiring more than 72 hours prolonged mechanical ventilation. The results of Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the proportions of patients remaining on mechanical ventilation in the early rehabilitation group were larger than that in the control group after 7 days of rehabilitation therapy (logrank test: P < 0.01).The results provide evidence for supporting the application of early rehabilitation therapy in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation after CABG.
著者
Kayoko Hirayama-Yamada Natsuko Inagaki Takeharu Hayashi Akinori Kimura
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.2, pp.359-366, 2021-03-30 (Released:2021-03-30)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
6

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common cause of heart failure. TTN, which encodes titin protein, is a representative causative gene of DCM, and is presented mainly as a truncation variant. However, TTN truncation variants are also found in healthy individuals, and it is therefore important to evaluate the pathogenicity of each variant. In this study, we analyzed 67 cardiomyopathy-associated genes in a male Japanese patient who was hospitalized for recurrent severe heart failure and identified a novel truncation variant, TTN Ser17456Arg fs*14. This TTN truncation variant was located in the A-band region. Moreover, the patient's mother with heart failure harbored the same variant, whereas the father and brother without heart failure did not harbor the variant. To examine the functional changes associated with the truncation variant, H9c2 cells were subjected to genome editing to generate cells with a homologous truncation variant. The cells were differentiated using all-trans-retinoic acid, and the mRNA expression of skeletal actin and cardiac actin were found to be increased and decreased, respectively, consistent with known changes in patients with DCM or heart failure. In contrast, another cell with the titin truncation variant used as a control showed no changes in heart failure-related genes. In summary, we found a novel TTN truncation variant in familial DCM patients and confirmed its functional changes using a relatively simple cell model. The novel truncation variant was identified as a pathogenic and disease-causing mutation.
著者
Jun Oikawa Hidehira Fukaya Shinichi Niwano Daiki Saito Tetsuro Sato Gen Matsuura Yuki Arakawa Yuki Shirakawa Shuhei Kobayashi Ai Horiguchi Ryo Nishinarita Naruya Ishizue Jun Kishihara Junya Ako
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.4, pp.838-842, 2020-07-30 (Released:2020-07-30)
参考文献数
11

Complex atrial tachycardias (ATs) after catheter ablation or a MAZE procedure is sometimes difficult to determine the circuits of the tachycardia. A high-density, grid-shapes mapping catheter has been launched, which can be useful for detecting the detail circuits of tachycardias on three-dimensional mapping systems. The signal quality is also important for performing electrophysiological studies (EPSs), such as entrainment mapping, to identify the circuit. This unique mapping catheter has 1 mm electrodes on 2.5 Fr shafts, which improve the signal quality. The high-quality intracardiac electrograms facilitate differentiating small critical potentials, which allows us to perform detailed entrainment mapping in targeted narrow areas. Here, we describe a patient with a perimetral AT with epi-endocardium breakthrough after a MAZE surgery and catheter ablation, which was treated successfully along with detailed entrainment mapping using the HD Grid. This catheter with high-quality signals could be a significant diagnostic tool for a classic EPS as well as for the construction of 3D mapping.
著者
Yutaro Oshima Tsuyoshi Nozue Sohei Takagi Toshiki Asada Toshitsugu Gamou Taku Iwaki Ichiro Michishita
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.6, pp.1212-1214, 2022-11-30 (Released:2022-11-30)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
1

The coronavirus infection 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to the development of mRNA vaccines with proven efficacy. However, it remains unclear whether patients who developed pericarditis after the first COVID-19 mRNA would be fit to receive the second vaccination. Herein, we present the case of a 64-year-old man who visited our emergency department with substernal chest discomfort that began 4 days after his first mRNA COVID-19 vaccination. Acute pericarditis was diagnosed based on symptoms and ST-segment elevation on an electrocardiogram. Chest pain improved 2 days after treatment.Since there are no guidelines on whether to administer an additional vaccination to a patient who developed pericarditis after the initial vaccination, we considered whether or not to administer the additional vaccination. We informed the patient about the risks and benefits and decided to administer the second dose. He did not experience any major adverse reactions. The indications for the second vaccination need to be thoroughly considered.
著者
Xiao Liu Ninghong Guo Wengen Zhu Quan Zhou Menglu Liu Chen Chen Ping Yuan Rong Wan Kui Hong
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-470, (Released:2019-06-14)
参考文献数
56
被引用文献数
27

In a previous meta-analysis, it was demonstrated that the resting heart rate (RHR) is a potential risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the results of that meta-analysis were conflicting, and the relationship between the RHR and AF is still not well established. In the current meta-analysis, our aim is to update evidence with a better statistical model. We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases for relevant studies and used a "one-stage approach" with a restricted cubic spline model to summarize the dose-specific relationships between the RHR and AF. Relative risk (RR) was used to measure the effects. In total, 10 studies were included, with a total of 18,630 cases of AF among 431,432 participants. In the dose-response analysis, there was evidence of a nonlinear association between the RHR and the risk of AF (nonlinearity, P < 0.0001), which exhibited a significant J-shaped association between the two factors. An RHR between 68 and 80 bpm had the lowest risk of AF. Among people who had RHR < 70 bpm, the summary RR was 1.09 per 10-RHR decrease (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.06-1.12; P < 0.001). The results were similar for participants with RHR > 70 bpm (per 10 bpm increase) (RR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.03-1.08; P < 0.001). Our dose-response meta-analysis revealed a significant J-shaped association between the RHR and AF. Both low RHR and high RHR were associated with an increased risk of AF compared with a modest RHR of 68-80 bpm.
著者
Yuichi Tamura Hiraku Kumamaru Shiori Nishimura Yasuo Nakajima Hiromi Matsubara Yu Taniguchi Ichizo Tsujino Ayako Shigeta Koichiro Kinugawa Kazuhiro Kimura Koichiro Tatsumi
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.4, pp.684-692, 2023-07-29 (Released:2023-07-29)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
2

Upfront combination therapy including intravenous prostaglandin I2 (PGI2-IV) is recognized as the most appropriate treatment for patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This retrospective study aimed to determine reasons why this therapy is not used for some patients with severe PAH and describe the hemodynamic and clinical prognoses of patients receiving initial combination treatment with (PGI2-IV+) or without (PGI2-IV−) PGI2-IV.Data for patients with severe PAH (World Health Organization Functional Class III/IV and mean pulmonary arterial pressure [mPAP] ≥ 40 mmHg) were extracted from the Japan Pulmonary Hypertension Registry. Overall, 73 patients were included (PGI2-IV + n = 17; PGI2-IV− n = 56). The PGI2-IV+ cohort was younger than the PGI2-IV− cohort (33.8 ± 10.6 versus 52.6 ± 18.2 years) and had higher mPAP (58.1 ± 12.9 versus 51.8 ± 9.0 mmHg), greater prevalence of idiopathic PAH (88% versus 32%), and less prevalence of connective tissue disease-associated PAH (0% versus 29%). Hemodynamic measures, including mPAP, showed improvement in both cohorts (post-treatment median [interquartile range] 38.5 [17.0-40.0] for the PGI2-IV + cohort and 33.0 [25.0-43.0] mmHg for the PGI2-IV − cohort). Deaths (8/56) and lung transplantation (1/56) occurred only in the PGI2-IV − cohort.These Japanese registry data indicate that older age, lower mPAP, and non-idiopathic PAH may influence clinicians against using upfront combination therapy including PGI2-IV for patients with severe PAH. Early combination therapy including PGI2-IV was associated with improved hemodynamics from baseline, but interpretation is limited by the small sample size.
著者
Hirohisa Taniguchi Tomohiro Takata Mineki Takechi Asuka Furukawa Jin Iwasawa Akio Kawamura Tadahiro Taniguchi Yuichi Tamura
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.3, pp.534-539, 2021-05-29 (Released:2021-05-29)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
22

Atrial fibrillation is a clinically important arrhythmia. There are some reports on machine learning models for AF diagnosis using electrocardiogram data. However, few reports have proposed an eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) model to enable physicians to easily understand the machine learning model's diagnosis results.We developed and validated an XAI-enabled atrial fibrillation diagnosis model based on a convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm. We used Holter electrocardiogram monitoring data and the gradient-weighted class activation mapping (Grad-CAM) method.Electrocardiogram data recorded from patients between January 4, 2016, and October 31, 2019, totaling 57,273 electrocardiogram waveform slots of 30 seconds each with diagnostic information annotated by cardiologists, were used for training our proposed model. Performance metrics of our AI model for AF diagnosis are as follows: sensitivity, 97.1% (95% CI: 0.969-0.972); specificity, 94.5% (95% CI: 0.943-0.946); accuracy, 95.3% (95% CI: 0.952-0.955); positive predictive value, 89.3% (95% CI: 0.892-0.897); and F-value, 93.1% (95% CI: 0.929-0.933). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for AF detection using our model was 0.988 (95% CI: 0.987-0.988). Furthermore, using the XAI method, 94.5 ± 3.5% of the areas identified as regions of interest using our machine learning model were identified as characteristic sites for AF diagnosis by cardiologists.AF was accurately diagnosed and favorably explained with Holter ECG waveforms using our proposed CNN-based XAI model. Our study presents another step toward realizing a viable XAI-based detection model for AF diagnoses for use by physicians.
著者
Masakazu Hori Makiko Nakamura Masaki Nakagaito Koichiro Kinugawa
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-038, (Released:2019-09-04)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
2

We recently experienced a 43-year-old man with dilated cardiomyopathy transported under the Impella support to a high-volume left ventricular assist device (LVAD) center. Stabilized hemodynamics with the Impella and firm fixation of the device were important for safe transportation of the patient.
著者
Kanae Hasegawa Hiroyasu Uzui Yoshitomo Fukuoka Dai Miyanaga Yuichiro Shiomi Naoto Tama Hiroyuki Ikeda Kentaro Ishida Shinsuke Miyazaki Yoshiki Sekijima Hironobu Naiki Hiroshi Tada
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.1, pp.49-55, 2022-01-29 (Released:2022-01-29)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
2

The diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis is frequently delayed because histological confirmation is often challenging. Few studies have attempted to clarify the utility and safety of abdominal fat pad fine-needle aspiration (FPFNA) for an initial screening test in patients with suspected cardiac amyloidosis.This study included 77 consecutive patients with suspected non-ischemic cardiomyopathy who had left ventricular dysfunction and/or hypertrophy. All patients underwent abdominal FPFNA and an endomyocardial biopsy. In all patients, the abdominal FPFNA could be performed within less than 5 minutes with no complications; however, in 1 patient (1.3%), the obtained specimen was too small to evaluate. Among the remaining 76 patients, 5 (6.6%) were positive for amyloid (FPFNA[+]) and 7 (9.2%), including the 5 FPFNA[+], were diagnosed with cardiac amyloidosis (AL = 1, ATTR = 6) by endomyocardial biopsy. Positive abdominal FPFNAs indicated cardiac amyloidosis with high accuracy (sensitivity, 71.4%; specificity, 100%).Positive abdominal FPFNAs are directly linked to diagnoses of cardiac amyloidosis. Abdominal FPFNA is simple and useful for the initial screening test for cardiac amyloidosis in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy.