著者
上田 隆一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本ロボット学会
雑誌
日本ロボット学会誌 (ISSN:02891824)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.5, pp.404-407, 2011 (Released:2011-07-15)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
3 or 0
著者
園田 翔
出版者
早稲田大学
巻号頁・発行日
pp.11-214, 2016

早大学位記番号:新7508
出版者
国立国会図書館
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2018年, no.(681), 2018-01-01
著者
岡 耕平
出版者
日本認知科学会
雑誌
認知科学 (ISSN:13417924)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.1, pp.45-61, 2014-03-01 (Released:2015-02-02)
参考文献数
21

Some people with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) can hardly express their own thoughts in language. Sometimes, they have been considered as a communication disorder. However, since the word “communication” is usually defied as an interaction between at least two persons, it is doubtful to attribute problems happened within a particular communication to one side. In this study, I collected text data from a mi-croblog of one person who has been diagnosed as PDD and having difficulty to express her own thoughts in language, in order to investigate how the microblog had changed the way of communications. The results of the text data analysis showed that the par-ticipant expressed what she wanted to say by referring and utilizing remarks of others. The possibility and implications of removing the difficulties from their communication through the process of “curation” was discussed.

8 7 0 0 OA 水蔭行脚全集

著者
水蔭江見忠功 著
出版者
江水社
巻号頁・発行日
vol.第5巻 (楽行脚苦行脚), 1934
著者
津田 和俊 伊藤 隆之 菅沼 聖 高原 文江 朴 鈴子 山田 智穂
出版者
北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 オープンエデュケーションセンター 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
雑誌
科学技術コミュニケーション (ISSN:18818390)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.99-110, 2017-12

山口情報芸術センター・通称「YCAM(ワイカム)」は,山口市にあるアートセンターである.2003 年の開館以来,メディアテクノロジーを用いた新しい表現を模索しており,展覧会や公演,映画上映,ワークショップなど多彩なイベントを開催している.YCAM の取り組みは,メディアアートやパフォーミング・アーツを軸にしつつも,近年では,スポーツや遊び,食,さらにはバイオ・リサーチまで拡がりを見せている.これらの取り組みの基盤には,YCAM の内部に設置された研究開発チーム(YCAM InterLab)の活動がある.本稿では,まずYCAM の概要やInterLab の紹介を行い,続いて,芸術表現,教育,地域といった3つの分野における具体的な作品や展覧会の事例を紹介する.そして,最後に,近年飛躍的に発展するバイオテクノロジーに取り組みはじめた「YCAM バイオ・リサーチ」プロジェクトについて紹介する.
著者
束田 進也 小高 俊一 芦谷 公稔 大竹 和生 野坂 大輔
出版者
公益社団法人 日本地震学会
雑誌
地震 第2輯 (ISSN:00371114)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.4, pp.351-361, 2004-03-25 (Released:2010-03-11)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
8 or 0

We have found that the envelope waveform of the initial part of P waves changes systematically with magnitude and epicentral distance. In order to represent the envelope waveform quantitatively we introduced a simple function of the form of Bt·exp(-At). Two parameters A and B can easily be determined by the least-squares method. The parameter B defines the slope of the initial part of the P-wave envelope and A is related to the amplitude growth or decay with time. When A is positive, B/(Ae) gives the maximum amplitude where e denotes the base of natural logarithm. This case is typical for small earthquakes, indicating that the initial amplitude increases sharply and decays quickly soon after the P-wave arrival. When A is negative, the amplitude increases exponentially with time. This is a characteristic of large earthquakes.We have found from the analysis of actual seismic data that log B is inversely proportional to the epicentral distance Δ even though the dispersion of data is somewhat large. This relation seems to be independent of earthquake magnitude and thus, by using this relation, we can roughly estimate the epicentral distance immediately after the P-wave arrival. Then, we can estimate the magnitude easily from the formula, similar to the conventional magnitude-amplitude relation, M=α·logVmax+β·logB+γ, where Vmax is the P-wave maximum amplitude within a given short time interval (e. g., 3 seconds) after the P-wave arrival. For M7- and M8-class earthquakes whose rupture duration reaches 10 sec or more, we need to estimate the magnitude repeatedly with time as the amplitude increases.The decrease of the parameter B with distance may be caused by anelasticity of the medium, scattering and geometrical spreading of P waves during propagation.
著者
大矢 雅彦
出版者
日本地図学会
雑誌
地図 (ISSN:00094897)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.2, pp.18-23, 2001-08-10 (Released:2011-07-19)
参考文献数
13
著者
男全 恵里花 岸本 桂子 福島 紀子 櫻井 秀彦
出版者
日本社会薬学会
雑誌
社会薬学 (ISSN:09110585)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.2, pp.78-87, 2017-12-10 (Released:2018-01-05)
参考文献数
23

The purpose of this research was to clarify the factors influencing the approval or disapproval and evaluative opinions of the public concerning separation of dispensing and prescribing functions. We conducted a Web survey with 2006 participants (September 2016). We conducted multiple logistic regression analysis and quantitative analysis of freely recorded their reasons about approval or disapproval. The approval rating was 29.2% in persons who had had some prior experience with at the pharmacies (n=1,778) and 41.9% in participants who made regular clinic visits and always filled prescriptions at the pharmacy (n=430). Multiple logistic regression analysis of the data of participants who visited pharmacies (n=1,778), identified that compared to participants who experienced side effects (OR=1.34), the frequency of used pharmacies (OR:Odds ratio=1.47), the filling burdened by having to fill prescriptions at the pharmacy (OR=0.19, 1/OR=5.18), there was a significant positive association for the approval. Analysis of qualitative data of the group that approved identified many labels related to ‘quality of results’, however no labels related to ‘quality of results’ were generated in the group which disapproved. Public approval or disapproval of non-hospital based prescription is mainly determined based on the burden or inconvenience incurred (due to waiting times, mobility-incurred time and energy, inconvenience associated with travel, inconvenience of repeated visits) when filling prescriptions at the pharmacy rather than on opinions regarding the pharmacy’s drug therapy service. Measures are required to increase the level of merit compared to the burden experienced in the use of pharmacy.
著者
溜渕 功史 山田 真澄 Stephen WU
出版者
公益社団法人 日本地震学会
雑誌
地震 第2輯 (ISSN:00371114)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.2, pp.41-55, 2014-09-30 (Released:2014-11-25)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
3 or 0

The extremely active seismicity after the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake (Tohoku Earthquake) caused serious issues for the Earthquake Early Warning (EEW) system in Japan. Multiple concurrent earthquakes generated many false alarms due to the failure of correctly determining the source location. In this study, we propose a method to distinguish multiple concurrent events for EEW. We used the outputs of a B-delta method and principal component analysis, together with P-wave arrival times and amplitudes of triggered stations. The information of non-triggered stations is also used to constrain the locations. We constructed a likelihood function using the source parameters and solved this optimization problem using the particle filter. The appropriate choice of a likelihood function improves the accuracy of the location determination, and the probabilistic framework evaluates the uncertainty of the hypocenters. We applied this method to 72 events for which warnings were issued after the Tohoku Earthquake. The performance of EEW was greatly improved, reducing the false alarms from 22 to 0. The percentage of inaccurate warnings was also reduced from 66% to 6%.
著者
水川 葉月 池中 良徳 筧 麻友 中山 翔太 石塚 真由美
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.137, no.3, pp.257-263, 2017 (Released:2017-03-01)
参考文献数
17

The ability to metabolize xenobiotics in organisms has a wide degree of variation among organisms. This is caused by differences in the pattern of xenobiotic bioaccumulation among organisms, which affects their tolerance. It has been reported in the veterinary field that glucuronidation (UGT) activity in cats, acetylation activity in dogs and sulfation (SULT) activity in pigs are sub-vital in these species, respectively, and require close attention when prescribing the medicine. On the other hand, information about species differences in xenobiotics metabolism remains insufficient, especially in non-experimental animals. In the present study, we tried to elucidate xenobiotic metabolism ability, especially in phase II UGT conjugation of various non-experimental animals, by using newly constructed in vivo, in vitro and genomic techniques. The results indicated that marine mammals (Steller sea lion, northern fur seal, and Caspian seal) showed UGT activity as low as that in cats, which was significantly lower than in rats and dogs. Furthermore, UGT1A6 pseudogenes were found in the Steller sea lion and Northern fur seal; all Otariidae species are thought to have the UGT1A6 pseudogene as well. Environmental pollutants and drugs conjugated by UGT are increasing dramatically in the modern world, and their dispersal into the environment can be of great consequence to Carnivora species, whose low xenobiotic glucuronidation capacity makes them highly sensitive to these compounds.
著者
八木 聖弥
出版者
京都府立医科大学
雑誌
Studia humana et naturalia (ISSN:03856755)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, pp.19-39, 2003-12-20
著者
加藤 桂子
出版者
東京女子大学
雑誌
史論 (ISSN:03864022)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.196-210, 1955
著者
市原 攝子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.19-35, 2016-03-25

In Japan, two cervical cancer vaccines were approved and implemented in 2009. The severe adverse drug reaction (ADR) of these vaccines, however, was later recognized, and consequently Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare stopped recommending them in 2013. Using the concept of Ulrich Beck’s ‘sub-politics’, this paper argues that in promoting the vaccines the pharmaceutical industry as sub-political power, failed to provide the health benefit of reducing the risk of cervical cancer, but succeeded in achieving an economic benefit for itself. Due to its highly academic nature, the sub-politics of pharmaceutical industry has constructed a power that affects the government’s decisions on new drugs. Moreover, the pharmaceutical sub-politics evaded any responsibility for the ADR of cervical cancer vaccines because of the risk-free environment that it had created for itself. Overall this paper contends that the pharmaceutical sub-political power is unaccountable and profit-oriented.
著者
Masataka SUZUKI
出版者
The Human Geographical Society of Japan
雑誌
Japanese Journal of Human Geography (ISSN:00187216)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.6, pp.541-554, 1978-12-28 (Released:2009-04-28)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
1 or 0

Spatial perception is the one of the most important problem to decide the behavior pattern in folk society where the people are living with nature. This paper proposes a study of spatial perception in folk society through the orientation in Yaeyama Islands, Okinawa prefecture of Japan. Yaeyama Islands is located in the southernmost part of Ryûkyû archipelago and therefore is the most southern of the whole Japanese area. These islands have been researched by many Japanese and foreign anthropologists, whose conclusions have had an important role in larger studies of Ryûkyûan culture. Using this anthropological approach, we will make clear up the indigenous concept of cosmology and find out the mode of spatial perception in this area.Through the analysis of myth and ritual, we may observe that Yaeyama islanders employ both the relative orientation shifting 30°-45° from the cardinal points and the absolute orientation of the cardinal points indicated by the twelve earthly branches _??__??__??_ . We call the former “folk orientation” and the latter “natural orientation”. It seems to me that “folk orientation” in Yaeyama Islands has been formed by the direction of monsoon because the term of ‘the north’ and ‘the south’ in “folk orientation” is the same as the names of wind. According to the meteorological data, the winter monsoon blows from northeast and the summer monsoon blows from southwest. Then, the pair of northeast-southwest relationship in “natural orientation” coinciding with the compass, is ‘the north-south’ relationship in “folk orientation” shifting 30°-45° from “natural orientation”. As for ‘the east-west’ relationship in “folk orientation”, the same shifting process is observed. For example, in Hateruma Island, one of the Yaeyama Islands, Simazasu in the north-western part of this island is in the islanders' conception very ‘west’ and as such connected with cape Takana in the southeastern edge of this island as the very ‘east’.On the folk village of Yaeyama Islands, these two systems of orientation are used for indicating the direction in ordinary life and make meaningful their spatial perception. For example, among the houses having three front rooms facing generally to the south of “folk orientation”, the male sides being the south and the east in “natural orientation” are superior to the female sides being the north and the west, but in religious affairs, the whole situation is reversed. Generally speaking, the pair of south-east relationship in “natural orientation” will be superior to the one of north-west relatioship. However, at the rituals on island level, cosmological concept based on a dualism that is characterized by superiority of ‘west’ and ‘female’ over ‘east’ and ‘male’, is found out. Though such value systems connected with spatial perception, are changed by the situation and the context, there are some principles formed by the indigenous concept of cosmology.In the above, we have examined spatial perception through the orientation. Lastly I will offer some interpretations of what might be called “Uyân” as it emerges in the “pan” (ritual invocations). In a passage of “pan”, “Uyân” (the deity) is praised. It runs as follows, “yuru nu isïma-ndô pïsu nu nana-ndê pïsê ôru bûyân pïsûyân” (great Uyân, Uyân looming large, who is always present during the five hours of the night and the seven hours of the day.)