著者
谷崎潤一郎 作
出版者
春陽堂
巻号頁・発行日
1919
著者
菱川 優介 桂 重仁 須長 正治
出版者
一般社団法人 日本色彩学会
雑誌
日本色彩学会誌 (ISSN:03899357)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.3+, pp.141-144, 2017-05-01 (Released:2017-10-07)

色覚異常を持つ人の日常生活におけるトラブルとして,焼肉の焼け具合がわからないという報告がされている.このことから,色覚異常を持つ人は,一人で焼肉を行うことが難しいと言える.本研究では,2色覚の一人焼肉を補助すべく,焼肉が焼けたかどうかを知らせるアプリを作成した.実験では,肉の表面を測色すると同時に,3色覚と2色覚に焼肉の見た目の焼け具合を評価してもらった.焼肉の色変化の過程は,錐体刺激値LM平面にて特徴が現れていた.この変化過程は,2色覚に対してL軸またはM軸への射影となる.その結果,生肉の色が,肉が焼けていく過程の色変化のなかに埋もれてしまい,2色覚は色変化からでは焼け具合がわかりにくいことが示された.また評価結果をもとに,LM平面上にアプリによる焼け具合判断の閾値を設定した.作成したアプリと3色覚の判断がどれくらい一致するかを調べた.焼けた肉と焼けていない肉を,アプリが正しく判断する確率はそれぞれ63%と94%であった.また,焼けた肉,焼けていない肉に対して誤った判断をする確率はそれぞれ37%,6%であった.以上のことから,おおよそ正しく肉の焼け具合を判断するアプリを作成した.

29 0 0 0 OA 実用船舶便覧

著者
モーターシツプ雑誌社 編
出版者
モーターシツプ雑誌社
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和12年版, 1937
著者
小森 治夫 Haruo KOMORI
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, pp.1-22, 1997-05-30
著者
Mottram Ruth Boberg Fredrik Langen Peter Yang Shuting Rodehacke Christian Christensen Jens Hesselbjerg Madsen Marianne Sloth
出版者
低温科学第75巻編集委員会
雑誌
低温科学
巻号頁・発行日
pp.105-115, 2017-03-31

Surface mass balance (SMB) is the builder of the Greenland ice sheet and the driver of ice dynamics. Quantifying the past, present and future state of SMB is important to understand the drivers and climatic processes that control SMB, and to both initialize and run ice sheet models which will help clarify sea level rise, and how likely changes in ice sheet extent feedback within the climate system. Regional climate models (RCMs) and climate reanalysis are used to quantify SMB estimates. Although different models have different spatial and temporal biases and may include different processes giving significant uncertainty in both SMB and the ice sheet dynamic response to it, all RCMs show a recent declining trend in SMB from the Greenland ice sheet, driven primarily by enhanced melt rates. Here, we present new simulations of the Greenland ice sheet SMB at 5 km resolution from the RCM HIRHAM5. The RCM is driven by the ERA-Interim reanalysis and the global climate model (GCM) EC-Earth v2.3 to make future projections for climate scenarios RCP8.5 and RCP4.5. Future estimates of SMB are affected by biases in driving global climate models, and feedbacks between the ice sheet surface and the global and regional climate system are neglected, likely resulting in significant underestimates of melt and precipitation over the ice sheet. These challenges will need to be met to better estimate the role climate change will have in modulating the surface mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet.
著者
濟渡 久美 三浦 春菜 石川 伸一
出版者
日本調理科学会
巻号頁・発行日
2017 (Released:2017-08-31)

【目的】【目的】食品中の成分や調理により添加された調味料の濃度分布等は,風味や食感に影響を与える。しかし,食品中の成分や調味料等の濃度分布を可視化した研究は少ない。本研究では,ハイパースペクトルカメラとデジタルカメラを用いて,揚げ物における油や煮物における煮汁に関し,時間経過や保存温度の違いによる浸透程度の観察を行うことを目的とした。【方法】〈揚げ物〉実験試料として鶏ササミ,エビなど用い,脂溶性色素スダンⅣで染色した油で天ぷらを揚げた。揚げた試料は,冷蔵,常温,ホットショーケースで保存し,一定時間後に試料の中 心を包丁でカットし,断面をデジタルカメラで観察した。 〈煮物〉実験試料としてダイコン,コンニャクなどを用い,水溶性色素青色 1 号で着色した煮汁で煮物を作製した。沸騰してから 15分煮込んだ後,試料の中心を包丁でカット後,断面をデジタル カメラおよびハイパースペクトルカメラで観察した。また各試料を鍋ごと冷蔵,常温で保存後,試料の中心を包丁でカットし,断面をデジタルカメラおよびハイパースペクトルカメラで観察した。 【結果・考察】〈揚げ物〉すべての実験試料において油の浸透は衣までであった。揚げてから時間が経っても油は内部まで浸透しな かった。保存温度の違いは油の浸透に大きな影響を与えなかった。 〈煮物〉ハイパースペクトルカメラでの観察の結果,常温保存の 試料の方が冷蔵保存の試料より煮汁が浸透した。 食品中の成分の空間的配置や存在状態などを明らかにすること,テクスチャーや風味との関連性を交えて検討することにより,おいしさの物理的解明につながることが考えられる。
著者
Nobuyoshi Ozawa Kiyoshi Ito Toru Tase Daisuke Shibuya Hirohito Metoki Nobuo Yaegashi
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.243, no.4, pp.329-334, 2017 (Released:2017-12-20)
参考文献数
13

The Japanese national immunization programme for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) started in 2010. Vaccination rates increased up to 70% in women in the 1996-1999 birth. However, the proactive recommendation for HPV vaccine was suspended in 2013, following repeated media reports of adverse events. Vaccination rates plumped to less than 1% in women born since 2002. In this study, incidence of abnormal cytology and histology was examined in terms of HPV vaccination among 5,924 women aged 20 to 24 years in the fiscal year (FY) 2014 and 2015. The total rate of vaccination was 16.9% (1,002/5,924). In case of FY 2015, the rates of vaccination were 59.26%, 49.68%, 11.97%, 9.08%, and 4.58% in those aged 20, 21, 22, 23, and 24 years old, respectively. The rates of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) or worse were 0.20% (2/1,002) in women with HPV vaccination and 1.14% (56/4,922) in those without HPV vaccination, indicating a significant reduction of 82.46% with vaccination (P < 0.0001). The rates of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1+ were 0.80% (8/1,002) in women with vaccination and 2.28% (112/4,922) in those without vaccination. The reduction rate of CIN1+ was 64.91% (P = 0.0025). The rates of CIN2+ were 0.10% (1/1,002) with vaccination and 0.69% (34/4,922) without vaccination. The reduction rate of CIN2+ was 85.51% (P = 0.0261). Our data are the first to demonstrate a significant reduction of CIN2+ cases in an Asian population. Scientific discussion is needed to restart the proactive recommendation for HPV vaccine in Japan.
著者
渋谷 恭之
出版者
社団法人 日本口腔外科学会
雑誌
日本口腔外科学会雑誌 (ISSN:00215163)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.6, pp.346-351, 2010-06-20 (Released:2013-10-19)
参考文献数
14

The current foundation of preventing nosocomial infection in dental settings are “Guidelines for infection control in dental health-care settings” announced in 2003 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These guidelines employ a concept of standard precaution in clinical dentistry, and had a great influence on “Guideline for infection control in dental prosthetics” established in 2007 by Japan Prosthodontic Society and “Guideline for infection control in dentistry” announced by the dental division of the infection control conference of the national university hospitals in 2008. On the other hand, there have been many reports about oral care, for instance, ‘1) oral care prevents aspiration-related pneumonia', ‘2) oral care decreases the onset rate of the influenza to a one-tenth, (oral care decreases significantly neuraminidase and protease which bacteria produce) ', ‘3) oral care reduces a side effect in the oral cavity by the chemoradiotherapy', ‘4) oral care prevents ventilator-associated pneumonia in ICU', ‘5) oral care is useful for symptom relief in terminal illness', and an importance of oral care has been widely noticed in late years.
著者
結城 洋一郎
出版者
小樽商科大学
雑誌
商学討究 (ISSN:04748638)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.4, pp.5-37, 2014-03-25

論説
著者
辻 絵理子
出版者
美学会
雑誌
美学 (ISSN:05200962)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.2, pp.25-36, 2016 (Released:2018-01-01)

The Tokalı Kilise has a rare architectural plan, which is the reason for its local nickname, ‘the Church of the Buckle’. This paper enquired closely into the programme of the northern small apse, that is, the Prothesis of the New Church. The Prothesis was used for the preparation of the Eucharist in the liturgy, often decorated by iconography related to the Communion. The Hospitality of Abraham and the Communion of Mary of Egypt under the conch emphasize the Eucharistic meaning of the place. In this article, it is focused on the themes with irregular direction and with a different layout. Christ is duplicated in the Marriage Feast at Cana spanning between the north frieze and the half spandrel of the eastern arcade. In the half spandrel, there are the servant filling the jar, the steward tasting wine, and Christ’s right hand alone blessing the water. Above her son’s hand, Mary keeps the water of ordeal in the Trial by Water. Her gesture of accepting the cup from the priest resembles closely those of Apostles taking wine from Christ in the Communion of Apostles. These themes stressing the relation to the Communion are located in the place adjacent to the Prothesis.

41 0 0 0 OA 鉄道法規類抄

著者
鉄道院総裁官房 編
出版者
大谷仁兵衛
巻号頁・発行日
vol.第1編, 1912
著者
高 月菲 張 丘平 延原 肇
雑誌
第78回全国大会講演論文集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2016, no.1, pp.617-618, 2016-03-10

電子データの改ざんと偽造しやすい問題点に対して、「信頼できるタイムスタンプ」(Trusted Timestamp)という、電子データの存在性と非改ざん性を証明する技術がある。すなわち、「いつ、誰が、どのようなものを作ったか」を証明することができる。しかし、第三者機関(タイムスタンプ認証局、時刻認証局など)に依存する信頼できるタイムスタンプは、1) 手続きが煩雑、2) 時間が長い、3) 費用が高いの3つ問題点がある。それらに対して、本研究では、ブロックチェーンという技術を利用し、信頼できるタイムスタンプを第三者機関に依存せず、分散的に実現する。さらに、提案手法の安全性と有効性を議論する上、実験で費用と時間を評価する。
著者
多和田 友美 伊香賀 俊治 村上 周三 内田 匠子 上田 悠
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.648, pp.213-219, 2010-02-28 (Released:2010-06-07)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
3 or 0

Various researches highlight that indoor air quality affects performance of workers in offices. Although good indoor air quality improves work performance, it also increases energy consumption. In this study, we achieved a field survey in a real office in order to investigate the relationship between thermal environment, productivity, and energy consumption. In addition to the monitoring of indoor environmental quality and energy consumption, subjective experiments were conducted. In order to evaluate subjective performance, workers and students responded to questionnaires, and to evaluate objective performance, students simulated three types of office works. By calculating room temperature and worker's subjective performance, we demonstrate the correlation between room temperature and worker's performance (R2=0.22, p<0.01). Results show that the room temperature that maximizes worker's performance was 25.7°C.
著者
河上 春香
出版者
美学会
雑誌
美学 (ISSN:05200962)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.2, pp.49-60, 2016 (Released:2018-01-01)

This paper examines the political situation of surrealism in Czechoslovakia in 1930s. In Czechoslovakia, Surrealism was developed in the close relationship with communism. For ideological and other reasons, the Prague movement emphasized a dialectical way of thinking. In other words, Surrealism was considered to be a process whereby reality and the self were apprehended through the synergistic and dialectical relationship between deliberate (conscious) and involuntary (unconscious) acts. In addition, surrealism was undergirded by the rule of “recounting truth”. According to Michel Foucault, “recounting truth” involves defining an autonomous position vis-a-vis one's relationship with truth – in other words, it is a technique of governing the self. Karel Teige describes Surrealism as an artistic and practical means for revolutionaries to establish the self. However, attempting to connect Communism and Surrealism is forced: while the Communist ideology attempts to enforce one extreme form of “truth” in order to control people, the “truth” presented by Surrealism is something ever-changing and varying from person to person. By linking Surrealism and Socialist realism, Teige attempted to suggest that Communist culture should develop diversity and complexity. However, with Stalinism wielding power in Czechoslovakia, that idea was only possible for a brief time.