著者
小澤 実
出版者
バルト=スカンディナヴィア研究会
雑誌
北欧史研究
巻号頁・発行日
no.24, pp.151-168, 2007-08

<特集> 中世アイスランド史学の新展開小澤実・松本涼・成川岳大・中丸禎子
著者
髙嶋 博
出版者
日本神経治療学会
雑誌
神経治療学 (ISSN:09168443)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.4, pp.472-473, 2018 (Released:2018-02-20)
参考文献数
15
著者
Soek Sin Teh Augustine Soon Hock Ong Yuen May Choo Siau Hui Mah
出版者
Japan Oil Chemists' Society
雑誌
Journal of Oleo Science (ISSN:13458957)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.6, pp.697-706, 2018 (Released:2018-06-01)
参考文献数
42

Saturated fats are commonly claimed to raise human blood cholesterols and contribute to cardiovascular disease. Previous literature data were highlighted that although palm oil is 50% saturated, it does not behave like a saturated fat. Human trials were conducted to compare the effects on serum cholesterol levels given by palm olein and monounsaturated oils. It was postulated that saturation/unsaturation of the fatty acids situated at sn-2 positions of triglycerides in the fat molecules determine the induced blood lipid levels but not the overall saturation of oils. The results showed that the lipid parameters (LDL and HDL) effects induced by these oils are similar with no significant differences. This study provides concrete evidence that the unsaturation levels of these oils at sn-2 position of TG are similar (90-100%) which are claimed to be responsible for the lipid parameters. In conclusion, the public negative perception on believing that the overall saturation of oils is detrimental to health should be corrected because in fact the unsaturation at sn-2 positions of the saturated vegetable fat such as palm olein and cocoa butter make them behave like mono-unsaturated oils, unlike saturated animal fats that possess a high content of saturated fatty acids at sn-2 position.
著者
岡本 健

『ゾンビ学』(人文書院)の付録として、株式会社人文書院のウェブページで発表された論考。先行研究や資料のリサーチ方法を解説したもの。

101 8 2 1 OA 海上保安の現況

出版者
海上保安庁
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和34年, 0000

9 0 0 0 OA 十二類巻物

出版者
巻号頁・発行日
vol.[1], 1661
著者
中谷 礼仁 北浦 千尋
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.18, pp.353-356, 2003-12-20 (Released:2017-04-14)
参考文献数
2

Some of "Nagaya", the Japanese traditional townhouses, have survivied over a century, by undergoing several renovations. But the way of renovation is very temporary and gradual. Why the Nagaya survived in spite of the weak way of renovation? The purpose of this study is to find a reason of their long surviving with their weak renovational technologies.
著者
小林 篤 川村 麻梨子 大原 絵里 荻野 美由紀 星野 純 山﨑 彬 西海 理之
出版者
日本高圧力学会
雑誌
高圧力の科学と技術 (ISSN:0917639X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.1, pp.48-51, 2014 (Released:2014-03-20)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
1

This paper described the cases where a high-pressure treatment of 200 MPa was found to be effective against the two typical heat-resistant spores, B. subtilis and B. cereus when conducted as a pretreatment step before heat sterilization at 90 to 100℃. In addition, when the B. cereus was used as the indicator, it took 36 minutes (D=3 min.) to complete the heat sterilization at 100℃, whereas the holding time of only 6 minutes (D=0.5 min.) was enough to achieve sterility by using the Hi-Pit (high-pressure induced transformation) effect.

7 0 0 0 OA 戰闘航空母艦

出版者
公益社団法人日本船舶海洋工学会
雑誌
造船協会雑纂 (ISSN:03861597)
巻号頁・発行日
no.33, pp.74-79, 1924-02-13
著者
小瀬 航 鈴木 栄幸
出版者
一般社団法人 日本科学教育学会
雑誌
日本科学教育学会研究会研究報告 (ISSN:18824684)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.4, pp.91-94, 2016 (Released:2018-04-07)
参考文献数
5

本研究では、大学生を対象とした説明的文章の読解方略の現状を調査するとともに、先行研究をもとにその現状を改善するための読解手法を提案する。まず、大学生を対象に読解学習の実態調査を行い、説明的文章読解において文章全体の構造を把握する作業(=構造注目方略)が不十分であるという知見を得た。この結果を踏まえ、文章全体の構造に注目させるための手法として「タイトル生成法」を提案した。大学生対象に実践したところ、記憶レベルでの理解度には有意傾向の差が見られたものの、状況モデルレベルでの理解度では差が見られなかった。今後、実践の具体的方法を見直し、改善を施した上で再度実践を行う予定である。
著者
川嶋 健太郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本保育学会
雑誌
保育学研究 (ISSN:13409808)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.2, pp.18-28, 2017 (Released:2018-03-16)
参考文献数
13

本研究では子どもの選択・意思決定を支援するプロセスの全体像を理解するために,幼稚園教諭9名を対象に幼稚園における選択場面での支援について半構造化面接によるインタビューを実施し,修正版グラウンデッド・セオリー・アプローチ(M-GTA)によって意思決定の発達への幼稚園教諭の支援について質的に検討した。この結果,24の概念と5つのカテゴリーが生成された。子どもの選択・意思決定場面において幼稚園教諭の行う支援のプロセスは次のようなものであった。「支援の準備」では幼稚園教諭は日常の保育で子どもを理解し,選択肢について教育する。次に個々の選択場面で「子どもが選べる選択肢を設定」する。「迷いへの支援」では迷う子どもを見守り,選択を促す。「拒否への支援」では選択を拒否する子どもを見守り,必要ならば説得をする。「こだわりへの支援」では適切な選択をするよう誘導する。
著者
岡田 俊裕
出版者
The Human Geographical Society of Japan
雑誌
人文地理 (ISSN:00187216)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.5, pp.445-460, 1987-10-28 (Released:2009-04-28)
参考文献数
64
被引用文献数
4 2

The concepts of landscape (Landschaft, paysage) spread through the geographic world in Japan since the latter half of 1920's. The discipline of geography in Japan before the war's end was characterized by studies based on these concepts, the theory of man-land relationships, and geopolitics. This paper is the first historical review of studies of geographical landscape in Japan.Japanese geographers had tried to translate landscape (Landschaft, paysage) into Japanese since 1925, using such terms as“fukei (風景)”,“fudo (風土)”,“keiso (景相)”, “chiriteki keikan (地理的景観)”,“fukei keitai (風景形態)”,“keiiki (景域)”,“chisokei (地相景)”,“kansho (環象)”,“keikan (景観)”and others. Keikan was by far the most popularly used term. It is thought that Tsujimura Taro had a great influence on this state of affairs.The concepts of landscape can be classified into three major interpretations: (1) the synthetic contents of a (unit) region, (2) common regions as a type, (3) the visible and morphologic objects in a region. On the basis of this classification, the writer puts interpretations of these concepts before the war's end in the order stated above, number (1) being the most frequent interpretation. Other Japanese equivalents besides“keikan” were used frequently in interpretation number (1). However, it is said that interpretation number (3) came into wider use than number (1) in field studies.“Keikan”was used frequently in this case. Therefore, many theoretical studies were conducted on the basis of interpretation number (1), while most field studies were conducted on the basis of interpretation number (3). Interpretation number (2) appeared in a few cases, but it is not thought to have been used frequently.In the 1910's in Germany, the concept of landscape (Landschaft) was introduced to the system of geography, and the form or shape of landscape was treated as the object of landscape study. Studies which had some resemblance to those in Germany were seen before and after the 1930's in Japan. The studies of relations between landscape and social, economic and cultural conditions were deepened and developed later in Germany. However, research on form of landscape were, in Japan, still being carried out, and the function and phylogeny of landscape were not developed enough in Japan. But theoretical studies did develop some what. The development of landscapes was studied, and some researchers began to point out that it was necessary in landscape study to clarify the development mechanisms of human societies. Moreover the landscape was grasped from a view-point of social science, in that the landscape is thought to be determined by the mode of production.A problem that was little discussed throughout the pre-war and post-war days is the role of subjectivity in human societies in the formation of the cultural landscape. This is the main reason for the criticism that early studies of geographical landscape were not really connected to the contemporary world. In the first half of 1930's in Germany, O. Maull and H. Hassinger proposed that the nation state was the builder of landscape. Their propositions were soon introduced to Japan, but have not yet been really discussed. How are human societies including nation states related to the formation of the cultural landscape? The writer concludes that this discussion remains as an unsolved problem.
著者
白水 貴 稲葉 重樹 牛島 秀爾 奥田 康仁 長澤 栄史
出版者
日本菌学会
雑誌
日本菌学会会報 (ISSN:00290289)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.jjom.H30-02, 2018-05-01 (Released:2018-06-09)
参考文献数
25

日本においてキクラゲ Auricularia auricula-judae またはアラゲキクラゲ A. polytricha とされていた標本および菌株を用いて分子系統解析と形態比較に基づく分類学的検討を行った.Auricularia auricula-judae とされていた標本を含む26 サンプルは A. heimuer,A. minutissima,A. thailandica,A. villosula の4 種に同定され,A. auricula-judae s. str. は見られなかった.Auricularia polytrichaとされていた標本を含む26 サンプルは A. cornea と同定され,A. polytricha s.str やA. nigricans は見られなかった.この結果は,従来日本において A. polytricha として認識されてきた菌の中に A. cornea が含まれていることを示している.