著者
西田 公昭
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.3, pp.170-183, 2001
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study is to consider psychological process of AUM members who committed crimes, such as scattering poison gas to murder and others. Four defendants of AUM were interviewed and 76 former members of the group completed questionnaires designed to examine their experiences and lives including three of the interviewees. The following results were obtained: 1) Aum believers were absolutely obedient to their guru as authority, 2) Psychological manipulation by their guru toward the members who committed crimes was stronger than manipulation toward the innocent members, 3) The higher the status of the members, the higher manipulation level, 4) Their crimes were due to obedience to authority arising from perceiving dogma's superiority and fear of being killed themselves.
著者
藤川 賢
出版者
環境社会学会
雑誌
環境社会学研究
巻号頁・発行日
no.11, pp.103-116, 2005

被害が被害として認識されにくいことは多くの公害問題に共通して見られるが,イタイイタイ病および慢性カドミウム中毒においてはとくに特徴的である。中でも,大幅な発見の遅れにより多くの激甚な被害者が見過ごされたこと,富山以外でも要観察地域や土壌汚染対策地域が指定されながら同様の健康被害が公害病と認められなかったことは,重要と考えられる。本稿は,被害地域などでの聴き取り調査にもとついて,こうした被害放置の経緯と背景を明らかにしようとするものである。発見の遅れについては,公害の社会問題化以前で危険性が重視されなかったこと,川への信頼などの他に,個々の症例においても地域全体としてもイ病が長い年月をかけて深刻化したために,激しい症状さえもあたかも自然なことのように受け止められていたことが指摘できる。また,農業被害は明治時代から明らかで補償請求運動も続いていたにもかかわらず,それが直接には健康被害への着目や運動につながらなかったことが指摘される。イ病訴訟後も,土壌汚染対策費用などの政治経済的理由を背景に,イ病とカドミウムの因果関係を疑い,神通川流域以外でのカドミウムによる公害病を否定する動きがある。これは医学論争であると同時に,力の弱い少数者の被害が行政面でも医療面でも軽視されるという,未発見時代と類似した社会的特徴を持ち,現代にも問題を残していると考えられる。
著者
二宮 治彦
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
日本内科学会雑誌 (ISSN:00215384)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.88, no.6, pp.980-985, 1999-06-10 (Released:2008-06-12)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
1

巨赤芽球はビタミンB12あるいは葉酸の欠乏により造血細胞のDNA合成が障害され発症する.ビタミンB12欠乏性巨赤芽球性貧血には悪性貧血と胃切除(おもに全摘)後に発症するものが多い.診断にはビタミンB12や葉酸の欠乏を明らかにするとともに,欠乏の成因を明らかにすることが重要である.終生の維持療法が必要となることも多く,合併症に注意した臨床観察が求められる.
著者
西田 公昭
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.3, pp.170-183, 2001-03-25 (Released:2016-12-20)
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study is to consider psychological process of AUM members who committed crimes, such as scattering poison gas to murder and others. Four defendants of AUM were interviewed and 76 former members of the group completed questionnaires designed to examine their experiences and lives including three of the interviewees. The following results were obtained: 1) Aum believers were absolutely obedient to their guru as authority, 2) Psychological manipulation by their guru toward the members who committed crimes was stronger than manipulation toward the innocent members, 3) The higher the status of the members, the higher manipulation level, 4) Their crimes were due to obedience to authority arising from perceiving dogma's superiority and fear of being killed themselves.
著者
野中 亮
出版者
京都大学
雑誌
京都社会学年報 : KJS
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.41-59, 1998-12-25

The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon what the statements refered to the Aum Shinrikyo Affair manifested. On 20 March 1995,'the Aum Shinrikyo Affair' was happened. In Japan, it was the first case of terror with poison gas, and the first case of terror by cult which caused a calamity that assailed many people. The number of dameged sufferers in this terror is over 5,000,and eleven persons were killed. Japanese mass medias naturally reported this calamity everyday, but these reports become too excessive gradually. Syoko Egawa-she was famous for her reportage of the Aum Shinrikyo Affair-was the most famous' Aum Watcher'. 'Aum Watcher' means the watch for Aum Shinrikyo, she was regerded the leader of Aum Watchers. In this paper, Syoko Egawa's reportages of the Aum Shinrikyo Affair are used as materials for consideration of the Japanese religious-cultural characteristics. The final purpous of this paper is the reflection on the Japanese religious-cultural characteristics with her texts. We contrust The books by Syoko Egawa with the books by Hiromi Shimada-he was a university professor, but he was made to give up his job for his statement refered to the Aum Shinrikyo Affair. He estimated Aum Shinrikyo's religious life and practices very highly. His statement was opposed to the statement by Egawa Syoko who criticized the Aum Shinrikyo's conduct of their organization. But it was not discussion that settled this controversy, the event itself-murder by the Aum Shinrikyo. This incomplete controversy still requires thorough discussion of us. Through this work we show that to consider the problems related to the Aum Shinrikyo Affair is, at the same time, to consider the problems related to the Japanese religious-cultural characteristics.
著者
岡本 健
出版者
北海道大学観光学高等研究センター = Center for Advanced Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
CATS叢書 : 観光学高等研究センター叢書
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.31-62, 2009-03-25

メディアコンテンツとツーリズム : 鷲宮町の経験から考える文化創造型交流の可能性 / 北海道大学観光学高等研究センター文化資源マネジメント研究チーム編 = Media Contents and Tourism : An Experience of Washimiya Town and Neon Genesis of Tourism / Edited by Cultural Resource Management Research Team, CATS, Hokkaido University
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Phetlasy Souladeth Shuichiro Tagane Tetsukazu Yahara
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.139-141, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new locality of Lecanorchis taiwaniana from Nam Ha National Protected Area, Luang Namtha Province, northern Laos is reported and a description of the species based on the Laos material is provided. Lecanorchis taiwaniana was known previously only from Japan and Taiwan. Considering that species of Lecanorchis are easily overlooked in the wild due to their short flowering season and dwarf habit, it is possible that L. taiwaniana is more widely distributed.
著者
髙嶋 博
出版者
日本神経治療学会
雑誌
神経治療学 (ISSN:09168443)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.4, pp.472-473, 2018 (Released:2018-02-20)
参考文献数
15
著者
Ming Zhou Hongwen Ji Nian Fu Linxi Chen Yong Xia
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.244, no.2, pp.175, 2018 (Released:2018-02-22)

Retracted Review article: Nucleophagy in Human Disease: Beyond the Physiological Role. [Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2018, 244 (1), 75-81. doi: 10.1620/tjem.244.75.]The above Review article was published online on January 27, 2018. Soon after its publication (on February 1, 2018), Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen informed the Editor-in-Chief, The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (TJEM), about serious violation of publication ethics. Indeed, Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen were astonished to find their names as coauthors of this Review article, because they were not involved in the submission process of this Review article and they do not know any of other coauthors. In addition, the Review article is similar to their unpublished manuscript. After a thorough investigation in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Editor-in-Chief of TJEM decided to retract this Review article. The reasons for Retraction are summarized below: forged authors and an unexpected case of plagiarism. Forged authors: Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen were added as co-authors of the Review article without their knowledge. In fact, the signature provided by Prof. Linxi Chen is apparently different from the signature of a coauthor, named Linxi Chen, on the AUTHORS’ RESPONSIBILITY FORM, provided by the corresponding author of the Review article. More critically, the signature provided by Dr. Nian Fu is completely different from the signature of Nian Fu, because the Chinese characters are different between the two signatures. In addition, the replies from three authors (Ming Zhou, Hongwen Ji and Yong Xia) clearly indicate that they misunderstand the identity of Dr. Nina Fu. We also attempted to contact two authors, named Nian Fu and Linxi Chen, via e-mail. As expected, the forged authors did not respond to our inquiries, despite that their e-mail addresses appear to be active. An unexpected case of plagiarism: This Review article is similar to the unpublished manuscript prepared by Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen. Moreover, two figures used in the Review article are identical to the preliminary figures of their unpublished manuscript. According to Dr. Nian Fu, a local agency for language editing had transferred their unpublished manuscript to a third party. Unfortunately, the check system of TJEM is not effective for plagiarism of unpublished materials. We believe that the corresponding author of the Review article included the names of the original two authors to avoid the criticism of plagiarism. Eventually, the corresponding author agreed to retract the Review article.We apologize for any inconvenience caused by this retraction to readers. We also hope that the publication of the plagiarized Review article will not trouble Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen too much.
著者
松尾 豊
出版者
人工知能学会
雑誌
人工知能学会全国大会論文集 (ISSN:13479881)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, 2017

本発表では、深層学習による特徴量の生成と進化的な仕組みについて議論する。まず、特徴量の生成と自己保存の双対性について述べる。次に、自然界においては、環境における最適化を進化で行う場合と学習で行う場合があり、それらの区別がどこに由来するのか、さらにその方向が学習に傾いていることを述べる。
著者
山岡 桂子 近森 温子 阿部 由明 所 安夫
出版者
一般社団法人 日本医療薬学会
雑誌
病院薬学 (ISSN:03899098)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.2, pp.111-116, 1976 (Released:2011-08-11)
参考文献数
2

The number of glass particles arising in parenteral solution upon cutting of ampules was determined with use of 5-ml transparent and brown ampules. Cutting by “cracking” produced most satisfactory results of all methods devised. It was found as a result of the investigation by X-ray fluoroscopy that the solution contained in the ampules was almost completely free from particles from a file used for cutting. Mice injected intravenously into the tail with large amount of glass particles from ampule died of shock due to multiple pulmonary thrombosis. Tubercles caused by glass particles were observed in mice which survived the experiment without acute symptoms.