- 国際文化学研究 : 神戸大学国際文化学部紀要 (ISSN:13405217)
- vol.27, pp.51-80, 2007-02
Gagaku 雅楽, which is the oldest genre of Japanese traditional music preserved in the Court rituals, has experienced a rapid and drastic change after 1970s. This article will study the new movements of gagaku as artistic music by analyzing the National Theatre's activities in the last four decades and evaluate them in the history of gagaku and western contemporary artistic music. There are three new streams in gagaku for a wider public appreciation after 1970s ; 1) surviving traditional repertoire, which can be found in the standard score Meiji sentei-fu 明治撰定譜 kept by Kunaicho gakubu 宮内庁楽部 (Music Department of Imperial Household Agency) and 'reconstruction' of the lost pieces, 2) collaborative works with western artistic music ; and 3) a fusion with pop music. Kokuritsu gekijo 国立劇場, or National Theater Japan, produced a series of Gagaku kouen 雅楽公演, or gagaku concerts, as one of the important programs, in which 'reconstruction' of ancient pieces and instruments have been staged as well as the traditional (classical) repertoire since its open in 1966. Gagaku concerts tried various new experiments under the name of 'reconstruction' and made a great contribution to the development of contemporary artistic music, as opposed to the generally accepted image of gagaku such as 'eternal classics' or 'noble unchanged music'. This paper will clarify how Theater's gagaku concerts have provided an important place for collaborative creation of traditional gagaku and western avant-garde music, focusing on the contents of and the producer's intention for the 'reconstruction' project of the Theater.