著者
Toshio Katsuki
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.119-126, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new species, Cerasus kumanoensis T. Katsuki (Rosaceae), sp. nov., is described from the southern Kii Peninsula, Japan. It is similar to C. jamasakura var. jamasakura and C. leveilleana because the corymbose inflorescences and extended peduncle are identical in these three taxa. However, C. kumanoensis is distinguished by several morphological and phenological characteristics, an earlier flowering period, narrowly ovate and smaller leaf blade (4–8 cm long, 1.8–3.6 cm wide) and glabrous petiole and pedicel.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Hirokazu Fukunaga
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.63-67, 2018 (Released:2018-03-02)

Here we describe a new variety of the mycoheterotrophic genus Lecanorchis, L. triloba J. J. Sm. var. clausa Suetsugu & Fukunaga, discovered during a botanical survey in Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. The new variety resembles Lecanorchis triloba var. triloba due to its densely flowered rachis and small fruits. However, the new variety differs in that it has complete cleistogamous flowers and a nonrecurved and narrowly triangular midlobe of the lip.
著者
Shotaro Midorikawa Kohtaroh Shutoh Takashi Shiga
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.1, pp.55-63, 2020 (Released:2020-03-17)

Najas minor and N. oguraensis (Hydrocharitaceae) are annual submerged plants and are difficult to distinguish owing to their similarities. While the number of anther locules and the size of the leaf epidermal cells differ between the two species, the anther locules are often difficult to observe on herbarium specimens and the effectiveness of using the size of the leaf epidermal cells as a taxonomic key character is currently unknown. We examined the size of the leaf epidermal cells in living plants and in dried specimens to evaluate the effectiveness of this feature in species identification. We first identified the two species by observing the anther locule number and then compared the size of the leaf cells in fixed and dried specimens. To identify plant fragments, we examined differences in epidermal cell length and width depending on the position of the cells within the plant. The length and width significantly differed in both fixed and dried leaves between the species. In particular, the epidermal cells of N. oguraensis ( > 160 μm) were about twice as long as those of N. minor regardless of leaf position. We therefore concluded that cell size, especially length, is a valid method for identifying the species in both fresh and dried condition. This method is effective where precise identifications are necessary, such as in floristic surveys and environmental assessments.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Takaomi Sugimoto
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.69-74, 2018 (Released:2018-03-02)

We report three new localities of the mycoheterotrophic plant Sciaphila corniculata (Triuridaceae) from Ishigaki Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Previously, S. corniculata was reported only from Kolombangara Island (Solomon Islands), Waigeo Island (New Guinea) and Obi and Aru islands (the Moluccas). We also update a description of its morphology, in particular on stylar characteristics based on new materials. A key to the Japanese species of Sciaphila based on total flower and stylar characteristics is also provided for easy identification of these rare mycoheterotrophic plants.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Phetlasy Souladeth Shuichiro Tagane Tetsukazu Yahara
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.139-141, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new locality of Lecanorchis taiwaniana from Nam Ha National Protected Area, Luang Namtha Province, northern Laos is reported and a description of the species based on the Laos material is provided. Lecanorchis taiwaniana was known previously only from Japan and Taiwan. Considering that species of Lecanorchis are easily overlooked in the wild due to their short flowering season and dwarf habit, it is possible that L. taiwaniana is more widely distributed.
著者
Yasuro Kadono Tomoyoshi Noda Kazumasa Tsubota Kohtaroh Shutoh Takashi Shiga
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.2, pp.129-134, 2019-06-30 (Released:2019-07-10)

An alien member of the Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae) discovered in Japan is currently assigned to U. inflata, a native of North America. However, some morphological traits differ between the plants in Japan and U. inflata, including the apex of the floral spur and filament of the stamens. The alien plants are completely sterile, while U. inflata is capable of seed production. DNA analysis revealed that the chloroplast DNA sequences of the alien also differ from those of U. inflata in four regions. We provisionally determine the alien plants to be U. cf. platensis, a South American species with which it shares many traits.
著者
Koji Takayama Chie Tsutsumi Dairo Kawaguchi Hidetoshi Kato Tomohisa Yukawa
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.3, pp.149-158, 2019-10-31 (Released:2019-11-28)

Liparis hostifolia (Orchidaceae) on Minami-iwo-to Island in the Bonin (Ogasawara) Archipelago was rediscovered for the first time in 79 years during a field survey in 2017. Its identity was confirmed by morphological comparison and DNA extractions from herbarium specimens collected between 1914 and 1938. Results from the molecular phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that L. hostifolia belongs to the L. makinoana complex. In comparison with other members of the L. makinoana complex, the broadly ovate labellum, short dormancy period, and flowering from November to March are unique characteristics of L. hostifolia. Results from the molecular phylogenetic analyses also suggested that L. hostifolia has had a long-isolated history in the Bonin Archipelago and probably migrated from temperate East Asia.
著者
Tetsukazu Yahara Mutsuko Nakajima
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.3, pp.203-208, 2018-10-31 (Released:2018-11-02)

Gastrodia albida T. C. Hsu & C. M. Kuo is reported from Yaku Island, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, as a new record of this species to Japan. Traits of G. albida are described and illustrated based on specimens collected on Yaku Island. This species has a unique combination of characters, such as only partly united lateral sepals, curved perianth tube and white triangular lip. The population on Yaku Island differs from the population at the type locality in Taiwan in having widely opening lateral sepals and a flat-topped disk of the lip and epichile slightly 2-ridged along the margin.
著者
Kohtaroh Shutoh Mitsuru Usuba Hiroki Yamagishi Yushi Fujita Takashi Shiga
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.1, pp.33-44, 2020-02-29 (Released:2020-03-17)

Potamogeton ×angustifolius (P. gramineus × P. lucens) was newly recorded in Japan from a pond in Tsugaru-shi, Aomori Prefecture. The hybrid nothospecies was identified based on morphological observations and measurements, molecular analyses using cloned nuclear adhA gene and chloroplast rpl20–rps12 intergenic spacer, and pollen viability. The putative hybrid had morphological traits intermediate between P. gramineus and P. lucens, nuclear haplotypes matching those of the two parental lineages, and lower pollen viability than P. lucens (not compared with P. gramineus). The maternal lineage of the hybrid was presumed to be P. gramineus, based on chloroplast sequences. The hybrid characteristically shows well-branched stems in the upper part of shoots, as in P. gramineus, and both clearly petiolate and sessile submerged leaves with distinctive netted venation. Similar plants were collected in the 1980s from a ditch near the pond, suggesting that the hybrid may have been present for more than 30 years in this area.
著者
Satoshi Aoki Tetsuo Ohi-Toma Jin Murata
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.3, pp.159-172, 2019-10-31 (Released:2019-11-28)

The classification of Oxalis subsect. Oxalis (Oxalidaceae) is revised based on phylogenetic, cytological and morphological evidence. For the flora of Japan, one new species and one new variety are described, and five new combinations are proposed. The new species, O. nipponica, resembles O. griffithii, but is distinguished by its unique phylogeny, larger genome and distribution. Oxalis nipponica is subdivided into two subspecies, nipponica and kantoensis based on phylogeny and fruit length. Subsp. kantoensis is further divided into two varieties based on ploidy level, length of the fruit and seeds and habitat. While diploids correspond to var. kantoensis, the tetraploids correspond to the newly described var. alpigena. Variety alpigena resembles O. acetosella and has been confused with it. Fourteen taxa, including one hybrid, are recognized in subsect. Oxalis.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Hiroshi Hayakawa
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.3, pp.205-208, 2019-10-31 (Released:2019-11-28)

The discovery of Spiranthes hongkongensis S. Y. Hu & Barretto (Orchidaceae) on Ishigaki Island, Japan, during herbarium studies in KPM is reported. Previously, S. hongkongensis was reported only from China (Guangdong, Hong Kong, Taiwan), and Malaysia (Borneo). Spiranthes hongkongensis is morphologically similar to S. australis, but is distinguishable by the membranous, narrow, truncate rostellum attached to the middle of the pollinia without a viscidium, shorter column and distinctly 3-lobed stigma.
著者
Shinji Fujii Tadashi Yamashiro Sachiko Horie Masayuki Maki
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.2, pp.119-127, 2019-06-30 (Released:2019-07-10)

Recently, we found two species of Crassula newly introduced into central Japan. Based on their morphology, we identified them as Crassula peduncularis and C. saginoides, native to the New World. They closely resemble C. aquatica, which is indigenous to Japan. Here, we describe the morphological distinctions among the three species in detail. In addition, we examined genetic differences among the three species based on sequence variations in the nuclear ribosomal ITS region and three chloroplast intergenic regions. Although C. saginoides was considered to be an inland form of C. aquatica and had been treated as a synonym of C. aquatica, the degree of genetic differentiation was relatively large, suggesting that these two taxa should be considered to be independent species.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Alberto Bruno Izai Sabino Kikuchi Monica Suleiman Hirokazu Tsukaya
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.117-121, 2017 (Released:2017-09-12)

Several new populations of the mycoheterotrophic orchid Kalimantanorchis nagamasui from Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia, are reported. The species was previously considered endemic to West Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Given that the continued discovery of new species and distributional records of mycoheterotrophic plants have been made from only a limited number of surveys in a small selection of sites, it is likely that further surveys in Borneo will reveal additional occurrences. The description of the morphology, in particular on the underground parts and size variation, of K. nagamasui is also updated.
著者
IMANISHI AYUMI KANEKO SHINGO ISAGI YUJI IMANISHI JUNICHI NATUHARA YOSIHIRO MORIMOTO YUKIHIRO
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
APG : Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.1, pp.1-9, 2015-02-27

We analyzed the population genetic structure of Euryale ferox Salisb. (Nymphaeaceae), an annual aquatic herb, to obtain information useful for conservation of this species. A total of 391 plants from 58 populations throughout Japan and four plants from a population in China were sampled and genotyped using eight microsatellite markers. Within- and among-population genetic diversity of E. ferox in Japan was basically low, with all eight microsatellite loci fixed to single alleles in many populations. However, multilocus genotypes including heterozygous loci were detected from three populations; these populations had inbreeding coefficients (F_<IS>) not equal to 1.0 and it is assumed that these multilocus genotypes are produced by outbreeding of genetically different individuals. Principal coordinate analysis (PCO) and population genetic structure analysis using INSTRUCT software uncovered at least two genetically distinct groups within Japanese E. ferox populations, neither of which had a simple geographical distribution pattern. This complex genetic structure may be the result of a random fixation of MLGs through genetic drift after habitat loss and by spatial and temporal admixture among populations through seed dispersal and seed banks.
著者
IWASAKI TAKAYA TONO AKITAKA AOKI KYOKO SEO AKIHIRO MURAKAMI NORIAKI
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica : APG (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.1-20, 2010-06-30
被引用文献数
1

A phylogeographic study of two species of Carpinus, C. japonica Blume and C. tschonoskii Maxim. (Betulaceae), based on the distribution patterns of their chloroplast DNA haplotypes, is reported. In Japan, these species are mainly distributed in Pacific-type deciduous broad-leaved forests. Using 439-440 and 627-629bp nucleotide sequences of noncoding regions of chloroplast DNA, we detected 5 and 6 haplotypes among 217 and 181 individuals sampled from 52 and 49 populations of C. japonica and C. tschonoskii, respectively. The geographic distribution patterns of the haplotypes were highly structured. We investigated the common phylogeographic patterns between the two species that would indicate the influence of common historical factors such as climate change since the last glacial maximum (LGM). Based on our results, we concluded that the Pacific-type Japanese deciduous broad-leaved forests were split into at least three refugia during the LGM. After the LGM, the species expanded to northern areas or moved to higher altitudes from each refugium, thus now occupying northeastern, central, and southwestern Japan.
著者
Shinya Hieda Yuko Kaneko Masato Nakagawa Naohiko Noma
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.1, pp.65-71, 2020-02-29 (Released:2020-03-17)

Ludwigia grandiflora (Michx.) Greuter & Burdet is an invasive aquatic plant native to an area ranging from the southeastern United States to South America. In previous reports, L. grandiflora in Lake Biwa has been identified as L. grandiflora subsp. grandiflora, a hexaploid subspecies (2n = 48) or L. grandiflora sensu lato. Species of Ludwigia sect. Jussiaea, are morphologically very similar. Morphological characters, especially floral characters and cytology (chromosome number) have been used to identify species and subspecies. In our study, the morphological characteristics of L. grandiflora in Lake Biwa substantially corresponded to those of L. grandiflora subsp. hexapetala (Hook. & Arn.) G. L. Nesom & Kartesz, a decaploid (2n = 80) subspecies. The chromosome number of L. grandiflora in Lake Biwa was 2n = ca. 80, the same as in L. grandiflora subsp. hexapetala (2n = 80). Importantly, L. grandiflora in Lake Biwa is not L. grandiflora subsp. grandiflora, but rather L. grandiflora subsp. hexapetala. This re-identification has implications for management in Lake Biwa, since the life history of L. grandiflora subsp. hexapetala has been studied in Europe.
著者
Yasuro Kadono Satoko Iida
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.3, pp.173-182, 2019-10-31 (Released:2019-11-28)

DNA analysis and morphological observation were conducted for a putative Potamogeton hybrid endemic to the Fuji Five Lakes and Lake Ashi and Potamogeton × leptocephalus from Lake Biwa, Japan. Both proved to be hybrids between P. maackianus and P. perfoliatus. However, the hybrid from the Fuji Five Lakes and Lake Ashi was distinct from P. × leptocephalus in certain morphological characteristics. It is described as a new variety P. × leptocephalus var. fujiensis.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Akihiko Kinoshita Kensei Akai
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.1, pp.41-47, 2019-02-28 (Released:2019-03-09)

Sciaphila yakushimensis var. okinawensis from Okinawa and Ishigaki Islands, Japan, is described as new. It can be distinguished from S. yakushimensis var. yakushimensis by the morphology of the staminate and carpellate flowers.
著者
Yuki Wakasugi Hiroshi Azuma (Present Name: Suzuki) Akiyo Naiki Sachiko Nishida
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.3, pp.129-144, 2017 (Released:2017-11-24)

Geranium yesoense (Geraniaceae) includes several varieties that are mainly discriminated by two morphological features, namely, the degree of leaf incision and the density of spreading hairs on the sepals, but these features have never been objectively quantified. To clarify whether these features can truly discriminate varieties, we analyzed leaf shape and sepal pubescence, and conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis using nuclear and chloroplast DNA. Our morphological analyses showed some trends in leaf morphology and density of hairs, but failed to identify any groupings that could be clearly distinguished on the basis of these features. Our molecular analysis recognized G. yesoense as a distinct taxon, but did not support the existence of subgroups within the species. We conclude that G. yesoense must be treated as a single taxon with some tendency toward morphological variation depending on locality and habitat.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Arief Hidayat Hirokazu Tsukaya
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.135-137, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

The discovery of a new locality of the mycoheterotrophic Gastrodia spathulata (Orchidaceae) in West Java, Indonesia, during herbarium studies in BO is reported. This species was previously considered an endemic species in Mt. Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo.