著者
Toshio Katsuki
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.119-126, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new species, Cerasus kumanoensis T. Katsuki (Rosaceae), sp. nov., is described from the southern Kii Peninsula, Japan. It is similar to C. jamasakura var. jamasakura and C. leveilleana because the corymbose inflorescences and extended peduncle are identical in these three taxa. However, C. kumanoensis is distinguished by several morphological and phenological characteristics, an earlier flowering period, narrowly ovate and smaller leaf blade (4–8 cm long, 1.8–3.6 cm wide) and glabrous petiole and pedicel.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Hirokazu Fukunaga
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.63-67, 2018 (Released:2018-03-02)

Here we describe a new variety of the mycoheterotrophic genus Lecanorchis, L. triloba J. J. Sm. var. clausa Suetsugu & Fukunaga, discovered during a botanical survey in Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. The new variety resembles Lecanorchis triloba var. triloba due to its densely flowered rachis and small fruits. However, the new variety differs in that it has complete cleistogamous flowers and a nonrecurved and narrowly triangular midlobe of the lip.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Takaomi Sugimoto
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.69-74, 2018 (Released:2018-03-02)

We report three new localities of the mycoheterotrophic plant Sciaphila corniculata (Triuridaceae) from Ishigaki Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Previously, S. corniculata was reported only from Kolombangara Island (Solomon Islands), Waigeo Island (New Guinea) and Obi and Aru islands (the Moluccas). We also update a description of its morphology, in particular on stylar characteristics based on new materials. A key to the Japanese species of Sciaphila based on total flower and stylar characteristics is also provided for easy identification of these rare mycoheterotrophic plants.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Phetlasy Souladeth Shuichiro Tagane Tetsukazu Yahara
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.139-141, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new locality of Lecanorchis taiwaniana from Nam Ha National Protected Area, Luang Namtha Province, northern Laos is reported and a description of the species based on the Laos material is provided. Lecanorchis taiwaniana was known previously only from Japan and Taiwan. Considering that species of Lecanorchis are easily overlooked in the wild due to their short flowering season and dwarf habit, it is possible that L. taiwaniana is more widely distributed.
著者
Tetsukazu Yahara Mutsuko Nakajima
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.3, pp.203-208, 2018-10-31 (Released:2018-11-02)

Gastrodia albida T. C. Hsu & C. M. Kuo is reported from Yaku Island, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, as a new record of this species to Japan. Traits of G. albida are described and illustrated based on specimens collected on Yaku Island. This species has a unique combination of characters, such as only partly united lateral sepals, curved perianth tube and white triangular lip. The population on Yaku Island differs from the population at the type locality in Taiwan in having widely opening lateral sepals and a flat-topped disk of the lip and epichile slightly 2-ridged along the margin.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Alberto Bruno Izai Sabino Kikuchi Monica Suleiman Hirokazu Tsukaya
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.117-121, 2017 (Released:2017-09-12)

Several new populations of the mycoheterotrophic orchid Kalimantanorchis nagamasui from Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia, are reported. The species was previously considered endemic to West Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Given that the continued discovery of new species and distributional records of mycoheterotrophic plants have been made from only a limited number of surveys in a small selection of sites, it is likely that further surveys in Borneo will reveal additional occurrences. The description of the morphology, in particular on the underground parts and size variation, of K. nagamasui is also updated.
著者
IMANISHI AYUMI KANEKO SHINGO ISAGI YUJI IMANISHI JUNICHI NATUHARA YOSIHIRO MORIMOTO YUKIHIRO
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
APG : Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.1, pp.1-9, 2015-02-27

We analyzed the population genetic structure of Euryale ferox Salisb. (Nymphaeaceae), an annual aquatic herb, to obtain information useful for conservation of this species. A total of 391 plants from 58 populations throughout Japan and four plants from a population in China were sampled and genotyped using eight microsatellite markers. Within- and among-population genetic diversity of E. ferox in Japan was basically low, with all eight microsatellite loci fixed to single alleles in many populations. However, multilocus genotypes including heterozygous loci were detected from three populations; these populations had inbreeding coefficients (F_<IS>) not equal to 1.0 and it is assumed that these multilocus genotypes are produced by outbreeding of genetically different individuals. Principal coordinate analysis (PCO) and population genetic structure analysis using INSTRUCT software uncovered at least two genetically distinct groups within Japanese E. ferox populations, neither of which had a simple geographical distribution pattern. This complex genetic structure may be the result of a random fixation of MLGs through genetic drift after habitat loss and by spatial and temporal admixture among populations through seed dispersal and seed banks.
著者
IWASAKI TAKAYA TONO AKITAKA AOKI KYOKO SEO AKIHIRO MURAKAMI NORIAKI
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica : APG (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.1-20, 2010-06-30
被引用文献数
1

A phylogeographic study of two species of Carpinus, C. japonica Blume and C. tschonoskii Maxim. (Betulaceae), based on the distribution patterns of their chloroplast DNA haplotypes, is reported. In Japan, these species are mainly distributed in Pacific-type deciduous broad-leaved forests. Using 439-440 and 627-629bp nucleotide sequences of noncoding regions of chloroplast DNA, we detected 5 and 6 haplotypes among 217 and 181 individuals sampled from 52 and 49 populations of C. japonica and C. tschonoskii, respectively. The geographic distribution patterns of the haplotypes were highly structured. We investigated the common phylogeographic patterns between the two species that would indicate the influence of common historical factors such as climate change since the last glacial maximum (LGM). Based on our results, we concluded that the Pacific-type Japanese deciduous broad-leaved forests were split into at least three refugia during the LGM. After the LGM, the species expanded to northern areas or moved to higher altitudes from each refugium, thus now occupying northeastern, central, and southwestern Japan.
著者
Yuki Wakasugi Hiroshi Azuma (Present Name: Suzuki) Akiyo Naiki Sachiko Nishida
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.3, pp.129-144, 2017 (Released:2017-11-24)

Geranium yesoense (Geraniaceae) includes several varieties that are mainly discriminated by two morphological features, namely, the degree of leaf incision and the density of spreading hairs on the sepals, but these features have never been objectively quantified. To clarify whether these features can truly discriminate varieties, we analyzed leaf shape and sepal pubescence, and conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis using nuclear and chloroplast DNA. Our morphological analyses showed some trends in leaf morphology and density of hairs, but failed to identify any groupings that could be clearly distinguished on the basis of these features. Our molecular analysis recognized G. yesoense as a distinct taxon, but did not support the existence of subgroups within the species. We conclude that G. yesoense must be treated as a single taxon with some tendency toward morphological variation depending on locality and habitat.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Arief Hidayat Hirokazu Tsukaya
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.135-137, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

The discovery of a new locality of the mycoheterotrophic Gastrodia spathulata (Orchidaceae) in West Java, Indonesia, during herbarium studies in BO is reported. This species was previously considered an endemic species in Mt. Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo.
著者
Kohtaroh Shutoh Shingo Kaneko Takahide Kurosawa
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.3, pp.181-192, 2017 (Released:2017-11-24)

Pyrola subaphylla (Pyroleae, Ericaceae), which generally produces reddish scapes and scale-like or extremely small leaves, has been treated as a variety or form of the closely related P. japonica, which generally has green scapes and fully developed leaves, owing to observations of individuals with intermediate morphology. Recently, these two taxa were shown to differ genetically, supporting recognition of P. subaphylla as a distinct species. We identified herbarium specimens as P. subaphylla when (1) at least three shoots were mounted on the same sheet, (2) leaf blades <3.0 cm in length were present on all mounted shoots, and (3) at least one flowering shoot either lacked ordinary leaves, which are distinguished from scale-like leaves with blade >1 cm long, or bore only a single ordinary leaf. A revised taxonomic treatment of the species is proposed. In Japan, P. subaphylla occurs in Hokkaidō, Honshū (Tōhoku and Chūbu district), and Shikoku, usually in coniferous forests at 0–1,500 m.
著者
MICHIHISA TAKASHIMA JUN'ICHI HASEGAWA TOMOHISA YUKAWA
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.1, pp.61-66, 2016-02-29 (Released:2017-03-21)

Oreorchis coreana Finet, discovered in Nasushiobara-shi, Tochigi Prefecture, Honshu, is a new addition to the flora of Japan. Until now, Oreorchis coreana was thought to be endemic to Jeju Island, Korea. This finding is a remarkable case of disjunct distribution.
著者
HORI KIYOTAKA EBIHARA ATSUSHI NAKATO NARUMI MURAKAMI NORIAKI
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
APG : Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.1, pp.47-57, 2015-02-27

The Dryopteris varia complex (subg. Erythrovariae, sect. Variae Fraser-Jenk.) is an apogamous fern complex. Most species of the complex are apogamous triploids; Dryopteris saxifraga and D. varia, the only known diploid sexual cytotypes in the complex, are insufficient to account for the morphological and genetic variation within the complex. In this study, we describe a new diploid sexual species, Dryopteris protobissetiana K. Hori et N. Murak., from southern Yakushima, and discuss its morphological characteristics, reproductive mode, and chromosome number. Dryopteris protobissetiana is similar to D. bissetiana in having slightly bullate scales and a dark green lamina surface, but it differs in having flat, serrate margins at the apex of the upper pinnae. Dryopteris protobissetiana is a sexual diploid with 2n=82, and may be a source of the genetic variation in the apogamous complex.
著者
KUO JOHN KANAMOTO ZIYUSEI IIZUMI HITOSHI MUKAI HIROSHI
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
APG : Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.2, pp.129-154, 2006-08-30
被引用文献数
2

A taxonomic study of the seagrass genus Halophila Thouars concludes that eight distinct taxa, including four new species, occur in Japanese waters. Past literature indicated that the name of H. ovata Gaud. is illegitimate, thus a new species name, H. gaudichaudii J. Kuo, with a description is provided. Halophila major (Zoll.) Miq. has been reinstated to a distinct taxon, with H. euphlebia Mak. as a synonym. The other three new species, H. nipponica J. Kuo, H. mikii J. Kuo, and H. okinawensis J. Kuo are endemic to Japan, while H. gaudichaudii, H. ovalis (R. Br.) Hook. f., H. major, H. minor (Zoll.) den Hartog and H. decipiens Ostenf. are extended from Indo-West Pacific regions to reach their northern distributional boundaries in southern Japan. Halophila okinawensis and H. gaudichaudii are restricted to Ryukyu Islands and H. mikii only occurs in Tanegashima and Yakushima Islands. Halophila nipponica is widely distributed in temperate Japan except for Hokkaido Island, while the tropical H. major has additional colonies confined to Wakayama Prefecture in Honshu and Tokushima and Kochi Prefectures in Shikoku. Typifications, morphological descriptions, habitat and biological information, illustrations and distribution maps are presented for each taxon. Biogeographical distribution of the Japanese species is discussed in relation to the effect of currents.
著者
TAMURA MINORU N.
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
APG : Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.15-29, 2008-03-25

The taxonomy of Polygonatum in Japan is revised. Nine species, four nothospecies, including P. ×desoulavyi (= P. desoulavyi var. yezoense = P. miserum), P. ×domonense and P. ×azegamii (= P. desoulavyi var. azegamii), and six varieties are recognized. Desoulavy 142 is superseded by Desoulavy 143 (both in LE) as a lectotype of P. ×desoulavyi. It is presumed that P. ×desoulavyi, P. ×domonense and P. ×azegamii are hybrid derivatives between P. humile and P. involucratum, between P. involucratum and P. lasianthum, and between P. falcatum and P. involucratum, respectively. Polygonatum amabile is considered to be a species distinct from P. lasianthum, as in Yatabe's original species concept. Polygonatum trichosanthum is reduced to var. trichosanthum under P. falcatum. A key to the species, nothospecies and varieties is provided.
著者
CHIE TSUTSUMI TOMOHISA YUKAWA NAM-SOOK LEE CHANG-SHOOK LEE MASAHIRO KATO
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.3, pp.211-218, 2008-11-28 (Released:2017-03-21)

Plants recognized as Liparis koreana (Nakai) Nakai ex W.T. Lee (Orchidaceae) in Japan and Korea is morphologically distinct from the type specimen of that species in the following points: flowers sparsely arranged (vs. closely arranged in the type); apex of anther cap mucronate (vs. beaked), lateral sepals twisting and enfolding the lip (vs. extending to the apex of the lip). Since these plants do not correspond with any known species, it is described as a new species, Liparis koreojaponica. The taxonomic status of L. koreana is reviewed.
著者
TAKAYA IWASAKI AKITAKA TONO KYOKO AOKI AKIHIRO SEO NORIAKI MURAKAMI
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.1-20, 2010-06-30 (Released:2017-03-21)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
1

A phylogeographic study of two species of Carpinus, C. japonica Blume and C. tschonoskii Maxim. (Betulaceae), based on the distribution patterns of their chloroplast DNA haplotypes, is reported. In Japan, these species are mainly distributed in Pacific-type deciduous broad-leaved forests. Using 439-440 and 627-629bp nucleotide sequences of noncoding regions of chloroplast DNA, we detected 5 and 6 haplotypes among 217 and 181 individuals sampled from 52 and 49 populations of C. japonica and C. tschonoskii, respectively. The geographic distribution patterns of the haplotypes were highly structured. We investigated the common phylogeographic patterns between the two species that would indicate the influence of common historical factors such as climate change since the last glacial maximum (LGM). Based on our results, we concluded that the Pacific-type Japanese deciduous broad-leaved forests were split into at least three refugia during the LGM. After the LGM, the species expanded to northern areas or moved to higher altitudes from each refugium, thus now occupying northeastern, central, and southwestern Japan.
著者
TAKASHI YAMASAKI KEICHI OZEKI NORIYUKI FUJII MARI TAKEHARA MASASHI YOKOGAWA SHINGO KANEKO YUJI ISAGI
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.3, pp.107-120, 2013-04-05 (Released:2017-03-21)
参考文献数
73

Silene kiusiana (Caryophyllaceae) is an endangered perennial herb of semi-natural grasslands in Japan and Korea. To elucidate the genetic status of S. kiusiana in the Aso region, Kyushu, Japan, in which relatively large populations still remain, we analyzed the genetics of seven populations of S. kiusiana using five novel microsatellite markers. Each population of S, kiusiana has maintained relatively high genetic diversity (mean H_E = 0.791 and mean N_A =12.0). In addition, the values of pairwise F_<ST> indicating the degree of genetic differentiation among populations were significantly larger than zero between all pairs of populations, although the degrees of difference were small. The semi-natural grasslands in the Aso region have decreased in size over the past several decades, and thus habitat fragmentation may have caused genetic differentiation among populations of S. kiusiana. Although the populations of S. kiusiana have maintained relatively high genetic diversity, the genetic dynamics of S. kiusiana populations should be continuously monitored.
著者
SHINGO KANEKO NOBUKAZU NAKAGOSHI YUJI ISAGI
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.2, pp.165-174, 2008-07-30 (Released:2017-03-21)
参考文献数
53

Polyploidization is an important evolutionary force in plant speciation, and elucidating the origin and evolutionary history of a particular polyploid is important for understanding the evolution and distribution of plants. We investigated the origin of the endangered tetraploid Adonis ramosa Franch., which is endemic to Japan. To clarify the origin and phylogenetic relationships among A. ramosa and diploid species, we conducted a phylogenetic analysis of the species of Adonis in Japan and Korea using chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. The sequences of the ITS region of showed that the sequences of A. ramosa were completely consistent with or quite similar to those of A. amurensis Regel & Radde of Hokkaido, Japan, and clearly differed from those of A. amurensis in Korea and three diploid species from Japan and Korea. The results suggest the possibility that A. ramosa is an autotetraploid, and the diploid progenitor is A. amurensis from Hokkaido. The distribution pattern of the ITS haplotype of A. ramosa also indicates range expansion of A. ramosa from northern to southern Japan Ecological divergence and adaptation to new habitats after polyploidization are likely to increase the survival of A. ramosa and enable it to widely colonize in new environments in Japan.
著者
Noriyuki Fujii Satoshi Takasawa Masashi Yokogawa Takashi Yamasaki Kensuke Harada Shingo Kaneko Yuji Isagi
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.2, pp.69-82, 2016 (Released:2016-12-20)

Veronicastrum sibiricum var. zuccarinii (Plantaginaceae) is an endangered perennial herb native to semi-natural grasslands in southern Korea and Kyushu, Japan. To elucidate the genetic status of V. sibiricum var. zuccarinii in the Aso region of Kyushu, in which relatively large populations still remain, we analyzed seven populations using five novel microsatellite markers. Each population of V. sibiricum var. zuccarinii has a maintained moderate level of genetic diversity (mean H E = 0.596, mean N A = 5.6, and mean AR = 4.7). Pairwise F ST indicated significant genetic differentiation between all population pairs (0.065−0.309). The semi-natural grasslands in the Aso region have decreased in area over the past decades. Thus, habitat fragmentation may be causing genetic differentiation among populations of V. sibiricum var. zuccarinii. Although the populations of this variety have maintained a moderate degree of genetic diversity, the dynamics of gene flow among them should be continuously monitored.