著者
Toshio Katsuki
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.119-126, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new species, Cerasus kumanoensis T. Katsuki (Rosaceae), sp. nov., is described from the southern Kii Peninsula, Japan. It is similar to C. jamasakura var. jamasakura and C. leveilleana because the corymbose inflorescences and extended peduncle are identical in these three taxa. However, C. kumanoensis is distinguished by several morphological and phenological characteristics, an earlier flowering period, narrowly ovate and smaller leaf blade (4–8 cm long, 1.8–3.6 cm wide) and glabrous petiole and pedicel.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Hirokazu Fukunaga
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.63-67, 2018 (Released:2018-03-02)

Here we describe a new variety of the mycoheterotrophic genus Lecanorchis, L. triloba J. J. Sm. var. clausa Suetsugu & Fukunaga, discovered during a botanical survey in Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. The new variety resembles Lecanorchis triloba var. triloba due to its densely flowered rachis and small fruits. However, the new variety differs in that it has complete cleistogamous flowers and a nonrecurved and narrowly triangular midlobe of the lip.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Takaomi Sugimoto
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.69-74, 2018 (Released:2018-03-02)

We report three new localities of the mycoheterotrophic plant Sciaphila corniculata (Triuridaceae) from Ishigaki Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Previously, S. corniculata was reported only from Kolombangara Island (Solomon Islands), Waigeo Island (New Guinea) and Obi and Aru islands (the Moluccas). We also update a description of its morphology, in particular on stylar characteristics based on new materials. A key to the Japanese species of Sciaphila based on total flower and stylar characteristics is also provided for easy identification of these rare mycoheterotrophic plants.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Phetlasy Souladeth Shuichiro Tagane Tetsukazu Yahara
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.139-141, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new locality of Lecanorchis taiwaniana from Nam Ha National Protected Area, Luang Namtha Province, northern Laos is reported and a description of the species based on the Laos material is provided. Lecanorchis taiwaniana was known previously only from Japan and Taiwan. Considering that species of Lecanorchis are easily overlooked in the wild due to their short flowering season and dwarf habit, it is possible that L. taiwaniana is more widely distributed.
著者
Tetsukazu Yahara Mutsuko Nakajima
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.3, pp.203-208, 2018-10-31 (Released:2018-11-02)

Gastrodia albida T. C. Hsu & C. M. Kuo is reported from Yaku Island, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, as a new record of this species to Japan. Traits of G. albida are described and illustrated based on specimens collected on Yaku Island. This species has a unique combination of characters, such as only partly united lateral sepals, curved perianth tube and white triangular lip. The population on Yaku Island differs from the population at the type locality in Taiwan in having widely opening lateral sepals and a flat-topped disk of the lip and epichile slightly 2-ridged along the margin.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Alberto Bruno Izai Sabino Kikuchi Monica Suleiman Hirokazu Tsukaya
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.117-121, 2017 (Released:2017-09-12)

Several new populations of the mycoheterotrophic orchid Kalimantanorchis nagamasui from Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia, are reported. The species was previously considered endemic to West Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Given that the continued discovery of new species and distributional records of mycoheterotrophic plants have been made from only a limited number of surveys in a small selection of sites, it is likely that further surveys in Borneo will reveal additional occurrences. The description of the morphology, in particular on the underground parts and size variation, of K. nagamasui is also updated.
著者
Yuki Wakasugi Hiroshi Azuma (Present Name: Suzuki) Akiyo Naiki Sachiko Nishida
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.3, pp.129-144, 2017 (Released:2017-11-24)

Geranium yesoense (Geraniaceae) includes several varieties that are mainly discriminated by two morphological features, namely, the degree of leaf incision and the density of spreading hairs on the sepals, but these features have never been objectively quantified. To clarify whether these features can truly discriminate varieties, we analyzed leaf shape and sepal pubescence, and conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis using nuclear and chloroplast DNA. Our morphological analyses showed some trends in leaf morphology and density of hairs, but failed to identify any groupings that could be clearly distinguished on the basis of these features. Our molecular analysis recognized G. yesoense as a distinct taxon, but did not support the existence of subgroups within the species. We conclude that G. yesoense must be treated as a single taxon with some tendency toward morphological variation depending on locality and habitat.
著者
Kenji Suetsugu Arief Hidayat Hirokazu Tsukaya
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.135-137, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

The discovery of a new locality of the mycoheterotrophic Gastrodia spathulata (Orchidaceae) in West Java, Indonesia, during herbarium studies in BO is reported. This species was previously considered an endemic species in Mt. Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo.
著者
Kohtaroh Shutoh Shingo Kaneko Takahide Kurosawa
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.3, pp.181-192, 2017 (Released:2017-11-24)

Pyrola subaphylla (Pyroleae, Ericaceae), which generally produces reddish scapes and scale-like or extremely small leaves, has been treated as a variety or form of the closely related P. japonica, which generally has green scapes and fully developed leaves, owing to observations of individuals with intermediate morphology. Recently, these two taxa were shown to differ genetically, supporting recognition of P. subaphylla as a distinct species. We identified herbarium specimens as P. subaphylla when (1) at least three shoots were mounted on the same sheet, (2) leaf blades <3.0 cm in length were present on all mounted shoots, and (3) at least one flowering shoot either lacked ordinary leaves, which are distinguished from scale-like leaves with blade >1 cm long, or bore only a single ordinary leaf. A revised taxonomic treatment of the species is proposed. In Japan, P. subaphylla occurs in Hokkaidō, Honshū (Tōhoku and Chūbu district), and Shikoku, usually in coniferous forests at 0–1,500 m.
著者
MICHIHISA TAKASHIMA JUN'ICHI HASEGAWA TOMOHISA YUKAWA
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.1, pp.61-66, 2016-02-29 (Released:2017-03-21)

Oreorchis coreana Finet, discovered in Nasushiobara-shi, Tochigi Prefecture, Honshu, is a new addition to the flora of Japan. Until now, Oreorchis coreana was thought to be endemic to Jeju Island, Korea. This finding is a remarkable case of disjunct distribution.
著者
北村 四郎
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:00016799)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.127-130, 1979

数年前に大英博物館からネパール産のキク科植物標本が京都大学理学部植物学教室に到着した。私に種名の同定をしてほしいとのことであった。そのうち,わかったのは同定して返送したが,むずかしいのが残った。パリー自然史博物館から中国やベトナムのキク科植物標本を送ってもらって,それらを調べつつ,ネパールのキク科植物を再検討した。このほどようやく仕事が一応終った。そのうちの新種を報告する次第である。ヨモギ属の一種。姿や葉は日本のヤマヨモギに似ていて,頭花は大きく,球形で幅5mmほどある。英人が採集したが,1976年には田端英雄氏等もこれを採集した。田端氏等のは花が蕾である。そのほか,キケルビタ属一種。トウヒレン属2種。キオン属2種の発表である。ネパールは中国の四川,雲南と陸続きなので,多数のキク科植物が報告されている四川,雲南と共通する種も多いが,然しネパールに特産する種も可成りある。
著者
Hiroyuki Akiyama
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.3, pp.145-174, 2017 (Released:2017-11-24)

Phylogenetic relationships among the members of the epiphytic genus Yakushimabryum H. Akiyama et al. and related genera (Pylaisiadelphaceae) were studied using cpDNA (rbcL, rps4, and trnL-F) gene sequences as well as morphological features. Present analyses (1) suggested the presence of three clades in the Pylaisiadelphaceae and Sematophyllaceae (Pylaisiadelphaceae s. str., Sematophyllaceae s. str. + Heterophyllioideae, and Clastobryum), and (2) confirmed the distinctive generic status of Yakushimabryum from other members of the family. One new genus Orientobryum H. Akiyama and two new species O. ovalifolium H. Akiyama and Y. brevigemmium H. Akiyama were recognized and described. In addition, a close inter-relationship of Pseudotrismegistia undulata (Broth. & Yasuda) H. Akiyama & Tsubota and Heterophyllium amblystegum (Mitt.) J. Yu et al. (= Mastopoma subfiliferum Horik. & Ando) was confirmed. Four new combinations, O. oligonema (Cardot & P. de la Varde) H. Akiyama (≡ Clastobryum oligonema Cardot & P. de la Varde), Y. subintegrum (P. Tixier) H. Akiyama (≡ Aptychella subintegra P. Tixier), Y. tonkinense (Broth.) H. Akiyama (≡ Clastobryum tonkinense Broth. & Paris), and Pseudotrismegistia amblystega (Mitt.) H. Akiyama (≡ Stereodon amblystegus Mitt.) were proposed.
著者
Kaori Horii Takashi Yamanouchi Yasuro Kadono
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.111-116, 2017 (Released:2017-09-12)

Potamogeton ×tosaensis Kadono, Horii & Yamanouchi (Potamogetonaceae) is described here as a new hybrid. Although similar to P. octandrus, it is morphologically distinguishable in several traits. Most conspicuous of these are the connate stipules and fusiform turion bearing one acerose leaf. The plants were found only in and around Kochi City, Shikoku. Potamogeton octandrus and P. pusillus are the putative parents.
著者
Hidenori Nakamori Miki Tomita Hiroshi Azuma Takehiro Masuzawa Toru Tokuoka
出版者
日本植物分類学会
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.2, pp.83-92, 2017 (Released:2017-09-12)

Miscanthus (Poaceae) comprises about 20 species, of which seven species and two forms occur in Japan. There is controversy whether M. condensatus is a separate species or a variety or subspecies of M. sinensis. To determine its taxonomic status, we conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis using DNA sequences of the atpB-rbcL, psbC-trnS(UGA), rpl20-rps12, trnL(UAA)-trnF(GAA), trnS(GGA)- trnT(UGU), and nuclear ITS regions, and the Adh1 gene from 31 samples of the seven Japanese species of Miscanthus. The neighbor-joining (NJ) tree based on the cpDNA sequences shows that M. condensatus and M. sinensis share two haplotypes, and that the nuclear ITS and Adh1 sequences of the two species are identical, making it difficult to distinguish M. condensatus from M. sinensis based on DNA sequences. The evidence indicates that hybridization between the two species has proceeded rapidly, or that M. condensatus is derived from a diverging lineage of M. sinensis. The status of M. condensatus remains controversial, but our findings support provisionally treating M. condensatus as the infraspecific taxon, M. sinensis var. condensatus.