著者
田村 裕子
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
雑誌
人間文化論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.4-1〜9, 2005

This paper notes that, in his diary, called Taiki, Fujiwara Yorinaga (1120〜1156), born in a family that produced regents/chief advisers to the Emperor during the era of rule by retired Emperors, refers to his deceased real mother as the "person of old", and its implied meaning is examined. In the background of this reference to her as the "person of old" was the existence of Minamoto Shishi, the legal wife of Tadazane, Yorinaga's father, who became Yorinaga's adoptive mother. She was something guaranteeing his legitimacy as a successor. It is this Shishi that Yorinaga identified as his mother, whom he must respect. However, the existence of his real mother was not entirely disregarded in his mind ; there are entries in his diary in which feeling of deep attachment to her can be detected. The reference to his real mother as the "person of old" represents internal fulfillment of the positioning of his two mothers, and symbolizes strong persistence in attaining the status of a regent/chief adviser to the Emperor, as well as the suppressed feelings for his real mother under that persistence, on the part of Yorinaga,\who was shortly to rush headlong toward the civil war of the Hogen era.
著者
難波 知子
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
雑誌
人間文化論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.41-50, 2006

This article aims at reconsidering the history of women's school uniforms from the viewpoints of the educational system, students, and uniform production in modern Japan. Though the historical studies of school uniforms have focused on the control of students' bodies and clothing by schools, this article moreover notices the significance that women students realized in their uniforms, and the situation that their uniforms were made in the transition from Kimono style to Western style. The composition of this article is as follows. First, it gives an outline of the history of women's school uniforms from the Meiji era to the early Showa era. Second, it elaborates the process of wearing HAKAMA which women students longed to put on in the 30's of the Meiji era. And third, it considers the practical situation that the school uniforms were made, worn by students and controlled by schools. To conclude, in modern Japan women's school uniforms were formed as a culture by interrelationship among schools, students, and uniform production. Schools instituted uniforms for the realization of educational policy and the regu\lation of clothing. On the other hand, women students created their original meanings and dressing in their school uniforms. And the school uniforms as a culture prevailed involving the changes of styles of living in clothing, for example, from Kimono style to Western style and from sewing at home to buying products in stores.
著者
星野 祐子
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
雑誌
人間文化論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.245-254, 2006

This paper aims to describe the discourse structure of a radio advice program called "Telephone JINSEI SODAN" and the role its emcee plays in the program. Each episode of this long-running call-in show involves an adviser, an advisee and an emcee and centers on the advisee's problem. The 20-minute program can be divided into 5 phases. I. Opening remarks ; the emcee and the advisee exchange greetings and the advisee acknowledges the opportunity to gain useful information ; II. Unfolding the problem ; utilizing a Q-A format, the emcee induces the advisee to describe his/her problem. The emcee then makes the gist of the issue and introduces the adviser over the phone ; III. Advising ; the adviser counsels the advisee on what to do ; IV. Summarizing ; the emcee intervenes and wraps up the previous advice-giving ; V. Closing remarks: the emcee and the adviser greet each other and the advisee expresses his/her gratitude again. The emcee takes part in Phases I, II, IV and V but not in Phase III. As a program host, the emcee uses discourse markers that facilitate a shift from one phase to the next. Such discourse markers\include "ja", "de", and "hai".
著者
松尾 江津子
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
雑誌
人間文化論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.85-93, 2005

In the studies of William Shakespeare's Othello, Iago's latent homosexuality has been discussed since the mid-twentieth century. This kind of investigation, however, is criticized for nothing more than motive-hunting of Iago's malignity and taking homosexuality as pathology. Recent sexuality studies, which have brought to light various aspects of male alliance in early modern England, show that physical intimacies between men in those days were far from pathology but rather admired as "friendship." On the other hand, "sodomy" was condemned even though it seems that the acts of "sodomy" actually had little difference from the very acts that Englishmen regarded as "friendship" ; the accusation of sodomy might be considered as one of the political manipulations concerning class, gender, race, and nationality. If the play represents Iago's desire as ambiguously at once "sodomy" and "friendship," the play can be interpreted to reveal the equivocations involved in the system of male alliance. This article, which reconsiders Iago's homosexual desire for Othello in the cultural and political context of early modern En\gland, reexamines, thereby, a historical moment in which Otherness was being constructed through discourse of sodomy.
著者
松下 真記 MATSUSHITA Maki マツシタ マキ
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
雑誌
人間文化論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.161-173, 2006

The subject of this article is a type of capital initial letter represented as if it were a three-dimensional object carved in metal. Its central ridge forms the spine of the letter which then seems to be hollowed on either side. It appears in manuscripts illuminated in Padua or Venice in the late 1450's. Outstanding examples are found in the well-known copy of Strabo's Geography in the Latin translation of Guarino, which was sent as a present by the Venetian condottiere Jacopo Marcello to Rene of Anjou in 1459. Millard Meiss once ascribed its invention to the Paduan painter Andrea Mantegna and named it "Littera Mantiniana" (Mantegna's letter) because he believed that the illuminator of Strabo's work was certainly Mantegna, while other scholars nowadays insist that it was invented by Veronese copyist Felice Feliciano. In this article, I observe its first examples in Geography of Strabo in the terms of the characteristic of its three-dimentionality, and analyze again the possibility of Mantegna or Feliciano as its inventor.
著者
蔡 美京
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
雑誌
人間文化論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.41-52, 2005
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study is describing the character of Choyongmu by focusing on the upper limbs movement. The method of analysis is Benesh Movement Notation. The result goes as follows ; there are 25 kinds of upper limbs movement that are divided into 3 categories. (1) Snap touch on waist (pattern I) is supposed to be the first movement of Choyongmu and is also a basic movement. (2) Within maneuvering of extra long sleeves (pattern II), there are two patterns that should be characteristic of the movement which could be shown in only Choyongmu. II-4: sticking arms forward to the head with taking extra long sleeves. II-7: stretching arms from the shoulder at a stroke with the palms of the hands put together. (3) Passing by the abdomen (pattern V) is shown by uniting two movements many times.
著者
松永 典子
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
雑誌
人間文化論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.95-102, 2005

The diplomatic essays of Harold Nicolson (1886-1968) have been considered classics in the field of International Relations, while his biographical essays and fictions have largely been neglected by English literary critics. In a similar vein, poetry and fiction have dominated as subjects for analysis among the critics of modernism while autobiography and biography have been much less studied. Although the present literary studies largely disregard modernist biography and Nicolson, they were widely discussed and read among their contemporary biographers. For instance Virginia Woolf introduced Some People (1927) as a modern biography for the modern world, and appraised the new method that Nicolson created. This article attempts to reexamine modernism in terms of auto/biography, focusing on the new phase of biography Nicolson introduced. His auto/biography, which articulates war experiences as a postwar writing, is here analysed in diplomatic as well as biographical terms. In conclusion, I propose that he reproduce the new imperial citizenship through his new writing. Furthermore this essay also investigates the polit\ical unconscious of this period by the examination of biographical essays of Woolf and Sydney Lee as well as of Nicolson.