- 人間文化論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
- vol.8, pp."3-1"-"3-12", 2005
Toshiko Tamura and Myung-soon Kim flourished in 1910-20 in Japan and Korea. In those days it was an act of a man to write. The feminine was demanded above all to the thing which a woman wrote by the literary world and the society, so that woman does not invade a domain of a man. A lot of studies about that the motherhood is one of a model of feminine, it was used to mobilize a woman for war, while militarism advances. Then is what kind of position was there the femininity at socially and culture in Japan and Korea which had a relation such as an empire and a colony. A purpose of this paper is what did such a demand of feminine have influence on works and the strategy of two woman writer. The work of Toshiko, "The woman author (ONNA SAKUSYA)", depicted a woman writer who immersed herself in "coquetry" by wearing white face powder as part of the creative process of writing novel. It is a unique method that the only woman was able to write, and "The woman author" became one of her representative work because the text is so feminine. But Myung-soon was criticized her work and her personality, too feminine to her mother was concubine that her work smell of face powder when a prostitute make up. A difference of evaluation for a work of two writers was a difference of a woman of an empire, or a woman of a colony. And, it was same in Japan and Korea that the prostitute is perceived as immoral, a danger, a threat to 'normal' femininity and, as a consequence suffers social exclusion, marginalisation and 'whore stigma'. But, in the case of Toshiko she was married, and she write a "Woman author" like prostitute to express her identity, it was only a performance, not her personality. In the case of Myung-soon, she wrote to overcome 'whore stigma', but the man gaze did not forgive that, she cannot acquire her identity. This shows that the woman writing is not same, and it is difficult to acquire her identity in marginal.