著者
田村 恵理 岸本 桂子 福島 紀子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.133, no.6, pp.737-745, 2013 (Released:2013-06-01)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
2 2 1

This study sought to determine the effect of pharmacists wearing a mask on the consultation intention of patients who do not have a trusting relationship with the pharmacists. We conducted a questionnaire survey of customers at a Tokyo drugstore in August 2012. Subjects answered a questionnaire after watching two medical teaching videos, one in which the pharmacist was wearing a mask and the other in which the pharmacist was not wearing a mask. Data analysis was performed using a paired t-test and multiple logistic regression. The paired t-test revealed a significant difference in ‘Maintenance Problem’ between the two pharmacist situations. After excluding factors not associated with wearing a mask, multiple logistic regression analysis identified three independent variables with a significant effect on participants not wanting to consult with a pharmacist wearing a mask. Positive factors were ‘active-inactive’ and ‘frequency mask use’, a negative factor was ‘age’. Our study has shown that pharmacists wearing a mask may be a factor that prevents patients from consulting with pharmacist. Those patients whose intention to consult might be affected by the pharmacists wearing a mask tended to be younger, to have no habit of wearing masks preventively themselves, and to form a negative opinion of such pharmacists. Therefore, it was estimated that pharmacists who wear masks need to provide medical education by asking questions more positively than when they do not wear a mask in order to prevent the patient worrying about oneself.
著者
岸本 桂子 羽坂 亜希子 山浦 克典 福島 紀子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.136, no.10, pp.1401-1413, 2016 (Released:2016-10-01)
参考文献数
40

Pharmacy is required to shift toward human service such as hearing the complaints of health. But the study about help-seeking behavior to pharmacist is not really investigated. We hypothesized that a decrease in expression visibility, due to pharmacists' typical masks, may negatively impact help-seeker' trust in pharmacist. The sample included 100 drugstore customers aged ≥18 years. Participants were stratified by gender and randomly assigned to two groups: evaluation of clear-masked and normal-masked pharmacists. After viewing a video with either male or female pharmacists wearing either clear or normal masks, participants completed a questionnaire. The primary outcome was trust in pharmacist measured by the Trust Scale and the secondary outcome was impression of the pharmacist measured by nineteen pairs of adjectives. There were no differences by gender on trust scores. Results revealed that both male and female pharmacists who wore clear masks were rated as more trustworthy than normal-masked pharmacists (p<0.001, d=0.903, and p=0.001, d=0.716, respectively). Sixteen of nineteen adjectives reported for pharmacists wearing normal masks indicated greater negative intention than those with clear masks (d=0.431-1.469). In most cases, among pharmacists wearing clear masks, results showed positive correlations between trust and each impression adjective (r=0.279-0.710). Our findings indicate that pharmacists wearing normal masks, which partially hide facial expressions, may decrease customer's trust in pharmacist. Further, normal masks were associated with negative impression. To avoid the inhibition of help-seek behavior, we recommend that pharmacists wear a clear mask and increase non-verbal communication.
著者
男全 恵里花 岸本 桂子 福島 紀子 櫻井 秀彦
出版者
日本社会薬学会
雑誌
社会薬学 (ISSN:09110585)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.2, pp.78-87, 2017-12-10 (Released:2018-01-05)
参考文献数
23

The purpose of this research was to clarify the factors influencing the approval or disapproval and evaluative opinions of the public concerning separation of dispensing and prescribing functions. We conducted a Web survey with 2006 participants (September 2016). We conducted multiple logistic regression analysis and quantitative analysis of freely recorded their reasons about approval or disapproval. The approval rating was 29.2% in persons who had had some prior experience with at the pharmacies (n=1,778) and 41.9% in participants who made regular clinic visits and always filled prescriptions at the pharmacy (n=430). Multiple logistic regression analysis of the data of participants who visited pharmacies (n=1,778), identified that compared to participants who experienced side effects (OR=1.34), the frequency of used pharmacies (OR:Odds ratio=1.47), the filling burdened by having to fill prescriptions at the pharmacy (OR=0.19, 1/OR=5.18), there was a significant positive association for the approval. Analysis of qualitative data of the group that approved identified many labels related to ‘quality of results’, however no labels related to ‘quality of results’ were generated in the group which disapproved. Public approval or disapproval of non-hospital based prescription is mainly determined based on the burden or inconvenience incurred (due to waiting times, mobility-incurred time and energy, inconvenience associated with travel, inconvenience of repeated visits) when filling prescriptions at the pharmacy rather than on opinions regarding the pharmacy’s drug therapy service. Measures are required to increase the level of merit compared to the burden experienced in the use of pharmacy.
著者
岸本 桂子 福島 紀子
出版者
日本社会薬学会
雑誌
社会薬学 (ISSN:09110585)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.1, pp.7-19, 2015-06-10 (Released:2015-10-16)
参考文献数
34

We explored the association between understanding a proper use of over-the-counter cold medicines and a choice of information source to purchase such medicines. We conducted an internet survey in March 2011 regarding false perceptions about cold medicines as well as understanding of package inserts. Respondents (20〜69 years old) to the main survey were individuals who purchased cold medicines based on TV commercials (CM group) and those who purchased these medications in consultation with pharmacists (consultation group). We surveyed 121 and 159 respondents in the CM and consultation groups, respectively. We calculated the principal component scores for false perceptions of cold medicines and the respondents’ understanding of the package inserts. The median scores were 0.20 (CM group) and -0.08 (consultation group) false perceptions, and -0.18 (CM group) and 0.15 (consultation group) for understanding. The Mann-Whitney U-test revealed that the CM group had more misconceptions regarding cold medicines compared with the consultation group (P<0.001). Furthermore, the consultation group acquired greater understanding of the package inserts than the reference CM group (P=0.005). These results suggest an association between understanding the proper use of over-the-counter cold medicines and choice sources of information on purchasing these medicines. They further suggest that a lack of knowledge or understanding of cold medicines does not lead to consultations with a pharmacist about the purchase.
著者
岸本 桂子 竹内 智重 福島 紀子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.137, no.12, pp.1533-1541, 2017 (Released:2017-12-01)
参考文献数
18

In Japan, a pharmacy or drug store license is required for selling pharmaceutical products. However, civilians without a pharmacy or drug store license are displaying pharmaceutical products for sale on a flea market application, which is illegal dealing. This study discussed the modality for implementing countermeasures for the illicit selling of pharmaceutical products. We extracted pharmaceutical products displayed for sale on three flea market applications (Mercari, Rakuma, Fril) on one day. One hundred and eighty-one pharmaceutical products were displayed (49 on Mercari, 86 on Rakuma, and 46 on Fril). There were 6.1% (11/181) domestically prescribed drugs, 69.1% (125/181) domestic OTC drugs, 23.8% (43/181) foreign-made prescribed drugs, and 1.1% (2/181) foreign-made OTC drugs. The seller could display the product for sale without confirming whether it is prohibited. We alerted the service providers of this illicit selling at flea markets at three different instances. The pharmaceutical product displays were deleted by the service providers at a rate of 55.1% (27/49) for Mercari and 51.2% (44/86) for Rakuma. The average number of drugs that were displayed for sale by each seller was 1.4 and the average number of total products that were displayed for sale by each seller was 100. The seller could have unintentionally displayed the pharmaceutical products for sale, without the knowledge that it is illegal. The service providers of flea market applications should create mechanisms to alert the sellers that displaying pharmaceutical products for sale is an illicit act and regulate these violations.
著者
中村 友真 岸本 桂子 山浦 克典 福島 紀子
出版者
日本社会薬学会
雑誌
社会薬学 (ISSN:09110585)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.1, pp.2-9, 2016-06-10 (Released:2016-07-06)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
1

To consider what pharmacists can do to prevent patients from having leftover prescription drugs, we conducted a qualitative study about the various causes behind the unused drugs. We interviewed one male and four female home-care patients who had leftover prescription drugs that pharmacists detected via their home visiting service. The Grounded Theory Approach was used for analysis, and two types were identified as “exogenous factors that cause confusion for the patient” and “patient’s personal thoughts and feelings.” “Exogenous factors that cause confusion” involved eight factors, including unsuitable dosing schedule for lifestyle, complex timing for taking medicine, and inadequate support for enhancing patients’ compliance. These factors were divided into [problems with prescription] and [difficult changes to manage]. In “patient’s personal thoughts and feelings,” 16 concepts were identified and their broader concepts comprised six categories: [distrust of drugs], [taking a positive view about one’s own non-compliance], [psychological distance from medical staff], and others. It was assumed that there would be a perception gap of compliance between patients and medical staff. Moreover, patients affirmed their poor compliance and they did not see the occurrence of leftover drugs as a problem. Additionally, psychological distance from medical staff prevents patients from consultation. Therefore, pharmacists should check patients’ compliance for each drug as well as any medical problems. Knowing patients’ inherent mind revealed by this study, the pharmacist can assist medication alongside patients and contribute to the early prevention of unused drugs.
著者
岸本 桂子 竹内 智重 福島 紀子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-00114, (Released:2017-09-05)
参考文献数
18

In Japan, a pharmacy or drug store license is required for selling pharmaceutical products. However, civilians without a pharmacy or drug store license are displaying pharmaceutical products for sale on a flea market application, which is illegal dealing. This study discussed the modality for implementing countermeasures for the illicit selling of pharmaceutical products. We extracted pharmaceutical products displayed for sale on three flea market applications (Mercari, Rakuma, Fril) on one day. One hundred and eighty-one pharmaceutical products were displayed (49 on Mercari, 86 on Rakuma, and 46 on Fril). There were 6.1% (11/181) domestically prescribed drugs, 69.1% (125/181) domestic over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, 23.8% (43/181) foreign-made prescribed drugs, and 1.1% (2/181) foreign-made OTC drugs. The seller could display the product for sale without confirming whether it is prohibited. We alerted the service providers of this illicit selling at flea markets at three different instances. The pharmaceutical product displays were deleted by the service providers at a rate of 55.1% (27/49) for Mercari and 51.2% (44/86) for Rakuma. The average number of drugs that were displayed for sale by each seller was 1.4 and the average number of total products that were displayed for sale by each seller was 100. The seller could have unintentionally displayed the pharmaceutical products for sale, without the knowledge that it is illegal. The service providers of flea market applications should create mechanisms to alert the sellers that displaying pharmaceutical products for sale is an illicit act and regulate these violations.
著者
酒井 理紗 岸本 桂子 福島 紀子
出版者
日本社会薬学会
雑誌
社会薬学 (ISSN:09110585)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.1, pp.8-14, 2014-06-10 (Released:2015-08-11)
参考文献数
28

This study examines the effect on junior high school students’ understanding and usage frequency of medicines gained from education about medicines during elementary school. This education which we provided is tailored to the developmental stage of the child. We conducted a questionnaire directed at the first year students of a junior high school in Tokyo. We compared the responses to questions regarding the understanding and correct usage frequency of medicines between groups of students who had graduated from the elementary school (Group A : students who graduated from the elementary school where we provided the education about medicines, Group B : all students except those in Group A). In order to compare these, we calculated the scores about questions regarding the understanding and correct usage frequency of medicines using principal component analysis (PCA). The PCA score for understanding of medicine by group A was higher than that of group B ; a significant difference was found (P<0.001). Therefore, this suggests that receiving education about medicines may be a factor that enhances students’ understanding of medicines. The PCA score for correct usage frequency of medicine by group A was higher than that of group B; a significant difference was found (P=0.043). Therefore, this suggests that receiving education about medicines may be a factor that increases students’ correct usage frequency of medicines.
著者
川添 禎浩 筒井 絢子 岸本 桂子 Tsutsui Ayako 岸本 桂子 Kishimoto Keiko 福島 紀子 Fukushima Noriko
出版者
京都女子大学食物学会
雑誌
京都女子大学食物学会誌 (ISSN:02893827)
巻号頁・発行日
no.68, pp.17-24, 2013-12

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability of Japanese websites providing health food information. We used the search engine "Google Japan". The search keyword was "health food", "health food and lifestyle-related disease", or "health food a
著者
鈴木 門之 岸本 桂子 中西 弘和 福島 紀子
出版者
一般社団法人日本医療薬学会
雑誌
医療薬学 (ISSN:1346342X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.6, pp.373-387, 2015-06-10 (Released:2016-06-10)
参考文献数
23

We conducted a survey on veterinarians regarding the use of anticancer drugs in veterinary medicine and instructions to owners. Two-hundred veterinary hospitals were randomly selected from 438 hospitals, in Yokohama and Kawasaki City, Kanagawa, using a questionnaire, by visit distribution, and by mail recovery. The recovery rate was 62.5% (n = 125). In total, 103 veterinarians (82.4%) had anticancer drug use experience, 99 (96.1%) had injectable drug administration experience, and 81 (78.6%) had oral administration experience. In total, 97.0% of veterinarians used cyclophosphamide and vincristine, 90.9% used doxorubicin. As a precaution for oral drug administration and excrement disposal of anticancer drugs after administration, approximately 50% of veterinarians instructed the owners to “wash your hands well” and “wear gloves.” With regard to injections (n = 99), 86.7% of veterinarians answered it was under an “open environment,” 8.1% used “Luer Lock” syringe, and 67.7% prepared the vial product with “negative pressure.” With regard to protective equipment used during preparations, “single latex gloves,” “mask” was more than 50% respectively. With regard to the first learning experience about anticancer drugs, 24.8% learned when they were in university and, 70.4% learned after graduation. With regard to experience after graduation, 53.4% answered that they “took a workshop” ; the “Veterinary System Society” was the main workshop organizer and the “veterinarian” was the main instructor. In total, 66.9% wished to attend a workshop on anticancer drugs. Considering the results of this study, human medicine and veterinary medicine need coordination, and it is important to provide training and education.
著者
岸本 桂子 福島 紀子
出版者
公益社団法人日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.131, no.5, pp.685-695, 2011 (Released:2011-05-01)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
7 10

In this study, we investigated the status of researching drug information online, and the type of Internet user who uses anonymous Web communities and websites. A Web-based cross-sectional survey of 10875 male and female Internet users aged 16 and over was conducted in March 2010. Of 10282 analyzed respondents, excluding medical professionals, about 47% reported that they had previously searched the Internet for drug information and had used online resources ranging from drug information search engines and pharmaceutical industry websites to social networking sites and Twitter. Respondents who had researched drug information online (n=4861) were analyzed by two multivariable logistic regressions. In Model 1, the use of anonymous websites associated with age (OR, 0.778; 95% CI, 0.742-0.816), referring to the reputation and the narrative of other Internet users on shopping (OR, 1.640; 95% CI, 1.450-1.855), taking a prescription drug (OR, 0.806; 95% CI, 0.705-0.922), and frequent consulting with non-professionals about medical care and health (OR, 1.613; 95% CI, 1.396-1.865). In Model 2, use of only anonymous websites was associated with age (OR, 0.753; 95% CI, 0.705-0.805), using the Internet daily (OR, 0.611; 95% CI, 0.462-0.808), taking a prescription drug (OR, 0.614; 95% CI, 0.505-0.747), and experience a side effect (OR, 0.526; 95% CI, 0.421-0.658). The analysis revealed the profiles of Internet users who researched drug information on social media sites where the information providers are anonymous and do not necessarily have adequate knowledge of medicine and online information literacy.