著者
月元 敬
出版者
Japan Society of Kansei Engineering
雑誌
日本感性工学会論文誌 (ISSN:18840833)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.3, pp.293-298, 2017 (Released:2017-08-31)
参考文献数
16

Roboticists believe that highly, but not perfectly, realistic human-looking robots elicit negative feelings in humans. This is the so-called ‘uncanny valley’ response. Most research on the uncanny valley has used the morphing technique and the morphing rates as the objective scale. However, those findings might come from unnatural and/or unexistable appearance of morphed faces. The present study investigated the uncanny valley by measuring participants' impressions of some existing robots whose degree of human likeness was evaluated by Scheffé's paired comparison method, a kansei-engineering approach. The survey demonstrated the uncanny valley like Mori's (1970) hypothetical graph. Furthermore, as the X-axis, ‘experience’, one of the two independent dimensions in mind perception (Gray, Gray, & Wegner, 2007), showed the pattern of the uncanny valley, but ‘agency’ did not. These results suggest that robots become unnerving when people ascribe to them experience, rather than agency.
著者
唐沢 かおり 月元 敬
出版者
人間環境学研究会
雑誌
人間環境学研究 (ISSN:13485253)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.1, pp.1-5, 2010 (Released:2010-06-30)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
1

A survey study was conducted to examine the effect of the information processing styles (rational processing vs. intuitive processing; Epstein, 1994) on the beliefs toward paranormal phenomena. Five-hundred and fifty Japanese citizens who reside in the metropolitan area in Japan were randomly selected and received the questionnaire, and 116 citizens responded. The information processing style was measured with the short version of Rational and Intuitive Information-Processing Style Inventory developed by Naito et al (2004). We also asked the participants to indicate the degree to believe the three kinds of paranormal phenomena; fortune telling ("a horoscope" and "blood type fortune-telling", para-science ("UFO" and "supernatural power", and conventional religion ("gods or Buddha" and "a curse". To examine the effect of the information processing style, we first divided the participants into 4 groups (high-rational and high-intuitive, high-rational and low-intuitive, low-rational and high-intuitive, and low-rational and low-intuitive), and submitted the ratings for the degree to believe the three kind of paranormal phenomena for 2 (high-rational vs. low-rational) x 2 (high-intuitive vs. low-intuitive) ANOVAs. The analyses revealed the significant interaction of rational processing and intuitive processing for fortune telling; the participants who were high-rational and low-intuitive believed the fortune telling less than other. Furthermore, a tendency for the main effect for para-science indicated that those who were high-rational believed para-science more than those who were low-rational. For conventional religion, no effect of information processing style was revealed. The discussion argued that these results were to some extent due to the social functions of three kinds of paranormal phenomena.