- 日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
- vol.375, pp.76-87, 1987
In Japan, many houses for mine workers were built from the 1880's to the 1960's. However, since the goverment changed its energy policies in the sixties, the coal mining industries declined and mine workers who lost their jobs left the coal mining districts. In the 1970's, rehabilitation programs of the district were emphasized. Since the coal mine is located on the site where the coal is found, workers forced to live closed to the mines. Also to facilitate labor manmagement, workers have been made to live collectively. In our country this type of collective housings were called NAYA or HANBA before the 1900's. With the improvement of labor-management relations, the name have been changed to KOFU-SHATAKU, KOFU-SHUKUSHA or TANKO-ROMUSHA-JUTAKU. As the dialogue labor and management increased after the second War, the name was shortened to TANKO-JUTAKU, as it is commonly referred to in administrative circles. This paper is divided into three chapters. In the first chapter, the authors studied the historically changing process of housing for miners, then we made a chronological table and divided it into six periods. In the second and third chapter, we examine the origin and evolution of NAYA and KOFU-SHATAKU that were built for coal miners between the 1880's and the 1920's.